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VIM Configuration

News See Also Recommended Links VIM Configuration .exrc Vimrc Examples
VIM Syntax Highliting Color schemes in VIM Options History of VI editor and its derivatives VIM Humor Etc

By default, vim runs in vi-incompatible mode. This may be new to users who have used other editors in the past. The “nocompatible” setting is included below to highlight the fact that a new behavior is being used. It also reminds those who would change to “compatible” mode that it should appear first. This is necessary because it changes other settings, and overrides must come after this setting. Create a default vim configuration file by running the following:

cat > vimrc.new << "EOF"
" Begin /etc/vimrc

set nocompatible
set backspace=2
syntax on
if (&term == "iterm") || (&term == "putty")
  set background=dark
endif

" End /etc/vimrc
EOF
install -m644 vimrc.new /etc/vimrc

The set nocompatible  makes vim behave in a more useful way (the default) than the vi-compatible manner. Remove the “no” to keep the old vi behavior. The set backspace=2  allows backspacing over line breaks, autoindents, and the start of insert. The syntax on  enables vim's syntax highlighting. Finally, the if statement with the set background=dark corrects vim's guess about the background color of some terminal emulators. This gives the highlighting a better color scheme for use on the black background of these programs.

Documentation for other available options can be obtained by running the following command:

vim -c ':options'

 Contents of Vim

Installed programs: efm_filter.pl, efm_perl.pl, ex (link to vim), less.sh, mve.awk, pltags.pl, ref, rview (link to vim), rvim (link to vim), shtags.pl, tcltags, vi (link to vim), view (link to vim), vim, vim132, vim2html.pl, vimdiff (link to vim), vimm, vimspell.sh, vimtutor, and xxd

Short Descriptions

efm_filter.pl A filter for creating an error file that can be read by vim
efm_perl.pl Reformats the error messages of the Perl interpreter for use with the “quickfix” mode of vim
ex Starts vim in ex mode
less.sh A script that starts vim with less.vim
mve.awk Processes vim errors
pltags.pl Creates a tags file for Perl code for use by vim
ref Checks the spelling of arguments
rview Is a restricted version of view; no shell commands can be started and view cannot be suspended
rvim Is a restricted version of vim; no shell commands can be started and vim cannot be suspended
shtags.pl Generates a tag file for Perl scripts
tcltags Generates a tag file for TCL code
view Starts vim in read-only mode
vi Is the editor
vim Is the editor
vim132 Starts vim with the terminal in 132-column mode
vim2html.pl Converts Vim documentation to HypterText Markup Language (HTML)
vimdiff Edits two or three versions of a file with vim and show differences
vimm Enables the DEC locator input model on a remote terminal
vimspell.sh Spells a file and generates the syntax statements necessary to highlight in vim. This script requires the old Unix spell command, which is provided neither in LFS nor in BLFS
vimtutor Teaches the basic keys and commands of vim
xxd Creates a hex dump of the given file; it can also do the reverse, so it can be used for binary patching



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The Last but not Least


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Last modified: September 12, 2017