Intel will not lower the price of its Pentium Pro. It will be the third round of pricing actions by Intel in which Pentium Pro pricing has not changed.
At the same time quality of B & N WEB-site is still much behind www.amazon.com.
The traditional method of setting standards is through a committee that studies various proposals and issues a final recommendation, called a de jure standard. In many high tech areas that proved to be a wrong way. Another way is for release the technology and make it a de facto standard.
The pace of technology development, particularly in the computer industry, has outpaced committee-endorsed standards. People have started talking in terms of Web years. And every time someone defines the term, they use a smaller number of months. A Web year was always less than a full calendar year. It used to be six months, but I heard someone say that it's three months. Soon, it will be two.
In the case of the X2 and K56flex modems, both U.S. Robotics and Lucent/Rockwell have lined up allies to support their systems. For now, K56flex has an edge, because more modem vendors and Internet service providers have signed on to support it. But U.S. Robotics was the first to rush its modems to store shelves in February. All recently purchased Sportster and Courier modems from U.S. Robotics can be upgraded to X2. The Lucent/Rockwell modems are only now becoming available.
U.S. Robotics and Lucent/Rockwell have submitted technical details of their systems to a standards-setting committee at the Telecommunications Industry Association. Users of both modem types will be able to upgrade their systems to the new standard, either by running software on their PCs that changes the modem's internal programming or by replacing a chip on the modem's circuit board. But standards-setting can take as long as two to three years. But at the end both designs could be obsolete.
Perhaps the most dramatic example of technology moving faster than industry standards is the development of Hypertext Markup Language, or HTML, the programming language to create pages on the World Wide Web. The World Wide Web Consortium, known as the W3C, oversees the development of HTML. In 1995, it formalized its recommendations for HTML 2.0, the first standards-based version of the language. At the same time, Netscape Communications was churning out a series of new Web browsers called Navigator that already included features proposed for HTML 3.0. Web site developers, excited by the possibilities in the new features, began creating sites that took advantage of Navigator's capabilities. But other browsers couldn't see the same features. Microsoft cried foul, complaining that Netscape had thwarted the standards-setting process. But after that the process of approving new versions of HTML has since been accelerated. HTML 3.2, approved last year, coincided with the release of Navigator 3.0, which uses that version.
The devices also would be much cheaper than ISDN. An ISDN installation in many regions cost as much as $500, with an $80-a-month charge for basic service.
The two hard drives use a much smaller head -- about the size of the head of a pin -- to read and write data from the disk platters inside the hard drive. It uses stronger signals than the older head. That permit IBM to achive the highest descity
The 5-gigabyte TravelStar is 17 millimeters, or about two- thirds of an inch, thick and weighs 180 grams, about as much as an apple. The 4-gigabyte drive is 12.5 millimeters thick.
These niche markets, Corel hopes, will help it take back some of the ground it has lost to Microsoft Corp. in the $5 billion North American market for word processing and related software.
``Corel concluded that word-processing buyers are less interested in technology and more persuaded by simple value,'' said Jeffrey Tarter, who publishes Softletter, a software industry newsletter based in Watertown, Mass. The very size of Microsoft, though, generates some ill will. ``There's certainly an antipathy to Microsoft,'' said Tarter. ``At its mildest, there's a concern that Microsoft will end up monopolizing the business, and no one wants to rely on a single supplier.'' Corel would be very happy to be the beneficiary.
Despite of its enormous success of Office 97 MS Word is in trouble. MS Word proved to be very vulnerable for macro viruses and this additional costs are rising. Also HTML compatibility is low.
Most word processors, including Microsoft's market-dominating Word, take the steamer trunk approach, packing in every imaginable tool and accessory for an enormous variety of writing tasks.
Now, without abandoning the mass market, Corel is zeroing in on its niches. The company believes health care professionals will make good customers. ``There are 250,000 medical words not in the traditional dictionary. We recognize that there is a special need for such material,'' said Michael C.J. Cowpland, the chairman and president of Corel, which is based in Ottawa, Canada. The first three special editions -- for lawyers, health-care professionals and engineers -- are ``a good opportunity to carve more niches out of the Microsoft market,'' he said.
Throughout even the darkest days of WordPerfect lawyers have been faithful customers. A lot of lawyers prefer WordPerfect to Word. From the Supreme Court of the United States to the smallest law firms. Conversion from Word Perfect to word is not perfect that this is another reason preventing switching sides.
Among the WordPerfect features that lawyers like are the many legal forms and templates easily summoned on screen and filled in, like pleadings and motions.
Currently Word has share 82.5% in units sold and 86.9% in revenue, said Corel had 12.8% and 10.4% respectively. But recently Corel has been making some gains in both word-processing and with its WordPerfect suite 7, which includes Quattro Pro, Presentations and the Paradox relational database. Suite 8 is due out in June.
The company is betting its new niche marketing will help it claw back even more ground. Pharmaceutical companies, hospitals, doctors, there's about 12 million workers in health-care industry, compared with 2 million in the legal profession. The construction and engineering industries also employ about 12 million people.
The medical and pharmaceutical edition offers such specialized tools as Stedman's Medical Dictionary and spellchecker, health-care templates, style guides for submitting research papers to medical journals, medical images and Internet links. The construction and engineering edition includes Corel Visual CADD, a design and drawing program; house plans; constructions forms; building specifications and other tools.
One feature he particularly likes is the construction safety templates with the latest standards from the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
Microsoft executives say they're still happy with their broader approach. Rather than going after niche markets they try to look at what tasks, say, the medical community does in a day and built them into Office.
this material is partly based on Bloomberg News coverage. See http://www.bloomberg.com )
You can download this extension of NetWare from Novell Inc.'s Web site (www.novell.com). It's free until the end of the year.
It gives administrators greater control of data and resources, provides users efficient and timely access to data regardless of location, and maximizes the efficiency of WAN links. While file- and folder-level security is maintained on replication servers, they must be in the same NDS (Novell Directory Services) tree.
NRS lets selectively replicate data files across servers automatically, and this can be scheduled to occur during off-peak
Users gain quicker, more reliable access to critical information as centrally created data is automatically and transparently updated to their local server. To disseminate information to co-workers regardless of location, users could simply save their files to a replicated volume or directory.
NRS also eliminates the need to depend on inefficient and costly file distribution mechanisms of attachments via E-mail and slow WAN links.
NRS is very easy to install. It installs as a single NLM (NetWare Loadable Module), and the updated C library required to use it. Then running a small executable file quickly updated the NWAdmin program, adding three new tabs that can be used to configure NRS.
One potential drawback is that NRS cannot replicate open files. However, it can log off users in order to close those files.
But Apache's main draw isn't just free. Users say they prefer the software's power and manageability.
IBM used Apache instead of Domino for covering Kasparov match.
The software's band of developers, known as the Apache Group, last week posted Apache Version 1.2, which adds support for HTTP 1.1, new APIs, improved logging and Common Gateway Interface debugging.
And the server won't be just for Unix lovers for much longer: The developers plan to port Apache to Windows NT and add Java API support and a graphical configuration interface to Version 2.0, due in beta this year.
The birth and growth of Apache is a refreshing departure from the headline-grabbing, overhyped software industry and a throwback to the Internet's early days.
With no official leader, the Apache Group makes decisions by committee, with deliberations and voting on features done over E-mail. The dozen or so developers who make up the core team act as overseers, but product development is in the hands of thousands of users who work with Apache daily.
Contributions and fixes are accepted from anyone. The core team conducts tests, determines viability and integrates additions into a free upgrade -- source code and all -- on the Apache.org Web site.
"Since there is no business justification, we're free to make the server cooler and cooler," said Ken Coar, a member of the Apache Group, whose day job is a principal at Process Software, in Framingham, Mass.
The group has nonprofit status, with all developer time donated. Turning Apache's success into cash has crossed the developers' minds, but for now the group is satisfied to have incorporated as a nonprofit for legal reasons.
That business-free attitude is paying great dividends. This month, a survey of more than 1 million Internet Web sites shows that 44% are running Apache. Trailing far behind is Microsoft's Internet Information Server, at 16%, and Netscape Communications Corp.'s family of servers, at 12%.
The survey conducted by NetCraft Inc., of Bath, England, does not take into account servers hosting intranets behind firewalls. Nevertheless, Apache's user list is impressive. McDonald's, UUNet Technologies Inc., HotWired, Yahoo Inc., JavaSoft, CBS and the FBI are among the 400,000 sites running Apache.
Each site puts Apache through performance-intensive operations. In the process, it has won over some Netscape customers. For example Original.com, a Web site consultant and provider, runs CBS' Web site and hosted this year's National Collegiate Athletic Association Final Four basketball tournament site on Apache.
"We had to get off [Netscape]. It didn't perform the way we had wanted," said Original.com President Malcolm Mead. "Portions of [Netscape] were good, but it started to unravel."
Service providers are as impressed as content suppliers. "[Apache] has never, ever crashed on me," said Patrick Ward, Webmaster at UUNet, in Fairfax, Va., which is running some corporate Web sites on Apache.
Users also are enamored with the server's flexibility.
Since the development group gives away Apache source code with each server, users can customize the software to its maximum potential (see analysis).
The source of Apache's power is no secret. The group formed in 1995 to add "patches" to the first free Web server developed by the NCSA. The resulting upgrade of NCSA's httpd 1.3 was thereafter known as A PAtCHy server.
"The whole motivation was to fix some bugs in NCSA," said Brian Behlendorf, an Apache coordinator and chief technology officer at Organic Online, in San Francisco. "We just found each other over the Internet."
While Apache has seen phenomenal success, even its biggest supporters admit that it's not for the faint of heart.
Anyone unfamiliar with hard-core Unix programming will not be able to get Apache running, said users.
And since there is no brick and mortar headquarters of Apache, there's also no 24-hour support system. But that doesn't mean support is lacking. Technical assistance is driven by users via Apache.org or E-mail, and there are dozens of books and newsgroups devoted entirely to Apache.
That communal spirit is the reason why so many Apache developers devote their free time to coding and tweaking the software.
"It's like the older spirit of the Internet. We're giving something back," said Chuck Murcko, one of the core developers of Apache by night and a Web developer for Infonautics Corp., Wayne Pa., by day. This material is digested from PC Week article <a href="http://www.pcweek.com> PC WEEK