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By default, vim runs in vi-incompatible mode. This may be new to users who have used other editors in the past. The “nocompatible” setting is included below to highlight the fact that a new behavior is being used. It also reminds those who would change to “compatible” mode that it should appear first. This is necessary because it changes other settings, and overrides must come after this setting. Create a default vim configuration file by running the following:
cat > vimrc.new << "EOF" " Begin /etc/vimrc set nocompatible set backspace=2 syntax on if (&term == "iterm") || (&term == "putty") set background=dark endif " End /etc/vimrc EOF install -m644 vimrc.new /etc/vimrc
The set nocompatible makes vim behave in a more useful way (the default) than the vi-compatible manner. Remove the “no” to keep the old vi behavior. The set backspace=2 allows backspacing over line breaks, autoindents, and the start of insert. The syntax on enables vim's syntax highlighting. Finally, the if statement with the set background=dark corrects vim's guess about the background color of some terminal emulators. This gives the highlighting a better color scheme for use on the black background of these programs.
Documentation for other available options can be obtained by running the following command:
vim -c ':options'
|efm_filter.pl||A filter for creating an error file that can be read by vim|
|efm_perl.pl||Reformats the error messages of the Perl interpreter for use with the “quickfix” mode of vim|
|ex||Starts vim in ex mode|
|less.sh||A script that starts vim with less.vim|
|mve.awk||Processes vim errors|
|pltags.pl||Creates a tags file for Perl code for use by vim|
|ref||Checks the spelling of arguments|
|rview||Is a restricted version of view; no shell commands can be started and view cannot be suspended|
|rvim||Is a restricted version of vim; no shell commands can be started and vim cannot be suspended|
|shtags.pl||Generates a tag file for Perl scripts|
|tcltags||Generates a tag file for TCL code|
|view||Starts vim in read-only mode|
|vi||Is the editor|
|vim||Is the editor|
|vim132||Starts vim with the terminal in 132-column mode|
|vim2html.pl||Converts Vim documentation to HypterText Markup Language (HTML)|
|vimdiff||Edits two or three versions of a file with vim and show differences|
|vimm||Enables the DEC locator input model on a remote terminal|
|vimspell.sh||Spells a file and generates the syntax statements necessary to highlight in vim. This script requires the old Unix spell command, which is provided neither in LFS nor in BLFS|
|vimtutor||Teaches the basic keys and commands of vim|
|xxd||Creates a hex dump of the given file; it can also do the reverse, so it can be used for binary patching|
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