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Norton Commander -- A Classic DOS Abandonware

News Recommended Links Recommended Papers MS DOS/PC DOS History OFM Book History NC development OFM Standard 1999
Norton Change Directory (NCD) clones History of Norton Utilities Alternatives to Norton Utilities FreeDOS Fifty glorious years (1950-2000): the triumph of the US computer engineering

Humor

Etc

Norton Commander for DOS is the original line of OFMs that exists in five major version: 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0 and 5.0. Currently this is Abandonware that is interesting mainly to historians and DOS enthusiasts.

The initial three versions of NC (NC 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0) were written by John Socha in 1984-1989. He was the first director of research and development for now defunct Peter Norton Computing. Peter Norton who wrote the initial version of Norton Utilities but AFAIK was not involved in writing Norton Commander was one of the pioneer entrepreneurs in PC software development; now he is known mainly due to his role as a photo model on the boxes of Norton Utilities and other Symantec products belonging to the so called "Norton line" ;-).  The first version of Norton Commander was released in 1986 and it instantly became a dominant file manager for DOS. During the period of 1986-1991 more then a million copies were sold.   

In 1990 Peter Norton sold his company to Symantec to pursue his interests outside programming. John Socha left the company after the merger and created his own company, which was latter acquired by Asymetrix. He continued cooperation with the Norton division of Symantec and wrote for them several good computer books including classic introductory assembler textbook Peter Norton's Assembly Language Book for the IBM PC . Symantec first displayed some lukewarm support for this cash cow, but with the introduction of Windows killed it and other DOS products (XtreeGold).

Later they understood the mistake they made and in 1997 there was a reincarnation attempt: Norton Commander for Windows 1.0 was reintroduced in the Symantec product line. But that was "too little, too late" and after version 2.0 it died again (still as of January 2003 you can buy Norton Commander for Windows 2.0 in Europe, especially in Eastern Europe).

Socha is also the man who coined the term screen saver and created the first one. Socha also created the Microsoft Plus utility pack for Windows 95, an add-on product that gave you all those backgrounds, screen savers and other utilities. Socha didn't work at Microsoft but made the program for them. The company that he created after leaving Peter Norton Computing was acquired by Asymetrix in August of 1997. (see  Asymetrix adds simulation expert with Socha purchase - 1997-08-11 - Puget Sound Business Journal (Seattle)). Approximatly in 1998 Socha lost track in programming development and never created anything of value since that period (he was born in 1958 so at the time he was 40 years old). 

I believe only the versions 1.0 and 2.0 was written by the NC original author John Socha, before he left the company. But it was NC 3 that was probably the peak of Norton Commander line. It was released in 1989 and was greatly influenced by Norton Utilities 4/5 and other file managers that were competing with Norton Commander such as XtreeGold and PC Tools. That was really impressive  version that extended the functionality of NC2 in many non-trivial ways. A lot of programmers try to extend NC3 adding various viewers (for example archive viewer). It dominated the field until probably 1992 when Volkov Commander was released (Volkov Commander was first published in the Softpanorama Bulletin in the December 1992)

Version 4.0 that was released around this time was not very impressive and I personally consider it as a failure. It was unable to displace Volkov Commander and other clones of NC that started to make their appearance at this time (DN).

NC 5.0 was much better and has provided useful enhancements, but it was late to the market. Despite the fact that at this time several strong competitors existed, it still can be considered as a reference implementation for OFM. From the quality of implementation point of view both NC 4.0 and 5.0 look much like betas.

NC5 was released in 1994. The main enhancements introduced in NC5 are:

The archive VFS was probably the most important addition to the OFM paradigm in NC 5.0. Actually  NC 4.0 also can show archive contents in panel, but unlike NC 5.0 it cannot view archived files. Initially the archive VFS was implemented by many OFM enthusiasts as add-ons to NC 3.0 (archive viewers of different flavor with NC-like panel structure and operations were very popular addition to NC 3.0, but the level of integration was limited). The archive VFS provides possibilities of working with archives in a completely transparent way by viewing archives as directories.

The search VFS was the second important addition to OFM paradigm.  Serach panel provided the following possibilities:

Although NC-line lost its overall leadership after NC 3 (one need just to compare NC 4.0 or NC 5.0 and DN 1.35 to see the difference), the inertia preserved the importance of the line till NC 5.0 for DOS.  NC 5.0 was probably the version that ended NC-line as such. 

Symantec essentially discontinued its line of OFMs in favor of Windows-style file managers (Norton Navigator). BTW Symantec managed to kill another interesting file manager -- Xtree, which it also acquired to kill a competitor. But probably due to pressure from users in Europe a European-only Norton Commander for Windows was reanimated in 1997 (see below).

Currently there are two commercially available OFM products from Symantec - NC 5.0 for DOS (an old hat by today's standards) and NC for Windows 95 and NT (see the overview below).

The Norton Commander 1.01                  Peter Norton                1986  360K                360K      1
The Norton Commander 3.0                   Peter Norton Computing,Inc. 1989  1.2MB
The Norton Utilities 3.0                   Peter Norton                1984  360K                360K      1
The Norton Utilities 3.10                  Peter Norton                1986  360K                360K      1
The Norton Utilities 4.0 Advanced Edition  Symantec                    1987  720K                720K      1
The Norton Utilities 4.01 Advanced Edition Symantec                    1988  360K & 720K       1.40MB      1
The Norton Utilities 4.50 Advanced Edition Symantec                    1988  360K              1.06MB      1
The Norton Utilities 4.50 Enhanced Edition Symantec                    1988  360K              1.06MB      1
The Norton Utilities 4.50 Standard Edition Symantec                    1988  720K              1.41MB      1
The Norton Utilities 5.0 Standard Edition  Symantec                    1990  360K & 720K 


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NEWS CONTENTS

Old News ;-)

[Oct 16, 2005] Letter to the Editor:

Norton Commander 1.0

Hi,

I'm still using Norton Commander version 1.00 (1986) in Windows 98SE,
even in Windows 2000 Professional and Windows XP.

I prefer it's small size and fast, and I can write with it small batch programs.

Bye

Alvaro Alonso
From: Bogota, Colombia (South America)
 

File INSTALL.CFG

;#############################################################################
;                              File INSTALL.CFG
;
;                      Main Setup file for Install 
;
;                         Copyright (c) Symantec Ltd.
;                            All rights reserved.
;
;#############################################################################
;
[Options]
ForceInstall    = ON
FirstTime       = OFF
WarningMessage  = OFF
FullInstall     = ON
PartialInstall  = OFF
CustomInstall   = ON
GroupInstall    = OFF
BoxDefault      = OFF
DefaultPath     = C:\NC
Dos5Help        = YES
Description     = ON
VirusScan       = OFF
EnvVariable     = NC
LaunchName      = NC
LostClusters    = ON
DeleteWarning   = ON
AutoBuild       = OFF
ZipOverlayName  = UZIP.OVL
CheckDisk       = OFF
MultiTaskCheck  = OFF

[Targets]
4 = nczip.exe, SAME
4 = packer.exe, SAME
3 = nc.exe, SAME
3 = ncmain.exe, SAME

[AlwaysDelete]
\AUTOEXEC.$SV
\CONFIG.$SV
+AUTOEXEC.$SV
+CONFIG.$SV
\AUTOEXEC.TMP
\CONFIG.TMP
+AUTOEXEC.TMP
+CONFIG.TMP
+INSTALLD.EXE
+INSTALL.EXE
+INSTALL.CFG
+NC.INI

[PostDelete]
\AUTOEXEC.$SV
\CONFIG.$SV
+AUTOEXEC.$SV
+CONFIG.$SV
+INSTALLD.EXE
+INSTALL.CFG
+UZIP.OVL

[delete]
; 4.0 files ##################################################################

ARCVIEW.EXE
NCTERM.EXE
NCTERM.HLP
NCTERM.RES
NORTON.INI
TERM90.EXE
TERM90.HLP
TERM90.RES
GENIE.SCX
TESTMDM.SCX
CMPSRV.SCX
NORTON.INI
NCEDIT.EXE
NCZIP.EXE
PACKER.EXE
PACKER.SET
PACKER.ERR
NC.ICO
NC.CFG
4372ANSI.SET
8502ANSI.SET
ANSI2437.SET
ANSI2850.SET
8632ANSI.SET
ANSI2863.SET
BITMAP.EXE
VECTOR.EXE
CLP2DIB.EXE
DRAW2WMF.EXE
DRW2WMF.EXE
ICO2DIB.EXE
MSP2DIB.EXE
PCT2DIB.EXE
Q&AVIEW.EXE
README.TXT
F&AVIEW.EXE
TIF2DIB.EXE
VECTOR.EXE
WPB2DIB.EXE
WPV2WMF.EXE
DATEX.P

; Version 3.0 files ##########################################################

NCMAIN.EXE
nc.hlp
WPVIEW.EXE
PARAVIEW.EXE
RBVIEW.EXE
REFVIEW.EXE
MCI.EXE
MCIDRIVER.EXE
MCI.HLP
NC_HELP.HLP
PCXVIEW.EXE
SER-TEST.EXE
SERIAL.TXT
CHKMAIL.BAT

; Version 2.0 files ##########################################################

NC.EXE
NCSMALL.EXE
123VIEW.EXE
DBVIEW.EXE
NC.INI

; 3.5 Installation

[DiskMedia]
size=1.44M
total=3


[Strings]
Long=           "The Norton Commander"
FullName=       "Norton Commander"
Short=          "Commander"
Caption=        " Install "
Title=          " Install "
Program=        " Install "
Version=        "5.51"
HelpLine=       " "
SYMEvntVerMS=   "30000"
SYMEvntVerLS=   "23"

[GroupAlways]
INSTALLD.EXE   ,+,      "Installer"
NC.EXE         ,+,      "Norton Commander loader"
NCMAIN.EXE     ,+,      "Norton Commander Program"
NC.MSG         ,+,      "Norton Commander message file"
NC.HLP         ,+,      "Norton Commander Help file"
PACKER.SET     ,+,      "Norton Commander compression   options"
NC.CFG         ,+,      "Norton Commander configuration options"
NC.PIF         ,+,      "Norton Commander Program Information File"
NCFF.EXE       ,+,      "Norton Commander find file"
NCFF.MSG       ,+,      "Norton Commander find file message file"
NCFF.HLP       ,+,      "Norton Commander find file help file"
NCEDIT.EXE     ,+,      "Norton Commander editor"
NCEDIT.MSG     ,+,      "Norton Commander editor message file"
4372ANSI.SET   ,+,      "Conversion file (4372ANSI.SET)"
8502ANSI.SET   ,+,      "Conversion file (8502ANSI.SET)"
8652ANSI.SET   ,+,      "Conversion file (8652ANSI.SET)"
8662ANSI.SET   ,+,      "Conversion file (8662ANSI.SET)"
8632ANSI.SET   ,+,      "Conversion file (8632ANSI.SET)"
8522ANSI.SET   ,+,      "Conversion file (8522ANSI.SET)"
ANSI2850.SET   ,+,      "Conversion file (ANSI2850.SET)"
ANSI2437.SET   ,+,      "Conversion file (ANSI2437.SET)"
ANSI2865.SET   ,+,      "Conversion file (ANSI2865.SET)"
ANSI2866.SET   ,+,      "Conversion file (ANSI2866.SET)"
ANSI2863.SET   ,+,      "Conversion file (ANSI2863.SET)"
ANSI2852.SET   ,+,      "Conversion file (ANSI2852.SET)"
NC.ICO         ,+,      "Icon file"
NC.FIL         ,+,      "Filter file"
SAVER.EXE      ,+,      "Norton Commander screen saver program"
NORTON.INI     ,+,      "Norton Commander configuration file"
BUG.NSS        ,+,      "Norton Commander screen saver (BUG.NSS)"
BUNGEE.NSS     ,+,      "Norton Commander screen saver (BUNGEE.NSS)"
EVILEYE.NSS    ,+,      "Norton Commander screen saver (EVILEYE.NSS)"
FACES.NSS      ,+,      "Norton Commander screen saver (FACES.NSS)"
FISH.NSS       ,+,      "Norton Commander screen saver (FISH.NSS)"
FLIP.NSS       ,+,      "Norton Commander screen saver (FLIP.NSS)"
MOUSE.NSS      ,+,      "Norton Commander screen saver (MOUSE.NSS)"
TORNADO.NSS    ,+,      "Norton Commander screen saver (TORNADO.NSS)"
NCPSCRIP.HDR   ,+,      "Postscript printer header"
README.TXT     ,+,      "Readme file"
WHATS.NEW      ,+,      "Latest information"

[Group1]
Name="Utilities"
Description1="Format disks, copy disks, compression"
Description2="system information, cleanup"
NCLABEL.EXE    ,+,      "Norton Commander disk label utility"
NCCLEAN.EXE    ,+,      "Norton Commander cleanup utility"
NCCLEAN.INI    ,+,      "Norton Commander cleanup configuration"
NCDD.EXE       ,+,      "Norton Commander duplicate diskette"
NCSF.EXE       ,+,      "Norton Commander safe format"
NCSI.EXE       ,+,      "Norton Commander system information"
PACKER.EXE     ,+,      "Norton Commander external compression"
PACKER.MSG     ,+,      "Norton Commander external compression messages"
NCZIP.EXE      ,+,      "Norton Commander internal compression"
NCDD.MSG       ,+,      "Norton Commander duplicate disk messages"
NCSF.MSG       ,+,      "Norton Commander safe format messages"
NCSI.MSG       ,+,      "Norton Commander system info messages"
NCZIP.MSG      ,+,      "Norton Commander compression messages"
TERM95.EXE     ,+,      "Norton Commander terminal emulator"
TERM95.GTT     ,+,      "Generic translation table for CommPlus"
TERM95.HLP     ,+,      "Terminal emulator help file"
TERM95.INI     ,+,      "Terminal emulator configuration file"
TERM95.RES     ,+,      "Terminal emulator resource file"
DATEX.P        ,+,      "Terminal emulator phone book"
CPMSRV.SCX     ,+,      "Terminal emulator script file (CPMSRV.SCX)"
GENIE.SCX      ,+,      "Terminal emulator script file (GENIE.SCX)"
TESTMDM.SCX    ,+,      "Terminal emulator script file (TESTMDM.SCX)"
DIR2DIR.EXE    ,+,      "TERM90.DIR -> TERM95.DIR"
NCNET.EXE      ,+,      "Norton Commander network utilities messages"
NCNET.MSG      ,+,      "Norton Commander network utilities"
NC_EXIT.COM    ,+,      "Utility for exiting NC"
NC_EXIT.DOC    ,+,      "Documentation for NC_EXIT.COM"

[Group2]
Name="Viewers"
Description1="Norton Commander Viewers"
Description2=" "
123VIEW.EXE    ,+,      "Spreadsheet viewer"
ARCVIEW.EXE    ,+,      "Compressed file viewer"
PLAYWAVE.EXE   ,+,      "Wave file viewer"
BITMAP.EXE     ,+,      "Bitmap viewer"
DBVIEW.EXE     ,+,      "Database viewer"
PARAVIEW.EXE   ,+,      "Paradox viewer"
NCVIEW.MSG     ,+,      "Viewer messages"
Q&AVIEW.EXE    ,+,      "Q & A viewer"
RBVIEW.EXE     ,+,      "R:Base viewer"
REFVIEW.EXE    ,+,      "Reflex viewer"
VECTOR.EXE     ,+,      "Vector viewer"
WPVIEW.EXE     ,+,      "Word processor viewer"
DRAW2WMF.EXE   ,+,      "MICROGRAFX DRAW File -> Windows 3.0 Metafile"
DRW2WMF.EXE    ,+,      "Charisma (GRF) File -> Windows 3.0 Metafile"
CLP2DIB.EXE    ,+,      "Windows CLP bitmap -> DIB converter"
ICO2DIB.EXE    ,+,      "Windows 3.0 ICON -> DIB converter"
WPV2WMF.EXE    ,+,      "WordPerfect Clipart (WPG) -> Windows 3.0 WMF"
WPB2DIB.EXE    ,+,      "WordPerfect bitmap file -> Windows 3.0 DIB"
PCT2DIB.EXE    ,+,      "PICTOR/PC-Paint filr -> Windows 3.0 DIB"
MSP2DIB.EXE    ,+,      "MSP -> Windows 3.0 DIB converter"
TIF2DIB.EXE    ,+,      "Tag Image File Format (TIFF) -> Windows 3.0 DIB"

[Commercials]
Lines = 10
Delay = 500
; Each message should stay on the screen for about 30 seconds.
; Each message is limited to 10 lines of 65 characters each.
; Message #1
"                 %3aWelcome to the Norton Commander 5.51%1a        "
"                                                                  "
"  Norton Commander 5.51 for DOS adds a variety of new features     "
"   including drag & drop, disk housekeeping, improved file        "
" search features and a suite of network utilities. Version 5.51    "
" also includes directory/file synchronization for mobile users.   "
"                                                                  "
" The Norton Commander gives you a shell that cuts through the     "
"drudgery of DOS, making it faster and easier to deal with files   "
"                    and perform routine tasks.                    "
; Message #2
"               %3aNorton Commander 5.51 : New Features%1a          "
"%3aNetwork Utilities%1a - Send messages, view server information, "
"      attach to or detach from server and map or unmap from       "
"      drives. You can monitor network disk usage and set alarms   "
"      to flag conditions such as reducing disk space.             "
"                                                                  "
"%3aDirectory Synchronization%1a - Specially for mobile users -    "
"      Users can synchronize their files between two directories   "
"      either on their desktop machine or between their desktop    "
"      and portable using Commander's file transfer facility.      "
; Message #3
"               %3aNorton Commander 5.51 : New Features%1a          "
"%3aDisk Housekeeping%1a - Clean your hard disk of unwanted files  "
"      created by other programs such as readme, install,          "
"      temporary and system files. Commander Cleanup is completely "
"      configurable so you can create your own cleanup file sets.  "
"                                                                  "
"%3aFile Splitter%1a - Essential if your file won't compress onto  "
"      a single disk. Split it up over a number of disks and       "
"      remerge later onto another hard disk.                       "
"                                                                  "
; Message #4
"               %3aNorton Commander 5.51 : New Features%1a          "
"%3aDisk Utilities%1a - Format disks easily without worrying about "
"      how to use the DOS format command. Create a disk image and  "
"      make multiple copies of a disk. Simpler and faster than the "
"      DOS copy command.                                           "
"                                                                  "
"%3aFile Searching%1a - Search for files using regular expressions."
"      Control what files are excluded during the search and find  "
"      specific text patterns in files. Find all your duplicate    "
"      files and send the results back to a Commander panel.       "
; Message #5
"                        %3aRegistration Card%1a                   "
"                                                                  "
" Please take the time to complete the Registration Card included  "
" with this product. All registered users will receive important   "
" product information and details of special offers from Symantec. "
"                                                                  "
"    Take command of your computing, and take the drudgery out     "
"           of your day - with the %3aNorton Commander%1a.         "
"                                                                  "
"                                                                  "

[Disks]
1 = "Installation Disk", "Disk1of3"
2 = "Disk 2", "Disk2of3"
3 = "Disk 3", "Disk3of3"


[FILES1]
 NC.EXE       ,     3870, NORMAL
 NC.HLP       ,    68167, NORMAL
 NCCLEAN.EXE  ,   136216, NORMAL
 NCCLEAN.INI  ,     9926, NORMAL
 NCEDIT.EXE   ,   203080, NORMAL
 NCFF.EXE     ,   115760, NORMAL
 NCMAIN.EXE   ,   264602, NORMAL
 NC.FIL       ,     3440, NORMAL
 NC.CFG       ,     1253, NORMAL
 NC.MSG       ,    15929, NORMAL
 NCFF.MSG     ,     3518, NORMAL
 NCEDIT.MSG   ,     1987, NORMAL
 PACKER.SET   ,     4680, NORMAL
 NCZIP.EXE    ,   149354, NORMAL
 NCZIP.MSG    ,     1367, NORMAL
 INSTALL.EXE  ,    21280, NORMAL
 INSTALLD.EXE ,   291778, NORMAL
 README.TXT   ,    17295, NORMAL
 WHATS.NEW    ,     7239, NORMAL
 INSTALL.CFG  ,    15813, NORMAL

[FILES2]
 NCSF.MSG     ,     6800, COMPRESSED:MESSAGE.MS_
 NCSI.MSG     ,     4451, COMPRESSED:MESSAGE.MS_
 NCDD.MSG     ,     3795, COMPRESSED:MESSAGE.MS_
 PACKER.MSG   ,      591, COMPRESSED:MESSAGE.MS_
 NCNET.MSG    ,     4793, COMPRESSED:MESSAGE.MS_
 NCVIEW.MSG   ,     8191, COMPRESSED:MESSAGE.MS_
 NORTON.INI   ,     1761, COMPRESSED:NORTON.IN_
 BUG.NSS      ,    16133, COMPRESSED:BUG.NS_
 BUNGEE.NSS   ,    41914, COMPRESSED:BUNGEE.NS_
 EVILEYE.NSS  ,     7221, COMPRESSED:EVILEYE.NS_
 FACES.NSS    ,    13260, COMPRESSED:FACES.NS_
 FLIP.NSS     ,    52385, COMPRESSED:FLIP.NS_
 SAVER.EXE    ,   157273, COMPRESSED:SAVER.EX_
 MOUSE.NSS    ,    37649, COMPRESSED:MOUSE.NS_
 WPVIEW.EXE   ,   105834, COMPRESSED:WPVIEW.EX_
 TORNADO.NSS  ,     9635, COMPRESSED:TORNADO.NS_
 PACKER.EXE   ,    84164, COMPRESSED:PACKER.EX_
 123VIEW.EXE  ,   136738, COMPRESSED:123VIEW.EX_
 ARCVIEW.EXE  ,    90326, COMPRESSED:ARCVIEW.EX_
 DBVIEW.EXE   ,   110272, COMPRESSED:DBVIEW.EX_
 Q&AVIEW.EXE  ,   108694, COMPRESSED:Q&AVIEW.EX_
 REFVIEW.EXE  ,   126608, COMPRESSED:REFVIEW.EX_
 BITMAP.EXE   ,    54805, COMPRESSED:BITMAP.EX_
 VECTOR.EXE   ,    63845, COMPRESSED:VECTOR.EX_
 DRAW2WMF.EXE ,    49957, COMPRESSED:DRAW2WMF.EX_
 DRW2WMF.EXE  ,    64085, COMPRESSED:DRW2WMF.EX_
 CLP2DIB.EXE  ,    38501, COMPRESSED:CLP2DIB.EX_
 ICO2DIB.EXE  ,    37925, COMPRESSED:ICO2DIB.EX_
 WPV2WMF.EXE  ,    61349, COMPRESSED:WPV2WMF.EX_
 WPB2DIB.EXE  ,    38069, COMPRESSED:WPB2DIB.EX_
 PCT2DIB.EXE  ,    38085, COMPRESSED:PCT2DIB.EX_
 MSP2DIB.EXE  ,    27269, COMPRESSED:MSP2DIB.EX_
 TIF2DIB.EXE  ,    47061, COMPRESSED:TIF2DIB.EX_
 NC.ICO       ,      766, COMPRESSED:NC.IC_
 ANSI2437.SET ,      255, NORMAL
 ANSI2850.SET ,      255, NORMAL
 ANSI2852.SET ,      255, NORMAL
 ANSI2863.SET ,      255, NORMAL
 ANSI2865.SET ,      255, NORMAL
 ANSI2866.SET ,      255, NORMAL
 4372ANSI.SET ,      255, NORMAL
 8502ANSI.SET ,      255, NORMAL
 8522ANSI.SET ,      255, NORMAL
 8632ANSI.SET ,      255, NORMAL
 8652ANSI.SET ,      255, NORMAL
 8662ANSI.SET ,      255, NORMAL
 TERM95.GTT   ,     7332, COMPRESSED:TERM95.GT_
 TERM95.HLP   ,    16508, COMPRESSED:TERM95.HL_
 TERM95.INI   ,     1166, COMPRESSED:TERM95.IN_
 TERM95.RES   ,    19510, COMPRESSED:TERM95.RE_

[FILES3]
 PLAYWAVE.EXE ,    25974, COMPRESSED:PLAYWAVE.EX_
 RBVIEW.EXE   ,   130240, COMPRESSED:RBVIEW.EX_
 PARAVIEW.EXE ,   124040, COMPRESSED:PARAVIEW.EX_
 FISH.NSS     ,    54524, COMPRESSED:FISH.NS_
 NCPSCRIP.HDR ,    13779, COMPRESSED:NCPSCRIP.HD_
 NCSI.EXE     ,   348328, COMPRESSED:NCSI.EX_
 NCSF.EXE     ,   346142, COMPRESSED:NCSF.EX_
 NCLABEL.EXE  ,   167892, COMPRESSED:NCLABEL.EX_
 NCFF.HLP     ,     1172, COMPRESSED:NCFF.HL_
 NCNET.EXE    ,   161530, COMPRESSED:NCNET.EX_
 NCDD.EXE     ,   275762, COMPRESSED:NCDD.EX_
 DIR2DIR.EXE  ,    12470, COMPRESSED:DIR2DIR.EX_
 NC_EXIT.COM  ,      829, COMPRESSED:NC_EXIT.CO_
 NC_EXIT.DOC  ,     2748, COMPRESSED:NC_EXIT.DO_
 NC.PIF       ,     2829, COMPRESSED:NC.PI_
 TESTMDM.SCX  ,     3327, COMPRESSED:TERM95.SC_
 GENIE.SCX    ,     8036, COMPRESSED:TERM95.SC_
 CMPSRV.SCX   ,     8073, COMPRESSED:TERM95.SC_
 DATEX.P      ,      790, COMPRESSED:TERM95.SC_
 TERM95.EXE   ,   398499, COMPRESSED:TERM95.EX_

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Major abandonware sites where you can find various versions of NC, althouth for DOS I would recommnend to use Volkov Commander instead...



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War and Peace : Skeptical Finance : John Kenneth Galbraith :Talleyrand : Oscar Wilde : Otto Von Bismarck : Keynes : George Carlin : Skeptics : Propaganda  : SE quotes : Language Design and Programming Quotes : Random IT-related quotesSomerset Maugham : Marcus Aurelius : Kurt Vonnegut : Eric Hoffer : Winston Churchill : Napoleon Bonaparte : Ambrose BierceBernard Shaw : Mark Twain Quotes

Bulletin:

Vol 25, No.12 (December, 2013) Rational Fools vs. Efficient Crooks The efficient markets hypothesis : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2013 : Unemployment Bulletin, 2010 :  Vol 23, No.10 (October, 2011) An observation about corporate security departments : Slightly Skeptical Euromaydan Chronicles, June 2014 : Greenspan legacy bulletin, 2008 : Vol 25, No.10 (October, 2013) Cryptolocker Trojan (Win32/Crilock.A) : Vol 25, No.08 (August, 2013) Cloud providers as intelligence collection hubs : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : Inequality Bulletin, 2009 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Copyleft Problems Bulletin, 2004 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Energy Bulletin, 2010 : Malware Protection Bulletin, 2010 : Vol 26, No.1 (January, 2013) Object-Oriented Cult : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2011 : Vol 23, No.11 (November, 2011) Softpanorama classification of sysadmin horror stories : Vol 25, No.05 (May, 2013) Corporate bullshit as a communication method  : Vol 25, No.06 (June, 2013) A Note on the Relationship of Brooks Law and Conway Law

History:

Fifty glorious years (1950-2000): the triumph of the US computer engineering : Donald Knuth : TAoCP and its Influence of Computer Science : Richard Stallman : Linus Torvalds  : Larry Wall  : John K. Ousterhout : CTSS : Multix OS Unix History : Unix shell history : VI editor : History of pipes concept : Solaris : MS DOSProgramming Languages History : PL/1 : Simula 67 : C : History of GCC developmentScripting Languages : Perl history   : OS History : Mail : DNS : SSH : CPU Instruction Sets : SPARC systems 1987-2006 : Norton Commander : Norton Utilities : Norton Ghost : Frontpage history : Malware Defense History : GNU Screen : OSS early history

Classic books:

The Peter Principle : Parkinson Law : 1984 : The Mythical Man-MonthHow to Solve It by George Polya : The Art of Computer Programming : The Elements of Programming Style : The Unix Hater’s Handbook : The Jargon file : The True Believer : Programming Pearls : The Good Soldier Svejk : The Power Elite

Most popular humor pages:

Manifest of the Softpanorama IT Slacker Society : Ten Commandments of the IT Slackers Society : Computer Humor Collection : BSD Logo Story : The Cuckoo's Egg : IT Slang : C++ Humor : ARE YOU A BBS ADDICT? : The Perl Purity Test : Object oriented programmers of all nations : Financial Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : The Most Comprehensive Collection of Editor-related Humor : Programming Language Humor : Goldman Sachs related humor : Greenspan humor : C Humor : Scripting Humor : Real Programmers Humor : Web Humor : GPL-related Humor : OFM Humor : Politically Incorrect Humor : IDS Humor : "Linux Sucks" Humor : Russian Musical Humor : Best Russian Programmer Humor : Microsoft plans to buy Catholic Church : Richard Stallman Related Humor : Admin Humor : Perl-related Humor : Linus Torvalds Related humor : PseudoScience Related Humor : Networking Humor : Shell Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2012 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2013 : Java Humor : Software Engineering Humor : Sun Solaris Related Humor : Education Humor : IBM Humor : Assembler-related Humor : VIM Humor : Computer Viruses Humor : Bright tomorrow is rescheduled to a day after tomorrow : Classic Computer Humor

The Last but not Least


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Last modified: October 30, 2014