Softpanorama

Home Switchboard Unix Administration Red Hat TCP/IP Networks Neoliberalism Toxic Managers
May the source be with you, but remember the KISS principle ;-)

SARS-CoV-2 origins and a "escaped from the lab" hypothesis

The shadow of bioChernobil over the mankind: is this yet another technogenic catastrophe similar to Chernobyl and Fukushima caused by greed, ambition and incompetence ?  With "gain of function" experiments like conducted by UNC Dr. Baric group and continued in Wuhan lab, the 21st century is effectively one giant game of Russian roulette.

This is a textbook case how excessive secrecy and illegal and/or dangerous/reckless bioresearch directed on creation of Frankenstein viruses undermines the legitimacy of governments,  and create the background to wild rumors and speculation extremely damaging to the governments, including but not limited to governments of China (Wuhan biolab activities; the only BSL-4 virology lab in China)  and the USA (UNC Dr. Ralph Baric biolab, and Fort Detrick biolab activities).

News Is national security state in the USA gone rogue ? Recommended Links COVID-19 Epidemic Chinagate: the USA government attempt to blame China for the COVID-19 epidemic Fauci and his blunders COVID-19 epidemic handing in the USA
COVID-19 fearmongering COVID-19 epidemic as the second stage of the crisis of neoliberalism  COVID-19 hoarding epidemics  Diamond Princess epidemics of COVID-19 Absurdity of bureaucracies Medical workers problems COVID-19 prevention measures
Media as a weapon of mass deception The threat of "Coronavirus recession" Manufactured consent Groupthink The importance of controlling the narrative Trumpcare scam Nation under attack meme
US Presidential Elections of 2020 Trump's impulsivity and incompetence Nineteen Eighty-Four  Financial oligarchy as amoral and criminal neoliberal elite The Real War on Reality Propaganda Quotes Humor

Due to the volume introductory article was moves to SARS-NCOV-2 and the danger of gain of function experiments



NEWS CONTENTS

Old News ;-)

[May 28, 2020] CDC Inspection Findings Reveal More about Fort Detrick Research Suspension - Military.com

May 28, 2020 | www.military.com

24 Nov 2019 The Frederick News-Post, Md. | By Heather Mongilio

The Army's premier biological laboratory on Fort Detrick reported two breaches of containment earlier this year, leading to the Centers for Disease and Control halting its high-level research.

The U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases announced Friday that it would restart its operations on a limited scale.

3M Lawsuit Firm If you are a military member and have experienced hearing loss or tinnitus after using 3M earplugs contact (877) 271-1969.

As it works to regain full operational status, more details about the events leading to the shutdown are emerging.

An inspection findings report, obtained by the News-Post through a Freedom of Information Act request, details some of the observations found during CDC inspections as well as by USAMRIID employees who reported the issues.

The two breaches reported by USAMRIID to the CDC demonstrated a failure of the Army laboratory to "implement and maintain containment procedures sufficient to contain select agents or toxins" that were made by operations in biosafety level 3 and 4 laboratories, according to the report. Biosafety level 3 and 4 are the highest levels of containment, requiring special protective equipment, air flow and standard operating procedures.

me name=

Due to redactions to protect against notification of the release of an agent under the Federal Select Agent Program, it is unclear the result of the two breaches.

Breach is a "loaded word," said Col. E. Darrin Cox, commander of USAMRIID. While there was a breach, there was no exposure, he said. No one was exposed to any of the agents or toxins.

Anytime USAMRIID determines there is a breakdown of requirements, employees have to do a report, Cox said.

When the breaches were reported, USAMRIID's commander at the time issued a cease and desist to all work being done at the laboratory so that personnel could do a safety pause. It was a voluntary stop, Cox, who was not commander then, said.

The CDC inspected USAMRIID in June, as part of standard regulations that include scheduled and unscheduled visits, according to previous News-Post reporting. The CDC sent a letter of concern on July 12, followed by a cease and desist letter July 15.

Shortly after, USAMRIID's registration with the Federal Select Agent Program, which regulates select agents and toxins, such as Ebola or the bacteria causing the plague, was suspended. At the time, USAMRIID was conducting work with Ebola and the agents known to cause Tularemia, the plague and Venezuelan equine encephalitis.

What Went Wrong

The CDC, in its inspection findings, noted six departures from the federal regulations for handling select agents and toxins. One of those departures was the two breaches.

Another departure was that the military laboratory systematically failed to implement biosafety and containment procedures. In one instance, personnel deliberately propped open the door to the autoclave room while the employee removed biohazard waste.

"This deviation increases the risk of contaminated air from room [redacted] escaping and being drawn into the autoclave room, where individuals do not wear respiratory protection," according to the report.

The report includes a large section redacted to protect against the release of a report or inspection of a specific registered person that would endanger public health or safety.

Propping the door open was an "incident," Cox said, not one of the breaches. It was noted by the CDC during one of its inspections.

The person who propped the door open did not have mal intent, he said.

"They weren't doing it to openly flout the rules," Cox said. "They were doing it for a reason that they thought was reasonable. But I mean, it still was not in compliance with [standard operating procedures]."

There were other incidents like the door propping that led the CDC to determine there was the systematic failure, he said.

To fix it, the CDC required that USAMRIID ensure personnel were being trained. While under the cease and desist, USAMRIID reviewed its training, validated it to make sure it was working, trained its staff and validated their training, Cox said. It will continue to monitor to make sure the training continues.

One of the concerns was USAMRIID's effluent waste decontamination system. The laboratory had moved to chemical treatment after its previous system was damaged, according to previous News-Post reporting.

It will be going back to a thermal decontamination system, Cox said.

The inspection findings also found that USAMRIID did not have a complete, accurate inventory of its select agents. That has been resolved, Cox said.

There were also cracks in the paint that were fixed, he said.

The CDC inspection also had multiple general concerns that were being addressed. All personnel concerns about not following protocol have been addressed, he said.

"Everything in [the CDC's] letter has been addressed," Cox said.

Restarting Operations

The Federal Select Agent Program registration has been partially lifted, and USAMRIID will be able to work on five studies dealing with select agents and regain its full operational status in the Laboratory Response Network.

The Laboratory Response Network is made up of three laboratories -- one operated by the Navy, USAMRIID and the CDC. The three are responsible for determining unknown material.

While operations were shut down at USAMRIID, the Army laboratory still did some work. But if it identified something that fell under the Federal Select Agent Program, it either stored the material in the freezer, as it was with the rest of the biological select agents or toxins it has, or sent it to one of the other laboratories, Cox said.

The Laboratory Response Network is set up in such a way that if one of the laboratories cannot operate, as USAMRIID could not, the other two can shoulder the work, said USAMRIID spokeswoman Caree Vander Linden. That happened with the CDC during the height of the 2016 Ebola outbreak, which meant USAMRIID took on more work.

While under the partial suspension, the CDC will approve the studies USAMRIID scientists wish to do, Cox said. USAMRIID leadership will have to send an outline of proposed research, including what agent it will involve, among other details. CDC personnel will then review the plan and interview the scientists to make sure they are trained and can do the research, he said.

There is no concern about intellectual property under the CDC approval model, he said. And he did not think it would affect grants. During the shut down, USAMRIID scientists were able to continue writing grants, among other duties, like consulting or education, he said.

During the shutdown, personnel understood the importance of taking a pause and evaluating the standard operating procedures. There was no major staff turnover as a result of the shutdown.

"They understand the importance of the mission," Cox said.

But the scientists will be happy to get back into the laboratory, he said.

... ... ...

This article is written by Heather Mongilio from The Frederick News-Post, Md.

[May 26, 2020] French Intelligence Warned Of 'Catastrophic Leak' From Wuhan Lab

May 26, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com

Eleven years before the joint construction of the Wuhan Institute of Virology, French intelligence services warned Paris that China's reputation for poor bio-security could lead to a 'catastrophic leak,' according to the Daily Mail .

In 2004, the EU's chief brexit negotiator, Michael Barnier, ignored those warnings - signing off on the lab's construction when he was the French foreign minister.

According to the report, French intel also warned that Paris could lose control of the facility, and that Beijing could even use it to make biowarfare weapons. And in 2015, as the laboratory prepared to open, those concerns were realized after the French architects of the project said the CCP had shut them out. In fact, 50 French scientists were supposed to help the Chinese run the laboratory properly, but never ended up going.

The Mail discovered Barnier's involvement in the Wuhan Institute of Virology during an in-depth investigation into French connections to the lab - where many believe the coronavirus escaped from , as the WIV housed a group of scientists who received international condemnatio n for creating chimeric strains that could infect humans. Under the 'escaped' scenario, an infected WIV employee unknowingly brought it into the Wuhan wet market, exposing what would become roughly half of the first known cluster of cases.

Biologists who carried out a landmark study say they were 'surprised' to find the virus was 'already pre-adapted to human transmission' .

Jacques Chirac, the French president at the time of the deal, pushed for the Wuhan institute to be set up after the 2003 SARS outbreak, which affected 26 countries and resulted in more than 8,000 cases and 774 deaths . Mr Chirac, along with his pro-Beijing prime minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin, promised French funding and expertise in return for a share of the intellectual copyright on the lab's discoveries. - Daily Mail

France's Chirac government saw the deal to construct the WIV as a way to strengthen trade with China, despite warnings from its own intelligence, the French equivalent to MI6 , which repeatedly raised concerns over lack of international control and 'transparency' issues.

"What you have to understand is that a P4 [high-level bio-security] laboratory is like a nuclear reprocessing plant. It's a bacteriological atomic bomb," said one source, adding: "The viruses that are tested are extremely dangerous – diving suits, decontamination airlocks etc must be followed to the letter."

Alain Merieux, the French billionaire who was instrumental in setting up the Wuhan laboratory in partnership with his Institut Merieux in Lyons, abandoned the project in 2015, saying: 'I am giving up the co-chairmanship of [the] P4 [laboratory], a Chinese tool. It belongs to them, even if it was developed with technical assistance from France .'

According to Le Figaro, a diplomat with a close knowledge of the deal added: 'We knew the risks involved and thought that the Chinese would control everything and quickly eject us from the project.

' We believed that providing this cutting-edge technology to a country with an endless power agenda would risk exposing France in return .' - Daily Mail

And in 2015, concerns were validated after China implemented their new policy of 'dual use' technologies, which allows for the military use of civilian technology.

"The aim was to develop vaccines following the SARS crisis between 2002 and 2004," said the Mail 's source. "There was much co-operation on a range of issues between France and China at the time, and Michel Barnier was implementing government policy."

"The issue of bio-security was certainly a cause for concern within agencies including the DGSE," the source added.

Meanwhile, the WIV's Shi Zhengli - known as "bat woman" for her controversial experiments creating bat coronaviruses that can infect humans - and who swore 'on her life' that the COVID-19 isn't from her lab, said in a recent interview on Chinese state television that viruses being discovered now are "just the tip of the iceberg. "

"If we want to prevent human beings from suffering from the next infectious disease outbreak, we must go in advance to learn of these unknown viruses carried by wild animals in nature and give early warnings," Shi told CGTN, adding " If we don't study them there will possibly be another outbreak. "

Will be, or won't be another outbreak?

[May 26, 2020] 5-22-20 Brett Wilkins on America's Secret Bioweapons Programs - The Scott Horton Show

May 26, 2020 | scotthorton.org

5/22/20 Brett Wilkins on America's Secret Bioweapons Programs

by Scott | May 23, 2020 | Interviews Scott talks to Brett Wilkins about Project SHAD, a Cold War era bioweapons test program that exposed thousands of American sailors to chemical and biological weapons. These veterans have been seeking redress for a slew of ailments allegedly caused by exposure to these weapons, but the government continues to evade culpability. Sadly, SHAD is only one of many incidents where the U.S. government deliberately tested dangerous substances on its soldiers, and even on its civilians. On top of such programs, the American military has left behind a wake of chronic health problems and generations of birth defects in places like Vietnam, Iraq, and Pakistan because of the toxic chemicals and heavy metals used to wage its wars.

Discussed on the show:

Brett Wilkins is the editor-at-large for US news at the Digital Journal and a contributor at The Daily Kos. Follow him on Twitter @MoralLowGround .

This episode of the Scott Horton Show is sponsored by: NoDev NoOps NoIT , by Hussein Badakhchani; The War State , by Mike Swanson; WallStreetWindow.com ; Tom Woods' Liberty Classroom ; ExpandDesigns.com/Scott ; Listen and Think Audio ; TheBumperSticker.com ; and LibertyStickers.com .

Donate to the show through Patreon , PayPal , or Bitcoin: 1Ct2FmcGrAGX56RnDtN9HncYghXfvF2GAh.

[May 26, 2020] Like It Was Designed To Infect Humans-- COVID-19 'Cell Culture' Theory Gains Steam

May 25, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com

"Like It Was Designed To Infect Humans": COVID-19 'Cell Culture' Theory Gains Steam by Tyler Durden Mon, 05/25/2020 - 12:30 Twitter Facebook Reddit Email Print

A scientific study which found COVID-19 may have been a "cell-culture" uniquely adapted for transmission to humans (more so than any other animal - including bats), is gaining steam.

The paper, currently under peer review, comes from Flinders University Professor Nikolai Petrovsky, who has spent over two decades developing vaccines against influenza, Ebola, and animal Sars. He says his findings allow for the possibility that COVID-19 leaked from a laboratory , according to Sky News .

"The two possibilities which I think are both still open is that it was a chance transmission of a virus from an as yet unidentified animal to human. The other possibility is that it was an accidental release of the virus from a laboratory," said Petrovsky, adding "Certainly we can't exclude the possibility that this came from a laboratory experiment rather than from an animal. They are both open possibilities."

Professor Petrovsky, who is the Chairman and Research Director of Vaxine Pty Ltd, said COVID-19 has genetic elements similar to bat coronaviruses as well as other coronaviruses.

The way coronavirus enters human cells is by binding to a protein on the surface of lung-cells called ACE2. The study showed the virus bound more tightly to human-ACE2 than to any of the other animals they tested .

" It was like it was designed to infect humans ," he said.

"One of the possibilities is that an animal host was infected by two coronaviruses at the same time and COVID-19 is the progeny of that interaction between the two viruses. - Sky News

"The same process can happen in a petri-dish," added Petrovsky. "If you have cells in culture and you have human cells in that culture which the viruses are infecting, then if there are two viruses in that dish, they can swap genetic information and you can accidentally or deliberately create a whole third new virus out of that system ."

"In other words COVID-19 could have been created from that recombination event in an animal host or it could have occurred in a cell-culture experiment ."

In January, Petrovsky began modeling the virus to try and create a vaccine candidate. According to the report, he then began to explore "what animal species might have been involved in the transmission to humans" in order to better understand the origins of the virus, when he discovered how well it infects humans over other species.

" We found that the COVID-19 virus was particularly well-adapted to bind to human cells and that was far superior to its ability to bind to the cells of any other animal species which is quite unusual because typically when a virus is well-adapted to an animal and then it by chance crosses to a human, typically, you would expect it to have lower-binding to human cells than to the original host animal. We found the opposite so that was a big surprise," he said.

When asked why mainstream scientists are still clinging to the theory that the virus originated in a Wuhan wet market , he said that scientists "try not to be political" but that that scientists who support the lab escape theory risk negatively impacting their industry with tighter laboratory controls.

"For instance, if it was to turn out that this virus may have come about because of an accidental lab release that would have implications for how we do viral research in laboratories all around the world which could make doing research much harder," he said, adding "So I think the inclination of virus researchers would be to presume that it came from an animal until proven otherwise because that would have less ramifications for how we are able to do research in the future. The alternative obviously has quite major implications for science and science on viruses , not just obviously political ramifications which we're all well aware of."

Petrovsky has called for immediate investigation now, and not when the pandemic is over - calling any delay in fact finding a "mistake."

"I'm certainly very much in favour of a scientific investigation. It's only objective should be to get to the bottom of how did this pandemic happen and how do we prevent a future pandemic . not to have a witch-hunt."


[May 21, 2020] China Spins Tale That the U.S. Army Started the Coronavirus Epidemic

Mar 13, 2020 | www.nytimes.com

China is pushing a new theory about the origins of the coronavirus : It is an American disease that might have been introduced by members of the United States Army who visited Wuhan in October.

There is not a shred of evidence to support that, but the notion received an official endorsement from China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, whose spokesman accused American officials of not coming clean about what they know about the disease .

... ... ...

"When did patient zero begin in US?" Mr. Zhao wrote on Twitter, first in English and separately in Chinese. "How many people are infected. What are the names of the hospitals? It might be US army who brought the epidemic to Wuhan. Be transparent! Make public your date! US owe us an explanation."

Mr. Zhao appeared to refer to the Military World Games , which were held in Wuhan in October. The Pentagon sent 17 teams with more than 280 athletes and other staff members to the event, well before any reported outbreaks. The Pentagon has had confirmed cases in South Korea and Italy and is bracing for more to emerge, but no illnesses have been tied to American service members from October.

Mr. Zhao's remarks were spread on China's most prominent social media platform, Weibo, under a hashtag: #ZhaoLijianPostedFiveTweetsinaRowQuestioningAmerica. By late afternoon on Friday, that hashtag had been viewed more than 160 million times, along with screenshots of the original Twitter posts.

The State Department summoned the Chinese ambassador on Friday to protest Mr. Zhao's comments, officials in the Trump administration said.

At the regular briefing at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Friday, another spokesman, Geng Shuang, sidestepped three questions about whether Mr. Zhao's suggestion had politicized the crisis and reflected official Chinese policy.

He instead noted the statements made by American officials and lawmakers to "smear and attack" China.

"We are firmly opposed to this," he said. "In fact, the international community, including the United States at home, have different views on the source of the virus. What I have been saying in recent days is that the Chinese side always believed that this is a scientific issue and requires scientific and professional opinions."

[May 21, 2020] the binding energies to human ACE2 cells were the highest of all, while binding energy to bat ACE2 was considerably lower suggest that the virus evled in human and/or came from a biolab.

May 21, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

BM , May 20 2020 16:35 utc | 156

Interesting to see how the official fear propaganda on Covid has changed away from "it's so infectious and deadly, it will be like the Spanish Flu, probably worse". Most countries have no excess mortality at all (Germany - so far on a 3-year low, most of Europe), some a bit such as the UK where this flu is on par with the 5 strongest flus of the last 25 years, i.e. a 5-year event. Spiegelhalter in the BMJ (the heart of the UK medical establishment) just said two thirds of Covid-attributed deaths in the UK are in fact caused by the lockdown.
Posted by: Leser | May 20 2020 7:42 utc | 148

Indeed. But don't forget the first phase before the panic porn phase ! As China Started to suffer under the rapidly growing problem in early January and took decisive steps to bring it under control, the West, led by the US and UK psychopaths, were busy accusing China of "abusing human rights" with their "excessive" lockdowns, laughing off the seriousness of the disease, and making very little attempt to hide their glee at the predicament China faced.

Very important that people do not forget that first phase, as it is highly incriminating of Western governments - both with respect to their actions concerning Covid/China and with respect to their actions towards their own populations; even more so now as it becomes clear that they are forced to change their tactics again.

------

With respect to this, I found something very interesting and revealing in two papers, both of which were published earlier.

Phylogenetic network analysis of SARS-CoV-2 genomes (Forster et al)

In silico comparison of spike protein-ACE2 binding affinities across species;
significance for the possible origin of the SARS-CoV-2 virus (Piplani et al)

The Piplani paper measured the bonding energy of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein to ACE2 receptors in different kinds of animals, showing that in some (such as horse) the bond is rather weak, causing low infectivity and no overt disease. In the hamster or monkey the binding energy was considerably higher, reflecting much higher infectivity. What was striking, though, is that the binding energies to human ACE2 cells were the highest of all, while binding energy to bat ACE2 was considerably lower.

What this means is that SARS-CoV-2 (the virus causing Covid-19) is highly adapted to humans. This is despite the fact that the Piplani research was based on the earliest virus genomes from the beginning of the infection in Wuhan, i.e. supposedly before it had any chance to adapt to humans. Furthermore it supposedly came from bats, yet there is absolutely no sign of its presence in bats, no sign of a Covid-19 epidemic in bats, no sign that it was gradually evolving into SARS-CoV-2 in bats, and furthermore the binding energy to bat ACE2 cells is far too low. This is highly suggestive that the virus was developed in the laboratory.

Now consider the Forster paper, which discusses the evolution of the virus from the earliest samples found in Wuhan, and the mutations that spread around to different parts of the world in the early stage of the pandemic (it does not take into account the huge number of mutations that have occurred since then, nor of course the earliest versions recently shown to have been present in the US and Europe in November 2019 or earlier). It is based only on the 160 largely completely sequenced SARS-CoV-2 genomes in the GISAID database in early March 2020.

Forster described the early varieties of SARS-CoV-2 as falling in 3 main groups, A, B and C, with A being the "ancestral" group which was closest to the nearest known virus that has been found in bats, BatCoVRaTG13. The "ancestral" group A is also divided into 2 subclusters, the T-allele (closest to RaTG13) and the C-allele (not C group!!) which differs only by the T29095C mutation. Nearly half of this C-allele subcluster is found outside East Asia, mainly in the USA and Australia (this is before early March, remember; after that it would be far more complicated).

Then there are two groups derived derived from group A (specifically, from the C-allele of A). The first, group B, is derived directly from A. The second, group C, is derived in turn from Group B. Now here is where it gets interesting - and remember this is only genomes already sequenced by early March, so only cases in February or earlier.

Group B is derived from A by two mutations, one synonymous and one non-synonymous. All but 19 of the 93 B group samples came from East Asia, mainly China 10 cases in neighbouring countries of East Asia. Every single sample of the earliest form of B-group (i.e. with just 2 mutations from A-group) was found in East Asians , while every single sample of B-group found outside East Asia had additional mutations . Thus there is a very strong implication that B group (and presumably also A group, but that issue is not discussed by Forster since it is virtually monopolised in East Asia anyway) is genetically adapted specifically to East Asian ethnic group . Where B group has been found outside East Asia, it seems to have required further mutations to adapt it (still at this point being classed as B group) to non-East Asian ethnic groups. Forster et al state:

A complex founder scenario is one possibility, and a different explanation worth considering is that the ancestral Wuhan B-type virus is immunologically or environmentally adapted to a large section of the East Asian population, and may need to mutate to overcome resistance outside East Asia.

Group C is further derived from group B, and differs by a non-synonymous mutation G26144T. In the dataset it is predominantly in Europe, with samples in France, Italy, Sweden, England, California and Brazil. It is completely absent (in this database) from China, but 5 samples are found in Singapore, and some also in Hong Kong, Taiwan and South Korea (notably, all of which are much more internationalised than China).

---

Now, there is a further twist, with reference to the following paper:

Geographic and Genomic Distribution of SARS-CoV-2 mutations

This involved a study of 10014 different SARS-CoV-2 genomes that had been sequenced by 20th April 2020, and analysed the differences by continent, by country, and by group. By the time of this paper the knowledge of the virus had progressed, and the grouping is different: here the 10014 genomes are classified into three clades, according to the main gene involved in the branching, and are referred to as clades S, G and V. S corresponds roughly to Forster's Group B, and G to Forster's Group C. Clade S seems to include group A. I assume V is another group that developed subsequently to Forster's paper, and I assume probably derived from clade G since it is found predominately in Europe.

Thus clade S is the ancestral group A/B that predominates in East Asia especially China. What differentiates clade G from clade S is the gene encoding the spike protein, which binds to the ACE2 receptor. In other words this is an adaptation to bind to Caucasian ACE2 receptors more effectively.

Furthermore, taking the earliest published genome (from Wuhan) as reference, the least divergence from this reference was found in the East Asian countries China, Hong Kong, Singapore and Japan, plus Iran [Iran, though, according to another source, was a distinctly different genome, evidently optimised for Iran] in other countries the divergence from this reference is much greater, apparently evidencing an evolution to adapt to different ACE2 receptors. Furthermore again, the paper notes that all the different countries of Europe had exactly the same profile of expression of the different genes, whereas the different countries of East Asia showed marked differentiation between each other, especially Japan.

In other words the original form of the virus released in Wuhan was specifically adapted to ethnic Chinese ACE2 receptors. This strain of the virus seems to have had some difficuty infecting Europeans, and when it did infect Europeans the infection was mild. Could this be the explanation for the extreme overconfidence of the West from January to mid-March? They expected that Caucasians would be less affected by the virus than the Chinese, unprepared for such rapid adaptation through mutation.

Here is my hypothesis : The US created this virus specifically to attack China. The genetic code of the spike protein was specifically designed to be optimised to attach to the Chinese ACE2 receptor. The form created by the USA would be the T-allele of Group A (the earliest known strain). Being artificial, it was genetically unstable, and quickly mutated after the start of the outbreak in Wuhan, first to the C-allele of Group A, then through two more mutations to the B Group, which was more stable for infections in ethnic Chinese - meaning, the virus is well adapted to attaching to Chinese ACE2 adaptors, therefore it does not need further selection to thrive in this ethnic group. This B group spread within East Asia, but could only thrive outside East Asia by further mutations - meaning that amongst millions of replications of the virus in non-Chinese hosts, those mutations that were better adapted to the non-Chinese ACE2 receptor would thrive better through natural selection. When B Group samples reached Europe, they quickly adapted to the new hosts through natural selection to attach better to the Caucasian form of the ACE2 receptor, giving rise to the new Group C (later classified as G clade). Thus, suddenly the virus became - contrary to US plans and expectations - well adapted to infecting Caucasian hosts. Thus, the strange delayed shock realisation that we have observed in Western politicians, especially British and American.

There are a couple of interesting predictions from this hypothesis, which can be tested if the relevant data eventually becomes available (I think it is bound to come out eventually). Firstly, my hypothesis is that the original strain leaked from Fort Detrick would have been the A Group (T-allele), which is not so well adapted to infecting Caucasians. This might be why it was relatively well contained before February. The US government, of course, would know this. After it escaped into the US community, though, it must have mutated. These random mutations would have been different from those which occurred in Wuhan, thus these mutations would all be different branches from A than those observed by Forster. If some of these early strains could be sequenced, they should be in this alternate branch - still derived from the ancestral Group A, but with quite separate development, as a distinct branch. This branch would have tried to adapt to Caucasian ACE2 receptors, but may have been more or less successful than Group C, and may have been both more or less infectious, and more or less fatal, than Group C. These mutations should be different from those found in China. There are many ethnic Chinese in the US military - did the US avoid including these ethnic Chinese in the Wuhan military games? What were the ethnicities of the 6 participants urgently evacuated from Wuhan during the games?

The second prediction concerns the early virus strains found in Europe in November or earlier. What type of strains were they? If they reulted from infections from the US team in Wuhan in October, they again must have mutated after reaching Europe, and they may have been yet another branch from Group A, with mutations different from both the US branches and the Forster branches. Alternatively, perhaps this was the origin of the C group - nevertheless this is less likely since C group is derived from B group, which according to this hypothesis should not have existed in Wuhan until after it spread amongst the Chinese. A third possibility is that the early European strains also came from the US leak, and started spreading - like the early US forms rather slowly - before the Wuhan games took place. In this case the early European branches should be derived from somewhere on the early US phylogenetic tree.


Jackrabbit , May 20 2020 17:29 utc | 157

BM | May 20 2020 16:35 @ 156

Thanks for taking the time to describe the research and share your thoughts about it.

My impression is that it's already recognized that the virus didn't come from bats. There's been talk of other animals instead: cats, civets, etc. Perhaps it's the research that you describe that has driven researchers to look elsewhere?

And I wonder how conclusive the East Asian ACE2 attachment is. Wouldn't the virus be expected to be adapted to the population where it first appeared?

One interesting aspect of the research that you highlight is that the Wuhan lab's bat research is irrelevant. AFAICT accusations against the lab have focused on its bat research.

!!

BM , May 20 2020 17:46 utc | 158
And I wonder how conclusive the East Asian ACE2 attachment is. Wouldn't the virus be expected to be adapted to the population where it first appeared?
Posted by: Jackrabbit | May 20 2020 17:29 utc | 157

Indeed, it would be expected to adapt to the population where it first appeared - so why did it suddenly appear there out of nowhere, with that adaptation already complete? That is impossible, if it evolved naturally. Only if it was created in a lab is it possible.

As for "other animals" ... if it developed in another animal, where is the evidence of an epidemic in that animal? Where is the evidence of the long and necessary process of evolution in that animal. In both cases entirely absent.

Jackrabbit , May 20 2020 17:47 utc | 159
BM | May 20 2020 16:35 @ 156

I agree that the US/West delay in addressing the looming pandemic is suspicious. As is their strange attacks against China right after signing an initial trade agreement. But I'm not sure exactly what to make of it.

I also think there are other suspicious things that don't get much attention:


!!

[May 20, 2020] Check this very well documented article from Yuri Deigu discussing the possibility and method of it being engineered;

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

790dB , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 4:59 am GMT

@skrik and @utu

I'm not a geneticist myself either, check this very well documented article from Yuri Deigu discussing the possibility and method of it being engineered;

https://medium.com/@yurideigin/lab-made-cov2-genealogy-through-the-lens-of-gain-of-function-research-f96dd7413748

For me it sounds very plausible, and the article is very level headed. The inserted furin cleavage site in the genome, might well be the WTC7 smoking gun of this Corona saga.

It also looks like, if so, Bat Woman & an the Wuhan institute of Virology, might be the newest patsy like Osama and Lee Harvey Oswald. Or it was an accident.

@450.org in this regard I tend to agree with your 92 year old grand-mother, open minded elderly are usually quite spot on.

Regarding the virus being out there for much longer, I tend to be as skeptical as Ron Unz. However the anecdotal evidence plus the Sweeds, French, etc, speaking openly about it, warrants to take it seriously. Still it raises tons of questions; why suddenly it explodes and before was loitering around. On a personal note; I have been ill in western europe in the months of jan-feb and called it a 'virus subscription' so who knows?

Regarding, this fascinating collective research project and comparing it to the time of 911, what then happened over many years, now happens in the time span of months. I think we all should be weary this is used (premeditated?) to go patriot act 2.0, with draconian authoritarian new 'methods' and closing the control grid even further.

Is there one country in the world where we can flee too? Any suggestions are very welcome.

Parfois1 , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 6:08 am GMT
@Iris Thank you – you are always a step ahead of others.

That document is indeed a very comprehensive record of events and arguments about the CV-19 controversial appearance in world affairs and China's response to the usual chorus of US-led propaganda against its declared "adversary".

Still, officially, the Chinese shy away from pointing the finger at the US as the prime contender for manufacturing the bug – not even a hint. Au contraire, they insist that it is of natural origin although respected researchers have stated that there are human fingerprints on it.

From my understanding, richly extended by your offerings, the bug may show through its genome sequencing to be of natural origin but, at the same time, be an articial creation because its evolution may have been contrived through selective, but natural, breeding.

I suspect the Chinese know a bit more than what they are prepared to make public at this stage – or have not enough evidence of foul play to run the gauntlet of rigorous scientic scrutiny. They are so circumspect and so much unlike the US ruling clowns!

On the other hand, they may keep the "secret" as a useful bargain chip in the fulness of time. Cheers.

utu , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 9:11 pm GMT
@skrik Thanks for the link to Yuri Deigin analysis: "Lab-Made? SARS-CoV-2 Genealogy Through the Lens of Gain-of-Function Research." It is the best what I have seen so far on the subject. One must also read the comments.

Perhaps Ron Unz should consider republishing Deigin analysis.

https://medium.com/@yurideigin/lab-made-cov2-genealogy-through-the-lens-of-gain-of-function-research-f96dd7413748

About Yuri Deigin
https://lifeboat.com/ex/bios.yuri.deigin
https://www.lifespan.io/news/an-interview-with-yuri-deigin/
http://youthereum.io

James N. Kennett , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 9:34 pm GMT
@790dB The Medium article, though rather long, explains the difficulties of determining whether SARS-CoV-2 is a "natural" virus or was made in a lab. No one knows for sure. The differences between the virus and its nearest bat relative are the kinds of changes that can arise naturally; and such changes are also routinely made by genetic engineering in laboratories studying "gain of function" (GOF) in bat coronaviruses. The writer points out that an animal reservoir species for naturally-occurring SARS-CoV-2 has not been found. He concludes:

I hope this post is not used to prematurely assign blame or propagate one-sided theories. What I do hope it highlights is the scale of dangerous gain-of-function research that has been and is going on in virology. The Covid-19 pandemic really exposed its huge risks in the face of few benefits: GOF research hasn't protected us from this outbreak, hasn't provided us with any effective treatments or vaccines in time to save hundreds of thousands of lives lost to CoV2, and if there is even a 0.1% chance GOF research caused the whole thing, that chance is too high.

[May 20, 2020] On ability of RNA virus mutate

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

AnonFromTN , says: Show Comment May 9, 2020 at 10:38 pm GMT

@skrik I am not a geneticist or a virologist. All I know is that RNA viruses mutate ~10-100 times more often than DNA viruses or other life with DNA as genetic material, including us. The molecular basis of this is known: DNA-dependent DNA polymerase has proofreading ability. I.e., when it detects a mismatch (= error), it backs off, destroying faulty DNA copy, until it reaches a perfect match, and then starts copying DNA again. RNA-dependent RNA polymerase all coronaviruses use for copying their genetic material does not have proofreading ability. That's why we have a new flu every year, sometimes twice a year.

[May 20, 2020] Opinion of Professor Luc Montagnier who discovered HIV certainly raffled the French Establishment

A person who refer to Indian paper (which was promptly withdrawn) is iether senile or idiot: which of two is Professor Luc Montagnier
May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

Alfred , says: Show Comment May 9, 2020 at 2:38 pm GMT

@skrik I know nothing about the genes of viruses. However, I have some idea as to whose opinions I would trust and whose opinions I would not trust. Anything coming out the USA is suspect. Anything coming out of China is suspect.

At the moment, the only person I trust is professor Luc Montagnier – the one who really did discover HIV and who deserved to get the Nobel Prize alone. He is certainly not a favourite of the French Establishment.

French professor Luc Montagnier, who won a Nobel prize in 2008 for his work on the HIV virus as cause of the Aids epidemic, maintains that the coronavirus is a manipulated virus. He has stated: 'It was produced by a laboratory. It is what is known as a recombinant, perhaps produced by a Chinese laboratory. It was a job for molecular biologists. It's a very meticulous job. You could say a clockwork of sequences. There is enormous pressure for everything that is at the origin of the virus to be hidden'.

Statements by Montagnier, Nobel prize winner, on the origins of the coronavirus

The only bit I disagree with is the "perhaps produced by a Chinese laboratory"

The only other possible explanation that I can think of is that the HIV portion was donated by someone in California who is HIV positive. California is where version A of the virus originated. Viruses are known to "swap" useful genes. I think Montagnier did not look carefully at that possibility and assumed that bats were involved.

Iris , says: Show Comment May 9, 2020 at 10:28 pm GMT
@Parfois1 Dear Parfois (and Skrik);

I am not geneticist and cannot pretend that I can understand and comment on this question.

Just like you, I have been looking for educated opinions from specialists. The upshot is that, so far, discounting a TV interview given by a lady Czech scientist, there are only two parties who have publicly claimed to have demonstrated the virus was engineered.

– French Pr Luc Montagnier, Nobel Prize winner for his work discovering the AIDS virus.
– A team of Indian biologists

In radio/TV interviews, Pr Montagnier referred to the Indian paper purporting to have identified insertions of HIV virus into SARS-CoV-2.

"Uncanny similarity of unique inserts in the 2019-nCoV spike protein to HIV-1 gp120 and Gag"
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.01.30.927871v1

This paper has been criticized by virologists, including Chinese ones, for faulty methodology and misleading conclusions:
"Scientists Criticize Un-Peer Reviewed Indian Study That Fuelled Coronavirus Conspiracies"
https://www.caixinglobal.com/2020-02-12/scientists-rush-to-decipher-coronavirus-in-unvetted-preprint-papers-101514290.html

As a consequence, the Indian authors withdrew the pre-issue over two months ago and did not re-submit an updated version. This does not speak in favour of their scientific competence; two months is plenty of time to correct non-fundamental flaws.

Pr Montagnier also refers to this study, in English, by French bio-mathematician Dr Perez whom he helped interpreting the genetic aspect:

"WUHAN COVID-19 SYNTHETIC ORIGINS AND EVOLUTION"
The main result of this updated release is the formal proof that 2019-nCoV coronavirus is partially a SYNTHETIC genome. We proof the CONCENTRATION in a small région of Wuhan New genome (300bp) of 3 different régions from HIV1 ENVELOPPE gene and 3 others from HIV2 and SIV (ENV and POL RT). All this is remarkable and bears the mark of a desire for organization of a human nature: LOGIC, SYMETRIES
https://zenodo.org/record/3724003#.XpsS7W5FxfG

These demonstrations are weak and unconvincing: the Indian team was unable to respond to scientific criticism, the French duo's article is a one-man job, and they are criticised by equally competent French virologists, one of whom warmly defended the competence of Wuhan lab biologists.
http://www.leparisien.fr/societe/coronavirus-et-vih-pourquoi-la-theorie-du-pr-luc-montagnier-est-invraisemblable-17-04-2020-8301387.php

It is worth mentioning a Russian lady scientist, I think she was head of an academy of Science, who had the most balanced position as she stated that more research was required to find whether the virus was natural or bio-engineered. I can't find the article at the moment.

I personally believe that the virus was bio-engineered, one way or the other: the unanimous and instantaneous MSM cry every time the hypothesis is evoked is very telling.

However, at the moment, there is no credible evidence proving either a natural or an engineered source. What could help understanding where and how the virus came about is the publication of genomes sampled from earlier infections, something the US has spectacularly refused to do. Grosses bises.

[May 20, 2020] Airborne HIV would be the most deadly virus imaginable

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

450.org , says: Show Comment May 9, 2020 at 12:39 pm GMT

@Commentator Mike I agree, if it's airborne, it truly is a new world and the former world is in no position to confront it effectively. Not China, not Vietnam, not New Zealand, not anybody. It will be the end of the former world for certain.

I remember when word of AIDS started circulating in the early 80's and it was conjectured that you could catch the disease from toilet seats and other surfaces because so little was known about it. As it turns out, AIDS was and is contracted via sharing needles and sexual intercourse, particularly and especially anal sex where tiny tears in the rectum allow subcutaneous exchange of the virus.

As we're seeing with this novel corona virus, it's much easier to contract it than AIDS and therefore is not just limited to people who engage in casual unprotected sex and who are intravenous drug users.

Take New York for example where the new cases they're seeing are people who claim they've been sheltering in place and following the quarantine guidelines. Sure, it could be that despite their vigilance a weak link exists in their caution, i.e. contact with a family member who claims to be quarantining per the guidelines but in fact is "cheating" like the hypocrital grossly negligent and selfish Neil Ferguson for example.

I'm still flummoxed as to how Trump and Pence have not contracted this virus despite what we're discussing here and especially considering their repeated exposure as the latest news reveals. They are prime targets for this virus. Trump is obese and hasn't exercised a day in his life and has a terrible diet. He takes none of the precautions the health kooks on these boards claim you should take to ward off this menace and yet Trump & Pence appear to have immunity and they appear to know they have immunity. We know these two scumbags are not brave and are in fact uber cowards. Trump is a germaphobe afterall, and yet he doesn't bother to wear a mask yet he'll don goggles, brazenly and tauntingly, at a mask manufacturing facility.

[May 20, 2020] Ed Hendrie -- Congress Passed Relief Bill Before Pandemic Started

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

Paul C. , says: Show Comment May 7, 2020 at 1:38 am GMT

@Desert Fox Correct. Here is proof of the Plandemic.
[Hide MORE]

Ed Hendrie -- Congress Passed Relief Bill Before Pandemic Started

"How could the U.S. Congress know that there would be a need for such legislation to address an illness that had not even been reported to have occurred in the United States?"

On January 3, 2020, H.R. 748 was introduced in the House of Representatives. That bill stated that the short title is as follows:

"This Act may be cited as the 'Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act' or the 'CARES Act'."

The problem is that when that bill was introduced there were no coronavirus cases reported in the United States. Indeed, it was not until January 20, 2020, that the first alleged confirmed case of COVID-19 was reported in the United States.
Even more suspicious is that the date of the bill, H.R. 748, January 3, 2020, came two days prior to the W.H.O. news release on January 5, 2020, of a reported outbreak of "pneumonia of unknown etiology (unknown cause)" in Wuhan City, China.

That means that as of January 5, 2020 coronavirus had not been identified as the cause of the outbreak of illness in Wuhan City in China. And to keep it in perspective, on that date, the illness was reported to affect only 44 people. The W.H.O emergency preparedness news release stated:

"On 31 December 2019, the WHO China Country Office was informed of cases of pneumonia of unknown etiology (unknown cause) detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China. As of 3 January 2020, a total of 44 patients with pneumonia of unknown etiology have been reported to WHO by the national authorities in China. Of the 44 cases reported, 11 are severely ill, while the remaining 33 patients are in stable condition. According to media reports, the concerned market in Wuhan was closed on 1 January 2020 for environmental sanitation and disinfection.

The causal agent has not yet been identified or confirmed. On 1 January 2020, WHO requested further information from national authorities to assess the risk."

Pneumonia of unknown cause – China, World Health Organization

My question is, how could the U.S. Congress know that there would be a need for such legislation to address an illness that had not even been reported to have occurred in the United States?

How could the U.S. Congress know on January 3, 2020, to name the legislation the "Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act" when coronavirus had not yet been identified on that date as the cause for an illness on the other side of the world in China?

The W.H.O. had not identified it as a pandemic as it only affected 44 people and it was an illness from an "unknown etiology (unknown cause)."

How could the U.S. Congress know that there would be a need for economic relief from a pandemic before there was any indication of a pandemic?

And how could they know to name the bill after a virus that was only later identified as the alleged cause for the alleged pandemic?

https://www.henrymakow.com

Wizard of Oz , says: Show Comment May 7, 2020 at 2:27 am GMT
@Paul C. That "Ed Hendrie" quote seems to be complete BS, even qualifying for the word "lie" which is too freely thrown around on UR threads.

I Googled "he 748" and discovered that the introduction of the proposed legislation is clearly not 3 January but 24 January.

If you are going to throw in something so potentially devastating to the received story you should take the trouble to check and double check before emitting.

Curmudgeon , says: Show Comment May 7, 2020 at 6:19 pm GMT
@Paul C. I saw a Dick Allgire youtube video tracing that bill. There was a prompt correction to the video showing that the bill did not start as it finished. I morphed quickly after the "pandemic" started.

[May 20, 2020] Dr Junya Fukushima, who claims to be a spokesperson of MS task Force for Covid 19, an organization of more than 100 doctors, declared on the social media that they found samples of patients who were infected as early as August, 2019

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

Anon [544] Disclaimer , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 4:15 pm GMT

@Godfree Roberts https://mobile.twitter.com/isaiah_sweetie/status/1257885191864897536

Dr Junya Fukushima, who claims to be a spokesperson of MS task Force for Covid 19, an organization of more than 100 doctors, declared on the social media that they found samples of patients who were infected as early as August, 2019. They will publish a formal report soon.

[May 20, 2020] France had Covid-19 in November, hospital says after analysis of chest scans

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

Godfree Roberts , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 12:25 pm GMT

@Iris France had Covid-19 in November, hospital says after analysis of chest scans
Study finds person who had the disease 10 weeks earlier than the country detected cases
Contagion believed to have spread slowly until the end of February before accelerating rapidly
</i
Covid-19 cases in France can be dated back to as early as November 16, nearly 10 weeks before the country's first confirmed cases of the disease were thought to have occurred, according to a French hospital.

The November case was identified by the hospital's medical imaging department after carrying out a retrospective study on about 2,500 chest scans performed between November 1 and April 30.
The findings came as the World Health Organisation (WHO) called on countries to investigate pneumonia-like cases from late last year to get a clearer picture of how the new disease spread.
Peter Ben Embarek, a WHO expert in animal diseases, said at a press briefing on Friday that the coronavirus that causes Covid-19 originates or spreads in bats and can spread among cats, although it remains unclear which animal may have transmitted the disease to humans, Bloomberg reported.

The global health body has previously said that establishing the animal of origin is key to preventing a zoonotic disease outbreak happening again. The timeline of the spread of the disease can also provide critical information about the viral genome and how it has evolved, which can be important for developing drugs to combat it.

In France, some cases were already in circulation in November, said Michel Schmitt, chief doctor of the medical imaging department at Albert Schweitzer Hospital in the town of Colmar in Alsace, near the border with Germany.

"The first case was noted in our centre on November 16," said a press release published by the hospital on Thursday. "[There was a] very slow progression of the pathology's negative impact until the end of February, then a rapid increase in its impact, peaking on March 31

According to the doctor, the virus dispersed sporadically after the first case in mid-November, before accelerating during year-end events such as Christmas markets and family celebrations until the epidemic went full-blown after a religious gathering in the city of Mulhouse, about 40km (25 miles) south of Colmar, in the last week of February.

The hospital said it would collaborate with the French National Centre for Scientific Research to open an epidemiological investigation into its findings.

A peer-reviewed study published on Sunday had already pushed the date of the first known case in France back to December 27 – a 42-year-old man admitted to a Paris hospital with symptoms including cough, chest pain, headache and fever. He was thought to be connected to a person who travelled from China before the virus was identified, the WHO said.

That discovery came after researchers tested stored respiratory samples of patients with influenza-like symptoms in December and January, said the peer-reviewed paper, published on ScienceDirect.
Before that study, France's first confirmed cases had been identified on January 24 as two people who had travelled to Wuhan, the original epicentre of the outbreak in central China.

https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3083599/france-had-covid-19-november-hospital-says-after-analysis-chest

Iris , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 9:00 pm GMT
@Godfree Roberts Here is an article by "Le Parisien" reporting on the finding that a patient was ill with Covid-19 as early as 16 Nov 2019 in Colmar (Eastern France).

It informs that, unfortunately, biological samples were not taken at the time from the patient, which is the straightforward and undisputable way of identifying the virus involved. But a very interesting statement is made about lung CT scans:

Is that credible?

Two radiologists contacted by "Le Parisien" confirm the interest of a retrospective analysis of the CT scans. " It has been noted that there are four types of specific lesions that are common to Covid-19 pneumonia ," says Jean-Philippe Masson, president of the National Federation of Radiological Physicians (FNMR).
"These lesions are more or less marked depending on the severity of the infection and they can also be seen in patients with little or no symptomatic, it's relatively reliable," he says. "There are certain specific lesions and there are, on the face of it, enough images in a scanner to distinguish them and make a connection with the pathology," says another radiologist who practices in the Paris region.

What's going to happen next?
However, there is still no certainty that these individuals were indeed infected with coronavirus. Only biological screening could establish this, for example via a serological test to detect the possible presence of antibodies. (especially if no PCR virological sampling was carried out at the time).

The study "will be able to be further developed through biological data or hospitalization reports, and on the other hand be extended to other imaging centres," says the hospital's press release, which has also launched a collaboration with the CNRS to "start epidemiological exploitation of the results."

http://www.leparisien.fr/societe/coronavirus-des-cas-de-covid-19-en-alsace-des-le-16-novembre-07-05-2020-8312496.php

It is great to see that the French medical body is fulfilling its duties towards the French population, by researching all early signs of infection and potential sources of dissemination.

[May 20, 2020] There is much more news coming out, seemingly every week if not every day, documenting that the virus was floating around in the world at least since October and even earlier, and a new source of information on the coronavirus and updates:

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

Ayatollah Smith , says: Show Comment May 9, 2020 at 6:48 am GMT

There is much more news coming out, seemingly every week if not every day, documenting that the virus was floating around in the world at least since October and even earlier, and a new source of information on the coronavirus and updates:

https://www.moonofshanghai.com/

French virologists have now concluded "The coronavirus outbreak in France was not caused by cases imported from China, but from a locally circulating strain of unknown origin . . .", (1) and, from other studies, that strain existed only in the US. My information is that Italy, Spain and perhaps also Portugal have come to the same conclusion. And the Cambridge study of more than 1,000 virus samples helps document this. There is also the very strange case of the two scientists (both Chinese nationals) who were on the verge of a stupendous discovery about the virus suddenly dying in an apparent 'murder-suicide' with no motive or proof.

Next, "Data shows Canada's early COVID-19 cases came from the U.S. not China". (2)

Of considerable interest is that New York is now feverishly telling Americans that the "Coronavirus came to New York from Europe, not China". This is not being done to defend China, nor from any sudden surge in Christian righteousness. Rather, it is a pre-emptive move to deflect the blame which is certain to follow the inescapable conclusion that Europe was seeded from the US. The basis for their claim appears to be solely that the virus strain affecting New York and Italy are identical, the blame attributed to "travelers" from Italy infecting Americans in New York, while ignoring the fact that the airplanes are not empty when flying from the US to Italy and all evidence is that the infection occurred in the other direction. (3) (4)

Then, "Study: 2nd Japan infection wave came from West". It appears that Japan's first infections, like those in several other countries, were among a few visitors from Wuhan, but "The virus confirmed in Japan had a characteristic closer to the gene of the virus that spread in European countries than that from Wuhan", and Europe's haplotypes appear to have originated in the US because only the US has all the strains. (5)

Australia's Prime Minister recently stated that 80% or more of all infections in his country came from the US. (6) Similarly, Iceland confirmed that some of their coronavirus infections have been traced to Denver. (7) (8)

Then, The mayor of Belleville, New Jersey, Michael Melham said he has tested positive for coronavirus antibodies, adding that he contracted the novel coronavirus in November, over two months before the first confirmed case was reported in the U.S. (9) Anders Tegnell, Sweden's chief epidemiologist, said the coronavirus may have been circulating in the country since November. (10)

Lastly, There is something strange about the virus in Russia. For a long time, Russia had only a few infections, rising steadily by only five or ten per day, then suddenly it exploded, rising by 5,000 and then 10,000 per day. Virus outbreaks don't normally manifest that way. The normal process is a steady increase and rapid acceleration in the number of infections until it peaks, as happened with all other countries. But with Russia, the infections were minor for a long time, steady at very low numbers, with all the indications of an unsuccessful epidemic. I would be very interested to see the genome sequences from the first infections in January and February, and for those happening in April and May. I suspect the two varieties are different, which would suggest Russia was seeded again with another variety for a second attempt.

(1) https://www.msn.com/en-sg/news/world/coronavirus-outbreak-in-france-did-not-come-directly-from-china-gene-tracing-scientists-say/ar-BB13kun3

(2) https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-05-01/Data-shows-Canada-s-early-COVID-19-cases-came-from-the-U-S-not-China-Q8jSdpazo4/index.html

(3) https://newsaf.cgtn.com/news/2020-04-25/Coronavirus-came-to-New-York-from-Europe-not-China-Governor-PXHsqNUTHG/index.html

(4) http://www.chicagotribune.com/coronavirus/ct-nw-nyt-new-york-coronavirus-europe-genomes-20200409-iti55bz5crbatn2xo5a56sdzda-story.html

(5)https://global.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202004/30/WS5eaa39a6a310a8b241152e71.html

(6) https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-03-22/PM-Morrison-80-percent-Australia-cases-are-imported-mostly-from-U-S–P41uG3CfWU/index.html

(7) https://www.denverpost.com/2020/03/13/iceland-coronavirus-traced-denver/

(8) https://icelandmonitor.mbl.is/news/news/2020/03/13/three_covid_19_cases_in_iceland_traced_to_denver/

(9) https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-05-05/U-S-Belleville-mayor-claims-that-he-had-coronavirus-in-November-2019-Qfq40LrHlC/index.html

(10) https://www.ft.com/content/aba67162-9129-41b9-b82b-d61a890e6589

Seraphim , says: Show Comment May 9, 2020 at 12:06 pm GMT
@Ayatollah Smith Russia's concern with the laboratories in the former states of USSR is then understandable. Especially those in Ukraine and Georgia.

[May 20, 2020] If we assume that some athletes were infected with Covid-19 while in Wuhan in the end of October one would expect that 90 days later in the end of January they would have full blow outbreaks at their military bases and in their countries

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

utu , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 6:54 pm GMT

@Half Back If we assume that some athletes were infected with Covid-19 while in Wuhan in the end of October one would expect that 90 days later in the end of January they would have full blow outbreaks at their military bases and in their countries. Italy had 4 deaths on Feb 28, France had 15 death on Mar 11, Spain had 13 death or Mar 9. Iran reported 14 death on Feb 23. China had 8 deaths in Jan 23. I think it would be possible by looking at deaths data for all countries that need with an epidemic and participated in Wuham Military Olympiad to come up with model that would verify whether the epidemics could have began from infections in late October in Wuhan. It would be good to have military data. Soldier are young so their IFR would be very low but there would be some hospitalization and finally the serum tests would show how many were infected. We will get military data only if somebody decides to spin some narrative.

[May 20, 2020] French media report that military athlete Elodie Clouvel said she and her boyfriend fell ill with Covid-19 while participating in the Wuhan military games.

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

Godfree Roberts , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 11:28 pm GMT

@utu Fortunately, many participant nations at the Games are not US 'allies,' so we should get some data from them. The French Army, alas, is refusing to test or discuss their athletes infections.

French media report that military athlete Elodie Clouvel said she and her boyfriend fell ill with Covid-19 while participating in the Wuhan military games. " I think that with Valentin ( Belaud, her companion, pentathlete too) we already had the coronavirus, the Covid-19, I mean" she said at the time. "We just weren't talking about it yet"

The 31-year-old added: "We were in Wuhan for the World Military Games at the end of October. And, in fact, it turns out that afterwards all got sick. Valentin missed three days of training. I was sick too. [ ] I had stuff I hadn't had before. We didn't worry more than that because we weren't talking about it yet. "

Her conclusion is unequivocal: "There are many athletes at the World Military Games who have been very ill. We had contact with the military doctor recently who said: "I think you got it because there are a lot of people in that delegation who have been sick" . "

French Channel BFM TV reports a similar anonymous testimony by another French military who participated in the Wuhan games and fell badly ill with Covid symptoms, as did many colleagues in his delegation.

The French military authority has indicated that no testing has, or will be conducted on the athletes. It has instructed the athletes no to comment on the subject.

http://www.leparisien.fr/international/covid-19-des-athletes-francais-contamines-a-wuhan-en-octobre-05-05-2020-8311221.php
https://rmcsport.bfmtv.com/jo/coronavirus-des-sportifs-francais-s-interrogent-apres-une-competition-a-wuhan-en-octobre-1908001.html

Iris , says: Show Comment May 11, 2020 at 12:46 am GMT
@Godfree Roberts Dear Godfree;

What I fear most is the French government, entangled within the EU's NATO poodle structure, to put pressure on scientists and stop them from researching and publising their findings on Covid 19.

What I hope most is that French scientists, who are very competent and certainly driven by high professional integrity, to protect the population, pretend not to notice the political pressure and do their job of uncovering the epidemic's tracks.

I would say that chances are 50/50, especially that:
– there have been several separate Covid 19 hotspots in France, which will ease pressure on whistle-blowers
– the health system is public, so financial blackmail cannot apply so easily on doctors who are civil servants.

[May 20, 2020] French athletes falling sick in Wuhan military games in October

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

utu , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 3:25 am GMT

French athletes falling sick in the city in OCTOBER
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8303979/When-did-China-know-coronavirus.html

"Several fell ill with bad flu-like symptoms during the event, which took place over nine days from October 18. 'A lot of athletes at the World Military Games were very ill,' said Elodie Clouvel, a world champion modern pentathlete."

Half Back , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 7:01 am GMT
@utu Yes Athletics numbering 10,000 must have arrived 7/5 days before start of competition, to acclimatize and settle in.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2019_Military_World_Games

The 7th Military World Games was the first international military multi-sport event to be held in China and also it was the largest military sports event ever to be held in China, with nearly 10,000 athletes from over 100 countries competing in 27 sports.[4][5] The multi-sport event included 25 official and 2 demonstrative sports. Six sport disciplines such as badminton, tennis, table tennis, women's boxing and men's gymnastics made their debuts in the event.
Opening ceremony 18 October
Closing ceremony 27 October

So 10,000 athletics arrive around 11 October and sightseer and train. US contingent take up residence at hotel 300 meters from the infamous 'wet market' which did not sell bats. In fact the first documented patients were hotel workers.
As Godfree states it is the position of the Chinese leadership that Athletes have brought in Coroavirus, Mers (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome came from Jordan by the vector of camels. Have a look at how many countries competed.

I don't find it fanciable that athletes were to source, in fact i find it highly likely as the above French competitor says in the Daily Mail.

List of participating nations

9,308 athletes from 110 countries participated in the games:[31][32]

[Hide MORE]
Algeria (56)
Albania (5)
Angola (2)
Armenia (15)
Argentina (2)
Azerbaijan (20)
Austria (37)
Brazil (329)
Bahrain (69)
Barbados (2)
Belarus (95)
Bosnia and Herzegovina (11)
Belgium (51)
Botswana (15)
Bulgaria (21)
Burkina Faso (3)
Canada (104)
Cameroon (55)
Republic of the Congo (19)
Cape Verde (4)
Chile (32)
Colombia (31)
China (553)
Croatia (11)
Cyprus (8)
Czech Republic (27)
Chad (11)
Democratic Republic of the Congo (26)
Denmark (61)
Djibouti (3)
Dominican Republic (31)
Ecuador (74)
Egypt (83)
Eritrea (3)
Estonia (27)
Eswatini (2)
Finland (53)
France (273)
Germany (243)
Gabon (9)
Gambia (3)
Greece (46)
Guinea (14)
Guyana (4)
Hungary (56)
India (54)
Iran (90)
Indonesia (46)
Ireland (32)
Italy (139)
Jordan (5)
Kazakhstan (62)
Kenya (14)
Kuwait (35)
Lesotho (3)
Latvia (32)
Lebanon (7)
Lithuania (56)
Luxembourg (17)
Morocco (24)
Monaco (2)
Mongolia (75)
Montenegro (2)
Mozambique (3)
Myanmar (44)
North Macedonia (4)
Namibia (3)
Netherlands (89)
Nepal (40)
Niger (3)
Nigeria (12)
North Korea (156)
Norway (28)
Oman (63)
Pakistan (19)
Palestine (9)
Peru (15)
Poland (193)
Portugal (9)
Qatar (99)
Romania (77)
Russia (243)
Rwanda (41)
Saudi Arabia (41)
Senegal (3)
Serbia (41)
Slovakia (14)
Slovenia (32)
South Korea (172)
Spain (111)
Sri Lanka (73)
Sweden (72)
Switzerland (67)
Syria (15)
Tanzania (22)
Thailand (55)
Togo (3)
Tunisia (17)
Turkmenistan (4)
Turkey (20)
United Arab Emirates (27)
United States (172)
Uganda (5)
Uzbekistan (50)
Ukraine (87)
Uruguay (27)
Venezuela (84)
Vietnam (32)
Zambia (13)
Zimbabwe (28)
Godfree Roberts , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 10:14 am GMT
@Commentator Mike It seems it was not just in Wuhan, but in NYC and Lombardy before it reached Wuhan. Maybe even France. This drama will play out for a while yet.
Godfree Roberts , says: Show Comment May 10, 2020 at 10:15 am GMT
@Commentator Mike They had neither an alarm network nor a plan to deal with a Coronavirus outbreak. China did.

[May 20, 2020] From its public statements, China's CCDC identified its Patient Zero at the Wuhan Military Games.

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

Godfree Roberts , says: Show Comment May 9, 2020 at 10:00 am GMT

@Mitchell Porter No health authority has an official assessment of the virus's origin and history yet.

Everyone's in the early stages of identifying its antecedents.

China is in the lead since it was apparently the only country with a large (70,000 nodes) active Coronavirus detection network.

From its public statements, China's CCDC identified its Patient Zero at the Wuhan Military Games.

France, though it has made no official statement about the virus's origin and history yet, is the most active and transparent Western country searching for it. England is in the vanguard, too, for their evolutionary genetic work

Italy is the dark horse, since several of its leading epidemiologists say Covid-19 was in their country in October–but they have not released any genetic evidence.

The US is at the back of the pack because the CDC banned Coronavirus testing until March 3 and refuses to identify its Patient Zero.

[May 20, 2020] Maybe it leaked out of Fort Detrick. Maybe Americans have already been exposed to the virus in vastly greater numbers than official statistics admit. Maybe it truly escaped by accident, and everything since then has been a coverup and a crisis not to be wasted.

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

,

gay troll , says: Website Show Comment May 8, 2020 at 3:56 am GMT
@Ron Unz Maybe it's not just the flu. Maybe it leaked out of Fort Detrick. Maybe Americans have already been exposed to the virus in vastly greater numbers than official statistics admit. Maybe it truly escaped by accident, and everything since then has been a coverup and a crisis not to be wasted.

The CDC has zero credibility. They scapegoated vaporizers for EVALI without providing any evidence. By their own admission, EVALI looked exactly like a severe flu and could not be tested for or positively diagnosed. The epidemic gave political cover for attacks on Juul and other e-cigarette manufacturers despite the CDC weaseling out of attribution by blaming "black market" products containing Vitamin E Acetate. But by their own admission, such products were not involved in all cases. They could not say anything conclusive about the cause of EVALI, only that vapes were "linked", "associated", and "suspected".

You have asked if the virus started here last summer, why was there not a more immediate crisis? Well there was an immediate outbreak of pneumonia that has not been explained beyond a correlation. Those who lacked the correlation of vaporizer use would have still looked like severe cases of flu and could have been blamed on such. As per official statistics 80% would be asymptomatic. And we are talking about the earliest, least infectious strain of the virus.

Consider the possibility that the CDC and U.S. government are trying to make the current situation in the U.S. look worse than it actually is. Consider they are trying to make it look like we are at the beginning of a Bell curve when we are in fact at its end. Wheels have been in motion long before this thing appeared in Wuhan in December. We are being played.

Also consider that EVALI has disappeared since peaking in September, and since it looks exactly like COVID19 and cannot be positively identified, and since any suspected case of COVID19 can be listed as such on a death certificate, there is no way for EVALI to even be listed on a death certificate any longer.

[May 20, 2020] Without countermeasures like PPE or quarantine, the number of cases in the early stages doubles every 4 days and in 40 days reach thousands.

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

James N. Kennett , says: Show Comment May 6, 2020 at 11:26 pm GMT

How is it possible for the virus to have been circulating in the community in the USA as early as September 2019 (or, as your previous article suggests, July 2019)? It is so contagious that, without countermeasures like PPE or quarantine, the number of cases in the early stages doubles every 4 days.

Exponential growth is unforgiving, and strongly constrains any theory. 40 days after the first case, a thousand people would have been infected. After 80 days, a million. These numbers of cases were not reached in the USA until early April. Even assuming that testing uncovered only 10% of US cases in March and April, the other 90% being patients who were never tested, it is hard to push the USA's index case any earlier than January 2020.

A graph of cases by country (below the line) makes this clear. The virus was spreading among the human population in China before it reached the USA or anywhere else.

Pick your theories carefully. It is implausible for community transmission to have started in the USA and spread to China. The most likely explanation is that the pandemic began in Wuhan; but the possibility of deliberate release by a foreign power cannot be dismissed.

Alden , says: Show Comment May 7, 2020 at 12:48 am GMT
@James N. Kennett As of today, 202,368 deaths world wide out of a population of 7 billion

Your exponents haven't happened. Maybe next year.

[May 20, 2020] Maybe it started in Virginia last summer?

May 20, 2020 | www.unz.com

Harold Smith , says: Show Comment May 6, 2020 at 4:14 am GMT

Maybe it started in Virginia last summer?

https://www.necn.com/news/national-international/health-officials-to-give-update-after-respiratory-illness-sickens-dozens-at-virginia-retirement-community/204589/

Anon [414] Disclaimer , says: Show Comment May 6, 2020 at 7:58 pm GMT
@Harold Smith Wow. I wonder if they might have blood samples left from that, although last July was almost 10 months ago. They should do a Covid-19 antibody test for those who recovered.

The Seattle Times reported today that a 70 year old who was on ventilator for nearly 4 weeks survived and was allowed to go home yesterday. He was expected to die when all his organs shut down one by one, but by some miracle the doctors were able to cure him. Amazing.

NoNickYet , says: Show Comment May 7, 2020 at 1:56 am GMT
@Harold Smith Not from the States, but is Fairfax County not awfully close to Fort Detrick? Also the date is very suspicious, not long after FD closed.
Qship , says: Show Comment May 7, 2020 at 3:30 pm GMT
@Harold Smith Springfield, Virginia is about 55 miles from Fort Detrick.

In the story below, it states that "the virus that causes the common cold" was isolated from the nursing home residents in Springfield. I wonder if the tests were picking up SARS Co-V2 as a generic coronavirus? They don't specify in the article if it was a coronavirus, or something else like a rhinovirus or parainfluenza.

https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.washingtonpost.com/dc-md-va/2019/08/02/virginia-reports-higher-than-usual-number-respiratory-illnesses/%3foutputType=amp

Anon [544] Disclaimer , says: Show Comment May 7, 2020 at 7:11 pm GMT
@Harold Smith

Officials in Fairfax County, Virginia, are still trying to pinpoint the cause of a deadly respiratory illness outbreak at a Springfield assisted living facility, and another outbreak is now being investigated at a Burke facility.

Three people are dead and dozens more have been afflicted with an upper respiratory illness at Greenspring Retirement Community in Springfield, the Fairfax County Health Department said.

Another outbreak of respiratory illnesses at Heatherwood, an assisted-living facility in Burke, is also under investigation by the health department, but officials said Wednesday there is no evidence linking the two outbreaks.

It wasn't the only one. And the cause hasn't been disclosed.

Symptoms of the illness include respiratory problems from coughs to pneumonia.
https://wtop.com/fairfax-county/2019/07/3-dead-dozens-including-employees-sick-as-respiratory-illness-spreads-through-springfield-assisted-living-facility/

thetruth , says: Show Comment May 8, 2020 at 5:18 am GMT
@Harold Smith Here is the 2nd Virginia care facility sees respiratory outbreak

Mackenzie Bean – Thursday, July 18th, 2019
https://www.beckershospitalreview.com/post-acute-care/2nd-virginia-care-facility-sees-respiratory-outbreak.html

both of these two long term care facility and retirement community are close to Fort Belvoir, one is about 10 miles, and the other is about 40 miles. And people say after Fort Detrick was shut down, a lot of those army bioweapon researchers moved to the Fort Belvoir.

could they bring the virus with them?

[May 19, 2020] It is interesting that the opponents of "Wuhan lab leak" hypothesis include intelligence agencies of Australia (32% of export to China, 5% to USA) and UK's Belingcat. Both would cheerfully join black propaganda before.

May 19, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Piotr Berman , May 18 2020 23:44 utc | 88

Opposition to lab leak "proofs" Posted by: Yul | May 18 2020 18:24 utc | 50

It is interesting that the opponents include intelligence agencies of Australia (32% of export to China, 5% to USA) and UK's Belingcat. Both would cheerfully join black propaganda before. Atlanticists have their limits. Australia can be ruined by a double hit from slack world-wide market and the closure of Chinese market if Australia joins an extreme version of a trade war that Trumpians seem to contemplate.

I assume that exporters of Australia are well connected to their version of "bipartisan consensus". UK would not be affected with similar severity, but whatever the cost is, they have COVID-19 bills and their version of bipartisan consensus does not want to pay for a folly which is not their own British folly.

Canada may also re-think their status as New Trumpland, while the fifth eye, New Zealand, probably is most pacifist of them all (and the exporters to China are farmers who are easy to be angry).

[May 19, 2020] It might well be Washington not Beijing that should worry about a serious and scientific investigation of origins of coronavirus

May 19, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

karlof1 , May 18 2020 15:29 utc | 10

Today's Global Times Editorial opines "It's US that fears probe on virus origin" :

"The 73rd World Health Assembly conference that started Monday will discuss a proposal of the EU to investigate the novel coronavirus' origin. Media reported that 62 countries, including EU member countries, have backed the proposal. We believe Beijing will be open to a scientific and fair investigation while it is Washington that will worry about a serious and scientific investigation....

"To make its nonsense seem rational, the US wants a conclusion which claims Wuhan is the origin, ideally the virus was leaked from a Wuhan lab. However, what Washington has recently found goes against its wish. New findings have potentially altered the timeline of the coronavirus outbreak in the US, with a large number of COVID-19 cases misclassified as influenza last winter. What if the investigation finds the US is the origin of the coronavirus? That would destroy the Trump administration's narrative and its reelection strategy."

It's very clear China has No Fear regarding this type of investigation for as we've noted at MoA the timeline now greatly favors China's narrative of events whereas TrumpCo behavior long ago sank the current Blame China narrative due to its massive lack of credibility and Treasonous Do Nothing Policy.

[May 19, 2020] Busted: Pentagon Contractors' Report on 'Wuhan Lab' Origins of Virus Is Bogus

May 19, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Yul , May 18 2020 18:24 utc | 50

@ Bernhard

Have you see the latest from the conspiracy theorists?

Busted: Pentagon Contractors' Report on 'Wuhan Lab' Origins of Virus Is Bogus

The document, which NBC News first published and reported on May 8, made its way to Capitol Hill just days after Secretary of State Mike Pompeo claimed in an interview that there was "enormous evidence" to suggest that the virus came from the lab in Wuhan.

He appeared to back away from that claim this weekend telling Breitbart: "We know it began in Wuhan, but we don't know from where or from whom."

[May 18, 2020] The bioterror intelligencia engineer bunch of deadly pathogens . They teach the military about threat of deadly pathogen from other countries . They deal with pharma and get them produce bunch of medicine molecules and vaccine . US tax payers support the engineering ,development of drugs and vaccine by the pharmaceutical . US tax payers also support their salaries

May 18, 2020 | www.unz.com

Also notable is the fact that Kadlec's April 2001 report cites the largely discredited yet still influential Ken Alibek on several occasions, including his allegation that anyone with internet access and a few bucks could produce and unleash weapons-grade anthrax with ease. Some of the nation's top anthrax experts would discredit this claim, with the exception of William C. Patrick III.

This is likely because it was Patrick who had been asked by the CIA to "vet" Alibek after he had first defected from the Soviet Union 1992, making Patrick responsible for determining the credibility of Alibek's controversial claims, including his incorrect assertions that Saddam Hussein had overseen a massive biological weapons program. Regarding their meeting, Patrick would later say "I won't say we fell in love, but we gained an immediate respect for one another."

At the time of Alibek's defection, Robert Kadlec – who had been assigned to the Pentagon's Office of the Secretary of Defense for Counter-proliferation policy after the Gulf War – would later recall during 2014 Congressional testimony having "witnessed the efforts to ascertain the truth behind the former Soviet Union's BW [biological weapons] effort" that had intimately involved Alibek and Patrick. Kadlec would also note that "the fate of these agents [related to the Soviet Union's BW program] and associated weapons," including those described by Alibek, "was never satisfactorily resolved."

Alibek's shocking yet dubious claims were often used and promoted by Joshua Lederberg (who had debriefed other Soviet bioweapons researchers after their defections), Patrick and others to support their favored "biodefense" policies as well as the need for "defensive" bioweapons research, including clandestine efforts to genetically-engineer anthrax on which Patrick and Alibek would later collaborate.

KA says: Show Comment May 15, 2020 at 2:41 am GMT 100 Words 'in what we call the reality-based community,' which he defined as people who 'believe that solutions emerge from your judicious study of discernible reality.'

That's not the way the world really works anymore,' he continued. 'We're an empire now, and when we act, we create our own reality. And while you're studying that reality -- judiciously, as you will -- we'll act again, creating other new realities, which you can study too, and that's how things will sort out. We're history's actors and you, all of you, will be left to just study what we do'

Karl Rove to Ron Suskind .

You have to hand it to him. How foresighted was that bastard ! That cruel fella was a genius .

This unreal world has been in making for years . Read More Reply Agree/Disagree/Etc. More... This Commenter Display All Comments


the grand wazoo , says: Show Comment May 15, 2020 at 4:28 am GMT

"It's a big club and we ain't in it." G. Carlin.
KA , says: Show Comment May 15, 2020 at 5:07 am GMT
Bunch of super intelligent people go into discipline like medicine, human health and security , get into preemptive positions against terrorism ,against lack of supplies or preparedness and bring the fellow travelers under many different umbrellas with little oversight of the citizen ( that position itself is interesting , American citizen are sharp and intelligent but not the people they chose to represent them – this eliminating any government involvement while money from the citizen through the gov keep on flowing ) or media scrutiny.

They engineer bunch of deadly pathogens . They teach the military about threat of deadly pathogen from other countries . They deal with pharma and get them produce bunch of medicine molecules and vaccine . US tax payers support the engineering ,development of drugs and vaccine by the pharmaceutical . US tax payers also support their salaries .

Then the virus escape at anthrax escapes .

The need to medicate and vaccinate become the 24/7 only sound coming out of the TV ostensibly for securing the health and safety . Tax payers again for something for which they have paid already few times over .

Is it nay wonder ,people are losing faith in medicine in vaccine in drugs ? Is it any wonder that people seek other explanations than what offered by Gov?

Meanwhile the big tent that incorporate these organizations and the vice they come with, send gas canister to be blown in Syrian desert so that White Helmet can rescue a baby and wage war against a recalcitrant regime not enthralled by the prospect of the paradigm the big tent wants to offer .

Morton's toes , says: Show Comment May 15, 2020 at 7:22 pm GMT
After seeing all of the hoopla on the internet, my copy of Biological Warfare finally arrived. The first essay in it is by Kadlec and Zelicoff. By the time I got to page 12 I had discovered:

1. Biological warfare basically does not exist. No military commanders are interested in using it because in the entire history of warfare there ain't one single example where using biological weapons enabled the accomplishment of a single tactical or strategic objective.

2. When it does exist on planet earth since the recorded history of the universe it falls into the category of:

a. propaganda;

b. employment program for microbiologists;

or

c. stupid warlords got the dumb idea they wanted some bio weapons and made a small and useless arsenal of them.

Item (c.) is very unusual. Sadam built some in the late 80's but never used them and by 2003 they did not have jack.

https://read.amazon.com/kp/card?preview=inline&linkCode=kpd&ref_=k4w_oembed_4o1PvBotzAgv0j&asin=1555877613&tag=kpembed-20

restless94110 , says: Show Comment May 15, 2020 at 11:28 pm GMT
TL:DR
swamped , says: Show Comment May 16, 2020 at 3:01 am GMT
"Those repositories, which compose the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS), are the exclusive domain of HHS' ASPR, a post created under Kadlec's watchful eye and tailored over the years to meet his very specific requirements.

From this perch, Robert Kadlec has final say on where the stockpile's contents are sourced, as well as how, when and where they are deployed. He is the sole source procurer of medical material and pharmaceuticals, making him the best friend of Big Pharma and other healthcare industry giants who have been in his ear every step of the way" actually the President has the final say, Kadlec serves at his discretion.

Which makes some of Kadlec's replies at his Senate confirmation hearings in Aug., 2017, thought provoking. Such as this exchange with Sen.Warren:

'Question 17. President Trump has linked vaccines to autism and has embraced vaccine ''skeptics.'' Do you believe that there is any scientific or medical validity to President Trump'sconcerns about vaccine safety? If so, please indicate which sources lend scientific or medical validity to his concerns.

Answer 17.[Kadlec] There is abundant evidence that vaccines are safe. They remain a cornerstone of public health and biodefense strategies.

Question 18. Are you concerned that President Trump's statements may dissuade members of the public from receiving flu or other vaccines?

Answer 18.[Kadlec] Vaccinations are a critical component of our national health resiliency and national security. With that in mind, I am very confident in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's work to uphold vaccine safety and efficacy. ASPR works with its industry partners and FDA to ensure that all vaccines manufactured under the Biomedical Advanced Research Development Authority (BARDA) are safe and effective to protect the American people. While BARDA does issue contracts to stockpile some items prior to FDA approval, data on patient safety of the therapies or vaccines are reviewed prior to stockpiling."'

The next political battlefield in the cultural war over the Chinese plague will be fought over vaccines. Who will be required to submit to them & why. And what will happen if you don't. The President has spoken optimistically recently about their development but not about their deployment. It's still not clear whether he now shares Kadlec's enthusiasm for such vaccines but it could prove to be the next big test of his presidency & hopes for re-election.

N.B. , says: Show Comment May 16, 2020 at 7:23 pm GMT
If Kadlec is at the center of these networks, it supports Ronald Thomas West's argument that Christ crazies at the Air Force Academy are rooting for the rapture. But of course the atheist scientists of NIH have also funded this germ warfare attack.

https://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=9819304&icde=49645421

A careful list of COTRs and how they scoped their contracts will lead you to the CIA focal points who compartmented the work to avoid attribution. CIA OPSEC is the ultimate smoking gun. Find their bodyguard of lies and make them rat each other out. The UR commentariat has people who can help you with this.

Digital Samizdat , says: Show Comment May 16, 2020 at 10:09 pm GMT

By 1995, Kadlec was already imbued with the bioweapons alarmism that had been championed by Lederberg and Patrick. That year, he fleshed out several "illustrative scenarios" regarding the use of "biological economic warfare" against the United States. One of these fictional scenarios, titled "Corn Terrorism," involves China planning "an act of agricultural terrorism" by clandestinely spraying corn seed blight over the Midwest using commercial airliners. The result of the "Corn Terrorism" scenario is that "China gains significant corn market share and tens of billions [of] dollars of additional profits from their crop," while the U.S. sees its corn crop obliterated, causing food prices to rise and the U.S. to import corn. Another scenario, entitled "That's a 'Lousy' Wine," involves "disgruntled European winemakers" covertly releasing grape lice they have hidden in cans of paté to target California wine producers.

Really? What a crackpot this dude is! He should writing B-movies scripts for Hollywood, not working in Washington.

[May 18, 2020] Head of the Hydra The Rise of Robert Kadlec by Whitney Webb

Notable quotes:
"... William C. Patrick III would also become involved the FBI's Amerithrax investigation, even though he was initially suspected of involvement in the attacks. However, after having passed a lie detector test, he was added to the FBI's "inner circle" of technical advisors on the Amerithrax case, despite the fact that Patrick's protege , Stephen Hatfill, was the FBI's top suspect at the time. Hatfill was later cleared of wrongdoing and the FBI eventually blamed a Fort Detrick scientist named Bruce Ivins for the crime, hiding a "mountain" of evidence exonerating Ivins to do so, according to the FBI's former lead investigator. ..."
"... That same year, Hatfill offered Patrick another consulting job at SAIC and commissioned Patrick to perform a study describing "a fictional terrorist attack in which an envelope containing weapons-grade anthrax is opened in an office." The Baltimore Sun would later report that Patrick's study for SAIC discussed the "danger of anthrax spores spreading through the air and the requirements for decontamination after various kinds of attacks" as well as how many grams of anthrax would need to be placed within a standard business envelope in order to conduct such an attack. ..."
"... In addition, the FBI's supposed "smoking gun" used to link Bruce Ivins' to the anthrax attacks was the fact that a flask in Ivins' lab labeled RMR-1029 was determined to be its "parent" strain. Yet, it would later be revealed that portions of RMR-1029 had been sent by Ivins to Battelle's Ohio facility prior to the anthrax attacks. An analysis of the water used to make the anthrax also revealed that the anthrax spores had been created in the northeastern United States and follow-up analyses narrowed down the only possible sources as coming from one of three labs: Fort Detrick, a lab at the University of Scranton, or Battelle's West Jefferson facility. ..."
"... After Ivins' untimely "suicide" in 2008, Department of Justice civil attorneys would publicly challenge the FBI's assertions that Ivins had been the culprit and instead "suggested that a private laboratory in Ohio" managed by Battelle "could have been involved in the attacks." ..."
"... As previously noted in Part II of this series, BioPort was set to lose its contract for anthrax vaccine entirely in August 2001 and the entirety of its anthrax vaccine business was rescued by the 2001 anthrax attacks, which saw concerns over BioPort's corruption replaced with fervent demands for more of its anthrax vaccine. ..."
"... Of course, at the time, the only government known to be genetically engineering a pathogen was the U.S., as reported by the New York Times ' Judith Miller . Miller reported in October 2001 that the Pentagon, in the wake of the anthrax attacks, had approved "a project to make a potentially more potent form of anthrax bacteria" through genetic modification, a project that would be conducted by the Battelle Memorial Institute. ..."
"... This was the continuation of the project, which had involved William Patrick and Ken Alibek, and the Pentagon moved to restart it after the attacks, though it is unclear if either Patrick or Alibek continued to work on the subsequent iteration of Battelle's efforts to produce a more virulent strain of anthrax. That project was paused a month prior when Miller and other journalists disclosed the existence of the program in an article published on September 4, 2001. ..."
May 18, 2020 | www.unz.com

A POWERFUL NETWORK OF POLITICAL OPERATIVES, A GLOBAL VACCINE MAFIA AND THEIR MAN IN WASHINGTON.

Last Friday, a group of Democratic Senators " demanded " that the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) Robert Kadlec, "accurately disclose all his personal, financial and political ties in light of new reporting that he had failed to do so previously" after it was revealed that he had failed to note all "potential conflicts of interest" on his nomination paperwork.

The report in question, published last Monday by The Washington Post , detailed the ties of Kadlec to a man named Fuad El-Hibri, the founder of a "life sciences" company first known as BioPort and now called Emergent Biosolutions. Kadlec had previously disclosed his ties to El-Hibri and Emergent Biosolutions for a separate nomination years prior, but had failed to do so when nominated to head ASPR.

Though The Post does note Kadlec's recent failure to disclose these connections, the article largely sanitizes Kadlec's earlier yet crucial history and even obfuscates the full extent of his ties to the BioPort founder, among other glaring omissions. In reality, Kadlec has much more than his ties to El-Hibri looming large as "potential conflict of interests," as his decades-long career in shaping U.S. "biodefense" policy was directly enabled by his deep ties to intelligence, Big Pharma, the Pentagon and a host of corrupt yet powerful characters.

Thanks to a long and deliberate process to introduce biodefense policy, driven by Robert Kadlec and his sponsors, $7 billion dollars-worth of federally-owned vaccines, antidotes and medicines – held in strategically arranged repositories across the country in case of a health emergency – are now in the hands of one single individual. Those repositories, which compose the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS), are the exclusive domain of HHS' ASPR, a post created under Kadlec's watchful eye and tailored over the years to meet his very specific requirements.

From this perch, Robert Kadlec has final say on where the stockpile's contents are sourced, as well as how, when and where they are deployed. He is the sole source procurer of medical material and pharmaceuticals, making him the best friend of Big Pharma and other healthcare industry giants who have been in his ear every step of the way.

Kadlec assures us, however, that the fact that he now holds the very office he worked so long to create is merely a coincidence. "My participation in the ASPR project began at that time when I was working for the chairman of the Subcommittee on Bioterrorism and Public Health Preparedness The bill was made law and the ASPR was created. It just was a coincidence that, 12 or 14 years later, I was asked to become the ASPR," Kadlec stated in 2018.

It was all a random twist of fate, Kadlec asserts, that saw him occupy ASPR at this crucial moment in U.S. history. Indeed, with the country now in the middle of a WHO-declared coronavirus pandemic, Kadlec now has full control over the far-reaching "emergency" powers of that very office, bestowed upon him by the very law that he had written.

The story of how a former USAF flight surgeon came to have the exclusive dealer license over the single biggest stash of drugs in the history of the world is as disturbing as it is significant in light of current events, particularly given that Kadlec now leads the coronavirus response for all of HHS. Yet, Kadlec's rise to power is not a case of an evil mastermind conquering a uniquely vulnerable point of the nation's resources. Instead, it is a case of a man deeply enmeshed in the world of intelligence, military intelligence and corporate corruption dutifully fulfilling the vision of his friends in high places and behind closed doors.

In this third installment of " Engineering Contagion: Amerithrax, Coronavirus and the Rise of the Biotech-Industrial Complex ," Kadlec is shown to hail from a tight-knit group of "bioterror alarmists" in government and the private sector who gained prominence thanks to their penchant for imagining the most horrific, yet fictitious scenarios that inspired fear among Presidents, top politicians and the American public. Among those fictitious scenarios was the "Dark Winter" exercise discussed in Part I .

Some of these alarmists, among them "cold warriors" from Fort Detrick's days of openly developing offensive weapons, would engage in unsettling anthrax experiments and studies while developing suspect ties in 2000 to a company called BioPort. As noted in Part II of this series, BioPort stood to lose everything in early September 2001 due to controversy over its anthrax vaccine. Of course, the 2001 anthrax attacks that followed shortly thereafter would change everything, not just for BioPort, but U.S. biodefense policy. With the stage set, Kadlec would quickly spring into action, guiding major policy changes on the heels of subsequent major events and disasters, culminating in his crowning as King of the stockpile.

THE ACCIDENTAL MADMAN

Robert Kadlec describes himself as having been an "accidental tourist" regarding his introduction to biological warfare. An Air Force physician who had specialized in tropical diseases, Kadlec would later say his interest in the field began when he was assigned to be a special assistant for Chemical and Biological Warfare to the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC), advising then-head of Special Operations Command Maj. Gen. Wayne Downing, on the eve of the first Gulf War.

Kadlec would later state that he had witnessed firsthand how the military, immediately prior to the Gulf War, had "lacked the necessary protective equipment, detectors, and medical countermeasures including vaccines and antibiotics against the immediate threats posed by Iraq," allegedly prompting him to want to better U.S. biodefense efforts.

While holding this post at JSOC, Kadlec was privy to the advice of William C. Patrick III , a veteran of the U.S.' bioweapons program who had developed the U.S.' method for weaponizing anthrax and held no less than five classified patents related to the toxin's use in warfare. Patrick, who had left government service in 1986 to become a consultant, advised the Pentagon -- then headed by Dick Cheney -- that the risk of a biological weapons attack by Iraq, particularly anthrax, was high. Patrick's warning prompted the U.S. military to vaccinate tens of thousands of its troops using the controversial anthrax vaccine "anthrax vaccine adsorbed (AVA)." Kadlec would personally inject AVA into around 800 members of the U.S. Armed Forces.

Kadlec would later note in Congressional testimony that no definitive proof of an alleged Iraqi biological weapons program was found during the war or afterwards, but nevertheless claimed elsewhere that "the Iraqis later admitted they had procured large quantities of a biological agents-anthrax and botulism toxin," suggesting that Patrick's warnings had had some basis in reality.

However, Kadlec failed to point out that these anthrax and botulism samples had been sold, with the U.S. government's full approval, to Iraq's Ministry of Education by a U.S. private non-profit called the American Type Culture Collection. Donald Rumsfeld, who was then an envoy for the Reagan administration and running a pharmaceutical company later sold to Monsanto, would also be involved in the shipment of these samples to Iraq.

Following the war, American microbiologist Joshua Lederberg was tasked by the Pentagon to head the investigation into "Gulf War Syndrome," a phenomenon that studies later linked to the adverse effects of the anthrax vaccine. Lederberg's task force argued that evidence regarding an association between the symptomology and the anthrax vaccine was insufficient. However, he would later come under fire after it was reported that he sat on the board of the American Type Culture Collection, the very company that had shipped anthrax to Iraq's government between 1985 and 1989 with the U.S. government's blessing. Lederberg later admitted that the investigation he led had not spent enough "time and effort digging out the details". The taskforce's findings were later harshly criticized by the Government Accountability Office.

Dr. Lederberg would prove to be an early, if not seminal, influence on Robert Kadlec's outlook regarding the subject of biowarfare. The Nobel Laureate and long-time president of Rockefeller University was one of the fathers of bioterror alarmism in the United States, alongside William C. Patrick III and other members of a tight-knit group of "cold warrior" microbiologists. Kadlec and Lederberg would go on to collaborate on several books and policy studies throughout the late 1990s and into 2001.

Years later, at a Congressional hearing, Kadlec would say that Lederberg's words "resonate constantly with me and serve as a practical warning." Aside from Lederberg, Kadlec was also writing numerous books and articles with Randall Larsen, who would later hire the Medical doctor to teach "military strategy and operations" at the National War College, where Larsen's close friend – William C. Patrick III – also taught .

A POISONED OASIS

Many of Kadlec's bioterror ravings have been preserved in 25-year old textbooks, like a U.S. Air War College textbook entitled " Battlefield of the Future " where Kadlec calls on the government to create a massive stockpile of drugs and vaccines to protect the population from a biological weapons attack, particularly anthrax or smallpox. In one chapter, Kadlec argued that stockpiles of necessary antibiotics, immunoglobulins and vaccines would have to be procured, maintained, and be readily available to administer within hours."

Kadlec's views on the matter at the time of writing were greatly influenced by his first tour as a UNSCOM weapons inspector in Iraq in 1994, where he was accompanied by William Patrick, among others. Kadlec would later return to Iraq in the same capacity in 1996 and 1998 in search of Iraq's alleged stores of weaponized anthrax that Patrick had been so sure were there, but had never materialized.

After three visits, Kadlec would later confess that, despite what Kadlec called "the most intrusive inspection and monitoring regime ever conceived and implemented" by the UN, the UNSCOM weapons inspectors, including himself and William Patrick, "failed to uncover any irrefutable evidence of an offensive BW program." Kadlec would later return to Iraq on two separate occasions following the 2003 U.S. invasion of country, again finding no proof of the program's existence.

By 1995, Kadlec was already imbued with the bioweapons alarmism that had been championed by Lederberg and Patrick. That year, he fleshed out several "illustrative scenarios" regarding the use of "biological economic warfare" against the United States. One of these fictional scenarios, titled "Corn Terrorism," involves China planning "an act of agricultural terrorism" by clandestinely spraying corn seed blight over the Midwest using commercial airliners. The result of the "Corn Terrorism" scenario is that "China gains significant corn market share and tens of billions [of] dollars of additional profits from their crop," while the U.S. sees its corn crop obliterated, causing food prices to rise and the U.S. to import corn. Another scenario, entitled "That's a 'Lousy' Wine," involves "disgruntled European winemakers" covertly releasing grape lice they have hidden in cans of patι to target California wine producers.

Around this same time, in 1994, the relatively young Congressional Office of Technology Assessment or OTA , which informed policy decisions around questions of technological and scientific complexity on matters of national security, was cut by the new Republican majority that took both houses in the pivotal 1994 midterms elections. At the time of its defunding, Lederberg sat on the OTA's Technology Assessment Advisory Council (OTA-TAAC), along with pharma industry insiders from Bristol-Myers Squibb, Lilly Research Labs and pre-merger Smith-Kline, and chaired one of its last study panels.

In OTA's place, an independent, non-profit entity called The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies (PIPS) was co-founded by Special Consultant to President H.W. Bush's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB) and a former CIA program monitor, Michael S. Swetnam, who was reportedly " tasked with profiling Osama Bin Laden before the September 11th attacks were enacted ."

The defunding of the OTA and subsequent creation of PIPS transferred policy-making on what are, perhaps, the most sensitive issues of national security away from Congress and into a private foundation teeming with operators from the vast underbelly of the military industrial complex (MIC). Former military officers, DARPA scientists , NASA policy experts, FBI agents, CIA operatives and defense contractors like Northrop Grumman can all be found on their member rolls and in their boardrooms.

PIPS and its sponsors would shadow Robert Kadlec's career in government from the very beginning and remain in close proximity to him today. One PIPS-linked individual would work particularly closely with Kadlec, Tevi Troy – a senior fellow at PIPS and an adjunct fellow at the much more polished Hudson Institute, itself a major funder of PIPS. Troy has long been integral in shaping Kadlec's biodefense policy agenda, which would remain conspicuously static and unchanging throughout the career he was just beginning.

POX AMERICANA

By 1996, talks had begun within military leadership regarding what would become the Pentagon's mandatory anthrax vaccination program, a policy tirelessly promoted by Joshua Lederberg, who was involved in "investigating" the links between the anthrax vaccine and Gulf War Syndrome. The private talks took place in parallel with a public push to bring biological warfare to the forefront of American public consciousness. One particularly egregious example occurred when then-Secretary of Defense William Cohen went on ABC News with a five-pound bag of sugar, stating that "this amount of anthrax could be spread over a city -- let's say the size of Washington. It would destroy at least half the population of that city."

At the same time, Joshua Lederberg was also advocating for the stockpiling of a smallpox vaccine, which the U.S. military also took to heart, giving a company called DynPort an exclusive multi-million dollar contract to produce a new smallpox vaccine in 1997. Soon after, BioPort, DynPort's sister company , was formed and would soon come to monopolize the production of that vaccine.

By the time BioPort (now known as Emergent Biosolutions) had controversially gained control over this lucrative Pentagon contract in 1998, then-President Bill Clinton was publicly warning that the U.S. must "confront the new hazards of biological and chemical weapons," adding that Saddam Hussein specifically was "developing nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and the missiles to deliver them." However, there was no intelligence to back up these claims, especially after the failed attempts by weapon inspectors, like Robert Kadlec and William Patrick, to find any evidence of an Iraqi biological weapons program.

Despite the lack of evidence regarding Iraq's alleged "WMD" programs, Clinton's concern over a biological weapons threat was said to have been the result of his reading of "The Cobra Event", a novel about how a genetically-modified pathogen called "brainpox" ravages New York City. The novel's author, Richard Preston, had been advised on biowarfare and genetically-modified pathogens by none other than William Patrick. Patrick, then an adviser to the CIA, FBI and military intelligence, also participated in closed door meetings with Clinton on biological weapons, claiming that their use was inevitable and that the deadliest of pathogens could easily be made in a "terrorist's garage."

It is also likely that Clinton's alarmism over biological and chemical weapons had been informed, in part, by a roundtable hosted at the White House on April 10, 1998. This " White House Roundtable on Genetic Engineering and Biological Weapons ," included a group of "outside experts" spear-headed by Joshua Lederberg and included several other bioterror alarmists, such as: Jerome Hauer, then-serving as Director of New York City's Office of Emergency Management (who also was advised by William Patrick III) and Thomas Monath, a vaccine industry executive and chief science advisor to CIA director George Tenet.

Discussed in-depth at the roundtable were "both the opportunities and the national security challenges posed by genetic engineering and biotechnology" as well as "classified material relating to threat assessments and how the United States responds to particular scenarios."

Robert Kadlec, despite being a Republican, remains very fond of Bill Clinton, perhaps because the former president was so attentive to the dire predictions of the "biodefense experts" who shadowed Kadlec's own career. Kadlec credits the former president with doing a "lot of good things" and making important contributions to the advancement of the biotech industrial complex's policy agenda.

Clinton would issue several executive orders and Presidential Decision Directives (PDDs) during this period, such as PDD-62, which specifically addressed preparations for a "WMD" attack on the U.S. and called for the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), then-led by Donna Shalala, to lead the national response to a WMD attack. Fortuitously for Kadlec, PDD-62 also called for the construction of a national stockpile of vaccines, antibiotics and other medical supplies.

At the time, Kadlec was already evangelizing the public about a seemingly imminent, doomsday anthrax attack he was certain would strike at any second. As quoted in a 1998 article from the Vancouver Sun , Kadlec speculated:

"If several kilograms of an agent like anthrax were disseminated in New York City today, conservative estimates put the number [of] deaths occurring in the first few days at 400,000. Thousands of others would be at risk of dying within several days if proper antibiotics and vaccination were not started immediately. Millions of others would be fearful of being exposed and seek or demand medical care as well. Beyond the immediate health implications of such an act, the potential panic and civil unrest would create an equally large response."

Kadlec's doomsday speculations about biological weapons attacks had caught the attention of Randall Larsen, the then-director of the National War College's Department of Military Strategy and Operations, who hired Kadlec because he "had become convinced that the most serious threat to national security was not Russian or Chinese missiles, but a pandemic – either man-made or naturally occurring." Soon after, Kadlec and Larsen would collaborate closely , co-authoring several studies together.

Meanwhile, their colleague at the National War College, William Patrick III was simultaneously working for the U.S. military and intelligence contractor, the Battelle Memorial Institute, where he was secretly developing a genetically-modified, more potent form of anthrax for a classified Pentagon program.

THE BIOTERROR INTELLIGENTSIA

A year after hiring Robert Kadlec to teach at the National War College, Randall Larsen was also involved in the creation of a new organization called the ANSER Institute for Homeland Security (ANSER-IHS), and served as its director. This Institute for Homeland Security, first initiated and funded in October 1999, was an extension of the ANSER Institute, which itself had been spun off from the RAND Corporation in the late 1950s. The RAND Corporation is a national security-focused "think tank" with long-standing ties to the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations and the Carnegie Corporation.

ANSER's expansion through ANSER-IHS was foreshadowed by the entry of "homeland defense" into popular political discourse within the Washington Beltway. The term is alleged to have first originated from a National Defense Panel report submitted in 1997 and is credited to Defense Panel member and former CIA officer with ties to the agency's Phoenix program, Richard Armitage. Armitage was part of the group known as the " Vulcans ," who advised George W. Bush on foreign policy matters prior to the 2000 presidential election.

As journalist Margie Burns pointed out in a 2002 article , the need for "homeland defense" as a major focus of U.S. government policy, including the push to create a new "homeland security" agency, was dramatically amplified following its alleged coining by Armitage in 1997. This was thanks, in part, to a web of media outlets owned by South Korean cult leader and CIA asset Sun Myong Moon, including the Washington Times, Insight Magazine and UPI , all of which published numerous articles penned by ANSER analysts or that heavily cited ANSER reports and employees regarding the need for a greatly expanded "homeland security" apparatus.

One such article, published by Insight Magazine in May 2001 and entitled " Preparing for the Next Pearl Harbor ," heavily cites ANSER and its Institute for Homeland Security as being among "the nation's top experts" in warning that a terrorist attack on the U.S. mainland was imminent. It also stated that "the first responders on tomorrow's battlefield won't be soldiers, but city ambulance workers and small-town firefighters."

ANSER-IHS was created at the behest of ANSER's CEO , Dr. Ruth David, who became ANSER's top executive after leaving a lengthy career at the CIA, where she had served as the agency's Deputy Director for Science and Technology. On ANSER-IHS's board at the time, alongside David, were Joshua Lederberg and Dr. Tara O'Toole, then-director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Bio-defense Studies who would later co-write the Dark Winter exercise .

Though first created in 1999, ANSER-IHS did not officially launch until April 2001. That same month, Robert Kadlec, at the National War College, sponsored the paper " A Micro-threat with Macro-Impact: The Bio-Threat and the Need for a National Bio-Defense Security Strategy ." That paper starts by citing several former CIA officials as well as Dr. O'Toole (who now works for the CIA's venture capital arm, In-Q-Tel) as proof that a bioterrorist attack is "perhaps the greatest threat the U.S. faces in the next century" and that such an attack would inevitably target "Americans on American soil."

This Kadlec-sponsored report also called for the creation of the National Homeland Security Agency (NHSA), the framework for which was contained in H.R. 1158, introduced a month prior in March 2001. The paper urged that the creation of this new cabinet-level agency be enacted "quickly, so the resulting single executive agent (identified from here on as the NHSA) can begin its critical work." It also argued that this agency include "a deputy director position specifically responsible for preparing and responding to a bio-attack."

Other measures recommended in the paper included greatly expanding the national defense stockpile; creating a national disease reporting system; and the creation of real-time, automated bio-threat detectors. The latter would be initiated soon after the publication of this paper, resulting in the controversial Biological Aerosol Sentry and Information Systems (BASIS). BASIS was discussed in Part I of this series, particularly its role in "induc[ing] the very panic and social disruption it is intended to thwart" during and after the 2001 anthrax attacks that would occur months later. BASIS was developed largely by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, whose national security fellow – former Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) director Jay Davis, was then-chairman of ANSER's board of directors.

Also notable is the fact that Kadlec's April 2001 report cites the largely discredited yet still influential Ken Alibek on several occasions, including his allegation that anyone with internet access and a few bucks could produce and unleash weapons-grade anthrax with ease. Some of the nation's top anthrax experts would discredit this claim, with the exception of William C. Patrick III.

This is likely because it was Patrick who had been asked by the CIA to "vet" Alibek after he had first defected from the Soviet Union 1992, making Patrick responsible for determining the credibility of Alibek's controversial claims, including his incorrect assertions that Saddam Hussein had overseen a massive biological weapons program. Regarding their meeting, Patrick would later say "I won't say we fell in love, but we gained an immediate respect for one another."

At the time of Alibek's defection, Robert Kadlec – who had been assigned to the Pentagon's Office of the Secretary of Defense for Counter-proliferation policy after the Gulf War – would later recall during 2014 Congressional testimony having "witnessed the efforts to ascertain the truth behind the former Soviet Union's BW [biological weapons] effort" that had intimately involved Alibek and Patrick. Kadlec would also note that "the fate of these agents [related to the Soviet Union's BW program] and associated weapons," including those described by Alibek, "was never satisfactorily resolved."

Alibek's shocking yet dubious claims were often used and promoted by Joshua Lederberg (who had debriefed other Soviet bioweapons researchers after their defections), Patrick and others to support their favored "biodefense" policies as well as the need for "defensive" bioweapons research, including clandestine efforts to genetically-engineer anthrax on which Patrick and Alibek would later collaborate.

SETTING THE WHEELS IN MOTION

Just a few months before ANSER-IHS' "official" launch, another organization with a related focus was launched -- the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI). Created by media mogul Ted Turner and former Senator Sam Nunn in January 2001, NTI aimed not only to "reduce the threat" posed by nuclear weapons, but also chemical and biological weapons.

In announcing NTI's formation on CNN , the network Turner had founded, Nunn stated that while "nuclear weapons pose the gigantic danger, but biological and chemical weapons are the most likely to be used. And there are thousands of scientists in the former Soviet Union that know how to make these weapons, including chemical, biological and nuclear, but don't know how to feed their families." Nunn continued, stating that NTI hoped "to begin to help, some hope for gainful employment for people that we don't want to end up making chemical and biological and nuclear weapons in other parts of the world." NTI's mission in this regard likely came as welcome news to Joshua Lederberg, who had long advocated that the U.S. offer employment to bioweapons researchers from the former Soviet Union to prevent their employ by "rogue regimes."

Alongside Nunn and Tuner on NTI's board was William Perry, a former Secretary of Defense; former Senator Dick Lugar, for whom the alleged U.S. bioweapons lab in Georgia is named; and Margaret Hamburg, who was NTI's Vice President overseeing its work on biological weapons. Margaret Hamburg's father, David Hamburg, a long-time president of the Carnegie Corporation, was also an advisor and "distinguished fellow" at NTI. David Hamburg was a longtime close advisor , associate , and friend of Joshua Lederberg.

Both Sam Nunn and Margaret Hamburg of NTI, as well as top officials from ANSER, would come together in June 2001 to participate in an exercise simulating a bioweapons attack called "Dark Winter." Nunn would play the role of president in the exercise and Hamburg played the head of HHS in the fictional scenario. Jerome Hauer, then-managing director of the intelligence-linked outfit Kroll Inc. and a Vice President at the military-intelligence contractor Scientific Applications International Corporation (SAIC), played the head of FEMA.

The Dark Winter exercise itself was largely written by Tara O'Toole (ANSER-IHS board member) and Thomas Inglesby of the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Bio-defense Studies as well as Randall Larsen of ANSER-IHS. Robert Kadlec also participated in the creation of the script and appears in the fictional, scripted news clips used in the exercise.

As detailed in Part I of this series, the Dark Winter exercise eerily predicted many aspects of what would follow just months later during the 2001 anthrax attacks, including predictions that threatening letters would be sent to members of the press with the promise of biological weapons attacks involving anthrax. Dark Winter also provided the initial narrative for the 2001 anthrax attacks, which held that Iraq and Al Qaeda had been jointly responsible. However, soon after the attacks, evidence quickly pointed to the anthrax having originated from a domestic source linked to military experiments. In addition, several Dark Winter participants and authors either had apparent foreknowledge of those attacks (especially Jerome Hauer) and/or were involved in the FBI controversial investigation into the attacks (including Robert Kadlec).

On the day of September 11, 2001, Kadlec and Randall Larsen were set to begin co-teaching a course on "Homeland Security" at the National War College. It's course syllabus draws from quotes on the imminent threat of bioterrorism from Joshua Lederberg as well as Dark Winter participant and former CIA director James Woolsey, who called a biological weapons attack "the single most dangerous threat to U.S. national security in the foreseeable future."

The course was also set to include its own lengthy use of the Dark Winter exercise, where students would re-enact the June 2001 exercise as part of an end-of-semester research project. However, given the events that took place on September 11, 2001, Kadlec never went on to teach that course, as he instead went to the Pentagon to focus on the "bio-terror threat" in the weeks that preceded the 2001 anthrax attacks.

THE AFTER (ANTHRAX) PARTY

Immediately after the events of September 11, 2001, Kadlec became a special advisor on biological warfare to then-Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and his deputy Paul Wolfowitz. In the days that followed, Rumsfeld openly and publicly stated that he expected America's enemies, specifically Saddam Hussein, to aid unspecified terrorist groups in obtaining chemical and biological weapons, a narrative that was analogous to that used in the Dark Winter exercise that Kadlec had helped create.

In the immediate aftermath of 9/11, Dark Winter's other co-authors -- Randall Larsen, Tara O'Toole and Thomas Inglesby -- personally briefed Dick Cheney on Dark Winter, at a time when Cheney and his staff had been warned by another Dark Winter figure, Jerome Hauer, to take the antibiotic Cipro to prevent anthrax infection. It is unknown how many members of the administration were taking Cipro and for how long.

Hauer, along with James Woolsey and New York Times reporter Judith Miller (who also attended Dark Winter), would spend the weeks between 9/11 and the public disclosure of the anthrax attacks making numerous media appearances (and, in Miller's case, writing dozens of reports) regarding the use of anthrax as a biological weapon. Members of the controversial think thank the Project for a New American Century (PNAC), which included Dick Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld among its ranks, also warned that a biological weapons attack was set to follow on the heels of 9/11. These included Richard Perle, then advising the Rumsfeld-led Pentagon, and Robert Kagan and Bill Kristol of The Weekly Standard .

One would think that all of these well-timed warnings would have left this clique of government insiders the least surprised once the anthrax attacks were publicly disclosed on October 4, 2001. However, despite constantly warning of doomsday anthrax attack scenarios for a decade and advising the Pentagon on this very threat immediately beginning just weeks prior, Robert Kadlec would subsequently claim to have yelled, "You gotta be sh*ttin' me!" when he first learned of the attacks.

Another pre-attack anthrax prophet, Judith Miller, would recall becoming distraught and despondent upon receiving a letter that appeared to contain anthrax. Her first reaction was to call William C. Patrick III, who calmed her down and told her that the anthrax powder contained in the letter "was most likely a hoax." Indeed, Patrick would prove correct in his analysis as the powder in the letter Miller had opened was, in fact, harmless.

Kadlec quickly began contributing to the FBI's controversial investigation into the attacks, known by its case name "Amerithrax." Kadlec was tasked with following up on the alleged presence of bentonite in the anthrax used in the attacks. Bentonite was never actually found in any of the anthrax samples tested by the FBI, but claims that it had been found were used to link the anthrax used in the attacks to Iraq's alleged use of bentonite in its biological weapons program, the very existence of which still lacked conclusive evidence.

This erroneous claim was first mentioned to Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz by Peter Jahrling, a Fort Detrick scientist, who claimed during a briefings that the spores "appeared to have been treated" with a "particular chemical additive" resembling bentonite. Jahrling then added that Iraq's government had used bentonite to "suspiciously" produce bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), a "nonlethal cousin" of anthrax widely used in agriculture. "Everyone grabbed on to that," Kadlec would later remember of Jahrling's haphazard link between bentonite and a harmless, distant cousin of anthrax.

Tasked by Wolfowitz with shoring up evidence for the bentonite "smoking gun," Kadlec would contact a Navy scientist that had accompanied him and William Patrick to Iraq in their unsuccessful efforts to find proof of Iraq's biological weapons back in 1994, James Burans. Burans was unconvinced of the bentonite connection and other government scientists soon agreed.

Nonetheless, media outlets continued to play up the bentonite-anthrax claim as proving Iraq's role in the anthrax attacks, despite findings to the contrary. By late October 2001, one nationwide poll found that 74% of respondents wanted the U.S. to take military action against Iraq, despite a lack of evidence connecting the country to either 9/11 or the anthrax attacks. A month later, Rumsfeld would draw up plans in consultation with Wolfowitz regarding justifications for initiating war with Iraq, including discovering links between Saddam Hussein and the anthrax attacks and initiating disputes with Iraq over WMD inspections.

While the Kadlec-advised Pentagon was seeking to link the anthrax attacks to Iraq, the NTI – headed by Dark Winter "president" Sam Nunn – kicked its agenda into over-drive, earmarking "$2.4 million in initial grants to finance scientific collaboration with scientists who once worked in the former Soviet Union's covert biological weapons program." NTI also set aside millions more for transforming former Soviet Union bioweapons labs into "vaccine production facilities" and "helping identify Western drug companies willing to work with former Soviet bioweaponeers on commercial ventures."

CLOSED DOOR INVESTIGATION

William C. Patrick III would also become involved the FBI's Amerithrax investigation, even though he was initially suspected of involvement in the attacks. However, after having passed a lie detector test, he was added to the FBI's "inner circle" of technical advisors on the Amerithrax case, despite the fact that Patrick's protege , Stephen Hatfill, was the FBI's top suspect at the time. Hatfill was later cleared of wrongdoing and the FBI eventually blamed a Fort Detrick scientist named Bruce Ivins for the crime, hiding a "mountain" of evidence exonerating Ivins to do so, according to the FBI's former lead investigator.

In the 1990s, Patrick had told associates of his desire to find someone who would carry on his work, eventually finding this person in Stephen Hatfill. Hatfill and Patrick's friendship was close, with one bioterror expert calling them "like father and son." Hatfill traveled together often and, on occasion, Hatfill would drive Patrick to his consulting jobs at the military and intelligence contractor SAIC. In 1999, Patrick would return the favor by helping Hatfill score a job at SAIC. A year later, Jerome Hauer, a friend to both Hatfill and Patrick, would join SAIC as a Vice President.

That same year, Hatfill offered Patrick another consulting job at SAIC and commissioned Patrick to perform a study describing "a fictional terrorist attack in which an envelope containing weapons-grade anthrax is opened in an office." The Baltimore Sun would later report that Patrick's study for SAIC discussed the "danger of anthrax spores spreading through the air and the requirements for decontamination after various kinds of attacks" as well as how many grams of anthrax would need to be placed within a standard business envelope in order to conduct such an attack.

Patrick's involvement in this SAIC study is particularly interesting given that he was also involved in another project involving anthrax at the time, this one managed by Battelle Memorial Institute. In 1997, the Pentagon created plans to genetically engineer a more potent variety of anthrax, spurred by the work of Russian scientists who had recently published a study that found that a genetically engineered strain of anthrax was resistant to the standard anthrax vaccine, at least in animal studies.

The stated goal of the Pentagon's plan, per a 2001 report in The New York Times , was "to see if the [anthrax] vaccine the United States intends to supply to its armed forces is effective against that strain." Battelle's facility at West Jefferson, Ohio was contracted by the Pentagon to create the genetically-modified anthrax, a task that was overseen by Battelle's then-program manager for all things bioweapons, Ken Alibek. A 1998 article in the New Yorker noted that William Patrick, also a consultant for Battelle and Alibek's "close friend," was working with Alibek on a project involving anthrax at the time. It would later be revealed that access to the very anthrax strain used in the attacks, the Ames strain, was controlled by Battelle.

In addition, the FBI's supposed "smoking gun" used to link Bruce Ivins' to the anthrax attacks was the fact that a flask in Ivins' lab labeled RMR-1029 was determined to be its "parent" strain. Yet, it would later be revealed that portions of RMR-1029 had been sent by Ivins to Battelle's Ohio facility prior to the anthrax attacks. An analysis of the water used to make the anthrax also revealed that the anthrax spores had been created in the northeastern United States and follow-up analyses narrowed down the only possible sources as coming from one of three labs: Fort Detrick, a lab at the University of Scranton, or Battelle's West Jefferson facility.

After Ivins' untimely "suicide" in 2008, Department of Justice civil attorneys would publicly challenge the FBI's assertions that Ivins had been the culprit and instead "suggested that a private laboratory in Ohio" managed by Battelle "could have been involved in the attacks."

Patrick's work with Battelle on creating a more potent form of anthrax, as well as his work with SAIC in studying the effect of anthrax sent through the mail, began around the same time that BioPort had secured a monopoly over the production of the anthrax vaccine, recently made mandatory for all U.S. troops by the Pentagon. As detailed in Part II of this series, BioPort's facility that produced its anthrax vaccine was, at the time, rife with problems and had lost its license to operate. Despite the Pentagon having given BioPort millions to use for renovations of the factory, much of that money instead went towards senior management bonuses and redecorating executive offices. Millions more simply "disappeared."

In 2000, not long after receiving its first Pentagon bail-out, BioPort contracted none other than Battelle Memorial Institute. The deal gave Battelle "immediate exposure to the vaccine" it was using in connection with the genetically-modified anthrax program that involved both Alibek and Patrick. That program then began using the BioPort-manufactured vaccine in tests at its West Jefferson facility. At the time, Battelle was also lending "technical expertise" to BioPort and hired 12 workers to send to BioPort's troubled Michigan facility "to keep the operation running."

At the time, a BioPort spokeswomen stated "We have a relationship with Battelle to extend our reach for people we are trying to attract for critical positions on our technical side. They're also assisting with our potency testing as really sort of a backup. They're validating our potency tests." Reports on the BioPort-Battelle contract stated that the terms of their agreement were not publicly disclosed, but also noted that the two companies had "previously worked together on an unsuccessful bid to make other vaccines for the government."

As previously noted in Part II of this series, BioPort was set to lose its contract for anthrax vaccine entirely in August 2001 and the entirety of its anthrax vaccine business was rescued by the 2001 anthrax attacks, which saw concerns over BioPort's corruption replaced with fervent demands for more of its anthrax vaccine.

RUMSFELD SAVES BIOPORT

One of the post-attack advocates for salvaging the BioPort anthrax vaccine contract was Donald Rumsfeld, who stated after the attacks that, "We're going to try to save it, and try to fashion some sort of an arrangement whereby we give one more crack at getting the job done with that outfit [BioPort]. It's the only outfit in this country that has anything under way, and it's not very well under way, as you point out."

While Rumsfeld and others worked to salvage the troubled BioPort-anthrax vaccine deal, another recurrent figure in this sordid saga, Jerome Hauer, would also play a key role in pushing for increased purchases of BioPort's most lucrative and most controversial product. In addition to being managing director of Kroll Inc. and a Vice President at SAIC, Hauer was also a national security advisor to HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson on September 11, 2001. It was also this same day that Hauer would also tell top administration officials to take Cipro to prevent anthrax infection.

Hauer played a key role advising HHS leadership as the anthrax attacks unfolded. After the attacks, Hauer pushed Thompson to create the Office of Public Health Preparedness (OPHP) within HHS, which was created later that year. It was first headed by D.A. Henderson, a close associate of Joshua Lederberg and the original founder of the Johns Hopkins Working Group on Civilian Biodefense, which included Jerome Hauer and Henderson's protege Tara O'Toole. Hauer himself would come to replace Henderson as OPHP just a few months later.

Subsequent legislation, shaped in part by Robert Kadlec, would see OPHP give way to the position of Assistant Secretary for Public Health Emergency Preparedness (ASPHEP), a position Hauer would also fill. Hauer would use this post to push for the stockpiling of vaccines, including BioPort's anthrax vaccine. Hauer and his deputy, William Raub, would then help push the Pentagon to restart vaccinating the troops, despite long-standing concerns over the vaccine's safety. Soon after leaving HHS in 2004, Hauer would quickly be added to the board of directors of BioPort under its new name Emergent Biosolutions, a post he still holds today.

ALL SYSTEMS GO

In the aftermath of the anthrax attacks, Robert Kadlec's doomsday predictions for bioterror incidents went into over-drive. "It's not your mother's smallpox," Kadlec would tell the LA Times in late October 2001, "It's an F-17 Stealth fighter – it's designed to be undetectable and to kill. We are flubbing our efforts at biodefense. We don't think of this as a weapon – we look naively at this as a disease." As the article notes, this "stealth fighter" strain of smallpox did not exist. Instead, Kadlec – who now had Rumsfeld's ear on issues of biodefense – expected that such a strain might soon be genetically engineered.

Of course, at the time, the only government known to be genetically engineering a pathogen was the U.S., as reported by the New York Times ' Judith Miller . Miller reported in October 2001 that the Pentagon, in the wake of the anthrax attacks, had approved "a project to make a potentially more potent form of anthrax bacteria" through genetic modification, a project that would be conducted by the Battelle Memorial Institute.

This was the continuation of the project, which had involved William Patrick and Ken Alibek, and the Pentagon moved to restart it after the attacks, though it is unclear if either Patrick or Alibek continued to work on the subsequent iteration of Battelle's efforts to produce a more virulent strain of anthrax. That project was paused a month prior when Miller and other journalists disclosed the existence of the program in an article published on September 4, 2001.

After news broke of the Pentagon's plans to again begin developing more potent anthrax strains, accusations were made that the U.S. was violating the bioweapons convention. However, the U.S. narrowly avoided having to admit it had violated the convention given that, just one month after the Dark Winter exercise in July 2001, the U.S. had rejected an agreement that would have enforced its ban on biological weapons.

The New York Times noted specifically that the genetically-modified anthrax experiments being performed by Battelle's West Jefferson facility were a "significant reason" behind the Bush administration's decision to reject the draft agreement and the U.S. government had argued at the time that "unlimited visits to pharmaceutical or defense installations by foreign inspectors could be used to gather strategic or commercial intelligence." Of course, one of those "pharmaceutical or defense installations" was ultimately the source of the anthrax used in the attacks.

THE GROUNDWORK

On the heels of the chaos of late 2001, Kadlec's vision for U.S. biodefense policy was rapidly coming to fruition before his very eyes. The first enabling statute for the SNS was the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness Act of 2002, largely motivated by the anthrax attacks, which directed the Secretary of HHS to maintain a " Strategic National Stockpile (SNS)." The legislation had been the direct result of a process begun years earlier when Congress earmarked funding for the CDC to stockpile pharmaceuticals in 1998. The program was originally called the National Pharmaceutical Stockpile (NPS) program.

Kadlec's role in directing subsequent developments in the SNS and other related legislative developments was considerable given that, in 2002, he became director for biodefense on the recently created Homeland Security Council. His work on the council, which he left in 2005, resulted in the Bush administration's "National Biodefense Policy for the 21st Century," which unsurprisingly echoed the recommendations of the paper Kadlec had sponsored at the National War College.

On March 1, 2003, the NPS became the Strategic National Stockpile program and was managed jointly by DHS and HHS after George W. Bush issued Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD-5). Two days before, Secretary of Homeland Security, Tom Ridge and then Secretary of HHS Tommy Thompson had presented the Project BioShield Act to Congress. It was a sweeping piece of legislation that established what would become a government money teller-window for Big Pharma, called the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA), among other entities and powers, not least of which was moving control of the SNS away from DHS and closer to HHS.

Soon after BioShield was signed into law, BioPort/Emergent BioSolutions co-founded a lobby group called the Alliance for Biosecurity as part of its strategy to easily secure lucrative BioShield contracts. That lobby group saw Emergent BioSolutions join forces with the University of Pittsburgh's Center for Biosecurity, which was then-led by Tara O'Toole and advised by Randall Larsen.

With this framework in place, the Kadlec-drafted National Biodefense Policy for the 21st Century was used as the framework for Bush's Homeland Security Presidential Directive 10 ( HSPD-10 ), which further expanded BioShield, the SNS and other controversial programs. Project BioShield was made law in 2004 and, one year later, Kadlec joined Senator Richard Burr's subcommittee on bioterrorism and public health. There, Kadlec served as staff director on the committee that drafted the Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act (PAHPA), containing the specific policy directives for the roll out of Project BioShield and creating Kadlec's future position at HHS.

PAHPA was passed the following year in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and established the statutory relationship between the various agencies enacted or included in the BioShield legislation . This includes delegating to the newly creation position of HHS Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) to "exercise the responsibilities and authorities of the Secretary [of HHS] with respect to the coordination of "the stockpile and to oversee the advanced research and development of medical counter-measures funded by BARDA, but conducted by Big Pharma. ASPR was also given the leadership role in directing HHS' response to a national health emergency.

Serving alongside Kadlec in the White House throughout this entire process was Tevi Troy, a Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy; a role which made him the White House's lead adviser on health care, labor, education and other issues with a special focus on crisis management . Troy, who had come up through the department of labor as deputy assistant for policy was already a Senior fellow at both the Hudson Institute and its satellite think tank, the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies (PIPS), where the real policy development work was undertaken.

Both Troy and Kadlec would exit the administration at the end of Bush's first term and not return until the latter half of his second term. In the meantime, the wheels had been set in motion with the passing of Project BioShield and PAHPA and, soon after their passage, panic over a "Bird flu" outbreak began, which had spread first in 33 cities in Vietnam and then led to an outbreak of the poultry-killing disease that affected all of Eurasia, Africa and the Middle East. The outbreak sparked panic in the U.S. in late 2005, thanks in large part to over-the-top warnings made by Tommy Thompson's successor as head of HHS, Michael Leavitt.

Despite the fact that Leavitt's claims were wildly inaccurate, some administration officials benefited financially from the fear-mongering, such as Donald Rumsfeld, whose stock holdings in the pharmaceutical company Gilead netted him $5 million once the scare had ended. Part of the reason for Gilead's jump in profitability resulted from the decision of the Pentagon and other U.S. government agencies to stockpile 80 million doses of Tamiflu, a drug promoted to treat the Bird Flu that was originally developed by Gilead. Rumsfeld had been the top executive at Gilead before joining the George W. Bush administration. Aside from those who benefited monetarily, the Bird Flu scare also gave a considerable boost to the biodefense "stockpile" agenda that Kadlec and other insiders supported.

Kadlec would return to the White House as Special Assistant for Homeland Security and Senior Director for Biological Defense Policy in 2007 to further solidify his eventual grip on the Strategic National Stockpile and the office of ASPR, along with his Hudson Institute/PIPS sidekick, Tevi Troy, concurrently appointed Deputy Director of HHS. This put Troy in charge of implementing the very policies enshrined in PAHPA and the departmental changes enacted as part of Project BioShield.

The Bush administration came to its inevitable conclusion as Barack Obama was elected and sworn in, early 2009. Kadlec and Troy, once again, left their government posts and disappeared into their private sector lairs. But, that same year, the first practice run for Kadlec's freshly retrofitted SNS took place when the "Swine Flu" (H1N1) pandemic triggered its "largest deployment" ever, distributing nearly 13 million antiviral regimens, as well as medical equipment and other drugs nationally and internationally in conjunction with BARDA . Gilead (and Rumsfeld) again profited handsomely, as did other large pharmaceutical companies, which were eager to restock the SNS after its large-scale deployment.

The virus' origins have been a matter of controversy for several years, alternatively identified as having sprung from pigs in Mexico or Asia. One of the last studies conducted in 2016 claims to have definitively traced the source to hogs in Mexico. Regardless of its true origins, interested observers were able to glean vital data from the exercise to prepare for the "next one."

TROY'S HORSES

Departing HHS Deputy Director Tevi Troy soon took a gig as a high-powered lobbyist for the JUUL e-cigarette company , which had run into some regulatory barriers as a result of the Tobacco Control Act, which had just been signed by then-President Obama. Margaret Hamburg, founding member of the NTI, was then Commissioner of the FDA and stalled enforcement of the new regulations; a tacit non-enforcement policy had persisted at the FDA until the recent vaping flavor ban, which followed renewed health concerns raised by a 2018 NIH report .

Why a former HHS official would take up the mantle to promote the use of a product known to be injurious to health can be answered by looking at Dr. Troy's close links with PIPS and the Hudson Institute. Couched in free-market rhetoric, these institutions are vehicles for the policy initiatives their billionaire funders want to see implemented, with its subsidiary think tanks, like PIPS, serving as satellites orbiting closer to the center of power.

As an adjunct fellow of the Hudson Institute and senior fellow at PIPS, Tevi Troy appears to play a pivotal role coordinating between the two. The Hudson Institute was founded in 1961 by former RAND military strategist, systems theorist and Dr. Strangelove inspiration Herman Kahn. After Kahn's passing in 1983, the Institute was "heavily recruited" by the Lilly Endowment – the largest private foundation in the United States , by far – and became a magnet for the same radical conservative billionaire networks that patronize it today.

Among its biggest donors are familiar names like Microsoft, Lockheed Martin Corporation, The Charles Koch Foundation, Boeing and Emergent BioSolutions. In 2004, Lilly Endowment returned to Washington D.C., announcing it would " return to its roots of national security and foreign policy " as a result of the war on terror becoming an "overarching national concern".

PIPS and the Hudson Institute would come to play a central role in Kadlec's upcoming efforts to make biodefense a national priority with him at the helm of a vastly expanded office of ASPR. But, it would be a few years yet. Meanwhile, there was more to be done in the area of legislation, not to mention private enterprise.

Building on all previous versions of Kadlec's original PAHPA, the Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Reauthorization Act (PAHPRA) of 2013 established two more instruments that strengthened his ultimate goal. First, the PHEMCE Strategy and Implementation Plan (SIP) was codified into law, which formalized the original legislation's ties to the budget office and secondly, it streamlined the Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) facility for the FDA to fast-track drug approvals.

SHOW ME THE MONEY

Soon upon returning to the private sector, Robert Kadlec helped found a new company in 2012 called "East West Protection," which develops and delivers "integrated all-hazards preparedness and response systems for communities and sovereign nations." The company also "advises communities and countries on issues related to the threat of weapons of mass destruction and natural pandemics."

Kadlec formed the company with W. Craig Vanderwagen, the first HHS ASPR after the post's creation had been largely orchestrated by Kadlec. The other co-founder of East West Protection was Fuad El-Hibri, the founder of BioPort/Emergent Biosolutions, who had just stepped down as Emergent's CEO earlier that year.

El-Hibri has numerous business connections to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, where he and his father, Ibrahim El-Hibri, had once sold stockpiles of anthrax vaccine to the Saudi government for an exorbitant price per dose. East West Protection chased after the opportunity to fit the Kingdom with a custom-built biodefense system, but ultimately failed to finalize the deal despite El-Hibri's connections. Instead, East West Protection sold its products to a handful of U.S. states.

Kadlec was the firm's director from its founding until at least 2015 , later selling his stake in the company to El-Hibri. Upon being nominated to serve as ASPR in the Trump administration, Kadlec failed to disclose his ties to East West Protection and El-Hibri and he has since claimed to only have been involved in the founding of the firm, despite evidence to the contrary .

Robert Kadlec's forays into the private sector during this period went far beyond East West Protection. Kadlec's consultancy firm, RPK Consulting, netted him in $451,000 in 2014 alone, where he directly advised Emergent Biosolutions as well as other pharmaceutical companies like Bavarian Nordic. Kadlec was also a consultant to military and intelligence contractors, such as the DARPA-backed firm Invincea and NSA contractor Scitor, which was recently acquired by SAIC.

Kadlec's consulting work for intelligence-linked companies earned him the praises of spooks turned entreprenuers, including Steve Cash – a former CIA officer and founder of Deck Prism , itself a consultancy firm that retained Kadlec. Cash recently told The Washington Post that "Everybody loves Dr. Bob [Kadlec]," adding that he was a "national treasure."

ON BIOWARFARE'S EVE

Kadlec had certainly been accumulating a treasure chest of power aided by some very cozy relationships in the consulting business and, by now, the stage had been set for a big push to create an official body within the halls of the legislature; an embedded consultancy firm, of sorts, to promote the designs of the biowarfare clique.

That year, Robert Kadlec put together a Blue Ribbon Study Panel sponsored jointly by the Hudson Institute and a PIPS subsidiary institution called the Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies ( IUCTS ), managed by Dr. Yonah Alexander. Kadlec's Blue Ribbon Panel was chaired by Senator Joe Lieberman and included the indispensable input of Tom Daschle, Donna Shalala and other members of the biowarfare policy club.

The study panel issued a report in late 2015 entitled " A National Blueprint for Biodefense " calling for 33 specific initiatives, such as the creation of a " biodefense hospital system " and implementing a "military-civilian collaboration for biodefense." In addition, the panel recommended that the office of the Vice President lead a White House "Coordination Council" to oversee and guide biodefense policy.

An official body called the Bipartisan Commission on Biodefense would be formed shortly thereafter with all the Blue Ribbon Panel members and many others like Commission co-chair Tom Ridge and, perhaps unsurprisingly, Tevi Troy and Yonah Alexander, who serve as Ex-officio members. Alongside them is Lewis "Scooter" Libby, former Chief of Staff to Dick Cheney and Senior Vice President of the Hudson Institute, which also happens to be the fiscal sponsor of the Commission.

In the acknowledgements , the panel's 2015 report includes an homage to Robert Kadlec to whom they bestow credit for the achievement, which only "exists because of the foresight, forbearance, and perpetual optimism of Dr. Robert Kadlec. Bob understood that as much progress as had been made in the national effort to prevent and prepare for biological threats, it is not yet enough. He knew that with the right impetus, we could do much more, and he envisioned this Panel as a means to that end. We are glad he did."

Kadlec mounted this last offensive while serving as Deputy Staff Director for Senator Richard Burr's Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, a position he would hold until the eve of Donald Trump's election in 2016. Trump would then nominate him to the office of the ASPR and Kadlec would be confirmed in early August of the following year.

Only one piece of the puzzle was left, but it wouldn't be very long before Robert Kadlec would become the biggest capo of them all with a subtle change that was introduced in the 2018 PAHPRA :

Title III – Sec 301

1) DELEGATION TO ASPR. -- Subsection (a)(1) of section 319F–2 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d–6b) is amended by striking ''in collaboration with the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention'' and inserting ''acting through the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response.''

[May 17, 2020] How Huxley's X-Club Created Nature Magazine Sabotaged Science For 150 Years

May 16, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com
Authored by Matthew Ehret via The Strategic Culture Foundation,

Amidst the storm of controversy raised by the lab-origin theory of COVID-19 extolled by such figures as Nobel prize winning virologist Luc Montagnier, bioweapons expert Francis Boyle, Sri Lankan Cardinal Malcolm Ranjith and the head of Iran's Revolutionary Guard, an elaborate project was undertaken under the nominal helm of NATURE Magazine in order to refute the claim once and for all under the report 'The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2' .

This project was led by a team of evolutionary virologists using a line of reasoning that "random mutation can account for anything" and was parroted loudly and repeatedly by Fauci, WHO officials and Bill Gates in order to shut down all uncomfortable discussion of the possible laboratory origins of COVID-19 while also pushing for a global vaccine campaign. On April 18, Dr. Fauci (whose close ties with Bill Gates, and Big Pharma have much to do with his control of hundreds of billions of dollars of research money), stated :

"There was a study recently that we can make available to you, where a group of highly qualified evolutionary virologists looked at the sequences there and the sequences in bats as they evolve. And the mutations that it took to get to the point where it is now is totally consistent with a jump of a species from an animal to a human."

I think at this moment, rife as it is with speculative arguments, confusion and under-defined data, it is useful to remove oneself from the present and look for higher reference points from which we can re-evaluate events now unfolding on the world stage.

... ... ...

[May 17, 2020] Hypothesis "escaped from Fort Detrick", with the virus sent to Wuhan with the US soldiers participating in the military games is seductive due to proven existnace of the 'atypical pneumonia cases' in the US, Springfield July 2019 and the vaping preumonia epidemic, which clearly had nothing to do with vaping

May 17, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Noirette , May 17 2020 16:52 utc | 7

Article, 15 May 2020, lays out the facts (dates all correct, afaik) that supports an 'escaped from a lab' type-theory, in this case, from Fort Detrick USA, with the virus sent to Wuhan co. the US soldiers for the military games.

https://ahtribune.com/world/covid-19/4152-american-genie.html

A *possible* take imho. (I have checked the dates of Dr. Li's group e mails, the reprimands by the Chinese, the Bat Lady's publication of the genome, etc. and though they are very tight they can fit.)

It's seductive because the 'atypical pneumonia cases' in the US, Springfield July 2019 (author mentions these) and the vaping illness which clearly had nothing to do with vaping which I posted about previous, June 2019, were so weird, and seemed to be treated as of 'no account' or with soothing or loopy explanations. "No infectious agent found" .. old ppl near death anyway .. "acetate in the vaping products" (?? - note no cases outside the US, with the exception of Canada..)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2019–2020_vaping_lung_illness_outbreak

This throws Event 201 into a strange light, the aim of this post. October 18 2019, in NY, a bunch of 'experts' gathered to join in an event where they would play themselves (their roles would be their own personae!) and how they would act, react, to a pandemic, 'simulated' for the occasion, due to a novel coronavirus which would create symptoms from mild flu-like to severe pneumonia > death .

Event 201 was organised and supported by John Hopkins, the World Economic Forum, the Bill + M Gates foundation. There was much talk of coordination, cooperation between global business, Govmts, health organisations. Supply chains were a concern. How the anti-viral med. or vaccine could be distributed came up several times. Repressing fake news and panic and controlling social platforms.. The stated aim was how to diminish socio-economic consequences (i.e. protect biz. etc.) Vids on site, I reco watching at least the first, 11 mins.

https://youtu.be/AoLw-Q8X174

- note how the simulation produces its own 'fake' - here admittedly and purposely fake - product. Event 201 mimics CNN! A simulation attempts to act, copy, 'fake' or 'real' news..to try and gauge effects..and what to do in 'real life' - that is, the distorted picture of 'real life' these 'experts' have.

from https://www.centerforhealthsecurity.org/event201/

More to come.

Trailer Trash , May 17 2020 17:53 utc | 15

>- note how the simulation produces its own 'fake'

I watched it, all 12 painful minutes of it. It's complete B.S., also known as marketing. It seems to be advertising for "Put Us In Charge = We'll Save You!". It's all hand-waving from people who would fail at organizing a lemonade stand.

Where is the plan from this exercise, you know, the document that says who would do what, and when, and how to make it happen. I thought there would be rooms of people making phone calls like, "We need x thousand masks - how many can you ship?" Instead, it is just a bunch of talking heads having meeting, to be followed by cocktails at 5 pm.

lizard , May 17 2020 17:23 utc | 11
@noirette,

I have been reading about what you are discussing for many weeks at other virtual locations that haven't engaged in trying to shut down speculation.

for those who still have a brain that can engage in critical thinking, this article is worth checking out, titled How Huxley's X-Club Created Nature Magazine and Sabotaged Science for 150 years .

[May 17, 2020] Study Points To COVID-19 Lab Creation; Lead Author Suggests 'Forced Selection' Vs. Genetic Engineering

Gain of function experiments has the potential of crating of bioChernobil, and may be they already produced one.
Notable quotes:
"... "Whilst the facts cannot be known at this time, the nature of this event and its proximity to a high-risk biosecurity facility at the epicenter of the outbreak demands a full and independent international enquiry to ascertain whether a virus of this kind of COVID-19 was being cultured in the facility and might have been accidentally released," wrote Petrovsky. ..."
May 17, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com
study led by Flinders University vaccine researcher Nikolai Petrovsky in Australia reveals that SARS-CoV-2, the virus which causes COVID-19, is optimized for penetration into human cells vs. animal cells - undermining the theory that it naturally evolved in animals before jumping to humans, according to LifeSiteNews ' Matthew Cullinan Hoffman.

Petrovsky says that the results, which are not peer-reviewed, suggest " a remarkable coincidence or a sign of human intervention ."

The authors of the study, led by vaccine researcher Nikolai Petrovsky of Flinders University in Australia, used a version of the novel coronavirus collected in the earliest days of the outbreak and applied computer models to test its capacity to bind to certain cell receptor enzymes, called "ACE2," that allow the virus to infect human and animal cells to varying degrees of efficacy.

They tested the propensity of the COVID-19 virus's spike protein, which it uses to enter cells, to bind to the human type of ACE2 as well as to many different animal versions of ACE2, and found that the novel coronavirus most powerfully binds with human ACE2, and with variously lesser degrees of effectiveness with animal versions of the receptor .

According to the study's authors, this implies that the virus that causes COVID-19 did not come from an animal intermediary, but became specialized for human cell penetration by living previously in human cells, quite possibly in a laboratory . - LifeSiteNews

Typically, "a virus would be expected to have highest affinity for the receptor in its original host species, e.g. bat, with a lower initial binding affinity for the receptor of any new host, e.g. humans. However, in this case, the affinity of SARS-CoV-2 is higher for humans than for the putative original host species, bats, or for any potential intermediary host species," wrote the authors.

A "possibility which still cannot be excluded is that SARSCoV-2 was created by a recombination event that occurred inadvertently or consciously in a laboratory handling coronaviruses , with the new virus then accidentally released into the local human population," they added.

Engineered, naturally...

In a separate statement about the research, Petrovsky suggested that SARS-CoV-2 may not have been 'spliced' - which would leave fingerprints of genetic manipulation - but was instead 'cultured' to evolve.

"Our and other analyses of the genomic sequence of the virus do not reveal any artificial gene inserts that would be the hallmark of a gene jockey , genetic engineers who manipulate or even create viruses by splicing in artificial inserts into their genome. These are generally easily recognisable and hence clear signatures of human intervention in the creation of a virus. The fact that these artificial inserts are not present has been interpreted by some to mean this virus is not the result of human manipulation.

However, this logic is incorrect as there are other ways in which humans can manipulate viruses and that is caused by natural selection . What do I mean? All viruses and bacteria mutate and adapt to their environment over time, with selection of the fittest individuals for survival in that particular environment.

Take a bat coronavirus that is not infectious to humans, and force its selection by culturing it with cells that express human ACE2 receptor , such cells having been created many years ago to culture SARS coronaviruses and you can force the bat virus to adapt to infect human cells via mutations in its spike protein , which would have the effect of increasing the strength of its binding to human ACE2, and inevitably reducing the strength of its binding to bat ACE2.

Viruses in prolonged culture will also develop other random mutations that do not affect its function. The result of these experiments is a virus that is highly virulent in humans but is sufficiently different that it no longer resembles the original bat virus . Because the mutations are acquired randomly by selection there is no signature of a human gene jockey, but this is clearly a virus still created by human intervention." -Nikolai Petrovsky

Petrovsky finishes the thought by suggesting that the virus "could have escaped the facility either through accidental infection of a staff member who then visited the fish market several blocks away and there infected others , or by inappropriate disposal of waste from the facility that either infected humans outside the facility directly or via a susceptible vector such as a stray cat that then frequented the market and resulted in transmission there to humans."

In an email to LifeSite , Petrovsky said that his study suggests that "there are some highly unusual features, including optimal human adaptation, that in the absence of identification of a close to identical virus in an animal population from which COVID19 could have arisen, would point in the direction of human intervention at some point in the evolution of COVID19."

He also noted that researchers around the world have been unable to produce evidence of the novel coronavirus in animals , which would support their theory of natural development.

"If an animal vector and virus could be found then of course this would resolve the matter completely," he told the outlet, adding "One would have thought that the Chinese would be intensively sampling all conceivable animals trying to find such a virus to exonerate their labs. If no such intense search is going on (which I don't know one way or the other) then the inference could be that they are not looking because they already know what they might find."

That said, Rutgers molecular biologist Richard Ebright urged caution over the conclusion - teling LifeSite that while Petrovsky's results "are plausible," they are "from computational modelling, not from experiments, and therefore must be considered provisional at best."

Ebright noted that an earlier study on ACE2 receptor binding found that a bat coronavirus similar to the COVID-19 virus had strong binding power with the ACE2 of tree shrews and ferrets, making them possible animal intermediary candidates. However, the study did not compare the binding power of the virus' animal species' ACE2 receptors with the binding power with humans, as does Petrovsky's study . Moreover, it did not use a gene sequence from an early version of the novel coronavirus itself, as does Petrovsky's study, but rather used the gene sequence of a similar bat coronavirus reported by the Wuhan Institute of Virology, called RaTG13.

Ebright told LifeSite that he believes that multiple physical experiments that will ultimately determine if the novel coronavirus is optimized for binding with human cells are "probably underway in multiple locations," although he did not cite any specific studies. - LifeSiteNews

According to Petrovsky, an international investigation into the real origins of COVID-19 is required - something the Chinese government has refused to collaborate over.

"Whilst the facts cannot be known at this time, the nature of this event and its proximity to a high-risk biosecurity facility at the epicenter of the outbreak demands a full and independent international enquiry to ascertain whether a virus of this kind of COVID-19 was being cultured in the facility and might have been accidentally released," wrote Petrovsky.


sp0rkovite, 6 minutes ago

There's a reason why this computer model study isn't peer reviewed. Opinions of scientists and doctors isn't how science works. The last quote of this "researcher" shows his bias.

Jim in MN, 10 minutes ago

Only raw intel--cell phone intercepts, photos etc.--can settle the question of who released the WMD strike and why.

The more we keep the origin story in the public eye, the more likely that we get real information. Some has already leaked/been released. We need more.

Fire_Hog, 3 minutes ago

Ferrets were used in the virus Gain of Function work at Ralph Barrick's lab at UNC. At least one of his lab people was from the Wuhan Virus Lab. This is documented in Barrick's paper and the Wuhan lab website.

spoonful, 15 minutes ago

The U.S.P.T.O. should immediately void all patents related to pharmacology and vaccines - this problem would go away immediately

journey80, 9 minutes ago

Better yet, do that and force Congress to revoke the damn 1984 law that protects vaccine makers from liability. The Bill Gates./Big Pharma Get Out Of Jail Free law.

https://www.policymed.com/2011/03/supreme-court-rules-in-favor-of-protecting-vaccine-makers-from-state-lawsuits.html

And good luck with that.

Leg Chili, 14 minutes ago

The CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing methodology as a weapon against human viruses

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4445958/

journey80, 5 minutes ago

https://childrenshealthdefense.org/news/inflammatory-syndrome-affecting-children-kawasaki-disease-covid-19-or-something-else/?utm_source=salsa&eType=EmailBlastContent&eId=0eef7980-ab90-41dd-bd03-333dec1fd1a2

napper, 30 minutes ago (Edited)

They are way too slow.

A real journalist already got close to the subject back in March:

asiatimes.com/2020/03/china-locked-in-hybrid-war-with-us/

US patent on coronavirus:

https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/6b/c3/21/a62eb55a0e678c/US7220852.pdf

createnewaccount, 35 minutes ago

Guess again. This is North Carolina 2015.

"The UNC scientists wanted to see if cousin viruses -- coronaviruses that are carried by Chinese horseshoe bats -- also posed a threat to people. They used one, SHC014, as a representative of the group.

They inserted a key part of the virus, its spike protein, into a SARS virus and then ran experiments to see if the hybrid virus could infect human respiratory tract cells (in a dish) and mice that were vulnerable to the SARS virus.

It did. "

https://www.statnews.com/2015/11/09/sars-like-virus-bats-shows-potential-infect-humans-study-finds/

napper, 31 minutes ago

More to follow. I'll bet the US bio-weapon labs have dozens if not hundreds of deadly viruses in store for use against Russia, China, Iran, Cuba, Venezuela and the rest of the world when neocon loonies feel desperate in their drive for world domination.

Never One Roach, 34 minutes ago (Edited)

The facts all point toward their innocence. That's why they quickly destroyed all the test tubes, lab data, bleached the entire bat lab and surrounding 20 blocks and disappeared all the doctors, witnesses and scientists who had first hand knowledge of their innocence.

These are the actions of an innocent accused.

socalbeach, 15 minutes ago (Edited)

About 4 weeks ago, YouTuber "J.C. on a Bike" produced an interesting video about American epidemiologist Michael Olsterholm trying to hoodwink Joe Rogan about the origin of the virus.

Who Tried to Deceive Joe Rogan about Coronavirus? -- Special Report -- J.C. on a bike

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIW3TQpVJYs

In his newer videos, J.C. has become more certain of a lab origin.

tasty rabbit, 3 minutes ago

Yes. The J.C. videos on the virus are very informative.

Follow these twitter accounts for more information;

Some blogs;

corsair, 6 minutes ago

I believe this was engineered, but where and by whom is still an open question.

[May 17, 2020] The peril of human-animal chimera experiments by Christina Lin

Notable quotes:
"... The US funded research into bat coronaviruses in a lab in Wuhan, China, that is now under scrutiny for possibly being behind the Covid-19 pandemic. Photo: Facebook Recent revelations that the US National Institute of Health (NIH) had been funding gain-of-function (GOF) research in the Wuhan Institute of Virology has shone a spotlight on China's controversial research in biomedical sciences. ..."
"... GOF research involves taking a pathogen and altering it to make it more deadly and infectious, and the US government had placed a research moratorium from 2014 to 2017 on three potential pandemic pathogens (PPPs) of influenza, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). ..."
"... Not only does China engage in GOF research, it also conducts another controversial experiment – creating human-animal chimeras for vaccines and organ transplants. A chimera is an organism whose cells come from two or more "individuals," and the word comes from Greek mythology, which describes a creature that was part lion, part goat and part snake. ..."
May 16, 2020 | asiatimes.com

The US funded research into bat coronaviruses in a lab in Wuhan, China, that is now under scrutiny for possibly being behind the Covid-19 pandemic. Photo: Facebook
Recent revelations that the US National Institute of Health (NIH) had been funding gain-of-function (GOF) research in the Wuhan Institute of Virology has shone a spotlight on China's controversial research in biomedical sciences.

GOF research involves taking a pathogen and altering it to make it more deadly and infectious, and the US government had placed a research moratorium from 2014 to 2017 on three potential pandemic pathogens (PPPs) of influenza, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

Not only does China engage in GOF research, it also conducts another controversial experiment – creating human-animal chimeras for vaccines and organ transplants. A chimera is an organism whose cells come from two or more "individuals," and the word comes from Greek mythology, which describes a creature that was part lion, part goat and part snake.

China provides legal loopholes

Because of more stringent regulations of public health and bioethics in the US and other Western countries, American and European scientists tend to outsource GOF and chimeric research to China, where it does not face such restrictions.

For example, when the Chinese Academy of Science's Kunming Institute of Zoology created the first human-monkey chimera in July 2019, the project was led by a Spanish scientist, Professor Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte, from the American Salk Institute in San Diego, in collaboration with the Murcia Catholic University in Murcia, Spain.

Their report was published in the Spanish newspaper El Pais, revealing the research was conducted in China " to avoid legal issues ." In the US, the NIH bans federal funding to create human-monkey embryos, while in Canada, putting non-human stem cells into human embryos is a criminal offense under the Assisted Human Reproduction Act.

China is thus viewed as a dumping ground and giant test tube for all kinds of dangerous and ethically controversial research outlawed by Western countries, similar to how it became a dumping ground for recyclable waste in past decades.

Not only has this team of Spanish, American and Chinese scientists created a human-monkey chimera, but Professor Belmonte also created a human-pig embryo in the past. Last December, a team of scientists in Beijing brought to term a pig-monkey chimera.

Scientists see chimeras as a potential way to address the shortage of organs such as kidneys, livers and hearts for transplantation, and believe organs genetically matched to a particular human recipient could one day be grown inside animals. The approach is based on taking human cells and reprogramming them to become stem cells, which are introduced into the embryo of another species.

Now, Alzheimer researchers want to go a step further and are proposing using human-monkey chimeras to give monkeys a human brain .

In April 2019, Chinese researchers inserted into monkey embryos a human gene critical for human brain development. Some scientists propose humanizing large portions of the monkey brain, such as the hippocampus, to be entirely human-derived, in order to study human neurological disorders.

However, this raises many ethical questions, given that the brain is the center of cognition and reflection. For example, should the human-animal hybrid develop a human-like nervous system capable of consciousness, at what point then does a chimeric brain become less monkey, and more human?

As Dr Judy Illes , professor of neurology and Canada research chair in neuroethics at the University of British Columbia, asked: "Why humanize a monkey, if that's what we need to do? If that's justified scientifically, then we just need to be doing the experiment on humans. We don't need to do it on a humanized monkey."

Grafting man with beast

Nonetheless, chimeric research seems to be gaining traction, not only for organ transplants and studying diseases, but also for developing vaccines. In 2017, Portuguese researchers created a chimera virus, a mouse virus with a human viral gene, that enabled them to investigate new ways to treat cancer caused by human herpes virus infection. Human viruses are also cultured on animal cells to help produce vaccines.

Scientists are also looking to human-animal chimeras with a "humanized" immune system to test vaccines. For example, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has funded a project at Peking University through its Grand Challenges in Global Health Initiative to develop a " humanized" chimeric mouse model to develop vaccines for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV).

This grafting of man and beast to recombine their DNA more closely, and the merging of different species to study disease through GOF or chimeric research, is also advancing the One Health Initiative that seeks to produce a cross-species vaccine for both human and animals.

The cross-species approach is to advance human vaccine research for the benefit of veterinary vaccines and vice versa, with researchers collaborating to unlock shared biological mechanisms underlying disease immunity, thereby accelerating the design and development of vaccines across species.

However, in the aftermath of Covid-19, one shudders to think what would happen should these monster germs and chimeras escape from the labs.

Christina Lin is a California-based foreign and security policy analyst. She has extensive US government experience working on national security and economic issues and her current focus is on China-Middle East/Mediterranean relations.

[May 17, 2020] France's Earlier Detection of COVID-19 Raises Questions on Global Origin

May 17, 2020 | astutenews.com

May 16, 2020 The emergence of Covid-19 was first reported by the authorities in China on December 31, as acknowledged by the World Health Organization. But that emergence does not necessarily mean the pandemic originated in China.

By January 30, 2020, a WHO situation report cited nearly 8,000 cases of the respiratory disease globally in 18 different countries. The vast majority of the infections at that stage were in China. It has since exploded to four million cases in virtually all 194 nations with the United States hosting by far the majority of infections and deaths (80,000 fatalities as of this week).

The early pattern of the disease spreading may suggest that China and its central city of Wuhan was the origin of the pandemic. It is widely speculated that the novel coronavirus residing in bats or some other mammal infected humans.

However, the report this week that a hospital in France detected Covid-19 in a patient as early as December 27, 2019, raises questions about the global origin. The French man, who went on to recover from the disease, was previously thought to have been suffering from pneumonia. The Paris hospital retested biomedical samples of patients and found that the man had in fact contracted Covid-19.

Curiously, the French patient had not travelled from abroad before he became ill at the end of last year. So, how does this finding square with claims that the disease originated in China? It has been speculated that the man's wife who worked near Charles De Gaulle international airport may have been exposed. But she did not show symptoms of the disease. Her link as an "asymptomatic" disease carrier and her presumed contact with air travelers from China is therefore tenuous speculation.

French doctors are not certain if the case of the cited man represents that country's "patient zero", that is, the first case of Covid-19 in France. But the detection of the disease in France on December 27 is a full month before it was officially recorded as having arrived in France. In other words, the suspicion now is that Covid-19 may been circulating undetected in France and perhaps other European countries, as well as the United States, at the end of last year. Many of these infections and accompanying deaths may have been misidentified as due to seasonal flu or pneumonia.

It is understandable why the Chinese authorities are "defensive", as the New York Times snidely headlines , about China being described as "the origin" of the Covid-19 pandemic.

This week China was accused of "censoring" an article penned by the European Union's ambassador to the country. The article was published in news outlet China Daily but mention of "the outbreak of the coronavirus in China, and its subsequent spread to the rest of the world over the past three months " was edited out. That led to recriminations in Western media about the EU pandering to Chinese state "censorship".

Yes, the disease appears to have first emerged in large numbers in China at the end of December. But it is not yet determined how and where the virus originated. That will require further scientific study. Thus, for China to bridle at assertions about being "the origin" is not necessarily sinister censorship, but rather prudence to not prejudge.

What we have seen is an unseemly haste to politicize the pandemic with a view to blame China for infecting the rest of the world.

U.S. President Donald Trump is the most vocal in blaming China. But Australia, Britain and the EU have also antagonized Beijing by demanding an "independent" investigation into the origin of the disease. The inference is that China is at fault. Given the way, Western so-called "independent" investigations are prone to political bias to achieve preconceived conclusions (the Dutch-led MH17 airliner crash, for example), one can hardly object to China's wariness about such calls.

Why should China submit to Western demands for "investigation" into Covid-19 when these Western demands are all one-way?

Why limit it to China? Surely international investigations would be merited for determining the actual appearance of Covid-19 in Europe or North America. The French case of Covid-19 in December misidentified as pneumonia suggests the disease was present contemporaneously with cases in China's Wuhan.

Then there is the case of unidentified and deadly respiratory disease outbreaks in Fairfax, Virginia, in July 2019. Why shouldn't international investigators be allowed into the U.S. to determine the precise nature of those disease outbreaks. Where they early incidents of Covid-19, a new unknown disease which happened to be first identified in China only months later?

The Trump administration has made unsubstantiated allegations that Covid-19 may have been released by a laboratory in Wuhan. No evidence has been provided by Trump or his bullish secretary of state Mike Pompeo. International scientific consensus has dismissed Trump's allegations as a "conspiracy theory". The Wuhan Institute of Virology has a solid reputation for safeguards over its study of infectious diseases.

The same cannot be said for the United States' top biowarfare laboratory in Fort Detrick, Maryland, which was ordered to close last August by the federal Center for Disease Control due to concerns about substandard safety controls and danger of releasing deadly pathogens. Were U.S. army scientists studying novel coronaviruses?

If China's Wuhan laboratory can be fingered and smeared for no sound reason, then why can't a Pentagon biowarfare center that had to be shuttered for lack of safety? Chinese officials have already made an accusatory link to American personnel attending the Military World Games in Wuhan in October 2019 as being a possible cause of infection.

The origin of Covid-19 is far from clear. Trump wants to scapegoat China for obvious cynical reasons of distracting from his own disastrous mishandling of the disease. The same scapegoating instinct applies to other Western states where governments have been derelict in protecting the public from tens of thousands of deaths.

Investigations are indeed due. But determining the origin of Covid-19 will not be made by politicized probes that presume China's fault for the pandemic.


By Finian Cunningham
Source: Strategic Culture

[May 16, 2020] One theory is that the spike protein gene of Bat Coronavirus' HKU9 or RmYN02 could be the probable source of the putative insert that adds the RRAR furin site to SARS-CoV-2. The nucleotide code sequence matches and the insertion could be via copy choice errors in cells from a person simultaneously infected with both bat viruses.

May 16, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

ptb , May 16 2020 2:04 utc | 35

OT/ sars-cov-2 genetics:

another pangolin cov paper (Liu et al, May 2020)

This one rejects the pangolin theory, I *think* because of other genetic differences elsewhere in the virus dna of the pangolin cov.

However, they seem to find patterns suggesting that mixing of viral dna from different cov strains is possible. (presumably the missing training place still in bats?)

Recombination analysis showed that S gene of pangolin-CoV-2020 might be constructed by fragment from Bat-CoV-ZC45 or Bat-CoV-ZXC21 and fragment from Bat-CoV-RaTG13.

In regards the crucially important S1/S2 cleavage site discussed on yesterday's thread

Interestingly, the cleavage site between S1 and S2 in SARS-CoV-2 had multiple insertions (i.e. PRRA), compared with those of Bat-CoV-RaTG13 and pangolin-CoV-2020, which may result from an additional recombination event.

Note again that there exist both Bat and Human cov's that do have the cleavage site in common with sars-cov-2, but lack the efficient ACE2 binding part which the pangolin-cov and sars-cov-2 have.

[link referred via that trashy-eclectic artifact of our culture, zerohedge]

krollchem , May 16 2020 9:36 utc | 60

ptb@35

One theory is that the spike protein gene of Bat Coronavirus' HKU9 or RmYN02 could be the probable source of the putative insert that adds the RRAR furin site to SARS-CoV-2. The nucleotide code sequence matches and the insertion could be via copy choice errors in cells from a person simultaneously infected with both bat viruses.
http://virological.org/t/tackling-rumors-of-a-suspicious-origin-of-ncov2019/384/4

This would require the insertion to take place during a co-infection with one still unknown source virus' and the virus containing the cleavage site.

I hope this helps. Your comments appreciated.

[May 16, 2020] A conspiracy theory: Covid-18 vs Covid-19

May 16, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Petri Krohn , May 16 2020 19:53 utc | 19

A CONSPIRACY THEORY

It has been speculated that a strain of COVID-19 was spreading in the US as early as the summer of 2019, causing among other an outbreak in Virginia in July 2019 and thousands of cases of the unexplained "vaping illness". (We may call this strain "COVID-18" for now.)

Genetic study of the known virus strains give no support for this theory. The phylogenetic trees constructed from the online genomes show that all infections can be traced back to two strains isolated in Wuhan: the reference strain Wuhan-Hu-1 found at the seafood market, and another strain labeled as H3 or H4 that is believed to be the ancestor strain of the reference strain. Much of Europe has " Clade G ", an offspring of Wuhan-Hu-1 that may have came from Shanghai with the first German COVID-19 patient who was diagnosed on January 28, 2020.

None of the genomes in the databases are consistent with a pre-Wuhan existence of COVID-19. One explanation is that an earlier strain existed but it has been overtaken by more transmissible newer strains from Wuhan. A similar effect is seen in Europe as Clade G overtakes earlier, slower spreading Wuhan strains.

Another explanation might be that the RT-PCR tests in use do not pick up earlier pre-Wuhan strains.

Americans were very reluctant to start testing, and even forbid doctors in Washington state from analyzing samples taken from likely COVID-19 patients in January. A conspiracy theory would suggest that American knew that a domestic strain of SARS-CoV-2 was spreading among the US population but did not want it to be identified. The German PCR test promoted by the WHO was banned from the US as it would have picked up the earlier strain. Instead a new test was developed by the CDC specifically to distinguish between the earlier strain ("COVID-18"), and COVID-19. To disprove this theory one would have to analyze all existing samples from 2019. But as I said, this is a conspiracy theory without any support in any of the published data.

A third explanation is that the outbreak started in Wuhan and no previous human strain of COVID-19 ever existed.

[May 16, 2020] Bat coronaviruses were studied in Wuhan at Biosafety Level 2, "which provides only minimal protection," compared with the top BSL-4.

A competing theory has been gathering momentum - of an accidental lab release of bat coronavirus...
Apr 04, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com

Less than 300 yards from the seafood market is the Wuhan branch of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Researchers from that facility and the nearby Wuhan Institute of Virology have posted articles about collecting bat coronaviruses from around China, for study to prevent future illness. Did one of those samples leak, or was hazardous waste deposited in a place where it could spread?

Richard Ebright, a Rutgers microbiologist and biosafety expert, told me in an email that "the first human infection could have occurred as a natural accident," with the virus passing from bat to human, possibly through another animal. But Ebright cautioned that it "also could have occurred as a laboratory accident, with, for example, an accidental infection of a laboratory worker." He noted that bat coronaviruses were studied in Wuhan at Biosafety Level 2, "which provides only minimal protection," compared with the top BSL-4.

Ebright described a December video from the Wuhan CDC that shows staffers "collecting bat coronaviruses with inadequate [personal protective equipment] and unsafe operational practices." Separately, I reviewed two Chinese articles, from 2017 and 2019, describing the heroics of Wuhan CDC researcher Tian Junhua, who while capturing bats in a cave "forgot to take protective measures" so that "bat urine dripped from the top of his head like raindrops."

Ignatius unapologetically admits that what's increasingly clear is that the initial "origin story" - that the virus was spread by people who ate contaminated animals at the Huanan Seafood Market in Wuhan - is shaky.

[May 14, 2020] I can see a need to throttle back wacko theories but there is enough credible evidence that the human hand was involved in the creation of these particular strains of the Corona virus

May 14, 2020 | thenewkremlinstooge.wordpress.com

Patient Observer May 11, 2020 at 5:16 pm

Its odd that both MoA and The Saker will not accept any commentary that suggests to any degree that Covid-19 was anything other than a naturally occurring virus. Seems a bit hasty to shutdown the discussion. I can see a need to throttle back wacko theories but there is enough credible evidence that the human hand was involved in the creation of these particular strains of the Corona virus. Several high-powered scientists say as much. It may all amount to nothing but, again, its way to early to declare FINAL TRUTH.

Like Like

Mark Chapman May 11, 2020 at 5:56 pm
Yes, I agree. It might well be a naturally-occurring virus, although that French epidemiologist was filling everyone full of how it had malaria and HIV spliced into it, presumably to make it more debilitating. That's the very foundation of genetic biowarfare – take a common rhinovirus (the common cold), which is very infectious but not particularly dangerous, and add elements to it to make it very debilitating or even deadly. But while it is very possible there is no connection at all to Fort Detrick, it is a matter of public record that the CDC shut it down for procedural violations, some of which were quite serious. And they mess around with serious bugs like that all the time. I'd want to know that if I lived anywhere near it.

If any of that stuff about it having genetic markers for malaria and HIV is true, then it is not a naturally-occurring virus. And the United States is very interested in pinning it on China. Maybe everything else is coincidence, but everything is so controlled now and governments so routinely operate outside the law that it is getting hard to believe in coincidence.

If you google 'was the coronavirus genetically altered?' you get stuff like this from Newsweek, which tries to squeeze every Ruusian trope into the same article. It barely mentions genetic tampering other than this batshit crazy line;

"The decree by the country's Prosecutor General's office follows the widespread sharing on YouTube and Russian social networking sites of a series of outlandish claims, such as the virus "is a genetically-modified bioweapon artificially created to implant microchips into the population and establish a global world order."

https://www.newsweek.com/russia-coronavirus-conspiracy-theories-vaccines-1502353

What's widespread? And who would believe in a virus that implants microchips? They're mashing together two separate theories, and Bill Gates was indeed funding research into microchip implants, although it had to do with pay and financing rather than viruses or anything like them. But Newsweek is the hysterical fringe of western publications, and its readers are tailored to its content. Then there's this:

https://www.cnbc.com/2020/04/30/dni-says-coronavirus-was-not-manmade-or-genetically-modified.html

The Office of the Director of National Intelligence, USA, says "the nation's collective intelligence community does not believe that the coronavirus was manmade or genetically modified." That's the same group that said there was definitely Russian meddling in the Trump/Clinton election, too, so forgive me if I do not find that at all convincing. I note, however, that it represents a reversal for the Trump government, as Trump himself claimed to have seen intelligence which made him suspicious it was created in a Chinese lab.

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/apr/30/donald-trump-coronavirus-chinese-lab-claim

If it was indeed naturally-occurring, then the USA will have to make a case for deliberate release or a very sloppy response or even a coverup if it really wants to take China to court. I don't see it happening.

Here's an example of how Trump is losing the bubble on the whole coronavirus thing. A Chinese-American reporter asked him why he cared that the US is allegedly far ahead of the rest of the world on testing, why is it a global competition with him, since it was not preventing Americans from dying and the emergence of more new cases. A simple and sensible answer might have been, "Well, Weijia, it's important to me and it should be important to you because a high proportion of coronavirus cases present as asymptomatic. We will never know that person is positive for coronavirus and therefore a potential carrier of it without testing, because that case is probably not going to sneeze or cough or give any other indication of being sick, but they are, and they can make others sick. That's why being far ahead in testing is important" (don't forget to wind up by reconfirming your answer, in case someone has forgotten the question).

https://www.cnbc.com/2020/05/11/coronavirus-trump-ends-press-conference-after-reporters-challenge-him-on-testing.html

Instead, he said "Maybe you should ask CHINA!", which was an immediate red flag without yellow stars because he was talking to a Chinese woman. So she challenged him on that and he started to freak out and just point randomly in different places, and then ended the press conference and stalked off as if he had been unforgivably insulted. We've seen so many performances from him that are way outside diplomatic behavior that you would think nothing could surprise any more. But this simply illustrates what child's play it is to goad him into a tantrum.

Like Like

Jen May 11, 2020 at 7:02 pm
Yes, B at MoA took down a comment in which I noted that his post did not mention where Fairfax County, where the Greenspring assisted-care facility, was located. I took a look at the Washington Post article the ATL post linked to and saw that the author writes on issues in Maryland and Virginia states. Fort Detrick and the facility where the pneumonia outbreak occurred in mid-2019 are about 46 miles or 74 km apart.

The other possible reason that B could have taken down the comment was I observed that pigs are quite close to humans in their immune systems and I suggested that the SARS-COV-2 virus could have jumped from pigs to humans. Indeed, if anyone has ever watched Steven Soderbergh's film "Contagion" (did anyone who saw it cheer when Gwyneth Paltrow's Patient X character died early on?), the jump from bats to pigs to humans is made very explicitly if in a crude manner that might appear racist: the bat drops a banana which lands in a pig farm and a pig eats it; later pork meat from that pig is being prepared and Paltrow's character then poses with the fellow who was chopping the meat and didn't wash his hands.

Like Like

Mark Chapman May 11, 2020 at 7:28 pm
Well, as to the genetic code of coronavirus having HIV spliced into it, it appears that did actually come from a scientific paper, but it was a preliminary study and they may have made some mistakes or were simply viewing too small a sample.

https://www.forbes.com/sites/victoriaforster/2020/02/02/no-coronavirus-was-not-bioengineered-to-put-pieces-of-hiv-in-it/#1965e2df56cb

But the effort to back away from the position that it was an engineered weapon devised to infect China's enemies is quite striking now. I'd like to believe cooler heads prevailed and the west realized its position was ridiculous, but it might also have been based on an implied threat from China.

As an aside, it is amusing to see the New York Times hailing Australia as a maverick global leader simply because it is doing what the Democrats want done, and demanding an international investigation which will 'prove' China's guilt.

https://www.nytimes.com/svc/oembed/html/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nytimes.com%2F2020%2F05%2F11%2Fworld%2Faustralia%2Fcoronavirus-china-inquiry.html

Australia is all aw-shucks modesty, but we all know at some point in whatever initiative it might get rolling, the United States will barge in and demand to lead it, it is too important to be left to minions, and Australia will deferentially step aside.

"Mr. Morrison has insisted that his call for a global inquiry is not directed at any one country, but all available evidence points to China as the birthplace of the pandemic, which means Australia could hardly have chosen a more sensitive subject for its leap onto the world stage."

All available evidence points to China as the birthplace of the pandemic. Does it? Where have we heard that 'There's so much evidence you wouldn't believe it' before? General Flynn's case, maybe? What about those French cases in late December, nearly a month before what were thought to be the first cases in France and before the report of the first case in China? Isn't that considered 'evidence'?

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/05/who-seeks-early-coronavirus-cases-as-merkel-warns-over-german-lockdown

As I mentioned earlier, cases in Nevada of people who fell ill after conventions in Las Vegas in December and January were identified by the Nevada Health Response Team as positive for COVID-19.

https://www.ktnv.com/13-investigates/earlier-coronavirus-timeline-confirmed-in-wake-of-13-investigation

I don't think people know shit yet.

Like Like

et Al May 12, 2020 at 3:11 am
Ah, yes! Xenotransplantation. Pigs hearts etc. being suitable for humans and as part of the solution for a shortage of donors. Vis CoVid-19, I've read elsewhere that the chain may be bat-owl-human. Apparently people eat owls. How weird is that?

[May 14, 2020] If the virus is the result of "gain of function" experiments then this crime against humanity must be punished. We need Nuremberg II trials.

May 14, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

uncle tungsten , May 13 2020 9:41 utc | 218

Pft #184
Crimes against humanity must be punished. We need Nuremberg II trials.

I say we should not leave this offence against humanity unchallenged. Who will be the instigation team to assemble a process?

I Agree with you Pft entirely and my view is that a citizens tribunal be established by some key people with the respect and standing to convene a process. I recall the work of the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation see here and here . These were convened as International War Crimes Tribunals to investigate and reveal War crimes in Vietnam and South America. The Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation has carried out investigative work in Palestine as well.

There is significant evidence that the Covid-19 assault on humanity has been accompanied by grievous decisions to either withhold evidence, medical capability, material resources etc from both the public and the medical profession. There is also serious conjecture that the virus may have been the result of either or both natural and laboratory designed virus evolution. This is a matter going to the very heart of civil rights, the rights of the child, the obligations of both scientists and medical practitioners to do no harm, the provisions of existing treaties on the use of chemical and biological weapons.

The viral assault is accompanied by an attack by some governments on peoples income, their capacity to provide necessities of life giving food and shelter. This is crime in most nations let alone a crime against humanity. Governments have designed and signed international treaties intended to respect human rights and they cannot then turn to their citizens and say but we wont apply those treaty provisions to you the people that elected us notables.

So I say MoA barflies should call for the assembly of a people's commission to consider the evidence and get started soon.

[May 14, 2020] Persons who believed they picked up a serious respiratory illness at a convention in Las Vegas tested positive for COVID-19, and were believed to have been infected in December.

May 14, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Mark , May 13 2020 0:13 utc | 195

Nevada reported cases that occurred much earlier than the first American cases were known to have occurred, which was thought to be March. Persons who believed they picked up a serious respiratory illness at a convention in Las Vegas tested positive for COVID-19, and were believed to have been infected in December.

https://www.ktnv.com/13-investigates/earlier-coronavirus-timeline-confirmed-in-wake-of-13-investigation

[May 14, 2020] One possible answer is that the virus has been 'active' since, say, March 2019, or even earlier (see previous thread), but was not identified as a cause (confused with flu, pneumonia, vaping, old age co-morbidities, etc.) until ppl started falling down in Wuhan, and only the Chinese, in the shape of Bat Lady and her team, were capable of realising and detailing what was happening. Maybe. Maybe not.

May 14, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Noirette , May 13 2020 16:32 utc | 7

Many signs that 'leaders' knew something was up and/or coming in January 2020 exist -- news etc. was pretty public

(25 jan - about 2.7 K were infected, 80 died in Wuhan, it was later reported..)

- Several reports of Trump being warned of a dangerous disease etc. which he ignored

- Agnes Buzyn, the then F Min. of Health has admitted that in Jan "she foresaw the tsunami that was to come" - she lied to the public, was reassuring

- Shi Zengli (the Bat Lady, expert on viruses) published 'the' paper detailing the genome sequence of the 2019-nCoV (published 3 Feb, it must have been submitted in Jan.)

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2012-7

- News about a novel corona virus was common

Contagion Live News (USA) lists it in top news on 12 Jan, at no. 4.

https://www.contagionlive.com/news/top-infectious-disease-news-of-the-weekjanuary-12-2019

The genome sequence was lodged with GenBank on 11 Jan.

http://virological.org/t/novel-2019-coronavirus-genome/319

What does all this mean? One possible answer is that the virus has been 'active' since, say, March 2019, or even earlier (see previous thread), but was not identified as a cause (confused with flu, pneumonia, vaping, old age co-morbidities, etc.) until ppl started falling down in Wuhan, and only the Chinese, in the shape of Bat Lady and her team, were capable of realising and detailing what was happening. Maybe. Maybe not.

[May 14, 2020] VAP19 was COV19

May 14, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Noirette , May 12 2020 19:13 utc | 162

mistake, i posted in the wrong thread, so this is a copy, apologies.

Petri 14, I posted re. the vaping illness near the top. Your 2) i didn't know about, good to list. took note of the wi link.

VAP19 was COV19, imho. My judgment might be off, but consider:

How the description / classification came about is quite alarming - atypical pneumonia or respiratory 'upset' with no infectious agent identified was immediately tied to X, something new that directly touches the lungs -> vaping.

Smoking tobacco / hash / other / was not considered as this common behavior is ancient and has 'known' medical consequences, it can't suddenly lead to atypical pneumonia and/or a list of weird symptoms, incl. gastro, with elevated T cells.

So vaping it was, for those who vaped and became ill! Recall, 60 out of 2.7K hospitalised died. Now, either vaping did make ppl more vulnerable to COV19 (possible, no idea how) or there were many others (non-vapers) ill The vapers were honed in on, because they used 'some substance' -> infectious disease tied to intake of X, personal habits, etc.

Idk how many ppl in the US vape, that might be a start to some facile indicative calculations - those who died were, more men than women, and imho 'old' for vapers, but that is from vague news reports, not a data-base. (Here vapers are young and 'cool' , over 50-s smoke cigs and joints, idk about California )

Then late 2019 this category of 'disease' was 'dropped' - rather, was said to have died out. (see link)

OK, docs have interpretations, takes, which don't pan out. Yet, analysing what went on is vital. NOT done even if the follow up is basic and costs close to nothing.

Contacting 500 vape-survivors and > sero analysis for COV antibodies would provide an interesting picture, good indications and possibly precious clues. (Yes, the tests may be poor, specially for false neg. much less or not at all for false pos.)

CDC link. EVALI, their acronym.

https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/e-cigarettes/severe-lung-disease.html


Trailer Trash , May 12 2020 19:52 utc | 167

Thank you to whomever posted this link to the CDC Vaping illness pages .

Apparently physicians can not really tell what is caused by vaping and what is caused by something else:

EVALI remains a diagnosis of exclusion because, at present, no specific test or marker exists for its diagnosis, and evaluation should be guided by clinical judgment.

Influenza cannot be distinguished from EVALI by signs, symptoms, clinical features at presentation (medical examination), or testing.

I wonder how doctors have much "clinical judgement" for a new illness they have never seen before. If two diseases can not be distinguished one from the other, perhaps they are really the same disease? One sees this all the time in the fantasy world of "psychosomatic illness" and all its various manifestations, which is a very twisted and complicated off-topic subject.

The CDC suggests the epidemic suddenly disappeared because perhaps evildoers quit contaminating vaping cartridges with Vitamin E, but they have no data to that effect. So it is a guess. So maybe EVALI is a diagnostic fad, or maybe those people actually had corona virus.

In any event, CDC has completely lost interest in EVALI. Personally, when the vaping disease hit the media, I assumed it was just another in a long line of moral panics designed to generate clicks and fear, as it is always useful to keep populations off-balance and stampeding to and fro.

Jen , May 12 2020 23:05 utc | 187
JC @ 180:

I mentioned Fort Detrick early on in this comments forum, I asked how close it was to the Greenspring retirement village (I found out that the assisted-care facility and Fairfax County in northern Virginia are not far from Frederick County in Maryland where the biolab is situated), where the mystery pneumonia outbreak occurred in July 2019, just a month before the biolab was shut down) and for some reason that comment of mine was deleted. Others had noticed my comment before it was taken down: the distance between the two is just under 50 miles or 74 kilometres.

No slight was intended against your comments @ 138 and 146.

[May 13, 2020] It is possible to 'construct' or 'replicate' such a virus de novo in a lab. A synthetic clone has been produced by the Swiss (also the Japanese? idk)

May 13, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Noirette , May 13 2020 17:11 utc | 18

Btw, it is possible to 'construct' or 'replicate' such a virus de novo in a lab. A synthetic clone has been produced by the Swiss (also the Japanese? idk)

https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/covid-19_bern-scientists-claim-coronavirus-breakthrough/45592602

[May 13, 2020] One possible answer is that the virus has been 'active' since, say, March 2019, or even earlier (see previous thread), but was not identified as a cause (confused with flu, pneumonia, vaping, old age co-morbidities, etc.)

May 13, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Noirette , May 13 2020 16:32 utc | 11

Many signs that 'leaders' knew something was up and/or coming in January 2020 exist -- news etc. was pretty public

(25 jan - about 2.7 K were infected, 80 died in Wuhan, it was later reported..)

- Several reports of Trump being warned of a dangerous disease etc. which he ignored

- Agnes Buzyn, the then F Min. of Health has admitted that in Jan "she foresaw the tsunami that was to come" - she lied to the public, was reassuring

- Shi Zengli (the Bat Lady, expert on viruses) published 'the' paper detailing the genome sequence of the 2019-nCoV (published 3 Feb, it must have been submitted in Jan.)

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2012-7

- News about a novel corona virus was common

Contagion Live News (USA) lists it in top news on 12 Jan, at no. 4.

https://www.contagionlive.com/news/top-infectious-disease-news-of-the-weekjanuary-12-2019

The genome sequence was lodged with GenBank on 11 Jan.

http://virological.org/t/novel-2019-coronavirus-genome/319

What does all this mean? One possible answer is that the virus has been 'active' since, say, March 2019, or even earlier (see previous thread), but was not identified as a cause (confused with flu, pneumonia, vaping, old age co-morbidities, etc.) until ppl started falling down in Wuhan, and only the Chinese, in the shape of Bat Lady and her team, were capable of realising and detailing what was happening. Maybe. Maybe not.

[May 13, 2020] Maybe the crumbling US health services tried to conceal the early outbreak of the virus in the US by blaming the unusual number of influenza deaths on vaping.

May 13, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Kadath , May 11 2020 19:05 utc | 2

Obviously there's still far too little information to make any definite conclusions about the exact origins of the virus. However, There was a big hullabaloo in the US last fall about aggressive cases of influenza that the media kept blaming on the vaping crazy. I remember thinking at that time why was there such a fuss about vaping when plane old regular cigarettes were still killings tens of thousands per year vs a few dozen deaths caused by vaping. I don't support vaping, it just seemed to me that the media attention was overblown given the number of deaths involved, maybe the crumbling US health services tried to conceal the early outbreak of the virus in the US by blaming the unusual number of influenza deaths on vaping.

Noirette , May 11 2020 19:27 utc | 4

I posted about Bergamo and Brescia v. complicated maybe more later.

Springfield, an old ppls home, btw, is a favorite 'Outbreak' quoted by the Chinese, Russians and others. (Another old ppl home nearby was also affected.)

==========

"Symptoms typically develop over a period of days but sometimes can manifest over several weeks. Many cases, patients reported a gradual start of symptoms, including: breathing difficulty, shortness of breath, and/or chest pain before hospitalization. ( .) patients have experienced respiratory symptoms (cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain), and some have also experienced gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea) or non-specific symptoms (fatigue, fever, or weight loss). ( ) Fever, elevated heart rate, and elevated white blood cell count have been reported, even though no infectious disease has been identified.

Many patients have required medical treatment with supplemental oxygen. Some required assisted ventilation. Some patients have been treated with corticosteroids with demonstrated improvement. Evidence does not suggest an infectious disease is the cause of the severe pulmonary disease.

( .)

On September 12, 2019 the CDC no longer reported possible cases. The CDC changed its reporting methodology "

-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

The Vaping Lung Illness, first cases Illinois, Wisconsin April 2019. 2,799 hospitalised and 60 deaths. Reporting dropped in Sept. 2019.

Nothing has been reported about it since, despite so called inquiries to be launched. How this came about idk, maybe many had atypical pneumonia, and if 'vaping' were immediately considered as having a clear cause. (It was a category at the CDC.) COV19 imho.

google: 2019 vaping lung illness wiki (direct link doesn't work)

Doryphore , May 11 2020 19:32 utc | 5
A group of doctors in Japan said they used antibody tests to find Japanese hospital patients who had it in September and one patient who had it in August. They've yet to publish in a peer review journal but released the results on social media.

https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=3734434503294208&id=100001830850140

hopehely , May 11 2020 19:43 utc | 6
Posted by: mv | May 11 2020 19:08 utc | 3
Coronavirus was detected in Greenspring in March 30.

Wow, so a disease detected in Greenspring in March 30 is caused by a virus whose the closest known relative infects bats in central China. The plot thickens...

karlof1 , May 11 2020 19:59 utc | 8
I wrote a few days ago that Trump and Pompeo were playing with fire by blaming China. Hopefully, they'll both get burnt to political crisps with the continuing revelations that there were multiple cases occurring in vastly separated geographic regions such that in no possible way can any blame be laid on China and the world will avoid a hot war started by Trump to divert from his Treasonous actions beginning in January or before as it's now very clear his policy was to do nothing--Treason--in the face of a Pandemic.

[May 12, 2020] More complex is the issue of Pentagon bioweapon labs in the former USSR an issue also closely followed by Beijing. Moscow has identified a lab near Tblisi in Georgia, and 11 of them in Ukraine.

May 12, 2020 | www.unz.com

vot tak , says: Show Comment May 8, 2020 at 11:53 pm GMT

"More complex is the issue of Pentagon bioweapon labs in the former USSR – an issue also closely followed by Beijing. Moscow has identified a lab near Tblisi in Georgia, and 11 of them in Ukraine. And way back in 2014, when Crimea was reunited with Russia, scientists also found a lab in Simferopol."

But those israeloamericans would never think of actually unleashing biowarfare against China or Russia no, no, no, that would be dumb (according to a u.s. regime affiliated biowarfare wonk). All that lab investment has nothing to do with creating an active biowarfare element in zionazia's wmd arsenal.

Parfois1 , says: Show Comment May 9, 2020 at 7:52 am GMT
@vot tak

But those israeloamericans would never think of actually unleashing biowarfare against China or Russia no, no, no, that would be dumb

But that is the very reason why they would do it – because of being dumb! That's what they have been doing for donkey's years – dumb and dangerous stuff, hence the usual shit and recognizable modus operandi. You cant expect rational behaviour from an insane coterie of political schemers.

On the other hand, what other options do they have to sustain a rotting US? The nuclear one is out and I don't think the Russians are losing their sleep over the "targets" (US bases) around their borders, otherwise they would have issued an ultimatum a la Kennedy as a pre-notice to obliteration. The economic/financial option is out because the Chinese-Russian entente makes that complementarity (adjoining enormous land mass and resources + population and industrial clout) unbeatable and a magnet for the world outside the NATO vassalage. And the dollar, the fiction that built US power, is already shedding its cover to reveal its nothingness and coming demise.

Faced with the impending doom and powerless to stop it, what else can they do to delay the inevitable? A sane nation would realize the need to make compromises with others and abstain from acting like an amoral gangster (even Mafia dons have some morality). But the US has and is squandering the opportunities to avoid the enduring climate of hate it has fostered on the rest of the world by its criminal actions.

But the US ruling cabal of vacuous politicians and vicious moguls entwined in a supremacist Jewish ideology cannot countenance the prospect of dealing with others other than as a puffed-up master. Therefore, it has to resort to underhand schemes to delay the inevitable and to hell with the newcomers who will have to suffer the consequences of their crimes. They intimidate, coerce, blockade and attack other, weaker countries who cannot retaliate; but against the "two adversaries" such tactics don't work. The only option left is bio-warfare and they have been working on it for many years. In their insane way, it makes sense.

[May 12, 2020] Looks like Las Vegas has cases in December 2019, almost simultaneously with the first cases in China

May 12, 2020 | www.ktnv.com

That official first case is in March, but 13 Chief Investigator Darcy Spears reported this week , some people are convinced they had it as early as December.

Within just two days of our story airing, the Nevada Health Response team confirmed what the people we spoke to suspected. That they got sick here in Las Vegas in December and January, and the illness was COVID-19.

Many of those people attended conventions and thought those events were super-spreaders.

From Texas to Washington to Colorado, visitors to Las Vegas say they came here for conventions like the Consumer Electronics Show and left sick. Sicker than they've ever been.

Although CES hasn't heard any official word of an attendee being exposed, Nevada officials are now indicating coronavirus was likely here at that time or even before - a key new distinction.

The Nevada Health Response's statement says, "Based on the information we have seen from other states, we know there were earlier cases than the first positive reported in Nevada. We recognize this is a nationwide issue."

13 Action News | Coronavirus coverage continues

The issue now is what to do with that data and the revised timeline it represents.

Antibody testing won't indicate when or if a person was ever symptomatic, but the state says it's the logical next step.

The Health District says due to resources and a focus on stopping the spread it will not go back and re-investigate cases that occurred before March 5th, which is the first confirmed positive here in Nevada.

But state officials say examining that data is an important part of the overall public health response, and it will help them understand the full parameters of this outbreak.

They also say that identifying antibodies in those people is important in determining who was infected, and they are now discussing a strategy to do antibody testing of that population.

[May 12, 2020] The mystery pneumonia outbreak occurred in July 2019 in the Greenspring retirement village the assisted-care facility and Fairfax County 50 miles from Fort Detrick

May 12, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Jen , May 12 2020 23:05 utc | 187

I mentioned Fort Detrick early on in this comments forum, I asked how close it was to the Greenspring retirement village (I found out that the assisted-care facility and Fairfax County in northern Virginia are not far from Frederick County in Maryland where the biolab is situated), where the mystery pneumonia outbreak occurred in July 2019, just a month before the biolab was shut down) and for some reason that comment of mine was deleted. Others had noticed my comment before it was taken down: the distance between the two is just under 50 miles or 74 kilometres.

No slight was intended against your comments @ 138 and 146.

[May 12, 2020] The mind-blowing history at Fort Detrick - CGTN by Ceng Jing

Content is automatically generated by Microsoft Azure Translator Text API. CGTN is not responsible for any of the translations.
Images removed.
Military biolabs are dangerous by definition and as such are prone to deadly incidents like anthrax leaks "...Over the past decades, leading researches on a wide range of viruses and bacteria were conducted inside the sprawling complex. Its state-of-the-art facilities also store some of the most dangerous toxins known to mankind, including Ebola, anthrax and the SARS coronavirus."
Notable quotes:
"... Project MK Ultra was brought to life by the godfather of America's intelligence empire – CIA Director Allen Dulles ..."
May 12, 2020 | news.cgtn.com

Over the past decades, leading researches on a wide range of viruses and bacteria were conducted inside the sprawling complex. Its state-of-the-art facilities also store some of the most dangerous toxins known to mankind, including Ebola, anthrax and the SARS coronavirus.

The obscure army base came under the spotlight in 2008 after one of its scientists was suspected to have perpetrated the 2001 anthrax attack, where several letters containing the deadly germ was mailed to American media and government offices.

Last year, one of the most prominent high-security labs inside the campus was shut down by health authorities due to safety violations. Besides a few incidents here and there, Fort Detrick seems like an ordinary place for modern medical science. Dialing back to history a little further, however, a period of purely freakish history begins to emerge.

After World War II, Fort Detrick became a site of horrifying scientific experiments conducted under a top-secret CIA quest to control the human mind, known as Project MK Ultra. After more than 20 years, the project ended in abysmal failure and led to an unknown number of deaths, including a scientist who participated in the project, and at least hundreds of American and Canadian victims subjected to mental and physical torture. The experiments not only violated international law, but also the agency's own charter which forbids domestic activity.

Project MK Ultra was brought to life by the godfather of America's intelligence empire – CIA Director Allen Dulles , whose ever-fiery rhetoric about Soviet threat helped him prop up an omnipotent national security apparatus that would come to define American politics. In 1953, after capturing American pilots who admitted to deploying anthrax during the Korean War, Dulles began touting theories that they had been brainwashed by then communists of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. To ensure national security, he argued, the U.S. must devise its own brainwashing program.

Dulles' claim turned out to be based on nothing more than pure Cold War fantasy as a report he later commissioned rejected the communist brainwashing claims. Yet, the cunning spymaster Dulles who was known to have actively rescued several top Nazi officials against the will of his own government, continued the program for a far more nefarious reason.

As explained by David Talbot in his book The Devil's Chessboard , many spies recruited in the early days of the Cold War were sketchy, undependable characters motivated by inner vulnerabilities such as greed, lust or revenge. Meanwhile, the agency was looking for ways to rule out these psychological variables by creating human machines that would act on command, even against his own conscience. March 19, 2020, laboratory scientist Andrea Luquette cultures coronavirus to prepare for testing at U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command at Fort Detrick. /AP

March 19, 2020, laboratory scientist Andrea Luquette cultures coronavirus to prepare for testing at U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command at Fort Detrick. /AP In official terms, the main goal of the program was "research and development of chemical, biological, and radiological materials capable of employment in clandestine operations to control human behavior," according to a declassified memo produced by the CIA Inspector General. It quickly ballooned in scale, branching into 149 sub-projects involving at least 80 institutions including universities, hospitals, prisons and drug companies across the United States and Canada.

To master mind control, a cadre of rogue scientists freely tested extreme methods on humans that would land anyone in prison had it not been inside the parameters of Fort Dertrick. These include forced administration of psychoactive drugs, forced electroshocks, physical and sexual abuses, as well as a myriad of other torments all silently carried out behind the high walls of "national security."

Dulles was especially keen on finding out if hallucinogens like LSD could induce selected individuals to carry out "acts of substantial sabotage or acts of violence, including murder," recalled the agency's top poisons expert Sidney Gottlieb who spearheaded the program.

Declassified documents reviewed by CGTN showed the premises being investigated under the program ranged from the bizarre to the extremes of science fiction: Drugs that would "cause mental confusion;" "provide a maximum of amnesia;" "produce pure euphoria with no subsequent let-down;" "lower the ambition and general working efficiency of men;" and many others.

Throughout its two-decade lifespan, MK Ultra was executed in extreme secrecy as the agency had expected significant political backlash had it become public knowledge. It was so secretive, in fact, that only a few top agency officials were aware of its existence.

Unbeknownst to neither the White House nor Congress, people of the forgotten corner of America – the prisoners, prostitutes and the homeless – were picked off the streets as unwitting participants in the mad science at Fort Derrick: "People who could not fight back," in the words of Gottlieb. However, the program also relied on people who could, including American soldiers and unsuspecting patients who inadvertently stumbled into MK Ultra-associated hospitals and clinics across North America.

In July 1954, airman Jimmy Shaver at the Lackland Air Force Base was accused of raping and killing a three-year-old girl in San Antonio. Throughout the incident, he was often reported to be in a "dazed" and "trance-like" state. While under arrest, Shaver also seemed to have lost a tremendous amount of his memory, including those involving his wife. Four years later, he was executed on his 33rd birthday. It wasn't until later the public learned that Shaver, who had no previous criminal record, was one of the guinea pigs used by MK Ultra. The mind-control project had played a significant role in sending Shaver to the electric chair, according to The Intercept.

Others who survived the brutal experiments revealed the horrendous aftereffects of the CIA-sanctioned brainwashing. Linda McDonald, a 25-year-old mother of five young children, reported that she had essentially turned into an infant after going through the notorious Sleep Room experiments, which she was told would treat her non-existent acute schizophrenia. For 86 days, McDonald was in a coma induced by rounds of powerful narcotics and electroshocks that fried her brains 102 times.

Former U.S. President Gerald Ford apologizing in 1975 to the family of Frank Olson, who died in 1953 after the CIA gave him a dose of LSD. /AP

"I had to be toilet trained," McDonald said. "I was a vegetable. I had no identity, no memory. I had never existed in the world before. Like a baby."

Yet, of all the 180 doctors and researchers who took part in these illegal experiments, few had expressed any suspicion or remorse. The one who did turned up dead.

Frank Olson was a biochemist and father of three children who worked in the Biological Warfare Laboratories at Fort Detrick. He was one of the MK Ultra scientists who regularly traveled between "black sites" in Europe to observe different human experiments. After a 1952 visit to the Camp King, a notorious CIA safe house in Germany, he was particularly shaken by the cruelty to which Soviet prisoners were subjected to, according to Talbot.

"He had a tough time after Germany drugs, torture, brainwashing," Olson's former colleague at Detrick, researcher Norman Cournoyer was quoted as saying. By the time he returned from Germany, Olson had suffered a "moral crisis" and was ready to give up his science career to become a dentist, according to Olson's family. Yet, before he could change his life, the scientist himself had unknowingly become one of many unwitting victims of MK Ultra.

A week before Thanksgiving, Olson was invited to a weekend retreat in a secluded CIA facility at Deep Creek Lake in Maryland. One night after dinner, Olson and other unsuspecting scientists were given LSD-laced drinks, after which he began to hallucinate wildly. The ordeal ended a week later, when he crashed through the 10th floor window at the Statler Hotel in Manhattan. The scientist's death was hastily concluded by CIA officials as suicide. However, Olson's children could hardly accept the "narrative" and began their own investigation into the tragic end of their father.

After decades back and forth with the U.S. government and investigation by Frank's son Eric and Nils, including an exhumation autopsy, substantial evidence have weighted toward the possibility of the scientist's murder. After examining Olson's remains, Forensic pathologist James Starrs pointed out several key inconsistencies that contradicted with the official narrative suicide. Despite having landed on his back, the skull above Olson's eye had cracked, suggesting a blunt force to the head prior to crashing through the window.

"The death of Frank Olson on 28 November 1953 was a murder, not a suicide," Eric Olson declared. "This is not an LSD drug-experiment story, as it was represented in 1975. This is a biological warfare story. Frank Olson did not die because he was an experimental guinea pig who experienced a 'bad trip.' He died because of concern that he would divulge information concerning a highly classified CIA interrogation program in the early 1950s, and concerning the use of biological weapons by the United States in the Korean War."

[May 12, 2020] Early USA cases of "strange pneumonia" defy explanation

The first cases were in Virginia nursing home in July, 2019 Respiratory illness outbreak at retirement home kills 2 and sickens dozens more - CNN In a letter Wednesday to residents obtained by ABC News affiliate WJLA-TV in Washington D.C., Greenspring described symptoms as "fever, cough, body aches, wheezing, hoarseness and general weakness."
May 12, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com

xxx Give Me Some Truth, 1 hour ago (Edited)

I've read A LOT of testimonies on message boards (and heard from acquaintances in person) where people strongly suspect they may have had CV-19 in early Feb, January or even December or earlier. Most of these people say they tested "negative" for "seasonal flu" and strep. Some have actually gotten antibody tests and said these too were "negative" for any CV-19 antibodies.

My question then becomes: What in the heck did these people have? It wasn't hay fever or the common cold they are describing. In fact, all their symptoms are identical to what we're told the CV-19 symptoms are - notably bad and persistent cough, acute shortness of breath, loss of lack of taste, etc. Few if any say they had the runny nose and congestion common to flu.

Was there some other virus widely circulating in the country in November, December, January and February that was not this year's flu and was not CV-19? Is it a close cousin of CV-19? I know this: It was something ... and it was wide-spread.

[May 12, 2020] Even if French athletes who participated in Wuhan games tested positive there would be no way to know when they caught it

Notable quotes:
"... And if they were all positives, wouldn't that give a hint? ..."
May 12, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Mina , May 12 2020 12:45 utc | 104

Interesting, the Fr vice-minister of defense was interrogated today by the Senate about the gov response to the epidemy, and she said there was no plan to test the athletes who participated in the military olympics in Wuhan "because even if they tested positive there would be no way to know when they caught it"... no kidding? And if they were all positives, wouldn't that give a hint?
(in French, from Le Parisien live covering)

12h55. Pas de dépistage pour les athlètes des Jeux militaires. La secrétaire d'Etat aux Armées Geneviève Darrieussecq, interrogée lors d'une audition au Sénat, estime que dépister les athlètes français présents en octobre aux Jeux militaires mondiaux de Wuhan, en Chine, n'aurait " pas de sens " car les tests, si positifs au Covid-19, n'indiqueraient pas la date de contamination.")

[May 12, 2020] To add to the vaping-cases speculation: The vaping-associated lung illnesses only seems to have occurred in the US, with a handful of possible cases later on in Canada

May 12, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Canadian Cents , May 12 2020 2:18 utc | 66

To add to the vaping-cases speculation:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6776374/

"In July 2019, the Illinois Department of Public Health and the Wisconsin Department of Health Services launched a coordinated epidemiologic investigation ..."

"ranging from April 24 to September 19, 2019"

"Illinois cases predominantly occurred in the northeast region of the state (in Chicago and the surrounding counties, close to the Wisconsin border) but have since been reported in other regions of the state."

"Most Wisconsin cases were initially clustered in the southeastern region of the state but have since been reported throughout western and central Wisconsin as well."

Why would these mysterious COVID-19-like lung illnesses initially have been clustered around Chicago/Milwaukee? Perhaps it was caused by a local vaping product that was first available and adopted only in that particular region??? The vaping-associated lung illnesses only seems to have occurred in the US, with a handful of possible cases later on in Canada. That kind of local clustering and eventual spreading sounds more like a virus spreading ...

[May 11, 2020] The time required for the mutations we see in the Covid-19 could be a proof that the virus genome was fine-tuned to achieve certain characteristics, not as a weapon, but to study the possible mutations that make the virus more infectious in gain of function experiments

Notable quotes:
"... "We will use S protein sequence data, infectious clone technology, in vitro and in vivo infection experiments and analysis of receptor binding to test the hypothesis that % divergence thresholds in S protein sequences predict spillover potential" ..."
"... I am affraid that this "S protein divergence" that was searched in the project (by "infectious clone technology") is what could perfectly cause the "spillover" around the world we see now, and the project was made in the I.V. of Wuhan. ..."
"... it was developed in some lab somewhere by serial passage through ferrets (an animal with ACE2 receptors like humans) which would result in a 4% divergence in a compressed timeframe (maybe a few years for tens of passages). We know that such research has been conducted in labs around the world. We know that accidental leakage also occurs frequently (more often than anyone likes). ..."
"... We should also take note that many experts who are involved with Gain of Function research have been very vocal about how SARS-COV-2 was definitely natural, but they have a conflict of interest - they do not want to be blamed for doing dangerous research so they do not even discuss that their research exists, and the media politely do not enquire ..."
May 11, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

DFC , May 11 2020 20:24 utc | 11

In a world with thousands of international flights everyday you cannot say exactly where the virus appeared or was spreading, in our globalized world an epidemic became a pandemic in just 24 hours due to a very infectious virus; you can only estimate the origin from the place with a very big cluster of people infected, and that was Wuhan (simple probabilities).

Of course the theory of man made origin has not been debunked, someone can say is less probable, but it is far from impossible, and the time required for the mutations we see in the Covid-19 could be a proof that the virus genome was fine-tuned to achieve certain characteristics, not as a weapon, but to study the possible mutations that make the virus more infectious, just to avoid a pandemic....And that is exactly the scope of this project (to study the risk of epidemic from bat coronavirus):

https://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=9819304&icde=49881458&ddparam=&ddvalue=&ddsub=&cr=6&csb=default&cs=ASC&pball=

They say in the "Project Information":

"We will use S protein sequence data, infectious clone technology, in vitro and in vivo infection experiments and analysis of receptor binding to test the hypothesis that % divergence thresholds in S protein sequences predict spillover potential"

I am affraid that this "S protein divergence" that was searched in the project (by "infectious clone technology") is what could perfectly cause the "spillover" around the world we see now, and the project was made in the I.V. of Wuhan.

Accidents happens, that's life

Deltaeus , May 11 2020 20:28 utc | 13

Experts estimate that it took 20 to 70 years for the SARS-CoV-2 virus and its relative in bats to develop from a common ancestor. The development of SARS-CoV-2 likely did not take place within bats but in some animal which has an organism more similar to the human one.

These two points are not in dispute, but the conclusion is not a "slam-dunk".

These facts suggest two possibilities:

1. the virus developed naturally over the last 70 years, maybe involving raccoon dogs, maybe pangolins, maybe something else, but unfortunately we have not detected it in any animal population. It made the jump to humans, but unfortunately we have not detected the several unsuccessful attempts that are generally associated with zoonotic transfer.

2. it was developed in some lab somewhere by serial passage through ferrets (an animal with ACE2 receptors like humans) which would result in a 4% divergence in a compressed timeframe (maybe a few years for tens of passages). We know that such research has been conducted in labs around the world. We know that accidental leakage also occurs frequently (more often than anyone likes).

Have we seen enough evidence at this point to come down hard on one side rather than keep an open mind?

We should also take note that many experts who are involved with Gain of Function research have been very vocal about how SARS-COV-2 was definitely natural, but they have a conflict of interest - they do not want to be blamed for doing dangerous research so they do not even discuss that their research exists, and the media politely do not enquire.

[May 11, 2020] Inside The Mysterious Lung Illness Linked To Vaping On Point

Notable quotes:
"... "Patients, mostly otherwise healthy and in their late teens and 20s, are showing up with severe shortness of breath, often after suffering for several days with vomiting, fever and fatigue. Some have wound up in the intensive care unit or on a ventilator for weeks. Treatment has been complicated by patients' lack of knowledge -- and sometimes outright denial -- about the actual substances they might have used or inhaled." ..."
"... Grace Tatter produced this hour for broadcast. ..."
"... This program aired on September 4, 2019. ..."
May 11, 2020 | www.wbur.org

New York Times : " The Mysterious Vaping Illness That's 'Becoming an Epidemic' " -- "An 18-year-old showed up in a Long Island emergency room, gasping for breath, vomiting and dizzy. When a doctor asked if the teenager had been vaping, he said no.

"The patient's older brother, a police officer, was suspicious. He rummaged through the youth's room and found hidden vials of marijuana for vaping.

"'I don't know where he purchased it. He doesn't know,' said Dr. Melodi Pirzada, chief pediatric pulmonologist at NYU Winthrop Hospital in Mineola, N.Y., who treated the young man. 'Luckily, he survived.'

"Dr. Pirzada is one of the many physicians across the country treating patients -- now totaling more than 215 -- with mysterious and life-threatening vaping-related illnesses this summer. The outbreak is 'becoming an epidemic,' she said. 'Something is very wrong.'

"Patients, mostly otherwise healthy and in their late teens and 20s, are showing up with severe shortness of breath, often after suffering for several days with vomiting, fever and fatigue. Some have wound up in the intensive care unit or on a ventilator for weeks. Treatment has been complicated by patients' lack of knowledge -- and sometimes outright denial -- about the actual substances they might have used or inhaled."

Washington Post : " As vaping-related lung illnesses spike, investigators eye contaminants " -- "State and federal health authorities are focusing on the role of contaminants or counterfeit substances as a likely cause of vaping-related lung illnesses -- now up to 354 possible cases in 29 states, nearly double the number reported to be under investigation last week, The Washington Post has learned.

"Officials are narrowing the possible culprits to adulterants in vaping products purported to have THC, the component in marijuana that makes users high, as well as adulterants in nicotine vaping products.

"The sudden onset of these mysterious illnesses and the patients' severe and distinctive symptoms have led investigators to focus on contaminants, rather than standard vaping products that have been in wide use for many years."

CNBC : " US health officials investigating 215 possible cases of severe lung disease associated with vaping " -- "U.S. health officials are investigating 215 possible cases of severe lung disease associated with vaping across 25 states, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration said in a joint statement Friday.

"The agencies said they need more information to understand whether there's a relationship between specific products or substances and the reported illnesses. As of now, it does not appear the cases are linked to one particular product, the agencies said, noting that in 'many' of the cases, patients reported using THC or CBD, compounds found in cannabis.

"'Even though cases appear similar, it is not clear if these cases have a common cause or if they are different diseases with similar presentations, which is why our ongoing investigation is critical,' CDC Director Robert Redfield and acting FDA Commissioner Ned Sharpless said in a joint statement."

Grace Tatter produced this hour for broadcast.

This program aired on September 4, 2019.

[May 11, 2020] The Novel Coronavirus Went Global In November - Or Maybe Even Earlier

Vaping epidemic again takes the center stage
Notable quotes:
"... France recently also reported a case in November ..."
"... That is why the earlier lauding of the Intelligence Community Statement here https://twitter.com/ODNIgov/status/1255868108356681728 on the basis that it said the virus was not manmade nor genetically modified, was so dangerous; it appeared countervail the harshest China critique. But what that Statement also did was, tenuously and without providing any evidence, flatly assert that the " COVID-19 virus originated in China ". I cautioned against embracing this IC Statement in a comment to the article of May 1st. ..."
"... Obviously there's still far too little information to make any definite conclusions about the exact origins of the virus. However, There was a big hullabaloo in the US last fall about aggressive cases of influenza that the media kept blaming on the vaping crazy. I remember thinking at that time why was there such a fuss about vaping when plane old regular cigarettes were still killings tens of thousands per year vs a few dozen deaths caused by vaping. I don't support vaping, it just seemed to me that the media attention was overblown given the number of deaths involved, maybe the crumbling US health services tried to conceal the early outbreak of the virus in the US by blaming the unusual number of influenza deaths on vaping. ..."
"... The Vaping Lung Illness, first cases Illinois, Wisconsin April 2019. 2,799 hospitalised and 60 deaths. Reporting dropped in Sept. 2019. ..."
May 11, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org
The South China Morning Post says that earliest known Chinese patient one fell ill on November 17:
According to the government data seen by the Post, a 55 year-old from Hubei province could have been the first person to have contracted Covid-19 on November 17.

From that date onwards, one to five new cases were reported each day. By December 15, the total number of infections stood at 27 – the first double-digit daily rise was reported on December 17 – and by December 20, the total number of confirmed cases had reached 60.

In late December doctors in Wuhan connected six cases of pneunomia which had similar rare progression of the disease and concluded that there was a new bug in town. After it was established that the disease was caused by a new virus a systematic look for earlier occurrences was launched. It is not at all astonishing that previously unrecognized cases were found.

But it was not only in Wuhan that earlier cases were found.

Anecdotal evidence from Bergamo, Italy, that was ravaged by the virus in February, strongly suggests earlier cases:

A "strange pneumonia" was circulating in northern Italy as long ago as November, weeks before doctors were made aware of the novel coronavirus outbreak in China, one of the European country's leading medical experts said this week.

"They [general practitioners] remember having seen very strange pneumonia, very severe, particularly in old people in December and even November," Giuseppe Remuzzi, the director of the Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research in Milan, said in an interview with the National Public Radio of the United States.

"This means that the virus was circulating, at least in [the northern region of] Lombardy and before we were aware of this outbreak occurring in China."

France recently also reported a case in November:

Covid-19 cases in France can be dated back to as early as November 16, nearly 10 weeks before the country's first confirmed cases of the disease were thought to have occurred, according to a French hospital.

The November case was identified by the hospital's medical imaging department after carrying out a retrospective study on about 2,500 chest scans performed between November 1 and April 30.
...
In France, some cases were already in circulation in November, said Michel Schmitt, chief doctor of the medical imaging department at Albert Schweitzer Hospital in the town of Colmar in Alsace, near the border with Germany.
...
"[There was a] very slow progression of the pathology's negative impact until the end of February, then a rapid increase in its impact, peaking on March 31."

A chest scan that shows a widespread 'ground glass opacity' is typical for Covid-19 patients and differs significantly from scans of typical pneumonia patients .

But archived chest scans are not the only signs that the disease has occurred in a former patient. Subsequent blood tests for antibodies can identify patients who recovered from the disease. That apparently happened in New Jersey:

The mayor of Belleville is making a startling yet uncorroborated claim that he contracted the coronavirus in New Jersey in November, two months before the first confirmed U.S. case in Washington State.

Mayor Michael Melham said he recently asked his doctor, days after a routine physical, to test his blood for COVID-19 antibodies -- and got a positive finding on Wednesday.
...
He recounted becoming ill while in Atlantic City attending the New Jersey League of Municipalities Conference.

"I was definitely feeling sick when I was there, and fought my way through it," he told NJ Advance Media on Thursday.

After returning home Nov. 21 from the convention, Melham said a doctor diagnosed his worsening symptoms -- including a 102-degree fever, chills, hallucinations and a sore throat that ended up lasting for three weeks -- as a bad case of the flu.

"I have never been sicker in my entire life," Melham said, though he acknowledged that he did not have the respiratory problems often associated with the coronavirus.

In a phone interview, Melham conceded he does not know he had the coronavirus.

"Nobody can be sure," he said.

"But I am nearly certain, for two reasons: I have never been that gravely ill in my adult life, and the antibodies that I have are the longer-term ones, not the most recent ones," he said.

His test result showed the IgG antibody, which according to Science News lasts longer than the IgM antibody that typically is produced about a week after infection.

Melham said he has done no traveling in recent months, other than a late-January trip to Puerto Rico. He lives alone.

The symptoms the mayor describes, especially the hallucinations which are uncommon in patients with a flu, fit those of a 'mild' case of Covid-19. And while the quick blood tests can have some false positives they only rarely react on antibodies to other viruses. Some enterprising researcher will hopefully ask the mayor for another blood sample and use a more specific laboratory test to give a definitive judgment of the case.

The above show likely and definitely mid-November occurrences of Covid-19 in China, Italy, France and the United States. More such findings from elsewhere are likely to come up in the near future.

That the virus had traveled so far back in November means that it must have been around for much longer than anticipated.

A conspiracy theory by one George Webb had suggested that a U.S. soldiers, Sergeant Maatje Benassi, carried the virus to the Military World Games in Wuhan and had spread it there. The claim has been debunked and in the text below his original video Webb, who is known to peddle disinformation, retracted it while spinning a new conspiracy theory:

I am officially retracting my earlier reporting that Maatje Benassi tested positive for CoronaVirus. I realize now I was being fed bad information to entrap me ...

The Military World Games in Wuhan ended on October 27. It is unlikely that the virus spread from there to come up just two weeks later in completely unrelated persons in four different countries.

One will probably have to go back further to find possible first outbreaks. This July 2019 cluster of pneumonia of unknown cause in Fairfax County now looks awfully suspicious:

A third person has died following an outbreak of respiratory illness at a Fairfax County assisted-living facility that began more than two weeks ago, county health officials said Wednesday.

The outbreak at Greenspring Village in Springfield also spread to the unit's staff, affecting 19 employees, Fairfax County Health Department officials said.

At a news conference Wednesday at the agency's headquarters, Benjamin Schwartz, director of epidemiology and population health at the Fairfax County Health Department, said tests, including those conducted on 17 samples by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, have failed to identify a likely cause. Tests for Legionnaires' disease have also come up negative. Officials tested for a range of common virus- or bacteria-borne respiratory illnesses.
...
[In a] notice that went out on July 10 from Donna L. Epps, an administrator at Greenspring, said several residents had been having symptoms of respiratory illness, including fever, coughing and body aches. Epps's notice, which says the symptoms recede in about five to seven days with treatment but have caused pneumonia, also announced limits on visitors, enhanced sanitation measures and other steps.
...
Late Tuesday, the Health Department gave an updated tally, saying 63 people in the assisted-living and skilled-nursing unit have become sick. The agency said there have been no new hospitalizations since 23 people were admitted after the outbreak began June 30. The agency was alerted to the outbreak on July 8.

Greenspring Village has high ratings and is expensive. They presumably have qualified staff. They isolated early and thereby probably prevented a further spread. The symptoms and the timing of the disease fit to a Covid-19 diagnosis and the patients tested negative for all other known causes. One hopes that the chest scans from the pneumonia patients still exist and can be used to make a definite judgment.

Who the first human was who carried the virus and where it was infected is still unknown. That the virus was first detected in Wuhan does not mean that it originated there. Th experts agree that the virus evolved naturally. The epidemic was certainly not caused by someone who recently ate a bat. It is likely unrelated to the 'wet' farmers market where a cluster of early patients came from. While the virus was definitely spreading there in December it is unlikely that the market is the original place where the virus moved from an animal to a human.

The appearance of cases in November in different global regions points to a much earlier first infection than previously assumed. All the early accusations against China have now shown to be as false as the promotion of the useless but potentially dangerous Hydroxychloroquine as a therapy for Covid-19.

Posted by b on May 11, 2020 at 18:35 UTC | Permalink


bjd , May 11 2020 18:50 utc | 1

That is why the earlier lauding of the Intelligence Community Statement here https://twitter.com/ODNIgov/status/1255868108356681728 on the basis that it said the virus was not manmade nor genetically modified, was so dangerous; it appeared countervail the harshest China critique. But what that Statement also did was, tenuously and without providing any evidence, flatly assert that the " COVID-19 virus originated in China ". I cautioned against embracing this IC Statement in a comment to the article of May 1st.
Kadath , May 11 2020 19:05 utc | 2
Obviously there's still far too little information to make any definite conclusions about the exact origins of the virus. However, There was a big hullabaloo in the US last fall about aggressive cases of influenza that the media kept blaming on the vaping crazy. I remember thinking at that time why was there such a fuss about vaping when plane old regular cigarettes were still killings tens of thousands per year vs a few dozen deaths caused by vaping. I don't support vaping, it just seemed to me that the media attention was overblown given the number of deaths involved, maybe the crumbling US health services tried to conceal the early outbreak of the virus in the US by blaming the unusual number of influenza deaths on vaping.
Noirette , May 11 2020 19:27 utc | 5
I posted about Bergamo and Brescia v. complicated maybe more later.

Springfield, an old ppls home, btw, is a favorite 'Outbreak' quoted by the Chinese, Russians and others. (Another old ppl home nearby was also affected.)

==========

"Symptoms typically develop over a period of days but sometimes can manifest over several weeks. Many cases, patients reported a gradual start of symptoms, including: breathing difficulty, shortness of breath, and/or chest pain before hospitalization. ( .) patients have experienced respiratory symptoms (cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain), and some have also experienced gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea) or non-specific symptoms (fatigue, fever, or weight loss). ( ) Fever, elevated heart rate, and elevated white blood cell count have been reported, even though no infectious disease has been identified.

Many patients have required medical treatment with supplemental oxygen. Some required assisted ventilation. Some patients have been treated with corticosteroids with demonstrated improvement. Evidence does not suggest an infectious disease is the cause of the severe pulmonary disease.

( .)

On September 12, 2019 the CDC no longer reported possible cases. The CDC changed its reporting methodology "

-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

The Vaping Lung Illness, first cases Illinois, Wisconsin April 2019. 2,799 hospitalised and 60 deaths. Reporting dropped in Sept. 2019.

Nothing has been reported about it since, despite so called inquiries to be launched. How this came about idk, maybe many had atypical pneumonia, and if 'vaping' were immediately considered as having a clear cause. (It was a category at the CDC.) COV19 imho.

google: 2019 vaping lung illness wiki (direct link doesn't work)

Hail , May 11 2020 19:29 utc | 6
Timing games might be a fun game to play, but in fact viruses similar to this one are always going around (no need to propose July 2019 pneumonia cases, e.g., were the Wuhan Magic Mystery Flu), usually in winter.

The important thing is, by now it's clear that this one just isn't the kind of Apocalypse Virus it was marketed to be:

Stay-Open Sweden set to lose 0.02% of total population to Coronavirus, in line with usual peak flu years; 2020 may equal 2018 in total mortality; why did we destroy the economy over this?

How do we get out of this?

Ape , May 11 2020 19:31 utc | 7
Purely anecdotal, but; a work mate returned from a month's long vacation in Vietnam in September and got very sick with what would now be deemed highly likely to be Covid. The guys sitting closest to him in the break room got sick soon after, I being one. It was a very bad flu, with breathing problems, (though I didn't experience the degree of what has since been related). It was the worst bug I can remember getting, and I'm no spring chicken. That was late September 2019.
Doryphore , May 11 2020 19:32 utc | 8
A group of doctors in Japan said they used antibody tests to find Japanese hospital patients who had it in September and one patient who had it in August. They've yet to publish in a peer review journal but released the results on social media.

https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=3734434503294208&id=100001830850140

[May 11, 2020] Was Vaping epidemic somehow connected with early, less contagious strain of COVID-19

Notable quotes:
"... It started way before October. The bullshit induced moral panic over pot-vaping I mean illness spiked in August. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/e-cigarettes/severe-lung-disease.html ..."
"... Assuming the best case scenario, that it was only incompetence that made the US miss the outbreak of a pandemic on its soil, a fair conclusion is that the Chinese government has more care and more respect for its people than so-called "democracies" . Unlike others, China took the pain to identify and contain an epidemic that would have otherwise taken a high toll on the elderly, the vulnerable and health personnel. ..."
"... -- As the ground glass opacity (white patches) can be easily seen in CT scans of the lungs of patients with the novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia, it should have been an easy thing to separate the cases of COVID-19 and H1N1 flu. But why were there so many misdiagnoses? ..."
"... -- Why are there new [US] biological laboratories in Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan? Are those labs for biochemical warfare? ..."
"... Considering that the Jul 2019 lab breach of containment has happened in a unique location, involving limited personnel, and was found out, is it not possible that the US authorities had locally applied the same measures China did, almost quenching a nascent epidemic and postponing its outbreak? ..."
"... President Trump's charges are indeed ridiculous: he pretends that his country is the only one on Earth not to have received the epidemic warnings issued by China, while all other nations have been applying more or less strict containment measures for months. ..."
"... There is also the possibility that the "doubling period" was not initially (in the early stages, in the U.S.) so short as every 5 or even 3 days when there were very few initial cases, or indeed, only ONE ("Patient Zero") initial case. ..."
"... That is to say, unless and until a minimum critical mass of infected is reached, the rate of spread of Detrick-19 virus could be significantly slower. INITIALLY. ..."
"... It is possible the infected "Patient Zero from Ft. Detrick" simply had little opportunity to interact with others for some time (for example, he might have been someone who spent time alone, liked to read, a bit of a shut-in, who knows?) ..."
"... You start with only one person accidentally exposed and sick. It COULD theoretically have taken 2 weeks to a month to infect a second, and another 2 weeks/1 month for those 2 infected people to become 4 infected. And so forth. ..."
"... UNTIL you hit say 100 or more people infected and interacting in society all at once, at which time an inflection point is reached, and the daily rate of increase trends sharply upward. ..."
"... IF, in fact, a critical mass of infected people need to be present for the Detrick-19 Virus to spread quickly, then, I have to admit, it does point rather heavily in the direction of a deliberate (vice accidental) effort to spread the virus in Wuhan, China and Qom, Iran -- in other words, NOT AN ACCIDENT, but a premeditated act of war by the United States against China and Iran. ..."
May 11, 2020 | www.unz.com

anon [488] Disclaimer , says: Show Comment March 22, 2020 at 4:15 pm GMT

It started way before October. The bullshit induced moral panic over pot-vaping I mean illness spiked in August. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/e-cigarettes/severe-lung-disease.html

And this commenter got it before that. With no vaping of anything. I don't get anything. So did xymph. It was persistent and bad but fortunately pneumonia and fibrosis did not ensue. And Lola Short was not the first fake flu death, either. CDC emergency response is classified in part because they were testing for it novel coronavirus along.

EVALI my ass, that was CIA OPSEC.

Iris , says: Show Comment March 22, 2020 at 7:41 pm GMT
Many thanks to the author for yet another great article.

Assuming the best case scenario, that it was only incompetence that made the US miss the outbreak of a pandemic on its soil, a fair conclusion is that the Chinese government has more care and more respect for its people than so-called "democracies" . Unlike others, China took the pain to identify and contain an epidemic that would have otherwise taken a high toll on the elderly, the vulnerable and health personnel.

Not everyone believes in the best case scenario, however.

From CGTN Chinese website, this "1o Questions to the US government " article asks in particular:

-- As the ground glass opacity (white patches) can be easily seen in CT scans of the lungs of patients with the novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia, it should have been an easy thing to separate the cases of COVID-19 and H1N1 flu. But why were there so many misdiagnoses?

-- Why are there new [US] biological laboratories in Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan? Are those labs for biochemical warfare?

https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-03-19/10-questions-for-the-U-S-Where-did-the-novel-coronavirus-come-from -- OZrgRTSZfa/index.html

foolisholdman , says: Show Comment March 22, 2020 at 9:56 pm GMT

"Nothing would make that triumph sweeter than the public revelation that our CDC knew about Covid-19 last September. "

Take a look at this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MCEM5dPZP8k

Iris , says: Show Comment March 22, 2020 at 11:04 pm GMT
@Ron Unz

As we know from China, Northern Italy, and most recently New York, Coronavirus is *extremely* contagious. In the absence of severe government restrictions, the number of infected individuals tends to double ever 3-5 days

As of the 5th March, where no stringent health measures had been implemented yet except in Asia, the number of infected people globally was around 100,000 and was doubling every 6 days. At the same time, and by implementing strict containment, China had managed to extend the doubling rate to two months .

Considering that the Jul 2019 lab breach of containment has happened in a unique location, involving limited personnel, and was found out, is it not possible that the US authorities had locally applied the same measures China did, almost quenching a nascent epidemic and postponing its outbreak?

America has a population of something like 330 million, and if so few Americans were infected in October 2019 that nobody here noticed, the likelihood that tiny handful would happen to include the ones visiting Wuhan is nil.

Just before major competitions, sports team gather for extensive training and "friendly" games; it is always the case. It is possible that one or two American individuals only were infected, then contaminated their colleagues during training just prior to the games, thus making the cluster that brought the virus to Wuhan only a little time before the games.

So instead they concocted this ridiculous "Oops!" theory just so that they have something to say in response to Trump's ridiculous charges.

President Trump's charges are indeed ridiculous: he pretends that his country is the only one on Earth not to have received the epidemic warnings issued by China, while all other nations have been applying more or less strict containment measures for months.

These assumptions are for an accidental contamination.

Anonymous [392] Disclaimer , says: Show Comment March 23, 2020 at 12:11 am GMT
@Ron Unz

As we know from China, Northern Italy, and most recently New York, Coronavirus is *extremely* contagious. In the absence of severe government restrictions, the number of infected individuals tends to double ever 3-5 days, thereby increasing by a factor of something like 100-1000x per month. And it seems to kill at least 1% of the population, perhaps rising to 5% when the health system collapses under the strain of the 20% who require hospitalization

(Allow me to play Devil's Advocate):

There is also the possibility that the "doubling period" was not initially (in the early stages, in the U.S.) so short as every 5 or even 3 days when there were very few initial cases, or indeed, only ONE ("Patient Zero") initial case.

That is to say, unless and until a minimum critical mass of infected is reached, the rate of spread of Detrick-19 virus could be significantly slower. INITIALLY.

(A 5-day doubling period would be a rough compounded increase of 15% a day, while a 3-day doubling period would be a rough compounded increase of 26% a day -- these are obviously very fast).

What if, for reasons of the patterns and frequencies of travel and typical interaction and circulation of individuals in society (all the usual activities -- driving on the freeway, playing video games, fixing up his own house etc.), as long as only a few individuals were sick, the doubling period was as long as 30, even 45 days?

It is possible the infected "Patient Zero from Ft. Detrick" simply had little opportunity to interact with others for some time (for example, he might have been someone who spent time alone, liked to read, a bit of a shut-in, who knows?)

You start with only one person accidentally exposed and sick. It COULD theoretically have taken 2 weeks to a month to infect a second, and another 2 weeks/1 month for those 2 infected people to become 4 infected. And so forth.

UNTIL you hit say 100 or more people infected and interacting in society all at once, at which time an inflection point is reached, and the daily rate of increase trends sharply upward.

(Devil's Advocate mode off.)

OTOH,

IF, in fact, a critical mass of infected people need to be present for the Detrick-19 Virus to spread quickly, then, I have to admit, it does point rather heavily in the direction of a deliberate (vice accidental) effort to spread the virus in Wuhan, China and Qom, Iran -- in other words, NOT AN ACCIDENT, but a premeditated act of war by the United States against China and Iran.

To which reasonable conclusion, quite a few of our countrymen have come.

[May 11, 2020] 3 dead, new total of sickened individuals reported at Greenspring Retirement Community WJLA

May 11, 2020 | wjla.com

SPRINGFIELD, Va. (ABC7) -- The Fairfax County Health Department is now reporting a new total of individuals sickened by a mysterious illness at a Springfield retirement community.

As of Tuesday, a total of 63 individuals out of 263 residents in the assisted living and skilled nursing sections of the Greenspring Retirement Community have become ill. Although no new hospitalizations have been reported, there are now three deaths associated with the outbreak.

RELATED: Mystery virus: What's killing, hospitalizing residents at Greenspring retirement center?

The Fairfax County Health Department does not know the full medical history and the extent to which the respiratory illnesses have contributed to the deaths.

RELATED: 2 dead, 18 hospitalized by respiratory virus outbreak at Va. retirement community

Additionally, the Fairfax County Health Department has been informed that 19 employees have also reported symptoms of the upper respiratory illness since the outbreak began on June 30.

The results of testing by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are still pending.

This is a developing story and will be updated once more information is available.

[May 11, 2020] Mystery virus What's killing, hospitalizing residents at Greenspring retirement center WJLA

May 11, 2020 | wjla.com

SPRINGFIELD, Va. (WJLA) -- The symptoms usually start with a cough.

In less than 2 weeks, a mystery virus at Springfield's Greenspring Retirement Community has gotten 55 residents sick. Twenty have been hospitalized -- some with pneumonia -- and two people have died.

2 dead, 20 hospitalized by respiratory virus outbreak at Va. retirement community

Dr. Benjamin Schwartz is the director of epidemiology at the Fairfax County Health Department. He says the county has seen similar outbreaks but they're usually influenza in the winter.

"Our most important concern right now is ensuring the safety of other residents who are there," said Dr. Schwartz.

The outbreak has only been reported in the assisted living and skilled nursing facilities, but the retirement center's management is still telling residents visitation is suspended until further notice, and no Garden Ridge residents, healthy or sick, should leave their respective neighborhoods.

Dr. Schwartz says the community is taking proper steps and thoroughly cleaning the facility while Inova Health and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention work to figure out what kind of a virus this is and how it is spreading.

"These panels have looked for several of the most common pathogens and they have been negative so far," said Dr. Schwartz.

[May 11, 2020] US origin?

May 11, 2020 | acloserlookonsyria.shoutwiki.com

US origin?

Unknown respiratory illness hits a care home in Virginia in July 2019 Virginia Department of Health warns residents of increase in respiratory illnesses on July 19, 2020

[May 11, 2020] In any case, something happened at the Fort Detrick lab that caused the CDC to shut it down last July. Humans may have been contaminated (it's possible but we won't know unless Fort Detrick work is declassified).

May 11, 2020 | www.unz.com

Stoneman , says: Show Comment March 23, 2020 at 12:58 am GMT

The facts presented by Dr. Roberts have checked out. They provide an alternative theory for the origin of the SARS-2 Coronavirus. It is after all only a theory, same as the theory that it came from Wuhan bats. We'll probably never know unless everyone works together on the investigation. Even then, we won't be absolutely sure. While both sides like to say everything is on the table, cooperation apparently is not included. I think China is tired of getting insulted and attacked by morons, which is understandable. I myself do enjoy the freedom to lie and insult and be ignorant, and the Chinese will have to pry that away from my cold dead fingers.

As for Ron's opinion on the contagious character of the current strains, we should remember that viruses mutate very frequently. Therefore the early Coronavirus strain that first infected humans may have survived in the hosts for long periods without causing harm or readily transmitted to another human. Eventually, a mutuation creates the protein spikes that lets the virus grab onto human cells (see linked scientific article below), especially bronchial and pulmonary epithelial cells. Then all hell breaks loose. I would like to make Dr. Roberts's theory a bit more complete by adding that the SARS-2 Coronavirus likely originated from a bat. It is known to be studied in Fort Detrick ostensibly for scientific purposes. On this, America is not alone. Many governments and research institutes know that this is coming and have been studying on ways to defend humans from the next outbreak. The only thing that seems a little suspicious is why Fort Detrick? Googling Fort Detrick and MK Ultra will give us some background.

In any case, something happened at the Fort Detrick lab that caused the CDC to shut it down last July. Humans may have been contaminated (it's possible but we won't know unless Fort Detrick work is declassified). Since the Coronavirus did not have that protein spike for attaching to human cells, the infected persons did not get sick, and there was minimal or no transmission. To the rest of the world, nothing happened. The next significant mutation may allow the virus to become transmitted to another human host, similar to how even today over eighty percent of the infected are asymptomatic or experience only slight flu symptoms. People would think that it's just a cold. The next big mutation probably occurred shortly before or after the GIs arrived at Wuhan. The protein spikes are now much better adapted to attaching to human pulmonary epithelial cells, which causes pneumonia and since there is no defence against this new virus, the result could be deadly. Subsequent mutations may have further adapted SAR-2 to human cells making the virus very contagious among humans. This is of course, still a theory, but hopefully answers Ron's concern that Dr. Roberts is a propagandist for the CCP. At the end of the day, we all believe what we want to believe. I believe I'll have a beer.

https://www.livescience.com/coronavirus-not-human-made-in-lab.html

[May 06, 2020] Project G-2101 Pentagon biolab discovered MERS and SARS-like coronaviruses in bats by Dilyana Gaytandzhieva

Images removed...
May 02, 2020 | dilyana.bg

This investigation was originally published at Arms Watch

Two years ago, I investigated an alleged laboratory accident at the Lugar Center, the Pentagon biolaboratory in Georgia's capital Tbilisi, which had resulted in the death of two Filipinos working in the laboratory. The death cases were hidden by the local authorities but I recorded on camera witnesses who testified about this tragic incident.

The Lugar Center, the Pentagon-funded biolaboratory in Georgia's capital Tbilisi (photo: Dilyana Gaytandzhieva)

However, what then seemed to me to be a local issue, turned out to be part of a bigger story. The Lugar Center in Georgia is just one of the many Pentagon biolaboratories in 25 countries across the world. They are funded by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) under a $ 2.1 billion military program – Cooperative Biological Engagement Program (CBEP) , and are located in former Soviet Union countries such as Georgia and Ukraine, the Middle East, South East Asia and Africa. Much of their work is classified and includes projects on bio-agents and pathogens with pandemic potential.

The first known case of use of biological weapons in our history was 250 years ago when the British gave blankets infected with smallpox to the indigenous people of North America. As a result, a great many of them died and the British Empire gained control over the whole continent. 250 years on, history repeats itself. Biological weapons are definitely much more effective than nuclear weapons. The use of nuclear weapons leaves traces: an airplane taking off from an aerodrome and launching a rocket, a large number of participants in preparation of an attack. Therefore, the perpetrators can be easily detected and held to account. Conversely, viruses can be used as weapons, though, they do not leave such immediate or discernible traces and it takes only a few crazy people who have decided to kill millions.

According to some scientific estimates, biological weapons can potentially destroy up to two thirds of the global population in just a year. Our world is one big metropolis and even one virus engineered in a laboratory would be able to fulfil this goal in a short period of time, at a minimal cost and without leaving traces to the perpetrator.

Below, I am presenting information about what I have discovered while investigating Pentagon biolaboratories abroad.

Genetic Study on Bats

The Lugar Center, a $161 million Pentagon-funded biolaboratory in Georgia's capital Tbilisi, discovered coronaviruses in bats with presumably pandemic potential as early as 2014, documents have revealed.

Furthermore, in 2017 the Pentagon launched a $6.5 million program in cooperation with the Lugar Center involving genetic studies on coronaviruses in 5,000 bats collected in Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey and Jordan.

Coincidentally, the same Pentagon contractor tasked with the US DoD bat-research program – Eco Health Alliance, USA, also collected bats and isolated coronaviruses along with Chinese scientists at the Wuhan Institute of Virology. Eco Health Alliance received a $3.7 million grant from the US National Institute of Health (NIH) to collect and study coronaviruses in bats in China from 2014 to 2019.

Novel Coronaviruses

The Lugar Center sparked controversy about possible dual-use research in 2018 when leaked documents revealed that US diplomats in Georgia were involved in trafficking of frozen human blood and pathogens for a secret military program.

Documents reveal that the Lugar Center also studied coronaviruses in bats.

In 2012 the US Center for Disease Control (CDC) collected and sampled 236 bats for research in Georgia in cooperation with the Lugar Center. The project was funded by the US DoD Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). Part of the samples were shipped to CDC (Atlanta), for screening for multiple pathogens, another part was stored at the Lugar Center for further studies.

In 2014 the US Center for Disease Control (CDC) launched a second project "Emerging zoonotic pathogens in Georgian bats" along with Georgian scientists at the Lugar Center. The project was funded by the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC).

Project G-2101 1 of 9
The ISTC project's objective is the discovery of novel pathogens including coronaviruses in Georgian bats.

Former Bioweapon Scientists working at the Lugar Center

ISTC , the organisation that funded the bat project in Georgia in 2014, was established in 1992 as a non-proliferation international program, providing former biological and chemical weapons scientists with new opportunities for sustainable, peaceful employment. Seven of the Georgian scientists involved in the ISTC bat research project in Georgia turn out to be former bioweapon scientists who had previously worked on the development of bioweapons, according to the ISTC project documents. Among them is Paata Imnadze, the deputy-director of the Georgian National Center for Disease Control (NCDC) where the Lugar Center is located.

7 out of 12 Lugar Center employees involved in the bat research project were former bioweapon scientists who had previously worked on the development of biological weapons in the past.
One of the Georgian scientists, Merab Mirtskhulava, has also identified himself as a former bioweapon scientist in his CV published on the University of Michigan's website. He analysed the data collected under the ISTC G-2101 project.

Pathogens with pandemic potential

The Georgian National Center for Disease Control (NCDC) did mention briefly the ISTC Project G-2101 in its 2016 annual report .

250 bats were tested for presence of Lyssavirus, Coronavirus, Yersinia, Leptospira and Brucella pathogens. It is noted that 30 percent of the fecal samples and anal swabs had tested positive for coronaviruses by PCR from five different phylogenetic groups (source: NCDC 2016 Annual Report )
Bat Hunters 1 of 9
The Lugar Center scientists collected 450 bats in total in 2012 and 2014 (photos: Lela Urushadze, Zoonotic pathogens and their molecular epidemiological characteric in Georgian bats, Dissertation, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2018)
Bat samples were shipped to CDC, Atlanta, for screening for pathogens (source: Lela Urushadze, The First Bat Survey for Emerging Zoonotic Pathogens in Georgia)
30 % of the bat samples tested positive for coronaviruses, some of which closely related to the epidemic MERS and SARS CoV (photo: Lela Urushadze, Zoonotic pathogens and their molecular epidemiological characteric in Georgian bats, Dissertation, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2018)

The Lugar Center discovered coronaviruses, similar to the epidemic SARS and MERS coronaviruses, according to the ISTC project manager and Lugar Center virologist Lela Urushadze. These results were published by Urushadze in her dissertation submitted to the Ilia State University in 2018.

Both SARS and MERS CoV have a pandemic potential and already caused global epidemics in 2003 and 2013 respectively.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated the overall fatality rate for SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) patients at 14% to 15%, and for MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) – at 35 %. Below are excerpts from the Urushadze's dissertation:

Coronaviruses in Georgian bats 1 of 8
Lela Urushadze, Zoonotic pathogens and their molecular epidemiological characteric in Georgian bats, Dissertation, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2018)
Lela Urushadze, Zoonotic pathogens and their molecular epidemiological characteric in Georgian bats, Dissertation, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2018)
Lela Urushadze, Zoonotic pathogens and their molecular epidemiological characteric in Georgian bats, Dissertation, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2018)
Lela Urushadze, Zoonotic pathogens and their molecular epidemiological characteric in Georgian bats, Dissertation, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2018)
Lela Urushadze, Zoonotic pathogens and their molecular epidemiological characteric in Georgian bats, Dissertation, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2018)
Lela Urushadze, Zoonotic pathogens and their molecular epidemiological characteric in Georgian bats, Dissertation, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2018)
Lela Urushadze, Zoonotic pathogens and their molecular epidemiological characteric in Georgian bats, Dissertation, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2018)
Lela Urushadze, Zoonotic pathogens and their molecular epidemiological characteric in Georgian bats, Dissertation, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2018)

"Based on our research, we can say that bats in Georgia are reservoirs of such bacterial and viral pathogens as Bartonella, Coronavirus, Leptospira and Brucella, which are likely to have pandemic potential", according to Lela Urushadze. She explains: "In total we have captured 450 bats using nets and hand nets from eight different roosts. The experimental materials were collected twice in 2012 and 2014. They were transported in a field laboratory or BSL 3 Laboratory for further processing and research for presence of the above mentioned pathogens".

According to the study, three samples tested positive for beta coronaviruses and were closely related to the MERS-beta coronavirus isolated in an infected patient in Saudi Arabia who died, as well as to MERS coronaviruses in camels in Saudi Arabia and Dubai.

The Georgian coronaviruses were similar to beta coronaviruses discovered in bats in Spain, Italy, Bulgaria and to the pandemic SARS coronavirus with lethal outcome in Amsterdam, China, Florida and Colorado. The Lugar Center scientists also discovered SARS-like coronaviruses similar to those in bats in China and Thailand.

In her dissertation Lela Urishadze thanks the Pentagon Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) "for the material assistance". Lela Urushadze is a member of the DTRA-supported organisation – BOHRN (Bat One Health research Network) which studies viruses in bats.

$6.5 million US military program on bats and coronaviruses

In 2017 the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) itself launched a $6.5 million project on bats and coronaviruses in Western Asia with the Lugar Center being the local laboratory for this genetic research. The duration of the program is 5 years and has been implemented by the non-profit US organisation Eco Health Alliance.

A letter from Guy Reschenthaler, Member of Congress, to the US Secretary of Defense requiring further information about the $6.5 million grant to Eco Health Alliance.

The project's objectives are: 1. Capture and non-lethally sample 5,000 bats in 5-year period (2017-2022) 2. Collect 20,000 samples (i.e. oral, rectal swabs and/or feces, and blood) and screen for CoVs using consensus PCR at regional labs in Georgia and Jordan. According to the project presentation , Eco Health Alliance already sampled 270 bats of 9 species in three Western Asian countries: 90 individual bats in Turkey (Aug 2018), Georgia (Sept 2018), and Jordan (Oct 2018).

A trap full of bats (photo: Facebook, Kendra Phelps, Eco Health Alliance)
Microbiologists at the Lugar Center extracting RNA from bat feces collected during a field trip in Central Georgia (photo: Facebook, Kendra Phelps, Eco Health Alliance)

$3.7 million for coronavirus research in China

Eco Health Alliance was also awarded a $3.7 million grant from the US National Institute of Health (NIH) to collect bats and isolate coronaviruses in China. The duration of the project was 5 years (2014 – 2019) and was implemented at the Wuhan Institute of Virology – a BSL4 biolaboratory located in Wuhan, Hubei province. This is the same province from where the current coronavirus pandemic is believed to have started in December 2019 before spreading around the world.

The US National Institute of Health (NIH) spent $3.7 million on bat studies in China (2014-2019) (source: US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)' Tracking Accountability in Government Grants System (TAGGS)

The US coronavirus project R01AI110964 in China included the following activities: screening wild-caught and market sampled bats from 30 or more species for CoVs using molecular assays; genomic characterization and isolation of novel CoVs; virus infection experiments across a range of cell cultures from different species and humanized mice.

Peter Daszak, president of Eco Health Alliance, told Democracy Now that he had collected bat samples with Chinese colleagues but the Wuhan laboratory did not house the culture of bat viruses but rather their genetic sequencing. If the viruses were not stored in the Wuhan lab in China, then where were they transported and stored?

This is not the only US-funded project under which Eco Health Alliance collected bats and coronaviruses in China. The US scientists studied bats in Eastern Asia (mainly China) and Africa from 2009 to 2019 under the $200 million USAID Predict program whose primary objective was to exactly predict pandemics.

Eco Health Alliance has been awarded both civil and military contracts by the US Government for one and the same activity – searching for novel coronaviruses in bats around the world. This raises questions as to why the US Government has funded both civil and military programs on viruses in bats abroad.

In 2016 Eco Health Alliance, US scientists and USAID launched the The Global Virome Project . The ambitious project was estimated to cost at least $1.6 billion for 10 years. Its main objective is to identify emerging diseases lurking in the wild that could spread to humans and become pandemic.

The Global Virome Project (GVP) Bellagio forum attendees at the Rockefeller Foundation's Conference Center in Italy, 8-11 August 2016 (photo: Eco Health Alliance)

The Rockefeller Foundation has long been supporting such projects. The foundation has even provided the dangerous Zika Virus for sale online for research purposes.

Ironically, the project was presented at the Rockefeller Foundation's Conference Center in Bellagio, Italy which 4 years later became the epicenter of the coronavirus pandemic in Europe.

P.S. Hundreds of thousands of people around the world have already died in the pandemic. All countries on all continents have been severely affected. If you have any information and would like to share it, please send a message to: dilyana@armswatch.com . If you wish to provide information anonymously, I will not disclose your identity and you will be protected.

I would like to thank all volunteers who have already provided information. I would like also to thank all of you who have supported my work by donations. Thank you to @BMBPeeters who made the first donation. If you want to support Arms Watch , please go to the DONATION page or BECOME VOLUNTEER . Your help matters. This is the battle of our civilization. Thank you.

[May 06, 2020] Humans in their technological progress make unforeseen and stupid errors

May 06, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

uncle tungsten , May 5 2020 6:25 utc | 133

Seer #127
The US excels in murder. The virus seems to be yet another demonstration of that.

Thank you Seer, I agree with your take on this. I might add that I believe the Chinese definitely saw this attack coming and were well prepared for it. They had just experienced three previous attacks, African Swine flu that decimated their pork production, Fall Army Worm that devastated their agriculture and an avian virus that decimated their chicken industry. Certainly they were aware of the intense global research effort into SARS etc as their scientists were right at the top of the research ladder.

None of this is to say that China fabricated the current virus and perhaps no one did. But one thing is certain: humans in their technological progress make unforeseen and stupid errors. BSL4 labs leak. Dams leak. Nuclear reactors leak. Chemical and radioactive waste depositories leak. And humans leak or go shopping for lunch with a virus hitching a ride.

THAT is why labs should NEVER be in population centres and every single country that locates them in such places is incredibly foolish and ignorant. Sure it makes recruitment and life for the scientists simple and easy so they will be keen to do this work for the standard pay. Enough of this grotesque human folly. Time for the world to wake up and if they must conduct this research then only under open and strict revealing reporting. Non compliant nations should be absolutely quarantined and economically sanctioned. Boycotts should apply to all recalcitrants as this world and its people simply cannot afford this risk.

Debate this global issue at the UN. Small countries should unite with one voice to end this stupidity. Who will lead the change? Which nation has the will to advocate change. Don't be deafened by the war chanters - call for change.

[May 06, 2020] Researcher On Cusp Of COVID-19 Breakthrough Killed In Bizarre Murder-Suicide

May 06, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com

A University of Pittsburgh researcher working on a coronavirus project was fatally shot on Saturday at his home in Ross Township, while associate Hao Gu, 46, was found dead in a car approximately 100 yards away of what appeared to be a self-inflicted gunshot.

The researcher, 37-year-oild Bing Liu, was found shot multiple times in the head, neck and torso around Noon on Saturday. Nothing was stolen from the townhouse and there was no forced entry, according to the Post Gazette . He worked in the college's department of computational and systems biology at the Pitt School of Medicine.

"Bing was on the verge of making very significant findings toward understanding the cellular mechanisms that underlie SARS-CoV-2 infection and the cellular basis of the following complications," the department announced in a written statement, adding "We will make an effort to complete what he started in an effort to pay homage to his scientific excellence."

Liu's expertise was developing computational models, simulation and analysis techniques to study the dynamics of biological systems - in some cases using machine learning techniques to understand cellular processes, according to his bio.

He was described as an outstanding teacher and mentor.

"He was a very talented individual, extremely intelligent and hard-working," said the head of his department, Ivet Bahar. "He has been contributing to several scientific projects, publishing in high-profile journals. He was someone whom we all liked very much, a very gentle, very helpful, kind person, very generous."

"We are all shocked to learn what happened to him. This was very unexpected," she added.


whisky eight four , 47 minutes ago

A bit of an overkill, akin to a revenge hit...professional hit's are not so messy...unless it's a cover...

carbonmutant, 18 minutes ago

Multiple gunshot wounds generally means it's personal...

GRDguy , 27 minutes ago

assassination = extreme censorship.

MrBoompi, 2 minutes ago

A lot of people that knew a lot about what happened in NYC on 911 met the same fate. Same fate as the kids who saw the cocaine being unloaded in Mena. Same fate as Gary Webb for writing about CIA drug dealing. The most dangerous position to be in is having first hand knowledge of something the deep state doesn't want anyone to know.

MrAToZ, 9 minutes ago

Motive unknown. How about greed, money, power...🤔

SolidGold, 33 minutes ago

Seth Rich, China style.

firerain828, 12 minutes ago

Remind me of the five top biologists killed in George Bush era and the UK weapon inspector David Kelly who allegedly committed suicide

B-Bond, 17 minutes ago

Sister Cities: Wuhan and Pittsburgh | Pitt Chronicle | University 🍻

IridiumRebel, 26 minutes ago

What's "wet work" in Chinese?

Dr. Bonzo, 31 minutes ago

This is the old saw... the dead horse.... again.... you can get to meet Chinese on an individual basis and make all these same observations. Wonderful person... polite... eager to please... great to work with... blah blah blah blah..... because... Chinese culture is not Western culture. The Chinese will **** you over behind your back. When you're not looking. Preferably when you're not even there. You'll never know about it. Later, after the fact, you'll be stupefied to find out some of the people you thought you knew who conspired to **** you over. But you know what, don't listen to a ******* word of this.

I have zero doubt he was, and has been, siphoning whatever he has been acquiring in the US to institutions in China. Do you REALLY think there isn't or wasn't a more QUALIFIED US reseacher who could be occupying the position he is occupying doing his research? You REALLY think that? REALLY?

Then you guys don't have much of an opinion of your fellow countrymen. Asians mostly excel in group environment, which is why Western academicians cream in their pants over these guys. They don't want argumentative types with their own ideas and their own theories. They want quiet silent obsequious lickspittles. They'll say, oh he 's a ******* genius, when you get down to exactly what he was doing it was tedious grunt work. They praise him because he did it "uncomplainingly." Because he did all his complaining behind your back, undermining your trust, your friendship, your authority.

BUT... nother Chinese at an American university in an R&D position. How did I arrive at these conclusions? Because 30-years ago at our school, mainland commies started showing up and were being shoved into TA slots in NON-STEM areas. Econ... HISTORY....... WTF is a commie doing in the HISTORY department? Well........ rewriting it... duh. What were his qualifications actually? Not. A. *******. Clue. All I know is any American could have occupied that slot and been paid to do what he did with competence, solid command of English. What's REALLY sickening is academia backstabbing THOUSANDS of competent highly skilled AMERICANS in favor of this 3rd world flotsam in the name of progress.

xxx 4Celts, 23 minutes ago (Edited)

  1. 40 top microbiologists killed - Spirituality, Religion and ...
  2. List of over 100 Dead Microbiologists - Prepare For Change

[May 05, 2020] The real blame China has is not coverup but that the opposite: Overreaction When China ordered a province-wide Lockdown, it persuaded enough people that this was uniquely terrifying a virus as to merit extreme measures, setting stage for worldwide panic.

May 05, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Hail , May 4 2020 19:14 utc | 10

The real blame China has is not "coverup" but that the opposite: Overreaction When China ordered a province-wide Lockdown, it persuaded enough people that this was uniquely terrifying a virus as to merit extreme measures, setting stage for worldwide panic.

What if they were wrong?

We now know large declines in the transmission rate occurred BEFORE the lockdowns, meaning simple voluntary measures under a Swedish-style Stay Open scenario were enough:

The coronavirus transmission rate ("R0") fell long before the Lockdown orders; What caused the decline?

The other finding is that, one way or another, this flu-epidemic passes as all others have. It's actually good news, because it means the worst fears were wrong and we can re-open.

[May 05, 2020] Why the US intelligence agencies do not support Trump narrative about coronavirus

Notable quotes:
"... Could it be that a real investigation on the origins of the Virus might blow up into the American faces? There is evidence that the Virus has developed far more mutations in the US than in China where there is basically only one, which suggests it had existed within the US at least many months before it started to spread in China. The Chinese Wuhan experts have worked with American virologists in Texas and Maryland for decades. And at least one sample of the specific bat-virus involved in SARS CoV-2 has been brought to Fort Detrick by a Chinese scientist. ..."
"... And so the sociopathic but not quite as dumb American intelligence agencies might resist the temptation of a China frame-up to hide their own culpability. ..."
"... If the origin was either a US bioattack in Wuhan or a fuck-up in Maryland last summer, and the deep state knows this, it seems they prefer the "natural origin" line over anything that blames any kind of lab release, including from the Wuhan lab. ..."
May 05, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Ortrud , May 5 2020 9:41 utc | 139

The "we kill, we lie, we cheat" agencies aren't exactly the most diligent truthtellers in the world. So why are they opposing the Trump government's Wuhan laboratory narrative?

Could it be that a real investigation on the origins of the Virus might blow up into the American faces? There is evidence that the Virus has developed far more mutations in the US than in China where there is basically only one, which suggests it had existed within the US at least many months before it started to spread in China. The Chinese Wuhan experts have worked with American virologists in Texas and Maryland for decades. And at least one sample of the specific bat-virus involved in SARS CoV-2 has been brought to Fort Detrick by a Chinese scientist.

China probably has enough documentation about all of that, to prove it.

And while brainwashed Americans will never believe the Chinese government even if China got all the evidence in the world, the rest of the world might be differently inclined.

And so the sociopathic but not quite as dumb American intelligence agencies might resist the temptation of a China frame-up to hide their own culpability.

Russ , May 5 2020 10:09 utc | 141

Ortrud 140

If the origin was either a US bioattack in Wuhan or a fuck-up in Maryland last summer, and the deep state knows this, it seems they prefer the "natural origin" line over anything that blames any kind of lab release, including from the Wuhan lab.

That's why we're getting this peculiar propaganda line that they're sure it was a "natural origin" but have no theory as to what this origin may have been, now that all the "wet market" theories have fallen apart.

I guess they think that's more effective misdirection, though I doubt that would convince anyone who didn't want to be convinced. Any evidence that this flu was likely to have been engineered in a lab can be used to implicate the US or China, whichever you wanted to blame.

That's why the anti-Trump deep state faction thinks it's better to drum "natural origin" into people's heads, to immunize them against believing any kind of lab origin story.

Of course the dispute also is part of the conflict between the Trump and anti-Trump factions which has been going on since 2016.

[May 05, 2020] Five eyes, the anglosphere intel and propaganda warriors are the best in the world

Notable quotes:
"... When the people who made fake claims about Iraq's WMD, about Russiagate, about Iran's danger, are claiming that the thing isn't manmade, then either it's not manmade or it's US-made and the claim is a lie (what we expect from US intelligence agencies) and a cover-up. ..."
May 05, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

karlof1 , May 4 2020 20:57 utc | 35

In many Ways, Trump reminds me of a Hitler/Stalin admirer. He demands certain results; if you don't supply them, at least Trump will just fire you instead of having you shot or sent to the Gulag -- Evidence of the many IG firings as this article notes .

The daily lies and bald-faced propaganda is at the point where many are aware but still all too many remain oblivious or are Brown Shirts in all but outward appearance. Pompeo would be a perfect example of a clone if Hitler had a PR spokesperson spewing lies daily for the press & public to digest without any thinking. Imagine Hitler with Twitter.

None of the above is meant to denigrate; rather, it's to put them into proper perspective. I invite barflies to click here and just look at the headlines of the posted news items--that site's biggest failing was to omit similar criticism of Obama, Clinton, and D-Party pukes in general, although that doesn't render today's headlines false.

Will the coming Great Depression 2.0 be global or confined to NATO nations? As with the first Great Depression, it will be restricted to being Trans-Atlantic for that's where the dollar zone and Neoliberalism overlap. The emerging dollar-free Eurasian trade zone


Peter AU1 , May 4 2020 21:32 utc | 42

karlof1

Many of Goering's quotes are very accurate as to human nature. US took in Nazi and Japanese scientists. It wouldn't have left the propaganda behind. Goering's quote about taking people to war - nazi's were obviously very good at it as the Germans fought until the very end. US peasants will likely do the same.

Peter AU1 , May 4 2020 21:51 utc | 47
The anti China crap filling the MSM is anglosphere in origin. Five eyes, the anglosphere intel and propaganda warriors will be in it up to their eyeballs.
Clueless Joe , May 4 2020 21:52 utc | 48
When the people who made fake claims about Iraq's WMD, about Russiagate, about Iran's danger, are claiming that the thing isn't manmade, then either it's not manmade or it's US-made and the claim is a lie (what we expect from US intelligence agencies) and a cover-up. That said, odds are on the former, as far as I'm concerned. The absolutely sure thing is that it's not the Chinese who crafted it.
H.Schmatz , May 4 2020 22:05 utc | 49
@Posted by: Clueless Joe | May 4 2020 21:52 utc | 48

Indeed, this is the pattern, as happened with Skripals and Litvinenko, must be an anglo thing.

"The best defesne is a good attack"

[May 05, 2020] Could there be a more obvious demonstration that the man is FULL OF SHIT??

Notable quotes:
"... The bungling, toxic incompetence of this administration is quite something to behold. Wow... ..."
May 05, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

farm ecologist , May 4 2020 18:53 utc | 4

RADDATZ: Do you believe it was manmade or genetically modified?

POMPEO: Look, the best experts so far seem to think it was manmade. I have no reason to disbelieve that at this point.

RADDATZ: Your -- your Office of the DNI says the consensus, the scientific consensus was not manmade or genetically modified.

POMPEO: That's right. I -- I -- I agree with that. Yes. I've -- I've seen their analysis. I've seen the summary that you saw that was released publicly. I have no reason to doubt that that is accurate at this point.

To summarize: Pompeo does not doubt that the virus has been genetically modified, but he also does not doubt that is has not been genetically modified.

Could there be a more obvious demonstration that the man is FULL OF SHIT??


Jpc , May 4 2020 19:13 utc | 8

To Farm ecologist.

You are totally on the money. How or why is he in this job?
It's demented!

Sol Invictus , May 4 2020 19:16 utc | 12
Those incompetent neo-confederates leading america into oblivion will jumble strategic defeats with winning. So much for accountability, hard work and personal responsability... Seems they can't compete fairly without superior military variable of adjustment and threat of violence against adversaries. Orange springs eternal and their great white hope has now adopted a paralizing rhetoric of victimization - republican lawmakers follow suit and are going so far as invoking a western bid for monetary reparations from Chinese depredations. # the art of winnig for maggots, derp.
Daniel , May 4 2020 20:56 utc | 34
The bungling, toxic incompetence of this administration is quite something to behold. Wow...

[May 05, 2020] UK government experince with the White Helmets and the Skripal affair definitly halps in anti-china propaganda.

Highly recommended!
May 05, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

begob , May 5 2020 2:08 utc | 114

In the UK, looks like Tom Tugendhat, chair of the foreign affairs committee, is spreading the China-did-it propaganda, after his comments on the BBC last week. He can file it alongside his promotion of the White Helmets and the Skripal affair.

[May 04, 2020] Petition urges US gov't to clarify army lab shutdown as doubts grow over COVID-19's origin

Notable quotes:
"... On March 10, a petition was launched on the White House's website, asking the US government to make public the real reason for the closure of Fort Detrick, a prominent military germ lab, and to clarify whether the laboratory is the research unit for the new coronavirus "COVID19" and whether there was a virus leak. ..."
"... The Fort Detrick lab is the US Army's top germ lab in Fredrick, Maryland. It studies deadly infectious material such as Ebola and smallpox, and was abruptly shut down in August 2019. ..."
"... "The epidemic of the novel coronavirus pneumonia indeed took place in China, in Wuhan but it does not mean its source is in Wuhan," Zhong said. ..."
Mar 21, 2020 | en.people.cn

Speculation over COVID-19's origin continues to grow, with some people demanding that the US government disclose more information on the closure of a US Army biological laboratory that may be connected to the outbreak.

On March 10, a petition was launched on the White House's website, asking the US government to publish the real reason behind the closure of Fort Detrick. (Screenshot of the White House website)

On March 10, a petition was launched on the White House's website, asking the US government to make public the real reason for the closure of Fort Detrick, a prominent military germ lab, and to clarify whether the laboratory is the research unit for the new coronavirus "COVID19" and whether there was a virus leak.

The Fort Detrick lab is the US Army's top germ lab in Fredrick, Maryland. It studies deadly infectious material such as Ebola and smallpox, and was abruptly shut down in August 2019.

According to media reports, the decision was made out of safety concerns after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found the organization had failed to put in place systems sufficiently capable of decontaminating wastewater and lacked "periodic recertification training for workers in the biocontainment laboratories."

The CDC could not provide more specific details due to "national security reasons," the New York Times reported.

The petition listed a series of conspicuous events in chronological order, showing unexplainable lab-related issues and a possible link between the lab and the coronavirus. For example, the pneumonia of undetermined origin was found in China in November 2019 right after the United States organized Event 201, a global pandemic exercise, with the participation of the Deputy Director of the CIA in October.

The petition also noted that a large number of English news reports about the closure of Fort Detrick were deleted this month, displaying a "404 not found" page.

As of press time, the petition garnered less than 600 signatures, far from the 100,000-signature threshold required to receive an official response from the White House.

On March 13, Zhao Lijian retweeted a website link that provided further evidence that the virus originated in the US. (Screenshot of Zhao Lijian's Twitter)

The petition came days before Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said on Twitter that the lethal virus could have been brought over to Wuhan by the US army. Zhao later retweeted a website link that provided further evidence that the virus originated in the US. The website speculated that the virus had gone from Ft. Detrick to e-cigarettes to Hawaii then to Wuhan.

"This article is very much important to each and every one of us. Please read and retweet it," Zhao tweeted.

"Why Fort Detrick military lab was shut down? Why flu-season came earlier all of sudden? What caused vaping pneumonia? Why not allow people to do coronavirus testing? What are you trying to hide? You own everyone an explanation," Twitter user Julius Ryde commented, directly addressing President Trump.

In response to Zhao's claims, another Chinese foreign ministry spokesman, Geng Shuang, said recently that the international community, including the United States, have different views on the source of the virus and that "this is a scientific issue and requires scientific and professional opinions".

At a press conference on March 18, China's chief medical advisor Zhong Nanshan rejected the widely held assertion that the virus originated in Wuhan and slammed such claims as irresponsible.

"The epidemic of the novel coronavirus pneumonia indeed took place in China, in Wuhan but it does not mean its source is in Wuhan," Zhong said.

[May 04, 2020] Pompeo believes coronavirus was 'man-made,' also agrees with intelligence that it was not

Notable quotes:
"... "The best experts so far seem to think it was man-made. I don't have reason to disbelieve them at this point," ..."
"... "I don't believe the virus was man-made." ..."
May 04, 2020 | www.rt.com

In his rush to accuse Beijing of unleashing the scourge of Covid-19 on an unsuspecting world, the US Secretary of State said the coronavirus was man-made, before making a U-turn without even blinking. "The best experts so far seem to think it was man-made. I don't have reason to disbelieve them at this point," Mike Pompeo told ABC's 'This Week' when asked about a statement from the US intelligence community that unequivocally said the opposite.

Host Martha Raddatz twice asked Pompeo to clarify whether his view differed from that of American intelligence, and he voiced his total support for the spies – though he stopped short of actually saying "I don't believe the virus was man-made."

See also : 'We lied, we cheated, we stole' Pompeo offers honest, if disturbing admission about CIA activity , Apr 29, 2019

[May 03, 2020] Donald Trump Goes Absolutely Bonkers Over China by Barkley Rosser

Notable quotes:
"... Covid-19 aka SARS-CoV-2 could have arisen or been created/precipitated in a lab (Detrick or Wuhan) using bats etc from the original 2003 SARS-Cov WITHOUT genetic engineering. What would eventually happen for instance if you immunize bats against SARS-CoV(2003 original) and then expose those bats regularly to repeated doses of SARS-CoV ? ..."
"... Given how things will probably be going for the US response to the Covid-19 outbreak by November then finding someone else to blame is of utmost importance. ..."
May 03, 2020 | angrybearblog.com
President Trump erupted with a series of demands and threats against China, focusing on various claims about its role in the current pandemic. I have here noted some issues with China's conduct, but Trump makes it completely impossible that there will be any of the much-needed cooperation between the US and China to overcome this virus. He has gone absolutely bonkers. He has now threatened to remove China's sovereign immunity so people can sue it, with a former lawyer of his organization, George Sorial, now of Berman and Associates, cooking up a class action suit against China; a threat to stop paying interest on US bonds held by China, which he probably will not do because it occurs to him that this default on the US national debt might "damage the sacred standing of the dollar" duh; and finally to impose yet more tariffs on China, a threat that promptly sent the stock market plunging after several days of rising, although we know he really likes putting tariffs on China. Probably the first of these would be the least harmful and the most likely he will do, very noisy but not amounting to too much in the end as China will just ignore it. I note that in this press conference he claimed that he has seen intelligence showing a "high probability" that the virus came out of a Wuhan lab. So far no other sources have said that, although by all reports that possibility has not been ruled out. But by this almost certain lie Trump has almost certainly killed any remaining chance that China might cooperate with the US on really determining the ultimate origin of the virus, something that would be scientifically and medically useful. It may be that this origin will be discovered, but it will not be through such cooperation. It is completely reasonable that China will resist something they perceive as possibly leading to them being denounced and sued.

My own theory as to what triggered yesterday's outburst is that he reportedly blew up at his campaign chief, Brad Parscal, onWedneday when Parscale reportedly showed him serious polls showing him losing to Biden in most of the swing states. He apparently was yelling and using the "f word." of course public polling has been showing this for a long time, but Trump has apparently up until Wednesday simply ignored or written off such polls. In any case, this going after China big time and hard looks to me to be his response to these bad polls, a desperate attempt to regain an electoral edge by an aggressive foreign policy, one that is potentially very dangerous and damaging in this current situation, which apparently some of his economic advisers understand. But he is reportedly now leaning to his national security hardliners like SecState Mike Pompeo. This is not at all good news.


likbez, May 4, 2020 12:13 am

The consequences of Trump virusgate/chinagate move is difficult to predict, but it looks like Trump severely underestimated them.

I think we will never discover the real origin of this virus. The veil of secrecy is just too tight and now in no way China will allow the international inspection of Wuhan lab and the USA inspection of any of possibly involved USA biolabs such as Baric biolab at UNC, and the famous military biolab at Fort Detrick. .

So Trump accusations probably amount to nothing more than a hearsay, kind of a desperate attempt to win some election 2020 points on anti-china playing field.

Trump also limited the future freedom of maneuver by taking this hostile to China stance without any solid data about the real origin of the virus. The blunder very similar to committed by Trump administration with Iran.

Please note that there are three leading hypothesis as for the origin of the virus

1. Zoonotic transition (which might happen in the lab so it does not completely exclude (2) or (3) )

2. Escaped for one of the China biolabs, probably from the Wuhan biolabs which conducted “gain of function” experiments partially financed by the USA and which violated USA moratorium of such experiments (while this moratorium was in place — Trump administration removed it in 2017) . It is interesting that it was Dr. Fauci who was instrumental in this “outsourcing” and due to whom Wuhan lab was provided with the financing for the dangerous “gain of function” experiments bypassing and violating the USA moratorium. https://www.thegatewaypundit.com/2020/04/exclusive-dr-shi-zhengli-wuhan-institute-virology-connected-coronavirus-experimented-live-animals-proof/

3. Escaped from one of the USA biolabs around August 2019. Fort Detrick (of anthrax release fame) is often mentioned as the place. In this case it is possible that China got it with the USA team which participated in 2019 Military World Games in October 18–27 http://en.people.cn/n3/2020/0321/c90000-9670852.html

Which is pretty close to November 17, 2019 — suggested but unconfirmed date of first infection in Wuhan https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic and https://www.livescience.com/first-case-coronavirus-found.html

Here is one interesting comment from http://en.people.cn/n3/2020/0321/c90000-9670852.html

Paul Govan > Dmaxter • 7 days ago

Covid-19 aka SARS-CoV-2 could have arisen or been created/precipitated in a lab (Detrick or Wuhan) using bats etc from the original 2003 SARS-Cov WITHOUT genetic engineering. What would eventually happen for instance if you immunize bats against SARS-CoV(2003 original) and then expose those bats regularly to repeated doses of SARS-CoV ?

Surely the virus would begin to naturally mutate in order to beat the bats’ vaccine-enabled immune response ? (Yes – there is no known/publicised *human* vaccine against the original 2003 SARS-CoV but who knows what vaccines have been covertly developed anywhere?)

Remember that SARS-CoV-2 is 79% identical to the 2003 SARS-CoV – so it only needed to have mutated by 21% in order to beat any anti-SARS-CoV(2003) vaccine.

China has abilities to make hypothesis (3) more prominent which will hurt the USA in a long run. The problem is that the USA has the baggage of bio experiments on people (see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unethical_human_experimentation_in_the_United_States ), and is as reluctant to provide data the USA and several xUSSR countries biolabs (now controlled by the USA), as China about its biolabs.

That includes providing the real reasons of closure of Fort Detrick biolab in August 2019 and the nature of a very strange August 2019 “vaping pneumonia epidemic” which officially affected several thousand people and which has symptoms by-and-large identical to COVID-19 but with much lower propagation capabilities (https://www.reddit.com/r/China_Flu/comments/filqx9/is_it_possible_that_vaping_deaths_were_actually/ )

Trump policies now acquired their own independent of Trump dynamic: The dynamic of confrontation which, along with the economic crisis of neoliberalism that started in 2008, is somewhat similar to the world dynamic in 1930th.

In other words Trump institutionalized harsh policies toward China and no other administration will be able to change them. Once started, China bashing will have several long term consequences:

The fallout may smash the hard-won U.S.-China “Phase One” trade agreement.

The conflict has now morphed from a regular geopolitical conflict into something more deeper with emotional overtones, with elements of a “clash of civilizations” ideology which as soon as both China and USA populations are indoctrinated is hard to de-escalate from.

This long term political crises will probably combine with the long term economic crisis. As the world economy declines, economic nationalism is likely to rise. And, over time this is likely to deepen the divide between the two countries.

The cost of maintaining the current global neoliberal empire with the center in Washington (which is reflected in the size of the US military budget and the hidden costs associated with imperial policies which probably double this figure) now are above the capabilities of the US economy to sustain. So the USA needs help to transition to the “new normal”, and the part of this help that is related to China will now be more difficult to obtain.

SW , May 3, 2020 9:20 am

Going off on China is the only card in his hand.

Ron (RC) Weakley (a.k.a., Darryl for a while at EV) , May 3, 2020 9:35 am

Given how things will probably be going for the US response to the Covid-19 outbreak by November then finding someone else to blame is of utmost importance. Trump cannot hang it all on blue state governors, since by then the national security interests will weigh more heavily on risks to health by disease and by food prices than it will upon the direct economic impact of the lockdown policies. Uncle can print money, but not healthcare and food processing workers.

The failure to rapidly produce personal protective equipment for healthcare workers AND food processing workers has been epic, in the worst possible connotation of the word. Such an epic fail by a elected official requires some major shifting of the blame.

Ron (RC) Weakley (a.k.a., Darryl for a while at EV) , May 3, 2020 9:41 am

SW,

Precisely. It is too late for Trump to actually do his job and besides it would be totally out of character for him.

davebarnes , May 3, 2020 1:55 pm

Isn't Joe Biden a secret ChiCom agent? ...

This is too funny -- https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2020/04/trumps-handling-of-coronavirus-may-further-alienate-seniors.html

JaneE , May 3, 2020 2:47 pm

Is there any way for the US to regain any trust as a responsible nation again?

borderdenizen , May 3, 2020 3:33 pm

@JaneE I liken the hard-right right wing trajectory that we are on right now to a virus itself: it will need to burn itself out or we will need to gain herd immunity. Trump is the main vector of this toxic mind virus and we can do nothing about it because the nature of neoliberal propaganda and capture of the media. I tell my kids that it will take a generation or more for this to fix itself and get back to a reasonable way of governing ourselves.

I recommend Adam Curtis' 2002 documentary "Century of the Self" to understand why the WI and MI voters will continue to vote against their overall self interest and why we have no chance of overcoming the the John Birtch Society. It won, hands down.

[May 03, 2020] The US Government has no standing in terms of infecting people... and is not to be believed

May 03, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

stevelaudig , May 2 2020 17:44 utc | 156

The US Government has no standing in terms of infecting people... and is not to be believed...

1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unethical_human_experimentation_in_the_United_States
2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuskegee_syphilis_experiment

Walter , May 2 2020 19:30 utc | 161

Make what you will of the essay...

fragment > "...According to the Russian Ministry of Defense, in the post-Soviet space, 65 American secret bio-laboratories operate: 15 – in Ukraine, 12 – in Armenia, 15 – in Georgia, 4 – in Kazakhstan. In the United States, such activity is prohibited . Accordingly, the Pentagon, in its own laws, is engaged in illegal activities (in spirit, not in letter). The goal is the creation of biological weapons directed against the peoples who inhabited the territory of the USSR. Fortunately, biological material is "at hand."...

@ fort russ "REVEALED: Pentagon Bioweapons Laboratories Detected in Developing Coronavirus by Russian Federation"

" EADaily questioned the General Director of the Center for Political Information, Alexei Mukhin."

[May 03, 2020] There is a missconception that there are few labs that engineer viruses, in fact there are thousands of labs playing russian roulette with viruses

May 03, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

DFC , May 2 2020 20:45 utc | 16

There is a missconception that there are few labs that engineer viruses, in fact there are thousands of labs playing russian roulette with viruses, of course with very ethical and laudable causes, see for axample this article of 2010 (I can put many dozens more):

https://academic.oup.com/peds/article/24/1-2/53/1466225

In the abstract they say:

"Chemically and/or genetically engineered viruses, viral capsids and viral-like particles carry the promise of important and diverse applications in biomedicine, biotechnology and nanotechnology. Potential uses include new vaccines, vectors for gene therapy and targeted drug delivery, contrast agents for molecular imaging and building blocks for the construction of nanostructured materials and electronic nanodevices."

Right now anytime, all the day, 24h/365d, full time full live there are many labs engineering viruses, all kind of viruses: adenovirus, lentivirus, retrovirus and the herpes simplex virus, alphaviruses, flaviviruses, measles viruses, rhabdoviruses, Newcastle disease virus, poxviruses, picornaviruses, etc... and many dozens of families of viruses, so why such scandal if someone is engineering coronavirus?

What could go wrong?

Now in bio-technology the viruses are the "Saint Graal" to solve the medical problems: cancer, bacterial resistance to antibiotics, vaccines, auto-inmune disease, etc...thanks to the engineered viruses, we will have a brilliant future free of diseases...

Too many carreers, too many money of pharma companies, too many bribes, too many investment, too many Nobel Prizes in it, it will not stop, and as Nassim taleb said, it is only a matter of time something much more ugly hit us


Jen , May 2 2020 21:07 utc | 25

DFC @ 16:

Your comment is missing one connection: who funds the bioresearch labs.

One might assume if they were funded by governments through science and higher education budgets, then most people working in the labs would be doing projects with the public interest in mind, and the types of viruses they produce would reflect the goal of the public interest.

If on the other hand these labs are under private control (through big pharmaceutical companies whose shareholders are the same people holding shares in banks and defence companies dependent on govt military spending) or rely on govt defence department contracts, then the people in these labs would be working on projects and producing results and pathogens whose attributes reflect a very different and very dangerous psychopathic agenda.

Laguerre , May 2 2020 21:24 utc | 31
Posted by: Jen | May 2 2020 21:07 utc | 25

Yes, most biolabs are funded by Big Pharma, but I'm not sure that the results are always what they want. Raoult, for example, proposes a solution which doesn't cost much, doesn't cost much to his manufacturers.

DFC , May 2 2020 21:24 utc | 32
Posted by: Jen | May 2 2020 21:07 utc | 25

Of course I am not talking about any conspiracy, it is all civilization works; all those people are working for the "betterment" of society, as is the case, in general, of the GMO project. It is to give a new impulse to the "Progress" of the human race, that is also the reason we have nuclear power or many thousands new chemical substances every year, all it is for the wellbeing of Humanity.

We think we can control Nature, we can be. thank to Science, as Descartes said: "The Masters and Posessor of Nature" full in control of all what live and what is dead, life, matter and energy....

In fact what really we are making is open more and more Pandora's Boxes, full of nasty surprises for all of us: nuclear, chemical, biological...

Good luck

[May 03, 2020] In 2010 Minnesata scientist and thier chinese colleges works with implalting ACE2 infection path into existing bat viruses, creating a chimera virus

Highly recommended!
This 2010 paper is a real bombshell and a clear demonstration how dangerous those "gain of function" experiments can be
Notable quotes:
"... From Abstract: The results show that ACE2s of Myotis daubentoni and Rhinolophus sinicus support viral entry mediated by the SARS-CoV S protein, albeit with different efficiency in comparison to that of the human ACE2. Further, the alteration of several key residues either decreased or enhanced bat ACE2 receptor efficiency, as predicted from a structural modeling study of the different bat ACE2 molecules. ..."
May 03, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org
uncle tungsten , May 1 2020 22:26 utc | 81
Scotch Bingeington #92

Are you referencing this USA/China research program?

In 2015, American researchers and Chinese Wuhan Institute of Virology researchers collaborated to transform an animal coronavirus into one that can attack humans. Scientists from prestigious American universities and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) worked directly with the two coauthor researchers from Wuhan Institute of Virology, Xing-Yi Ge and Zhengli-Li Shi. Funding was provided by the Chinese and US governments. The team succeeded in modifying a bat coronavirus to make it capable of infecting humans.

The research was published in December 2015 in the prestigious British journal, Nature Medicine (volume 21, pages1508–1513). The paper by Vineet D. Menachery et al., "A SARS-like cluster of circulating bat coronaviruses shows potential for human emergence" is available here as a PDF as well as on-line .

Footnotes to the scientific paper disclose that the research was funded by both the Chinese and US Governments, including grants from the NIH's National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Disease.
Footnotes also document that the two Chinese researchers were active in their own laboratories as part of this coronavirus project.

So what lab were the USA scientists active in? Where is 'their' lab?

The quoute above is from:
A Special Report by Peter R. Breggin, MD
www.breggin.com
(607)-272-5328
April 15, 2020


uncle tungsten , May 1 2020 22:45 utc | 84

Likklemore #94

University of Minnesota? They know of these things:

Paper cited at interview with Professor Boyle Feb 22 2020
2010 study - Increase of function research
Participants:
China/ Wuhan, Australia/ CSIRO, USA/ Univ Minnesota Medical School

Paper at springer: here

From Abstract: The results show that ACE2s of Myotis daubentoni and Rhinolophus sinicus support viral entry mediated by the SARS-CoV S protein, albeit with different efficiency in comparison to that of the human ACE2. Further, the alteration of several key residues either decreased or enhanced bat ACE2 receptor efficiency, as predicted from a structural modeling study of the different bat ACE2 molecules.

One Too Many , May 2 2020 2:17 utc | 102
Posted by: gm | May 2 2020 1:40 utc | 111

According to NPR the Wuhan lab only received a small amount of the grant for basic research:

Also, only about 10% of the grant -- about $76,000 per year -- was slated for the Wuhan Institute. This was provided in recognition that the Wuhan lab was doing the bulk of the on-the-ground sample collection and analysis, says EcoHealth Alliance's Daszak.

Why the US Govrnment Stopped Funding a Research Project on Bats and Coronavirus

[May 03, 2020] unless the US is guilty of unleashing this virus, I doubt that it was done deliberately because not many countries are stupid enough to conduct biological warfare outside of the US which has used it.

May 03, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Jeff , May 1 2020 17:51 utc | 54

Donnie Murdo is a complete fool. The mere fact that the US has gone so far off the rails on this makes me suspect that this is like other instances of the US accusing some other country of some chicanery that the US has, in fact, also done - namely a blatant move at misdirection in an effort to hide our guilt. Issues with Ft. Dietrich come to mind. With so many groups, countries, and organizations that actually possess expertise in epidemiology, no doubt we'll have a decent shot at finding out where this started. That said, unless the US is guilty of unleashing this virus, I doubt that it was done deliberately because not many countries are stupid enough to conduct biological warfare outside of the US which has used it.

"Punishing" China for this supposed transgression is even funnier. The US has been conducting lawfare for some time now. Of course, it's always US law and the lynch pin is the need for US dollars that the world has since they've allowed the US $ to become the lingua franca of the financial world. That lynch pin is starting to come out as the US continues to use the US$ as a weapon. Donnie Murdo should keep a weather eye open. Germany and a couple of other countries have refused to join Pompous' coalition of the vassals....


concerned , May 1 2020 17:57 utc | 56

"The Intelligence Community also concurs with the wide scientific consensus that the COVID-19 virus was not manmade or genetically modified."

This is the same "IC" (aka "Spies" when deemed as necessary by NYTimes editorial board) that told us 9/11 was the work of Al-Qaeda according to "wide" expert opinion.

That's as good a confirmation that it was in fact man-made and in a BSL-4 lab. (Please do not start with "who dunnit" nonesense. Ask Dr. Rat-Face. It was "joint project".)

Montreal , May 1 2020 18:01 utc | 57
Concerned @ 35
There has been a lot written about US bio-warfare facilities in Georgia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Kyrgizia, Pakistan etc. Are you saying that these, if they exist, are UNOFFICIAL ones?

[May 03, 2020] Fort D was closed for some mighty serious reasons. It leaked like a sieve. This is a BSL 4 lab in the middle of a highly populated zone in the USA and it demonstrably incompetent. USA engineering fail. Remember Fukushima reactors

May 03, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

uncle tungsten , May 2 2020 7:15 utc | 128

Fort D was closed for some mighty serious reasons. It leaked like a sieve.

A few years back its waste water sterilisation plant was destroyed by a flood! Yes it was within flood reach of a major storm. So they installed a new technology system that never attained its sterilisation capacity before discharging into a sewer somewhere in Maryland. ! That and some extraordinary negligent human behaviour and design problems forced the CDC to shut it down after detecting polluted waste water leaks and other information.

The CDC shut down a top level Military Laboratory in the USA!

There is a report on August 7 2019 at medicaldaily dot com

Then there is a detailed report describing the blundering stupidity at 'work' in the labs from wjla dot com dated january 23rd 2020. It reads:

ABC7 has received documents from the CDC outlining violations they discovered during a series of inspections that year, some of which were labeled "serious."

Earlier that year, the US Army Medical Research Institute had announced an experiment at the Fort Detrick laboratory that would involve infecting rhesus macaque monkeys with active Ebola virus to test a cure they were developing.

Several of the laboratory violations the CDC noted in 2019 concerned "non-human primates" infected with a "select agent", the identity of which is unknown -- it was redacted in all received documents, because disclosing the identity and location of the agent would endanger public health or safety, the agency says. In addition to Ebola, the lab works with other deadly agents like anthrax and smallpox.
Select agents are defined by the CDC as "biological agents and toxins that have been determined to have the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety, to animal and plant health, or to animal or plant products."

Here are some of the violations the CDC observed during inspections of Fort Detrick that year:

OBSERVATION 1

Severity level: Serious
The CDC reported that an individual partially entered a room multiple times without the required respiratory protection while other people in that room were performing procedures with a non-human primate on a necropsy table.
"This deviation from entity procedures resulted in a respiratory occupational exposure to select agent aerosols," the CDC wrote.

OBSERVATION 2

Severity level: Serious
The CDC reported that the lab did not ensure that employee training was properly verified when it came to toxins and select agents.
"These failures were recognized through video review of laboratorians' working in BSL3 and ABSL3 labs," their report said. "[These] indicate the [lab]'s means used to verify personnel understood the training had not been effective, leading to increased risk of occupational exposures."

The CDC went on to specify that a laboratorian who was not wearing appropriate respiratory protection was seen multiple times "partially entering" a room where non-human primates that were infected with [redacted] were "housed in open caging." They also observed a laboratorian disposing of waste in a biohazardous waste bin without gloves on.

OBSERVATION 3

Severity level: Moderate
In this violation observation, the CDC went into more detail on the incident of the worker not wearing gloves while disposing of biohazardous waste, writing that "biosafety and containment procedures must be sufficient to contain the select agent or toxin."

The corrective action they recommended was to confirm that relevant personnel have been trained to wear gloves to prevent exposure to hazardous materials.

OBSERVATION 4

Severity level: Serious
In this observation, the CDC notes that the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases had "systematically failed to ensure implementation of biosafety and containment procedures commensurate with the risks associated with working with select agents and toxins."

The violation specifically observed involved "entity personnel [...] propping open" a door while removing "large amounts of biohazardous waste" from an adjacent room, "[increasing] the risk of contaminated air from [the room] escaping and being drawn into the [redacted]" where the people working "typically do not wear respiratory protection."

OBSERVATION 5

Severity level: Moderate
The CDC reported that the laboratory failed to safeguard against unauthorized access to select against. They wrote that personal protective equipment worn while decontaminating something contaminated by a select agent had been stored in open biohazard bags, in an area of the facility that the CDC has redacted for security reasons.

"By storing regulated waste in this area, the entity did not limit access to those with access approval," they wrote.

OBSERVATION 6

Severity level: Moderate
The CDC reports that someone at the lab did not maintain an accurate or current inventory for a toxin.

OBSERVATION 7

Severity level: Low
The CDC reports that a building at the Fort Detrick laboratory didn't have a "sealed surface to facilitate cleaning and decontamination." This included cracks around a conduit box, cracks in the ceiling, and a crack in the seam above a biological safety cabinet.

My final observation: This is a BSL 4 lab in the middle of a highly populated zone in the USA and it demonstrably incompetent. USA engineering fail

Remember Fukushima reactors - GE design, emergency power plant to drive reactor coolant motors located on the ground! Wiped out instantly in tsunami. USA engineering and design.

And this clown Trump is blaming China... you have to be kidding.

William Gruff , May 2 2020 12:12 utc | 144

uncle tungsten @141: "Fort D was closed for some mighty serious reasons. It leaked like a sieve."

That's true, and we can just dismiss that leakiness as the result of sloppy incompetence; incompetence that has increasingly become a core feature of American culture over the last half century. It would be a mistake to leave it at that, though. That incompetence serves a purpose, which is deniability. When the CIA is doing some of their ultimate evil crap at some black site dungeon and want to do nightmare-class torture on some unfortunate rendition victims under the supervision of some modern day Dr. Mengele, the Fort Detrick facility needs to be "leaky" enough that the materials the CIA scumbags abscond with are written off as just another incompetent screw-up: Someone just misplaced those vials of anthrax, or forgot to fill out the right paperwork when they were destroyed, or something similar. They cannot afford to have documentation showing that the materials were handed over to the CIA. Fort Detrick needs to be "leaky" just to be able to fulfill one of its major functions.

Otherwise they would never be able to do human trials on their best creations.

[May 02, 2020] If this Newsweek article published April 28, 2020, is credible, then Trump and cohorts should tread carefully

Highly recommended!
So was Fauci an enthusiast of "gain of function" research? If so he is probably a criminal.
Notable quotes:
"... Dr. Fauci Backed Controversial Wuhan Lab With Millions Of U.S. Dollars For Risky Coronavirus Research ..."
"... [just] last year, the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the organization led by Dr. Fauci, funded scientists at the Wuhan Institute of Virology and other institutions for work on gain-of-function research on bat coronaviruses. ..."
"... In 2019, with the backing of NIAID, the National Institutes of Health committed $3.7 million over six years for research that included some gain-of-function work. The program followed another $3.7 million, 5-year project for collecting and studying bat coronaviruses, which ended in 2019, bringing the total to $7.4 million. ..."
May 02, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Likklemore , May 1 2020 16:32 utc | 43

IMHO, if this Newsweek article date April 28, 2020, is credible, then Trump and cohorts should tread carefully:
Dr. Fauci Backed Controversial Wuhan Lab With Millions Of U.S. Dollars For Risky Coronavirus Research

[just] last year, the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the organization led by Dr. Fauci, funded scientists at the Wuhan Institute of Virology and other institutions for work on gain-of-function research on bat coronaviruses.

In 2019, with the backing of NIAID, the National Institutes of Health committed $3.7 million over six years for research that included some gain-of-function work. The program followed another $3.7 million, 5-year project for collecting and studying bat coronaviruses, which ended in 2019, bringing the total to $7.4 million.

Many scientists have criticized gain of function research, which involves manipulating viruses in the lab to explore their potential for infecting humans, because it creates a risk of starting a pandemic from accidental release.[.]

Dr. Fauci did not respond to Newsweek's requests for comment. NIH responded with a statement that said in part: "Most emerging human viruses come from wildlife, and these represent a significant threat to public health and biosecurity in the US and globally, as demonstrated by the SARS epidemic of 2002-03, and the current COVID-19 pandemic.... scientific research indicates that there is no evidence that suggests the virus was created in a laboratory."[.]

NIH gave a non-denial, avoidance denial. Congressmen were on Foxnews attacking the funding. Where there is a whiff of smoke?

Additional articles on U.S. funding:
NPR
FoxNews
NationalInterest cites Pompeo on Foxnews defending the funding. Also, UK papers repeat U.S. funding.

stevelaudig , May 1 2020 16:37 utc | 45

When ever the US government speaks on such issues. Refer them here... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unethical_human_experimentation_in_the_United_States

[May 02, 2020] Was US financing of Wuhan lab experiments on coronavirus a deliberate setup

May 02, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Walter , May 1 2020 13:32 utc | 10

Newsweek reports that the NIH gave the Wuhan lab $7 million to experimentally manipulate bat coronaviruses to make them better able to infect humans. The project started in 2014 and was renewed in 2019 and just canceled on April 24.

If true, there exists proof. Since the project was illegal weapon research it sure looks like Sam suborned Chine in a classical set-up...known to cops world-wide, but generally used to create token crime by the lower classes so as to enhance copshop records of stopping (gasp!) crime...

I see Clown of Orange saying that he can "suspend" Chinese sovereign immunity. He's retarded. They can kick murkin azz any time. Keep it up and they may.

You know, Officer Bunf pull ya over about a "tail-light" and then threatens you and tries to trick you into "lying to a cop", or "find dope" or whatever.

To do it to Chine is a breath-taking con, global in scope.

Sorta like Flynn getting set up by the fbi.

Nick , May 1 2020 13:39 utc | 11

> The chance of a natural contact is of course infinitely higher than that of a lab accident
No. The epidemic originated right by a lab. doing pathogenic coronavirus research, and disastrous
accidents have occurred before. See Pascall, Nomikou, PLoS Biology, 2020 (just out) describing
an outbreak of Bluetooth virus in cattle. The paper gives other examples of virus outbreaks almost
certainly caused by accidents.
My view is that "gain of function" research is crazy, but it was going on both in China and the US, and
COVID-19 was an accident waiting to happen.

[May 02, 2020] The Fort Detrick angle is still blinking red, though. The CDC shut it down for protocol violations, not for insufficient decontamination of wastewater, and those protocol violations involved an agent the CDC will not name for 'National Security' reasons.

May 02, 2020 | thenewkremlinstooge.wordpress.com

Mark Chapman April 27, 2020 at 6:47 pm

That's probably why the USA has been hammering for some time on the 'created in a Chinese lab' story, while the juicy elaborations that the doctor who tried to 'whistle-blow' early was arrested for needlessly spreading panic and – conveniently – later died of coronavirus sends frissons of terrified excitement down the spines of its gullible audience. There is every possibility that this was designed as a biowarfare weapon or was an experiment for that purpose. We just need to nail down where it came from. Would you like to take that one, Governor Cuomo?

https://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2020/04/24/cuomo_the_coronavirus_that_came_to_new_york_did_not_come_from_china_it_came_from_europe.html

Oh; the virus that whacked New York did not come from China – it came from Europe. Of course he means it arrived in the USA from Europe, and is not actually disputing that China started it. Oooohhh – look. Bill Gates says shut up about China.

https://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2020/04/27/bill_gates_its_not_the_time_to_talk_about_china_china_did_a_lot_of_things_right_at_the_beginning.html

But according to Tanja Stadler, Professor of Computational Biology at the Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering at ETH Zurich in Basel and an expert in questions of molecular epidemiology, the novel coronavirus probably started in China in the first half of November, 2019.

"Tanja Stadler, Professor of Computational Biology at the Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering at ETH Zurich in Basel and an expert in questions of molecular epidemiology, has now studied this data. Using a statistical model her group developed to analyse the genetic genealogy of pathogens, she gained new insights into the beginnings of the epidemic in China.

Professor Stadler's analyses suggest that the epidemic in China began in the first half of November 2019, whereas most previous estimates assumed that the virus did not pass from an animal to the first human until the second half of November. "The widespread hypothesis that the first person was infected at an animal market in November is still plausible," Stadler says. "Our data effectively rule out the scenario that the virus circulated in humans for a long time before that."

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-03-coronavirus-epidemic.html

Of course if it can be proven that the genome was tampered with and HIV sequences were spliced in, that would rule out – conclusively – suggestions that it is an animal virus that made the jump to humans. Conspicuously, it does not rule out the possibility that it was brought to China during the World Military Games, as a mid-November start is just about right for the two-week incubation.

The Global Times says no, though, or not necessarily – according to Zhang Dingyu, chief physician with the Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, five foreigners hospitalized during the period of the games at Wuhan had malaria, not coronavirus.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1180549.shtml

Astonishing coincidence, though, no? Especially considering that same French Nobel Laureate – Montagnier – claims the virus genome contains snippets of HIV and malaria.

https://www.newsmax.com/us/hiv-malaria-wuhan-lab/2020/04/19/id/963563/

But he suggests here that the Chinese might have accidentally released it while conducting research to devise a vaccine for AIDS. Uh huh. With malaria in it. Curiouser and curiouser. One thing is sure; there is a fierce battle to nail down a narrative. And other virologists are openly contemptuous of Montagnier's theories. Are they running interference for The Empire, or is he full of shit? Inquiring minds want to know.

The Fort Detrick angle is still blinking red, though. The CDC shut it down for protocol violations, not for insufficient decontamination of wastewater, and those protocol violations involved an agent the CDC will not name for 'National Security' reasons.

https://wjla.com/news/local/cdc-shut-down-army-germ-lab-health-concerns

This site is known to be alarmist and its connecting of the dots should not be taken seriously unless there is some sort of independent corroboration. However, I have included it because of its provocative discussion of how poorly the United States did at the military games, despite having sent a large team. I remember being puzzled about its terrible performance while researching that earlier post I did on the 'pandemic'. I mentioned at the time, I think, that you would never have known they were ever there if you went by the scoreboard.

https://www.veteranstoday.com/2020/04/24/china-us-brought-covid19-to-china-during-army-games-hid-disease-in-us-as-influenza/

[May 01, 2020] What Did US Intel Really Know About the 'Chinese' Virus by Pepe Escobar

Apr 21, 2020 | www.strategic-culture.org
Hybrid War 2.0 on China, a bipartisan U.S. operation, is already reaching fever pitch. Its 24/7 full spectrum infowar arm blames China for everything coronavirus-related – doubling as a diversionist tactic against any informed criticism of woeful American unpreparedness.

Hysteria predictably reigns. And this is just the beginning.

A deluge of lawsuits is imminent – such as the one in the Southern District of Florida entered by Berman Law Group (linked to the Democrats) and Lucas-Compton (linked to the Republicans). In a nutshell: China has to shell out tons of cash. To the tune of at least $1.2 trillion, which happens to be – by surrealist irony – the amount of U.S. Treasury bills held by Beijing, all the way to $20 trillion, claimed by a lawsuit in Texas.

The prosecution's case, as Scott Ritter memorably reminded us, is straight out of Monty Python . It works exactly like this:

"If she weighs the same as a duck

she's made of wood!"

"And therefore "

"A witch!!!!!"

In Hybrid War 2.0 terms, the current CIA-style narrative translates as evil China never telling us, the civilized West, there was a terrible new virus around. If they did, we would have had time to prepare.

And yet they lied and cheated – by the way, trademark CIA traits, according to Mike "We Lie, We Cheat, We Steal" Pompeo himself. And they hid everything. And they censored the truth. So they wanted to infect us all. Now they have to pay for all the economic and financial damage we are suffering, and for all our dead people. It's China's fault.

All this sound and fury forces us to refocus back to late 2019 to check out what U.S. intel really knew then about what would later be identified as Sars-Cov-2.

"No such product exists"

The gold standard remains the ABC News report according to which intel collected in November 2019 by the National Center for Medical Intelligence (NCMI), a subsidiary of the Pentagon's Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), was already warning about a new virulent contagion getting out of hand in Wuhan, based on "detailed analysis of intercepted communications and satellite imagery".

An unnamed source told ABC, "analysts concluded it could be a cataclysmic event", adding the intel was "briefed multiple times" to the DIA, the Pentagon's Joint Chiefs of Staff, and even the White House.

No wonder the Pentagon was forced to issue the proverbial denial – in Pentagonese, via one Col. R. Shane Day, the director of the DIA's NCMI: "In the interest of transparency during this current public health crisis, we can confirm that media reporting about the existence/release of a National Center for Medical Intelligence Coronavirus-related product/assessment in November of 2019 is not correct. No such NCMI product exists."

Well, if such "product" existed, Pentagon head and former Raytheon lobbyist Mark Esper would be very much in the loop. He was duly questioned about it by ABC's George Stephanopoulos.

Question: "Did the Pentagon receive an intelligence assessment on COVID in China last November from the National Center for Medical Intelligence of DIA?"

Esper: "Oh, I can't recall, George," ( ) "But, we have many people who watch this closely."

Question: "This assessment was done in November, and it was briefed to the NSC in early December to assess the impact on military readiness, which, of course, would make it important to you, and the possible spread in the United States. So, you would have known if there was a brief to the National Security Council in December, wouldn't you?"

Esper: "Yes ( ) "I'm not aware of that."

So "no such product exists" then? Is it a fake? Is it a Deep State/CIA concoction to trap Trump? Or are the usual suspects lying, trademark CIA style?

Let's review some essential background. On November 12 , a married couple from Inner Mongolia was admitted to a Beijing hospital, seeking treatment for pneumonic plague.

The Chinese CDC, on Weibo – the Chinese Twitter – told public opinion that the chances of this being a new plague were "extremely low." The couple was quarantined .

Four days later, a third case of pneumonic plague was identified: a man also from Inner Mongolia, not related to the couple. Twenty-eight people who were in close contact with the man were quarantined. None had plague symptoms. Pneumonic plague has symptoms of respiratory failure similar to pneumonia.

Even though the CDC repeated, "there is no need to worry about the risk of infection", of course there was plenty of skepticism. The CDC may have publicly confirmed on November 12 these cases of pneumonic plague. But then Li Jifeng, a doctor at Chaoyang Hospital where the trio from Inner Mongolia was receiving treatment, published, privately , on WeChat, that they were first transported to Beijing actually on November 3.

The key point of Li Jinfeng's post – later removed by censors – was when she wrote, "I am very familiar with diagnosing and treating the majority of respiratory diseases ( ) But this time, I kept on looking but could not figure out what pathogen caused the pneumonia. I only thought it was a rare condition and did not get much information other than the patients' history."

Even if that was the case, the key point is that the three Inner Mongolian cases seem to have been caused by a detectable bacteria. Covid-19 is caused by the Sars-Cov-2 virus, not a bacteria. The first Sars-Covid-2 case was only detected in Wuhan in mid to late December. And it was only last month that Chinese scientists were able to positively trace back the first real case of Sars-Cov-2 to November 17 – a few days after the Inner Mongolian trio.

Knowing exactly where to look

It's out of the question that U.S. intel, in this case the NCMI, was unaware of these developments in China, considering CIA spying and the fact these discussions were in the open on Weibo and WeChat. So if the NCMI "product" is not a fake and really exists, it only found evidence, still in November, of some vague instances of pneumonic plague.

Thus the warning – to the DIA, the Pentagon, the National Security Council, and even the White House – was about that. It could not possibly have been about coronavirus.

The burning question is inevitable: how could the NCMI possibly know all about a viral pandemic, still in November, when Chinese doctors positively identified the first cases of a new type of pneumonia only on December 26?

Add to it the intriguing question of why the NCMI was so interested in this particular flu season in China in the first place – from plague cases treated in Beijing to the first signs of a "mysterious pneumonia outbreak" in Wuhan.

There may have been subtle hints of slightly increased activity at clinics in Wuhan in late November and early December. But at the time nobody – Chinese doctors, the government, not to mention U.S. intel – could have possibly known what was really happening.

China could not be "covering up" what was only identified as a new disease on December 30, duly communicated to the WHO. Then, on January 3, the head of the American CDC, Robert Redfield, called the top Chinese CDC official. Chinese doctors sequenced the virus. And only on January 8 it was determined this was Sars-Cov-2 – which provokes Covid-19.

This chain of events reopens, once again, a mighty Pandora's box. We have the quite timely Event 201 ; the cozy relationship between the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the WHO, as well as the Word Economic Forum and the Johns Hopkins galaxy in Baltimore, including the Bloomberg School of Public Health; the ID2020 digital ID/vaccine combo; Dark Winter – which simulated a smallpox bio-attack on the U.S., before the 2001 anthrax attack being blamed on Iraq; U.S. Senators dumping stocks after a CDC briefing; more than 1,300 CEOs abandoning their cushy perches in 2019, "forecasting" total market collapse; the Fed pouring helicopter money already in September 2019 – as part of QE4.

And then, validating the ABC News report, Israel steps in. Israeli intel confirms U.S. intel did in fact warn them in November about a potentially catastrophic pandemic in Wuhan (once again: how could they possibly know that on the second week of November, so early in the game?) And NATO allies were warned – in November – as well.

The bottom line is explosive: the Trump administration as well as the CDC had an advance warning of no less than four months – from November to March – to be properly prepared for Covid-19 hitting the U.S. And they did nothing. The whole "China is a witch!" case is debunked.

Moreover, the Israeli disclosure supports what's nothing less than extraordinary: U.S. intel already knew about Sars-Cov-2 roughly one month before the first confirmed cases detected by doctors in a Wuhan hospital. Talk about divine intervention.

That could only have happened if U.S. intel knew, for sure, about a previous chain of events that would necessarily lead to the "mysterious outbreak" in Wuhan. And not only that: they knew exactly where to look. Not in Inner Mongolia, not in Beijing, not in Guangdong province.

It's never enough to repeat the question in full: how could U.S. intel have known about a contagion one month before Chinese doctors detected an unknown virus?

Mike "We Lie, We Cheat, We Steal" Pompeo may have given away the game when he said, on the record, that Covid-19 was a "live exercise". Adding to the ABC News and Israeli reports, the only possible, logical conclusion is that the Pentagon – and the CIA – knew ahead of time a pandemic would be inevitable.

That's the smokin' gun. And now the full weight of the United States government is covering all bases by proactively, and retroactively, blaming China.

[May 01, 2020] Was US financing of Wuhan lab experiments on coronavirus a deliberate setup

May 01, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Walter , May 1 2020 13:32 utc | 10

Newsweek reports that the NIH gave the Wuhan lab $7 million to experimentally manipulate bat coronaviruses to make them better able to infect humans. The project started in 2014 and was renewed in 2019 and just canceled on April 24.

If true, there exists proof. Since the project was illegal weapon research it sure looks like Sam suborned Chine in a classical set-up...known to cops world-wide, but generally used to create token crime by the lower classes so as to enhance copshop records of stopping (gasp!) crime...

I see Clown of Orange saying that he can "suspend" Chinese sovereign immunity. He's retarded. They can kick murkin azz any time. Keep it up and they may.

You know, Officer Bunf pull ya over about a "tail-light" and then threatens you and tries to trick you into "lying to a cop", or "find dope" or whatever.

To do it to Chine is a breath-taking con, global in scope.

Sorta like Flynn getting set up by the fbi.

[May 01, 2020] Chinese Communist Party Knew That Their Bio-Labs Were A Ticking Time Bomb In October

Apr 30, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com
Authored by Steve Watson via Summit News,

The communist Chinese government was painfully aware that bio-labs including the Wuhan Institute of Virology, where it is thought the coronavirus could have originated, were in desperate need of safety upgrades to prevent accidental leaks.

An article in Asian Review notes that Chinese President Xi Jinping has been discussing the need for "biosafety" improvements for the past year.

"Beijing had been preparing biosecurity law, but not fast enough," the report notes, adding that "China has been preparing for it carefully for quite a long time, conscious of how the country was perceived overseas."

The report goes on to explain that France, a country instrumental in the construction of the lab, found a significant flaw in the framework for ensuring the safety of virus research in China.

"China wanted to catch up with advanced countries in biotech research as soon as possible. To that end, it needed to establish related laws on par with those in countries like France, the U.S. and Germany." the report continues.

A report was received by the Chinese parliament last October, detailing 8 points where safety needed to be upgraded:

1) The prevention and control of major emerging infectious diseases, animal and plant epidemics.

2) Research, development and application of biotechnology.

3) Ensuring biosecurity in laboratories.

4) Ensuring the security of China's biological resources and human genetic resources.

5) Preventing the invasion of alien species and protect biodiversity.

6) Dealing with microbial drug resistance.

7) Preventing bioterrorism attacks.

8) Defending against the threat of biological weapons.

The report notes that "the measures were not introduced in time for China to prevent the Wuhan outbreak. Instead, information was initially covered up and China's first steps were delayed."

In February, when it was clear that the outbreak was spreading, "Xi urged top leaders to enhance the country's governance capacity for biosafety and to enact "a biosecurity law" at the earliest possible date," according to the report.

This only enhanced the suspicions of those who believe the virus leaked from the lab.

Since that time, China has denied the US access to the Wuhan lab, according to US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo. The facility has come under increased scrutiny after it was revealed that the US government under the Obama administration funded research there for a number of years

[May 01, 2020] The discussion of the "Earlier the China" hypothisis: The virus, natural or manmade, was present earlier than the outbreak noted by China.

May 01, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

karlof1 , Apr 30 2020 0:34 utc | 79

Jackrabbit @53--

Thanks for accurately reproducing my initial hypothesis. However, it's time to update it based on this report similar in nature to several others . The Meat:

"The outbreak of the coronavirus in France has little to do with cases imported from China or Italy, as another strain of the disease of unknown origin had already been infecting people in the country, research claims.

"The virologists at the Pasteur Institute in Paris have sequenced the genomes from samples taken from 97 French and three Algerian coronavirus patients between January 24 and March 24. "What they found is that the dominant types of Covid-19 viral strains in France differed from those that arrived from China or Italy, and belonged to another group, or 'clade.'

"The earliest sample in the French clade dated from February 19 and came from an infected person who hadn't traveled abroad recently and had no contacts with possible carriers of the disease."

It's now clear that COVID-19 erupted in vastly different locations globally very likely prior to its detection by the Chinese in Wuhan in mid-December 2019. The only way to clearly establish a proper timeline is to exhume bodies of those who died from or exhibited symptoms caused by the virus -- exhumations the Outlaw US Empire denied the Italian government just this past week as I noted in linking the item given its import.

Although the evidence judging it to be a bioweapon weakens weekly, I'm not completely discounting that it might be, but IMO that no longer matters since we cannot tell the when and where of its initial eruption and perhaps never will. And as the genetic sequencing work gets more complete, it's pointing to a natural origin. This information doesn't disprove my initial hypothesis since it relies on the behavior of key individuals and their total neglect of their duties. Why they chose to behave that way is still unknown as they've yet to confess. But lets rewind the clock back one year to May 2019 and muse.

Trump's losing the Trade war with China and the rest of the world. He's losing his standoff with Iran. Russia's about to complete TurkStream and NordStreamII is moving toward completion with the last impediment removed by Denmark. Brexit still hangs in the balance. The several massive Ponzi Schemes are running out of input and will soon burst. The Impeachment fiasco's a joke, but still hinders Trump. Sanders POTUS campaign is picking up where it stopped in 2016 and looks very formidable.

In the midst of the above, someone informs Trump of a leak from Ft. Detrick of a virus then undergoing study but not thought to be very serious. Eventually, the lab gets shutdown but not before what was released has an opportunity to traverse the globe. (Remember, this is just a think-piece.)

Initial reports show the new virus to be very similar in symptoms to flu and is judged to be similar in threat to human wellbeing, which for the Neoliberals means it's nothing to worry about or to prepare for. When China raises its alarm, TrumpCo's initial reaction is to think it great that China's afflicted with yet another viral outbreak that will crimp its economic advancement, thus the levity displayed by Trump, Pompeo, Pence, and others after China's announcement. But both China and WHO deem it far more dangerous than the usual flu, particularly since its "novel"--humans having no natural defenses against it--plus its ease of transmission and potentially high lethal level cause WHO to declare a Pandemic while China turns off its machines, ceases commerce, and slams the door in its attempt to stamp it out based on China's previous experiences. Oops! Nobody thought China would stop working and stall the vast majority of global supply chains. Worse for the Parasitic Nations as their Neoliberal "leaders" and their nation's infrastructures were caught completely by surprise by the cutoff. Fraudsters already printing vast amounts of money to keep their Ponzi Schemes afloat just kept on doing what they were already and got a further boost that needed to be directed at the general populaces. And they got yet another, and then even more while people were cutoff from their livelihoods without any real safety net, it having been mostly cut away since 1982. Large numbers of people began dying and very suddenly it wasn't a Hoax anymore--it was a calamity, much of it manmade thanks to Neoliberalism. That brings us to the events of late April and people who can't afford to be out of work are waiting 6 weeks now to get their measly unemployment check or equally measly bailout check. They are now being used as political tools by TrumpCo who must get the economy restarted in order to have a chance at getting reelected despite his utter Moral Failure as a leader in time of crisis.

As you see, my initial hypothesis stands. The virus, natural or manmade, was present earlier than the outbreak noted by China. Those running the Outlaw US Empire believed it seems that only China would suffer the brunt of the pandemic but they grossly miscalculated on the degree of dependence their and the global economy is on China, which instigated a massive economic crisis that alienated people everywhere and thus created a political crisis that's still escalating. If this were an episode of The Apprentice , Trump, Pence, Pompeo, and more would be fired for gross dereliction of duty--during time of war, they'd be shot. And that's why we Americans are in a huge bind since Biden isn't any better than Trump. I hope the political crisis grows and grows and grows and grows until it involves most every citizen. IMO, that's where our hope lies.


Peter AU1 , Apr 30 2020 1:32 utc | 88

karlof1 79

I have found it's best to be wary of claims by either RT or Sputnik. The study does not support the RT headlines.

From the research paper. https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.04.24.059576v1.full.pdf
"Following the emergence of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China in December
2019, specific COVID-19 surveillance was launched in France on January 10, 2020. Two weeks
later, the first three imported cases of COVID-19 into Europe were diagnosed in France."

"The syndromic surveillance allowed to capture one of the earliest representatives of clade G (HF1463, sampled on February 19th) .."
"As the earliest representative of clade G (HF1463) had no history of travel or contact with returning travelers, we can infer that the virus was silently circulating in France in February,..."

From that I take it first case from China was detected January 24 and earliest case of clade G on February 19th.

Absurdio , Apr 30 2020 1:37 utc | 89
Alberta bought a ton of ppe in mid to late December. Apparently,
The boss of requisitioning stuff started hearing reports from China
In early December, that some kind of virus was going around.
He scored enough ppe to be able to share with other provinces.

[Apr 30, 2020] Based on our history and character of our intel agencies, it is quite possible that this virus was released near the Wuhan lab

Yes it is possible, but this hypothesis is supect based on Occam razor principle as simpler explanations are available.
Apr 30, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com

fezline , 3 days ago

For the first time ever, a comment of mine was deleted from ZH... This is amusing... Ok well I shall re post it.

Everyone seems to think just because a person is being investigated then it must automatically mean they are guilty right? I mean when the intel agencies were investigating Trump for the Russia gate hoax all of you rushed to expose the complete lack of credibility of our intel agencies... Now all of a sudden you guys are latching on to their narrative as if it were the gospel truth because of your affinity for being influenced by your blind patriotism. I am not saying there is anything wrong with patriotism.. but there is something wrong with ignoring the lies and war crimes committed by our country and pretending to be lily white.

Based on our history and character of our intel agencies, it is obvious to me that we released this virus near the Wuhan lab such that we can blame it on them. All of you eating up the propaganda are just feeding the machine that is ******* you up the ***. Part of this op is to take away your freedom and liberty by virtue of forced vaccinations and tracking your every move by forcing you to get an immunity passport. You short sighted idiots can't see past your propaganda induced hate of China.

Now instead of spitting emotional opinion like most of you hypocrites do.. because you now most of you are extolling the virtues of our intel agencies now because of your bias... I shall provide proof of my stance below:

[Apr 30, 2020] Argument against bioweapon hypothisis

Apr 30, 2020 | www.moonofalabama.org

Antonym , Apr 30 2020 3:22 utc | 104

@ Posted by: ben | Apr 29 2020 17:27

MD Peter Breggin refers to a Nature publication of a joint American & Chinese experiment of a chimeric bat Corona virus in 2015. "Disaster Capitalism is alive and well" he writes too.

1) How can a joint effort from two opponents be a bio weapon?
2) Why would they publish secret / patentable weapon research in public "Nature"?
3) Is private capitalism now into bio weapons, killing off their consumer base?

Makes no sense at all.

[Apr 30, 2020] Fauci and gain of function research

Apr 30, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com

xxx 2 hours ago (Edited)

Now its come out that Fauci personally oversaw 3.7million in grants to the Wuhan lab;

https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/paid-for-the-damn-virus-thats-killing-us-giuliani-rips-fauci-over-grants-to-wuhan-laboratory

""Back in 2014, the Obama administration prohibited the U.S. from giving any money to any laboratory, including in the U.S., that was fooling around with these viruses. Prohibited! Despite that, Dr. Fauci gave $3.7 million to the Wuhan laboratory -- and then even after the State Department issued reports about how unsafe that laboratory was, and how suspicious they were in the way they were developing a virus that could be transmitted to humans,"Giuliani claimed

So, the guy who is heading up the Corona response personally oversaw the funding of the lab that created it......COME ON!

xxx 2 hours ago


I am a consistent complainer over the Obama administration's policies but this is one policy where I admire them. THIS is what I mean when I keep complaining about the scientific community. Obama had it right and should have been even more vocal in their opposition to misguided research. If the reports on Fauci funding this are true it should be exposed and LOUDLY vilified. WHEN are we going to hold the scientific community accountable? Do you know how many brilliant and decent scientists are being muted because of the likes of these type scientists that want free reign to do whatever they want?

Here's my point: If a scientist lower in prestige than Dr. Fauci had written a paper defining "playing with viruses as important research" as unnecessary and dangerous, he/she would be putting their very careers at risk due to Fauci's power. They've been doing it to any scientist that disputes climate change models, to the point of even firing editors that allow varying opinions. I'm not saying scientists are bad, just the opposite. Good Scientists are being stifled by a small powerful few within their leagues.

xxx 3 hours ago

Here an expose of Dr Fauci ; **** floats as we say . https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qq2uuHfmq8k

[Apr 30, 2020] Patient Zero? The USA government used "highly likely" trick to blame China but nobodyis investigating events in summer 2019 in Fort Detrick

Apr 30, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com

"The most logical place to investigate the virus origin has been completely sealed off from outside inquiry by the CCP," the document reads, referring to the Chinese Communist Party - which has taken 'draconian' steps to control information regarding the virus since January.

"A gag order to both places was issued on Jan. 1, 2020, and a major general from the PLA who is China's top military microbiologist essentially took over the [Wuhan Institute of Virology] since mid-January."

A medical doctor named Wu Xiaohua has launched an online campaign to expose the work of Shi Zhengli - who Wu claims used lab animals to test the virus which could infect humans. One of those animals, suggests Wu, may have been the origin of the pandemic.

Wu also suggested that animals from the WIV weren't properly disposed of, and in some cases were sold as pets. According to the report, lab workers reportedly boiled and ate used laboratory eggs .

"Wu's charges of WIV management negligence are specific and have not been convincingly rebutted by WIV," claims Wu.

Shi, meanwhile, said "I promise with my life that the virus has nothing to do with the lab," in response to the accusations.


xxx mailll, 11 minutes ago

Did anyone actually believe they were going to come to any other conclusion?

Conclusion: Iraq has weapons of mass destruction.

Conclusion: Muslims who have never flown jumbo jets before did 9/11.

Conclusion: Most of America believes everything the government wants us to believe.

My conclusion: (Main) Event 201 (Oct. of 2019) is a description, or a simulation of what they were planning 1 month later. More than just coincidence. But at least they tell us what they are going to do before they do it. I give them that much credit.

https://www.centerforhealthsecurity.org/event201/scenario.html

And don't forget to check out the 6 videos by clicking on videos to the right of this article.

xxx Posa, 23 minutes ago

WARNING- HUGE DISINFORMATION IN THIS ARTICLE

  • Shi Zhengli, has been involved in bioengineering bat coronaviruses - co-authoring a controversial 2015 paper which described the creation of a new virus by combining a coronavirus found in Chinese horseshoe bats with another that causes human-like severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in mice .
  • In 2015, Nature magazine expressed concern over Zhengli's experiments with bat coronavirus. The same year, the US government suspended funding to the lab due to their concern over risks of experimenting with bat coronavirus.

https://www.nature.com/articles/nm.3985

These experiments weren't "Zhengli's experiments" ... they were experiments at Ralph Baric's lab at UNC... which caused the NIH to ban "Gain of Function" research that created "chimeric" viruses. It was NIH which then lifted the ban in 2017 and outsourced additional research work at the Wuhan BSL-4 lab.

When will the NIH publish the research grant to Wuhan BSL-4 ? When will the US come clean about DARPA's work on creating "franken" viruses for bio-weapons--- work which also is outsourced?

https://www.unz.com/wwebb/bats-gene-editing-and-bioweapons-recent-darpa-experiments-raise-concerns-amid-coronavirus-outbreak/

The Wuhan BSL-4 facility looks good for having leaked a pathogen they created... but if this is going to be the source of a new Cold War, then let's not get WMD'ed into this without a real, actual smoking gun.

xxx 19 minutes ago

This is the very reason for never voting for incumbents. Doesn't matter which political party, the majority of which are sociopaths. Sociopath is not name-calling. It's like calling a snake a rattlesnake. If you can't identify it properly, they'll bite you.

xxx 14 minutes ago (Edited)

Speaking of which, George Koo writing for Asia Times makes a good case that "blame it on China" is the main thrust of the GOP Plan to Re-elect Trump... worth reading.

https://asiatimes.com/2020/04/republican-campaign-strategy-blame-it-all-on-china/

xxx me or you, 17 minutes ago xxx 15 minutes ago

From JULY 2019.: Three Dead, Others Hospitalized In Virus Outbreak At Fairfax Retirement Community

showing respiratory symptoms ranging from coughing and shortness of breath to pneumonia

xxx 35 minutes ago

Hahaha...does ANYONE out there still trust US-based media?

xxx 37 minutes ago (Edited)

Connect the dots . . .

Since 1945, The United States has produced more than 70,000 nuclear warheads, which is more than all other nuclear weapon states combined.

Communist China built only about 600 warheads since 1964.

Yup . . . A whopping 600

xxx 32 minutes ago

amazing. you know how to count.

xxx 25 minutes ago

And under bilateral disarmament treaties, which the u.s. is now abandoning unilaterally, all but about 6000 have been disassembled and the fissionable material mostly burned in power reactors.

xxx 38 minutes ago

As long as North American and EU billionaires see China as a cash machine, us average folks will keep taking it up the ***. Grab your ankles.

xxx 39 minutes ago (Edited)

Neocons, WH, Admin all trying to pressure Media into reporting their propaganda and narrative development.

xxx Radical Marijuana, 41 minutes ago (Edited)

it's perhaps the world's easiest game of connect-the-dots

China, meanwhile, is blaming the United States - and has suggested that the US Army or the CIA developed the virus and covertly released it in China.

After I connect the historical dots regarding every war that the USA being started with false flag attacks, e.g. on 9/11/2001, and huge lies about other causes, such as the "war on drugs" which was about 75% war on marijuana, I PRESUME that it is more likely that man-made strains of corona virus were covertly released in well-planned, skillfully executed ways, which would make it appear that the easiest superficial ways to connect the dots was an accidental release from the Chinese laboratory.

If a covert release was well-done, there would be no proof that was done, but rather, plenty of circumstantial evidence to make it appear like an accidental release. My PRESUMPTION is based on my opinions that, although I detest the Chinese Communist Party, overall the Anglo-American (Zionist) Finance Empire is still worse

AGAIN, this was the best article on the topic
republished on Zero Hedge which I have read:

http://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/covid-19-derangement-syndrome-world-gone-mad

COVID-19 Derangement Syndrome: A World Gone Mad

"... is treating the Covid-19 virus like an enemy
that needs to be destroyed at all costs
the right approach?

War on Covid-19

The USA has been at war in one form or another since its inception. There have been countless shooting wars but there has also been The War On Drugs, The War On Cancer, The War On Poverty, The War On Terrorism, The War On Global Warming, etc. Have any of these wars resulted in the eradication of the object on which the war was declared? No. All of these "wars" are foolish and misguided attempts at eradicating something that you cannot eradicate. They will always be with us. We have wasted untold trillions of dollars on these wars and have very little to show for it. The results of the current "War On Covid-19" will not be much different.

When the USA declares war on anything we can expect several things to happen:

We will go deeper in debt

Vast amount of money will be wasted and given away to corrupt corporations

The US Constitution will be further trampled and more rights and freedoms will be taken away

The people will suffer

We will lose the war"

Who benefits when these things happen?

"We will go deeper in debt

Vast amount of money will be wasted and given away to corrupt corporations"

Those were the people driving those previous "wars," and the current "war on COVID-19." Therefore, I PRESUME that some tiny groups within those bigger groups were behind making and releasing those strains of viruses, in the ways those were done, in order to achieve what has actually been achieved now, as well as in the foreseeable future.

I REPEAT, that I do NOT like the Chinese government. However, I continue to believe it is more likely that the COVID-19 pandemic was a "plandemic," which was designed and released in a FALSE FLAG ATTACK, in order to accomplish the goals of greater global enslavement.

xxx joiningupthedots, xxx 42 minutes ago

Never mind Wuhan America........this is being done in your name.

https://www.craigmurray.org.uk

xxx 45 minutes ago

The Asian flu comes around every year since forever. It's called the Asian flu because it emerges from Asia (China) before making its way around the globe. Biotechnology laboratories didn't exist many decades ago, yet the flu "somehow" originated in the same area.

But now, of course, "respectable" people must ignore the origins and call it a Pandemic #X, origin unknown, or "it must have come from some entity's lab, probably the enemy's."

Please note that I don't give the clandestine bio-weapon agencies of any country a pass when it comes to obfuscation. And rule #1 of false flags is that false flags don't have to be false flags to be false flags.

xxx Boomeritis, 5 minutes ago

It appears that ZH is now considering Moonies as a reliable source. Hmmm.

Here is another perspective: https://thegrayzone.com/2020/04/20/trump-media-chinese-lab-coronavirus-conspiracy/

xxx PrayingMantis, 46 minutes ago

... Pompous Pompeo told ***** News ... hmmm, must be true /s

... Five Eyes ... Kosher Nostra's swat team ...

... western intelligence... "most likely source" ... the same people who did false flags ... gulf of Tonkin... muslims did 9/11 ... Iraq's WMDs ... Syria's chemical attack ... and on, and on ... and on ...

... here's proof ...

... "Documentary Proof: University of North Carolina Generated COVID-19"

... "This article contains hard proof that cannot be questioned or denied, which you may submit to any government agency or healthcare professional.

What is not yet proven but coming into focus is that the US biological weapons program at Fort Detrick, Maryland, equipment and certainly key staff, certainly migrated to secret labs at large state universities in order to "hide in plain sight."

Follow the careers, all links are included, of those who worked on the Wuhan-COVID project in 2017.

Also, note that the exact same personnel and equipment is used for fake "prevention" research and testing as weaponization and actual production.

Since this article was written, we have begun to look at worldwide operations of US nuclear/bio/chem contractor, Kushner-Trump favorite, Battelle, and their secret labs around the world.

When we began, our people started to be threatened. That was a serious mistake.

Documents below will show that research to create COVID 19 began in the United States in 2006 and culminated in a successful bio-weapon in 2015, with work done at the University of North Carolina and at Harvard and at the Food and Drug Administration's lab in Arkansas.

Their work was titled:

A SARS-like cluster of circulating bat coronaviruses shows potential for human emergence

...As Trump said, over and over and over, the Chinese were involved.

Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens and Biosafety, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China supplied the Wuhan Bat Virus which was used in the American study. Their name was included for that reason only.

COVID 19 was a US Army bio-weapons project to manufacture a pneumonia-causing disease that would be nearly impossible to vaccinate for in patients over 40 years old.

The proof is here, simply scroll down. The study was run by the University of North Carolina and funded by USAID/CIA. It chose a Chinese bat virus and chose to include a medical facility in Wuhan as well.

Now we know why, a smokescreen of the blame for a program China had little or nothing to do with, something satanically evil and purely American.

In November 2015, a study was published outlining the capability of producing the virus we are dealing with now. Among the many involved was a lab in Wuhan, China. It was listed from the beginning as one of the dozens, mostly American, working on this project.

However, one key participant was left out, USAID. It is suspected, deeply so, that USAID is a front for American bio-warfare research such as that done in Tbilisi, Georgia and elsewhere, much documented. This is the citation that adds USAID to the research funding group."

... continue reading here ... >>> https://www.veteranstoday.com/2020/04/18/pravda-us-army-created-covid-19-in-2015-research-proofs-or-debunking-you-pick/

xxx A xxx ttah-boy-Luther, 1 hour ago (Edited)

Reliable sources say:

Box cutters responsible for taking down towers.

WTC 7 was fatigued and just fell

Saddam has weapons of mass deception

Gaddafi was ah not alloeing Rothschild banks in

This time it's different

This is a really really bad virus, trust us...this time we think we are really sure...

www.savethemales.ca

xxx karzai_luver, 1 hour ago (Edited)

When will god-of-science-faxci-fraudster come on CNN and answer this question---

When did you approve the funding of the bat research at CCP lab and how did you oversee same research?

Fauxci - Did you approve change-of-gain research on bat virus at ccp lab in wuhan?

When did you inform POTUS of your CCP bat virus change of gain research?

Fauci should be hung from the first available lamp post.

xxx RevidahoSpud3, 1 hour ago

A fly in the ointment?

Dr. Fauci funds Wuhan Bat Lab!

https://prepforthat.com/dr-fauci-backed-wuhan-lab-coronavirus/

xxx me or you, 1 hour ago

The virus was already here before making it into China.:

Cause of Respiratory Illness Still Unknown After Dozens Sickened at Virginia Retirement Community

The outbreak was reported in the assisted living and skilled nursing areas of the community, where about 263 people live

By Carissa DiMargo and Julie Carey • Published July 17, 2019 • Updated on July 18, 2019

xxx DeptOfPsyOps-14527776, 50 minutes ago (Edited)

Wuhan authorities already recommended residents of the city to wear masks since December 31!

该病可防可控,预防上保持室内空气流通,避免到封闭、空气不流通的公众场合和人多集中地方,外出可佩戴口罩。

Translation (from Google):

The disease can be prevented and controlled by preventing indoor air circulation, avoiding public places where there is no air circulation and places where people are concentrated, and wearing masks when going out.

http://wjw.wuhan.gov.cn/front/web/showDetail/2019123108989

And that was in DECEMBER 31 2019!!! -D

xxx Bib Lidd, 1 hour ago

******* ********.

Just overlook the facts.

DoD found Coronavirus in 2017-2018 within the DoD -

"Influenza vaccination and respiratory virus interference

among Department of Defense personnel during the 2017–2018
influenza season"

Interesting comments from the DoD testing below -

"Examining non-influenza viruses specifically, the odds of both coronavirus

and human metapneumovirus in vaccinated individuals were significantly

higher when compared to unvaccinated individuals "

"Additionally, the laboratory data in our study showed increased odds

of coronavirus and human metapneumovirus in individuals receiving

influenza vaccination."

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264410X19313647?via%3Dihub

xxx lunaticfringe, 1 hour ago (Edited)

You'd have to be a complete idiot to think that this virus didn't escape from that lab and again for weeks- the CCP has said that Huang Yanling (patient zero) is alive.

Ok assholes, produce her and let's get an anti bodies test and maybe an interview or two.

xxx me or you, 1 hour ago

The virus was here before make it to China.: Outbreak of lung disease, including 5 deaths, tied to e-cigare-cigarettes

Symptoms have included shortness of breath and chest pain. Some people had diarrhea. Others complained of being tired or having gut distress, including vomiting.

xxx NotAGenius, 1 hour ago

On the other hand, to dispute this political rant published here, a scientist who worked on the covid-19 and other bio-weapons at Ft. Detrick, now retired, wrote this 2 days ago explaining and charting the paths of this virus from Ft. Detrick to Wuhan, China. The USA released it there during the war games between China and the USA there in Wuhan last Fall. The reasons it was released in Wuhan are several. This former bio-weapons employee, who also worked at other USA bio-weapons labs around the world, describes all the folks involved with the creation of this virus (he has worked with scientists on this stuff from other countries too, and knows the Chinese scientists who also worked on it in the USA) and the various organizations connected to it, very inbred overall, mostly secret / unknown agencies. From the horses mouth describing why this virus is a Ft. Detrick concoction:

https://www.lewrockwell.com/2020/04/no_author/the-evidence-that-covid-was-a-us-biowarfare-attack-on-china/

xxx teufelin, 1 hour ago

That makes total sense. Let's release Acute Respiratory Syndrome virus as a weapon, cuz there is no way it could make it back to us to kill us.

Your post is Chinese propaganda. Your CCP masters should learn to take responsibility for their inactions. BUt then again, Communists are never wrong, always someone else's fault.

xxx Leroy Whitby, 1 hour ago

"Wu also suggested that animals from the WIV weren't properly disposed of, and in some cases were sold as pets. According to the report, lab workers reportedly boiled and ate used laboratory eggs ."

Those super-smart, super-competent, Chinese. Not 3rd world incompetents at all . . .

xxx 1 hour ago

i wonder what lisa barsoomian (rod rosenstein wife) thinks/knows about COVID-19 being she's a CIA **** working for the NIH

https://threadreaderapp.com/thread/1013210600946786304.html

xxx simpson seers 1 hour ago

Trump was very successful at laying blame on China – just as the lethal 1918 flu epidemic that began in US Army camps and killed millions of people was successfully marketed to the public as the 'Spanish flu.'

https://ericmargolis.com/2020/04/lies-wont-stop-covid-19/

xxx 1 hour ago

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UFS4BjRqEWY

xxx 1 hour ago

Interesting that China shut down all domestic flights out of Wuhan right away, but let international flights continue until the destination countries shut them down.

International business people, scientists, academics, etc... What a great way to spread this directly into the economic heart of a nation.

xxx 1 hour ago

dumbass, that's not "interesting", that's called alignment with international law. CCP can order domestic flights to stop but other governments would cry (human rights abuse or whatever) if they stop international flights.

xxx 1 hour ago (Edited)

Yes, and we all know that China is the number one protector and defender of international law. Maybe they can build you a nice island for an airbase. Or lock you up in a Muslim concentration camp. Or steal your patents. Or copy your data. Or just disappear you. You are a tool.

xxx 1 hour ago

Fauci gave Wuhan lab $3.7M to continue development of covid.

xxx 1 hour ago (Edited)

Hopefully it'll be bombs away after Colon Powell does an encore performance in front of the UN showing some cool cartoons of the Wuhan bioweapons lab and some grainy Google Maps screen dumps of the Wuhan wet market. A few snippets of bats flying from one of the old Dracula movies will be icing on the cake.

xxx 1 hour ago (Edited)

Others report US government analysts to be the most unlikely source of truth,

and Pompeo as the unlikeliest source of all.

xxx 1 hour ago

Seems a Mr. Fauci has quite a few patents involving one Glycoprotien 120. The HIV envelope delivery system.

xxx Anatara666, 1 hour ago

And yet here is a newly isolated human coronavirus (SARS-CoV) USA patent, first listed in
2004 and due to expire in 2024.

https://patents.google.com/patent/US7220852B1/en

(Follow the money)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x9_gY43iIns
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-XaMaiZie90

Gain-of-function virus futzing has been ongoing by multiple nation state players for decades, supposedly for immunotherapies, vaccines and yes bio-weapon advantage.

Dial in the Davos set/MIC/Silicon technocracy megalomaniacs who will stop at nothing to control the narrative, the WHO, the World Economic Forum and yes the bankers, who hope for a slice of the profit kick-back.

This usual suspect mix truly believes its best they take care of the rest of us the 99% useless eaters. Boston Dynamics proves human service, uber, box, till or warehouse operatives are simply no longer needed. The Depop/Defrag 2.0 agenda.

So kneel, OBEY rejoice, and say a BIG thank you prayer and never forget to smile as you take your life saving vaccine remember it's for the greater good.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I4_Y0ONzIJw

(This message is sponsored by the Uncle Bill & Aunty Melinda Foundation)

xxx 1 hour ago (Edited)

No evidence

No evidence does not mean it isn't true or isn't likely. Very different things.
The Chinese have of course done everything to make sure there will be no evidence to be found.

But on Feb 14 President Xi addressed the nation and said, among other things, right in the middle of the epidemic, that they were tightening the protocols and regulation around biological labs.

That's as close to a confession that you will ever get.

xxx 2 hours ago

A US government analysis leaked to the Washington Times concludes that the Wuhan Institute of Virology or the Chinese CDC is the "most likely" source of the COVID-19 pandemic

Reminds me of Petrov and Boshirov, who were "highly likely" to have poisoned the Skripals, even though the Skripals lived just down the road from the UK germ warfare lab. But proximity to Porton Down was just circumstantial, of course, not a smoking gun.

And while we may not have a smoking gun proving that COVID-19 escaped from the Wuhan lab, "there is circumstantial evidence to suggest such may be the case," according to the report.

You don't say...

compiled from open sources

not a finished product

no smoking gun

Well, that confirms it. I guess we have to go to war with China. They've left us no other choice.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo told Fox News on Wednesday that the US knows that the pandemic began in Wuhan,

Yes, the men who stare at goats saw it in a vision, and the State Department was able to obtain confirmation from Miss Cleo's toll-free psychic hotline.

but that China still refuses to disclose information about their facilities and is engaging in 'classic communist disinformation.'

Which is, of course, strictly amateur league compared to 'classic US Red Scare/Yellow Menace disinformation'.

He added that the CCP must be held accountable.

Mike Pompeo, king of the Free **** Army. Go ahead and open up that Pandora's box. Don't be surprised when other countries then decide to hold the US accountable for its numerous wars of aggression and crimes against humanity.

Need any more dots?

Enough with the dots and the clickbating. How about something a little more substantial over which to start a new war of aggression? Ever heard of evidence?

xxx 2 hours ago

"All other possible places of the virus's origin have been proven to be highly unlikely," the government document concludes...

Of course they'd say that. Regardless of where the virus came from, the US government is using it as part of its "tilt to China" (new Cold War to justify military spending). The Hong Kong protests, partially paid for by the National Endowment for Democracy, an IC front, were also part of the 'tilt'.

xxx 2 hours ago

we need hard evidence that China deliberately let this loose. The US govt and FOX news are not reliable. Remember the WMD's? Assad gassed his own people twice? 19 Arabs with boxcutters did 911? How are we supposed to believe anything today?

xxx 2 hours ago

Right. You need evidence that China released a deadly virus on it's own people just weeks after signing a trade deal after years of trade war with the US and just before their year-end celebrations, when pretty much the whole country is not in office and travelling and will be spreading the virus around.

xxx 2 hours ago (Edited)

Yes of course... China "did it"!...

Something along the lines... That if you keep repeating the same narrative over and over again... it makes you "TRU$T" your .gov "more"???...

https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/geopolitics-biological-weapons-part-1-useful-and-timely-factual-overview

https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/geopolitics-biological-weapons-part-2-efficiency-deployment

https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/geopolitics-biological-weapons-part-3-population-control-doomsday-vault

https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-09-16/us-diplomats-involved-trafficking-human-blood-and-pathogens-secret-military-program

https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-09-13/us-biological-warfare-program-spotlight-again

https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-10-05/russian-military-us-killed-dozens-bioweapon-disguised-drug-research

https://www.military.com/daily-news/2019/11/24/cdc-inspection-findings-reveal-more-about-fort-detrick-research-suspension.html

https://www.veteranstoday.com/2020/04/27/pravda-us-army-created-covid-19-in-2015-research-proofs-or-debunking-you-pick/

https://www.hopkins-cepar.org/on-alert/two-different-drills-with-two-different-goals

https://www.zerohedge.com/technology/meet-salus-pentagons-new-covid-hotspot-panic-buying-predicting-ai

xxx 1 hour ago

You're not supposed to remember that, citizen.

http://dilyana.bg/the-pentagon-bio-weapons/

https://sputniknews.com/military/201809111067942351-lugar-center-alleged-us-biolab/

https://www.rt.com/news/440309-us-georgia-toxic-bioweapon-test/

xxx 2 hours ago (Edited)

It would be a massive coincidence that the virus started at a market in the same vicinity as the Wuhan Institute of Virology. So I figure the bio-lab is the source.

Yet having Mike Pompeo deliver that assessment doesn't in any way give me further confidence. The guy is a pathological liar - he's said so himself:

Secretary Pompeo: " Lying, Cheating & Stealing reminds you of the glory of the American experiment" 4-21-19 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xE9zczFARuM

xxx 2 hours ago

"The document, compiled from open sources and not a finished product,"

Compiled. from. open. sources.

Please.

So not one of the 17 - count 'em, seventeen - of the alphabet soup that makes up the US Intelligence Community had any confidential sources capable of adding anything worth putting into that report?

Apparently so.

This report can be very short. All it needs is two lines of text:

One with a link to zerohedge

One that reads: "Go there. We did."

xxx 2 hours ago

Translated: The document, fabricated from neocon brain and with evidence from thin air...

xxx 2 hours ago

Huang worked at WIV but she is the only WIV employee whose biography, profile and picture have been deleted by WIV on its website, fueling speculation of foul play

Or maybe fowl play...

xxx 2 hours ago (Edited)

My friend in college worked in a research lab and smuggled out a lab rat to keep as a pet.

xxx 2 hours ago

China wrecked the world economy?? Yeah, right. Seems to me JUSA politicians were the ones who locked us all down unconstitutionally , eliminated our jobs, bailed out corporate JUSA, destroyed what was left of the middle class and tossed a crumb or two to the goy not China.

xxx 2 hours ago

"A US government analysis leaked to the Washington Time s"

Stopped reading there.

xxx 2 hours ago

Only the cattle prodded and subdued chosenite owned bovine tax herd in USSA is still buying the lies of their evil oligarchs.

The rest of the world is well informed of the lies, fraud, and evil that the Orange sewer ferments on a daily basis.

https://www.unz.com/runz/american-pravda-our-coronavirus-catastrophe-as-biowarfare-blowback/

Shi Zhengli Provides Proof SARS CoV-2 Was Not An Accidental Release From Wuhan Institute of Virology

https://www.emptywheel.net/2020/04/27/shi-zhengli-provides-proof-sars-cov-2-was-not-an-accidental-release-from-wuhan-institute-of-virology/#top

xxx 2 hours ago

US Government analysis - OK thanks for the heads up that this is complete ********. Anything coming out of Mordor on the Potomac, whether the CIA or the Pentagon should be immediately discounted as propaganda. The entire story rests on the virus having first infected humans in December of 2019. With our expanding anti-body testing it appears we have 30 to 60 times more infections than the lying experts at the CDC and NIH told us. Therefore the virus must have originated a good deal sooner. And that means the analysts who produced this crap are fiction writers preparing the script they were told to produce.

xxx 2 hours ago

The USA political system has very little credibility . These DS sociopaths don't seem to realize it , living in a land of lies every lie seems true .

xxx 2 hours ago

Well they're not likely to say "US government concludes Fort Detrick most likely source of outbreak", now are they? I'd go through the laundry list of other lies the 'US government" has told us, but we all know them.

This thing was here last fall. They shut down Fort Detrick for safety violations and the US soldiers who went to Wuhan in October for the Military Games were based right nearby. Those same soldiers got sick with a new respiratory condition, and several nursing homes in the immediate vicinity of Fort Detrick were hit by pneumonia outbreaks of unknown origin last summer, as well.

Remember those vaping illnesses? This is what happens when you just accept that your Ministry of War is housed in a building the shape of a Satanic pentagram.

xxx 2 hours ago

it's more than interesting to see how the inept commander in chief is trying to hide away his own blunders by pointing fingers at China. it's quite clear that the virus emerged from fort detrick and then to china with the american contingent taking part in the military games there in september/october of last year. the fact that fort detrick was closed down for unspecified reasons in august/september last year and remained closed for some 6 months, speak volumes. thus origin of the virus is more than certain an american lab for bilogical warfare and that is all there is to to it.

xxx 2 hours ago

Seems a bit .... retarded ....to lay this at the feet of Trump. The people pushing this are the same people that control Ft. Detrick and who have been using the resources of the bureaucracies they control, to bring him down and thwart everything he campaigned up.

President Trump has moved entirely too slowly and timidly, in my opinion, to counter these seditious bastards. But isn't as if any President can do this on his own and the American People have hardly taken to the streets to in opposition to the crimes of the DOJ, the FBI, the CIA, NSA, and the Pentagon.

xxx 2 hours ago


Shhhhh, you're messing up their orangemanbad narrative.

xxx 44 minutes ago

well, trump, inept commander in chief, explained to the american people that the virus was more or less a harmless fl and that the health-services in the usa are of an exceptional standard and thus nothing to worry about - but when matters hotted up and he was standing there with his trousers around his ankles, he saw the immediate and urgent need to exculpate himself from his earlier blunders and facing the November election points a shaky finger towards China. China ain't no pushover and quickly put forward circumstances that with a degree of certainty put the blame squarely at the feet of the US. and that's where we are today.

It would be more interesting if Egypt sued the US for 200 billion bucks rather than China and then Saudi can sue the US for a couple of trillion bucks for allowing the shale business to expand to such an extent that it threatens the future of every single saudi, man or women.

xxx 3 hours ago

US Government Report Concludes Wuhan Lab 'Most Likely Source' Of COVID-19 Outbreak

Is anyone surprised? No.

Really. Regardless how you feel about this, the US government is totally predictable

and is engaging in 'classic communist disinformation.'

xxx 3 hours ago

I can buy that the virus escaped from the Chines lab, could very well be. Then again to associate truth or trust with U.S. Intelligence services is just a naive impulsive need. These are the people along with the Israeli Intelligence who gave us 9/11. So in that light. Consider what was in play. The U.S.: a service economy, growing and expanding debt, erosion of the petrodollar, Mideast wars played out with Russia and China making headway in Mid East oil deals, trade, military co-operation, China making inroads in Africa as well as the belt and road, china ahead in hyper sonic weapon, A.I and have laser tech. All forecast I have seen show China overtaking the U.S. in the next 5 years if not already there in some aspects. Given all this, who has the greater motive to push the wait hold, reset button. If The U.S. Intelligence services can pull off 9/11 with The Israeli intelligence services then who is to accept the most simple explanation, who is to know, really. After 9/11 for me anything is possible.

xxx 3 hours ago

Article: "Secretary of State Mike Pompeo told Fox News on Wednesday [...]"

That was enough for me. Wherever this virus originated, this lying slimeball could never be trusted to tell the truth.

I also note that ZH want to go along with this story because it "outed" Peng Zhou back in January and got de-platformed by Twitterati bossman Jackoff Dorkey.

xxx 3 hours ago

Anybody know this Greg Rubini guy?

According to his twitter on March, 14: the corona virus was genetically engineered as bio-Weapon at the Univ. of North Carolina BSL-3 Lab. Fauci(NIH) funded the production of the Corona Virus at the lab. The CDC and the NIH are fully aware of it. The virus was then deliberately spread to China, Italy and in the USA.

I am leaning towards believing the virus was actually made in USA instead of China now. The first case of covid-19 was formally identified at the end of last December in China, but according to Israel Times the US intelligence already notified its allies of the virus a month earlier.

xxx 3 hours ago (Edited)

Some of the technology development may have been done here (or stolen from here), but little doubt that it originated in China. There was also technology developed in Canada that was possibly stolen and taken back to Wuhan.

xxx 2 hours ago (Edited)

Little doubt? Please prove it it originated there? You can't and most folks need to realize no nation will talk about their bio-weapon programs.

However some of technology? Please this thing is US Bio Weapon made last time I checked Maryland is in U.S unless it got transported somehow by magic carpet to another country of origin. Can we stop this blame pathetic nonsense. Some information we will never know and is speculations which are turning into conflict. I stream a lot of media stuff, and sometimes listening to Fox zoo and other media around the world, listening to some commentators doesn't surprise me how one side sees things and others, audience is what they care. So where is this striving for.....

And if your next word is War, bingo.

xxx 3 hours ago (Edited)

... engaging in "classic communist disinformation".

As opposed to mockingbird media disinformation?

"We'll know our disinformation program is complete when everything the American public believes is false."

~ CIA Director William Casey

xxx 3 hours ago

Here an expose of Dr Fauci ; **** floats as we say . https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qq2uuHfmq8k

[Apr 28, 2020] The US Government's Secret History of Grisly Experiments by John W. Whitehead

Apr 28, 2020 | original.antiwar.com
"They were monsters with human faces, in crisp uniforms, marching in lockstep, so banal you don't recognize them for what they are until it's too late."

~ Ransom Riggs, Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children

I have never known any government to put the best interests of its people first, and this COVID-19 pandemic is no exception.

Now this isn't intended to be a debate over whether COVID-19 is a legitimate health crisis or a manufactured threat. Such crises can – and are – manipulated by governments in order to expand their powers. As such, it is possible for the virus to be both a genuine menace to public health and a menace to freedom.

Yet we can't afford to overlook the fact that governments the world over, including the U.S. government, have unleashed untold horrors upon the world in the name of global conquest, the acquisition of greater wealth, scientific experimentation, and technological advances, all packaged in the guise of the greater good.

While the US government is currently looking into the possibility that the novel coronavirus spread from a Chinese laboratory rather than a market , the virus could just as easily have been created by the US government or one of its allies.

After all, grisly experiments, barbaric behavior and inhumane conditions have become synonymous with the US government, which has meted out untold horrors against humans and animals alike.

For instance, did you know that the US government has been buying hundreds of dogs and cats from "Asian meat markets" as part of a gruesome experiment into food-borne illnesses?

The cannibalistic experiments involve killing cats and dogs purchased from Colombia, Brazil, Vietnam, China and Ethiopia, and then feeding the dead remains to laboratory kittens , bred in government laboratories for the express purpose of being infected with a disease and then killed.

It gets more gruesome.

The Department of Veterans Affairs has been removing parts of dogs' brains to see how it affects their breathing ; applying electrodes to dogs' spinal cords (before and after severing them) to see how it impacts their cough reflexes; and implanting pacemakers in dogs' hearts and then inducing them to have heart attacks (before draining their blood). All of the laboratory dogs are killed during the course of these experiments.

It's not just animals that are being treated like lab rats by government agencies.

"We the people" have also become the police state's guinea pigs: to be caged, branded, experimented upon without our knowledge or consent , and then conveniently discarded and left to suffer from the aftereffects.

Back in 2017, FEMA "inadvertently" exposed nearly 10,000 firefighters, paramedics and other responders to a deadly form of ricin during simulated bioterrorism response sessions. In 2015, it was discovered that an Army lab had been "mistakenly" shipping deadly anthrax to labs and defense contractors for a decade.

While these particular incidents have been dismissed as "accidents," you don't have to dig very deep or go very back in the nation's history to uncover numerous cases in which the government deliberately conducted secret experiments on an unsuspecting populace – citizens and noncitizens alike – making healthy people sick by spraying them with chemicals, injecting them with infectious diseases and exposing them to airborne toxins.

At the time, the government reasoned that it was legitimate to experiment on people who did not have full rights in society such as prisoners, mental patients, and poor blacks.

In Alabama, for example, 600 black men with syphilis were allowed to suffer without proper medical treatment in order to study the natural progression of untreated syphilis. In California, older prisoners had testicles from livestock and from recently executed convicts implanted in them to test their virility. In Connecticut, mental patients were injected with hepatitis.

In Maryland, sleeping prisoners had a pandemic flu virus sprayed up their noses. In Georgia, two dozen "volunteering" prison inmates had gonorrhea bacteria pumped directly into their urinary tracts through the penis. In Michigan, male patients at an insane asylum were exposed to the flu after first being injected with an experimental flu vaccine. In Minnesota, 11 public service employee "volunteers" were injected with malaria, then starved for five days.

In New York, dying patients had cancer cells introduced into their systems. In Ohio, over 100 inmates were injected with live cancer cells . Also in New York, prisoners at a reformatory prison were also split into two groups to determine how a deadly stomach virus was spread: the first group was made to swallow an unfiltered stool suspension, while the second group merely breathed in germs sprayed into the air. And in Staten Island, children with mental retardation were given hepatitis orally and by injection to see if they could then be cured.

As the Associated Press reports, "The late 1940s and 1950s saw huge growth in the US pharmaceutical and health care industries, accompanied by a boom in prisoner experiments funded by both the government and corporations. By the 1960s, at least half the states allowed prisoners to be used as medical guinea pigs because they were cheaper than chimpanzees ."

Moreover, "Some of these studies, mostly from the 1940s to the '60s, apparently were never covered by news media . Others were reported at the time, but the focus was on the promise of enduring new cures, while glossing over how test subjects were treated."

Media blackouts, propaganda, spin. Sound familiar?

How many government incursions into our freedoms have been blacked out, buried under "entertainment" news headlines, or spun in such a way as to suggest that anyone voicing a word of caution is paranoid or conspiratorial?

Unfortunately, these incidents are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the atrocities the government has inflicted on an unsuspecting populace in the name of secret experimentation.

For instance, there was the US military's secret race-based testing of mustard gas on more than 60,000 enlisted men . As NPR reports, "All of the World War II experiments with mustard gas were done in secret and weren't recorded on the subjects' official military records. Most do not have proof of what they went through. They received no follow-up health care or monitoring of any kind. And they were sworn to secrecy about the tests under threat of dishonorable discharge and military prison time, leaving some unable to receive adequate medical treatment for their injuries, because they couldn't tell doctors what happened to them."

And then there was the CIA's MKULTRA program in which hundreds of unsuspecting American civilians and military personnel were dosed with LSD , some having the hallucinogenic drug slipped into their drinks at the beach, in city bars, at restaurants. As Time reports, "before the documentation and other facts of the program were made public, those who talked of it were frequently dismissed as being psychotic."

Now one might argue that this is all ancient history and that the government today is different from the government of yesteryear, but has the US government really changed?

Has the government become any more humane, any more respectful of the rights of the citizenry?

Has it become any more transparent or willing to abide by the rule of law? Has it become any more truthful about its activities? Has it become any more cognizant of its appointed role as a guardian of our rights?

Or has the government simply hunkered down and hidden its nefarious acts and dastardly experiments under layers of secrecy, legalism and obfuscations? Has it not become wilier, more slippery, more difficult to pin down?

Having mastered the Orwellian art of Doublespeak and followed the Huxleyan blueprint for distraction and diversion, are we not dealing with a government that is simply craftier and more conniving that it used to be?

Consider this: after revelations about the government's experiments spanning the 20 th century spawned outrage, the government began looking for human guinea pigs in other countries , where "clinical trials could be done more cheaply and with fewer rules."

In Guatemala, prisoners and patients at a mental hospital were infected with syphilis, "apparently to test whether penicillin could prevent some sexually transmitted disease." In Uganda, U.S.-funded doctors " failed to give the AIDS drug AZT to all the HIV-infected pregnant women in a study even though it would have protected their newborns." Meanwhile, in Nigeria, children with meningitis were used to test an antibiotic named Trovan. Eleven children died and many others were left disabled.

The more things change, the more they stay the same.

Case in point: back in 2016, it was announced that scientists working for the Department of Homeland Security would begin releasing various gases and particles on crowded subway platforms as part of an experiment aimed at testing bioterror airflow in New York subways.

The government insisted that the gases released into the subways by the DHS were nontoxic and did not pose a health risk. It's in our best interests, they said, to understand how quickly a chemical or biological terrorist attack might spread. And look how cool the technology is – said the government cheerleaders – that scientists can use something called DNATrax to track the movement of microscopic substances in air and food. (Imagine the kinds of surveillance that could be carried out by the government using trackable airborne microscopic substances you breathe in or ingest.)

Mind you, this is the same government that in 1949 sprayed bacteria into the Pentagon's air handling system , then the world's largest office building. In 1950, special ops forces sprayed bacteria from Navy ships off the coast of Norfolk and San Francisco , in the latter case exposing all of the city's 800,000 residents.

In 1953, government operatives staged "mock" anthrax attacks on St. Louis, Minneapolis, and Winnipeg using generators placed on top of cars. Local governments were reportedly told that "'invisible smokescreen[s]' were being deployed to mask the city on enemy radar." Later experiments covered territory as wide-ranging as Ohio to Texas and Michigan to Kansas.

In 1965, the government's experiments in bioterror took aim at Washington's National Airport, followed by a 1966 experiment in which army scientists exposed a million subway NYC passengers to airborne bacteria that causes food poisoning .

And this is the same government that has taken every bit of technology sold to us as being in our best interests – GPS devices, surveillance, nonlethal weapons, etc. – and used it against us, to track, control and trap us.

So, no, I don't think the government's ethics have changed much over the years. It's just taken its nefarious programs undercover.

The question remains: why is the government doing this? The answer is always the same: money, power and total domination.

It's the same answer no matter which totalitarian regime is in power.

The mindset driving these programs has, appropriately, been likened to that of Nazi doctors experimenting on Jews . As the Holocaust Museum recounts , Nazi physicians "conducted painful and often deadly experiments on thousands of concentration camp prisoners without their consent."

The Nazi's unethical experiments ran the gamut from freezing experiments using prisoners to find an effective treatment for hypothermia, tests to determine the maximum altitude for parachuting out of a plane, injecting prisoners with malaria, typhus, tuberculosis, typhoid fever, yellow fever, and infectious hepatitis, exposing prisoners to phosgene and mustard gas, and mass sterilization experiments.

The horrors being meted out against the American people can be traced back, in a direct line, to the horrors meted out in Nazi laboratories. In fact, following the second World War, the US government recruited many of Hitler's employees, adopted his protocols, embraced his mindset about law and order and experimentation, and implemented his tactics in incremental steps.

Sounds far-fetched, you say? Read on. It's all documented.

As historian Robert Gellately recounts , the Nazi police state was initially so admired for its efficiency and order by the world powers of the day that J. Edgar Hoover, then-head of the FBI, actually sent one of his right-hand men, Edmund Patrick Coffey, to Berlin in January 1938 at the invitation of Germany's secret police, the Gestapo.

The FBI was so impressed with the Nazi regime that, according to the New York Times , in the decades after World War II, the FBI, along with other government agencies, aggressively recruited at least a thousand Nazis , including some of Hitler's highest henchmen.

All told, thousands of Nazi collaborators – including the head of a Nazi concentration camp, among others – were given secret visas and brought to America by way of Project Paperclip. Subsequently, they were hired on as spies, informants and scientific advisers, and then camouflaged to ensure that their true identities and ties to Hitler's holocaust machine would remain unknown. All the while, thousands of Jewish refugees were refused entry visas to the US on the grounds that it could threaten national security.

Adding further insult to injury, American taxpayers have been paying to keep these ex-Nazis on the US government's payroll ever since. And in true Gestapo fashion, anyone who has dared to blow the whistle on the FBI's illicit Nazi ties has found himself spied upon , intimidated, harassed and labeled a threat to national security.

As if the government's covert, taxpayer-funded employment of Nazis after World War II wasn't bad enough, US government agencies – the FBI, CIA and the military – have since fully embraced many of the Nazi's well-honed policing tactics, and have used them repeatedly against American citizens.

It's certainly easy to denounce the full-frontal horrors carried out by the scientific and medical community within a despotic regime such as Nazi Germany, but what do you do when it's your own government that claims to be a champion of human rights all the while allowing its agents to engage in the foulest, bases and most despicable acts of torture, abuse and experimentation?

When all is said and done, this is not a government that has our best interests at heart.

This is not a government that values us.

Perhaps the answer lies in The Third Man , Carol Reed's influential 1949 film starring Joseph Cotten and Orson Welles. In the film, set in a post-WW II Vienna, rogue war profiteer Harry Lime has come to view human carnage with a callous indifference, unconcerned that the diluted penicillin he's been trafficking underground has resulted in the tortured deaths of young children.

Challenged by his old friend Holly Martins to consider the consequences of his actions, Lime responds, "In these days, old man, nobody thinks in terms of human beings. Governments don't, so why should we? "

"Have you ever seen any of your victims?" asks Martins.

"Victims?" responds Limes, as he looks down from the top of a Ferris wheel onto a populace reduced to mere dots on the ground. "Look down there. Tell me. Would you really feel any pity if one of those dots stopped moving forever? If I offered you twenty thousand pounds for every dot that stopped, would you really, old man, tell me to keep my money, or would you calculate how many dots you could afford to spare? Free of income tax, old man. Free of income tax – the only way you can save money nowadays."

As I make clear in my book Battlefield America: The War on the American People , this is how the US government sees us, too, when it looks down upon us from its lofty perch.

To the powers-that-be, the rest of us are insignificant specks, faceless dots on the ground.

To the architects of the American police state, we are not worthy or vested with inherent rights. This is how the government can justify treating us like economic units to be bought and sold and traded, or caged rats to be experimented upon and discarded when we've outgrown our usefulness.

To those who call the shots in the halls of government, "we the people" are merely the means to an end.

"We the people" – who think, who reason, who take a stand, who resist, who demand to be treated with dignity and care, who believe in freedom and justice for all – have become obsolete, undervalued citizens of a totalitarian state that, in the words of Rod Serling, "has patterned itself after every dictator who has ever planted the ripping imprint of a boot on the pages of history since the beginning of time. It has refinements, technological advances, and a more sophisticated approach to the destruction of human freedom."

In this sense, we are all Romney Wordsworth, the condemned man in Serling's Twilight Zone episode "The Obsolete Man."

" The Obsolete Man " speaks to the dangers of a government that views people as expendable once they have outgrown their usefulness to the State. Yet – and here's the kicker – this is where the government through its monstrous inhumanity also becomes obsolete. As Serling noted in his original script for "The Obsolete Man," " Any state, any entity, any ideology which fails to recognize the worth, the dignity, the rights of Man that state is obsolete. "

How do you defeat a monster? You start by recognizing the monster for what it is.'

Constitutional attorney and author John W. Whitehead is founder and president of The Rutherford Institute . His new book is Battlefield America: The War on the American People (SelectBooks, 2015). Whitehead can be contacted at johnw@rutherford.org .

Reprinted with permission from the Rutherford Institute .

[Apr 27, 2020] Reckless bioexperiments can wipe out humanity

Notable quotes:
"... The pandemics he is concerned about are not of the kind that break out in the wet markets of Wuhan, but rather those engineered in biological laboratories. ..."
"... Yet like so many aspects of existential threat, the idea of an engineered pathogen seems too sci-fi, too far-fetched, to grab our attention for long. The international body charged with policing bioweapons is the Biological Weapons Convention. Its annual budget is just €1.4m (£1.2m). As Ord points out with due derision, that sum is less than the turnover of the average McDonald's restaurant. ..."
Apr 27, 2020 | www.theguardian.com

... ... ...

Complex global networks certainly increase our vulnerability to viral pandemics and cyberattacks, but neither of those outcomes qualify as a serious existential risk in Ord's book. The pandemics he is concerned about are not of the kind that break out in the wet markets of Wuhan, but rather those engineered in biological laboratories.

... ... ...

Yet like so many aspects of existential threat, the idea of an engineered pathogen seems too sci-fi, too far-fetched, to grab our attention for long. The international body charged with policing bioweapons is the Biological Weapons Convention. Its annual budget is just €1.4m (£1.2m). As Ord points out with due derision, that sum is less than the turnover of the average McDonald's restaurant.

There are many predictions currently being made about how the world might be changed by the coronavirus. The philosopher John Gray recently declared that it spelt the end of hyperglobalisation and the reassertion of the importance of the nation state.

"Contrary to the progressive mantra," Gray wrote in an essay , "global problems do not always have global solutions the belief that this crisis can be solved by an unprecedented outbreak of international cooperation is magical thinking in its purest form."

But nor can individual countries afford to turn their backs on the world, at least not for long. The pandemic may not engender deeper international cooperation and a keener appreciation of the fact that we are, so to speak, all in it together. Ultimately, though, we will have to arrive at that kind of unity if we're to avoid far greater afflictions in the future.

The Precipice by Toby Ord is published by Bloomsbury (£25). To order a copy go to guardianbookshop.com . Free UK p&p over £15

href="https://profile.theguardian.com/user/id/101907994">JJSmallpiece -> SayEnoughIsEnough , 26 Apr 2020 11:44

COVID19 is quite mild really, imagine if it had a fatality rate of 30%.
SayEnoughIsEnough , 26 Apr 2020 11:32
The emergence of this novel Coronavirus has, for me, highlighted the fragility of human civilisation and subsequently our societies. The world, our species, has been caught on the hop.

There are numerous issues that could subsequently led to the decimation of our species, our civilisations, i.e., disease, nuclear holocaust, asteroids, artificial intelligence, climate change, etc.

I'll stick with disease at the moment since we're are currently in the grip of a viral pandemic.

SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) is a strain of SARS. It isn't as lethal as SARS-CoV (SARS). SARS has a mortality rate of around 10%. But, SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) is by an order of magnitude more infectious than SARS-CoV. So, what will the third incarnation of this virus, i.e., SARS-CoV-3 be? The lethality of the first strain coupled with the infectiousness of the second strain?

Also, Ebola (EVD) causes one great consternation. EVD has a staggering mortality rate, i.e., the average EVD case rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks. Viruses mutate regularly, so, saying that, what happens if EVD mutates into new strain that keeps the lethality of the first incarnation and its infectiousness increases? We could be looking at tens of millions, hundreds of millions dead...

And, let's not forget that our antibiotics for bacterial infections are waning because just like viruses bacteria mutates and are subsequently becoming resistant to said antibiotics.

They're many obstacles for our species to overcome and, in my opinion, disease is foremost. There is the real possibility that if we don't act, get our finger out, our species could find itself in the same position as our predecessors, i.e., lucky to live past our 30s...

StandingUpToBeHeard -> MartinSilenus , 26 Apr 2020 11:36
Politicians and corporates have learnt how to monetise democracies - and their propaganda arm (newspapers) keep people misinformed and stupid. The said democracy is only in our heads.

[Apr 25, 2020] Did This Virus Come From a Lab? Maybe Not But It Exposes the Threat of a Biowarfare Arms Race by Sam Husseini

Highly recommended!
Apr 25, 2020 | salon.com

Dangerous pathogens are captured in the wild and made deadlier in government biowarfare labs. Did that happen here?

There has been no scientific finding that the novel coronavirus was bioengineered, but its origins are not entirely clear. Deadly pathogens discovered in the wild are sometimes studied in labs – and sometimes made more dangerous. That possibility, and other plausible scenarios, have been incorrectly dismissed in remarks by some scientists and government officials, and in the coverage of most major media outlets.

Regardless of the source of this pandemic, there is considerable documentation that a global biological arms race going on outside of public view could produce even more deadly pandemics in the future.

While much of the media and political establishment have minimized the threat from such lab work, some hawks on the American right like Sen. Tom Cotton, R-Ark ., have singled out Chinese biodefense researchers as uniquely dangerous.

But there is every indication that U.S. lab work is every bit as threatening as that in Chinese labs. American labs also operate in secret, and are also known to be accident-prone .

The current dynamics of the biological arms race have been driven by US government decisions that extend back decades. In December 2009, Reuters reported that the Obama administration was refusing even to negotiate the possible monitoring of biological weapons.

Much of the left in the US now appears unwilling to scrutinize the origin of the pandemic – or the wider issue of biowarfare – perhaps because portions of the anti-Chinese right have been so vocal in making unfounded allegations.

Governments that participate in such biological weapon research generally distinguish between "biowarfare" and "biodefense," as if to paint such "defense" programs as necessary. But this is rhetorical sleight-of-hand; the two concepts are largely indistinguishable.

"Biodefense" implies tacit biowarfare, breeding more dangerous pathogens for the alleged purpose of finding a way to fight them. While this work appears to have succeeded in creating deadly and infectious agents, including deadlier flu strains, such "defense" research is impotent in its ability to defend us from this pandemic.

The legal scholar who drafted the main US law on the subject, Francis Boyle, warned in his 2005 book " Biowarfare and Terrorism " that an "illegal biological arms race with potentially catastrophic consequences" was underway, largely driven by the US government.

For years, many scientists have raised concerns regarding bioweapons/biodefense lab work, and specifically about the fact that huge increases in funding have taken place since 9/11. This was especially true after the anthrax-by-mail attacks that killed five people in the weeks after 9/11, which the FBI ultimately blamed on a US government biodefense scientist. A 2013 study found that biodefense funding since 2001 had totaled at least $78 billion , and more has surely been spent since then. This has led to a proliferation of laboratories , scientists and new organisms, effectively setting off a biological arms race.

Following the Ebola outbreak in west Africa in 2014, the US government paused funding for what are known as "gain-of-function" research on certain organisms. This work actually seeks to make deadly pathogens deadlier, in some cases making pathogens airborne that previously were not. With little notice outside the field, the pause on such research was lifted in late 2017 .

During this pause, exceptions for funding were made for dangerous gain-of-function lab work. This included work jointly done by US scientists from the University of North Carolina, Harvard and the Wuhan Institute of Virology. This work – which had funding from USAID and EcoHealth Alliance not originally acknowledged – was published in 2015 in Nature Medicine .

A different Nature Medicine article about the origin of the current pandemic, authored by five scientists and published on March 17, has been touted by major media outlet and some officials – including current National Institutes of Health director Francis Collins – as definitively disproving a lab origin for the novel coronavirus. That journal article, titled "The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2," stated unequivocally: "Our analyses clearly show that SARS-CoV-2 is not a laboratory construct or a purposefully manipulated virus." This is a subtly misleading sentence. While the scientists state that there is no known laboratory "signature" in the SARS-Cov-2 RNA, their argument fails to take account of other lab methods that could have created coronavirus mutations without leaving such a signature.

Indeed, there is also the question of conflict of interest in the Nature Medicine article. Some of the authors of that article, as well as a February 2020 Lancet letter condemning "conspiracy theories suggesting that COVID-19 does not have a natural origin" – which seemed calculated to minimize outside scrutiny of biodefense lab work – have troubling ties to the biodefense complex, as well as to the US government. Notably, neither of these articles makes clear that a virus can have a natural origin and then be captured and studied in a controlled laboratory setting before being let loose, either intentionally or accidentally – which is clearly a possibility in the case of the coronavirus.

Facts as "rumors"

This reporter raised questions about the subject at a news conference with a Center for Disease Control (CDC) representative at the now-shuttered National Press Club on Feb. 11. I asked if it was a "complete coincidence" that the pandemic had started in Wuhan, the only place in China with a declared biosafety level 4 (BSL4) laboratory. BSL4 laboratories have the most stringent safety mechanisms, but handle the most deadly pathogens. As I mentioned, it was odd that the ostensible origin of the novel coronavirus was bat caves in Yunnan province – more than 1,000 miles from Wuhan. I noted that "gain-of-function" lab work can results in more deadly pathogens, and that major labs, including some in the US, have had accidental releases .

CDC Principal Deputy Director Anne Schuchat said that based on the information she had seen, the virus was of "zoonotic origin." She also stated, regarding gain-of-function lab work, that it is important to "protect researchers and their laboratory workers as well as the community around them and that we use science for the benefit of people."

I followed up by asking whether an alleged natural origin did not preclude the possibility that this virus came through a lab, since a lab could have acquired a bat virus and been working on it. Schuchat replied to the assembled journalists that "it is very common for rumors to emerge that can take on life of their own," but did not directly answer the question. She noted that in the 2014 Ebola outbreak some observers had pointed to nearby labs as the possible cause, claiming this "was a key rumor that had to be overcome in order to help control the outbreak." She reiterated: "So based on everything that I know right now, I can tell you the circumstances of the origin really look like animals-to-human. But your question, I heard."

This is no rumor. It's a fact: Labs work with dangerous pathogens. The US and China each have dual-use biowarfare/biodefense programs. China has major facilities at Wuhan – a biosafety level 4 lab and a biosafety level 2 lab. There are leaks from labs. (See " Preventing a Biological Arms Race ," MIT Press, 1990, edited by Susan Wright; also, a partial review in Journal of International Law from October 1992.)

Much of the discussion of this deadly serious subject is marred with snark that avoids or dodges the "gain-of-function" question. ABC ran a story on March 27 titled "Sorry, Conspiracy Theorists. Study Concludes COVID-19 'Is Not a Laboratory Construct.'" That story did not address the possibility that the virus could have been found in the wild, studied in a lab and then released.

On March 21, USA Today published a piece headlined "Fact Check: Did the Coronavirus Originate In a Chinese Laboratory?" – and rated it "FALSE."

That USA Today story relied on the Washington Post, which published a widely cited article on Feb. 17 headlined, "Tom Cotton keeps repeating a coronavirus conspiracy theory that was already debunked." That article quoted public comments from Rutgers University professor of chemical biology Richard Ebright, but out of context and only in part. Specifically, the story quoted from Ebright's tweet that the coronavirus was not an "engineered bioweapon." In fact, his full quote included the clarification that the virus could have " entered human population through lab accident ." (An email requesting clarification sent to Post reporter Paulina Firozi was met with silence.)

Bioengineered ≠ From a lab

Other pieces in the Post since then ( some heavily sourced to US government officials ) have conveyed Ebright's thinking, but it gets worse. In a private exchange, Ebright – who, again, has said clearly that the novel coronavirus was not technically bioengineered using known coronavirus sequences – stated that other forms of lab manipulation could have been responsible for the current pandemic. This runs counter to much reporting, which is perhaps too scientifically illiterate to perceive the difference.

In response to the suggestion that the novel coronavirus could have come about through various methods besides bioengineering – made by Dr. Meryl Nass , who has done groundbreaking work on biowarfare – Ebright responded in an email:

The genome sequence of SARS-CoV-2 has no signatures of human manipulation.

This rules out the kinds of gain-of-function (GoF) research that leave signatures of human manipulation in genome sequences (e.g., use of recombinant DNA methods to construct chimeric viruses), but does not rule out kinds of GoF research that do not leave signatures (e.g., serial passage in animals). [emphasis added]

Very easy to imagine the equivalent of the Fouchier's "10 passages in ferrets" with H5N1 influenza virus, but, in this case, with 10 passages in non-human primates with bat coronavirus RaTG13 or bat coronavirus KP876546.

That last paragraph is very important. It refers to virologist Ron Fouchier of the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam, who performed research on intentionally increasing rates of viral mutation rate by spreading a virus from one animal to another in a sequence. The New York Times wrote about this in an editorial in January 2012, warning of "An Engineered Doomsday."

"Now scientists financed by the National Institutes of Health" have created a "virus that could kill tens or hundreds of millions of people" if it escaped confinement, the Times wrote. The story continued:

Working with ferrets, the animal that is most like humans in responding to influenza, the researchers found that a mere five genetic mutations allowed the virus to spread through the air from one ferret to another while maintaining its lethality. A separate study at the University of Wisconsin, about which little is known publicly, produced a virus that is thought to be less virulent.

The word "engineering" in the New York Times headline is technically incorrect, since passing a virus through animals is not "genetic engineering." This same distinction has hindered some from understanding the possible origins of the current pandemic.

Fouchier's flu work, in which an H5N1 virus was made more virulent by transmitting it repeatedly between individual ferrets, briefly sent shockwaves through the media. "Locked up in the bowels of the medical faculty building here and accessible to only a handful of scientists lies a man-made flu virus that could change world history if it were ever set free," wrote Science magazine in 2011 in a story titled "Scientists Brace for Media Storm Around Controversial Flu Studies." It continues:

The virus is an H5N1 avian influenza strain that has been genetically altered and is now easily transmissible between ferrets, the animals that most closely mimic the human response to flu. Scientists believe it's likely that the pathogen, if it emerged in nature or were released, would trigger an influenza pandemic, quite possibly with many millions of deaths.

In a 17th floor office in the same building, virologist Ron Fouchier of Erasmus Medical Center calmly explains why his team created what he says is "probably one of the most dangerous viruses you can make" – and why he wants to publish a paper describing how they did it. Fouchier is also bracing for a media storm. After he talked to ScienceInsider yesterday, he had an appointment with an institutional press officer to chart a communication strategy.

Fouchier's paper is one of two studies that have triggered an intense debate about the limits of scientific freedom and that could portend changes in the way U.S. researchers handle so-called dual-use research: studies that have a potential public health benefit but could also be useful for nefarious purposes like biowarfare or bioterrorism.

Despite objections, Fouchier's article was published by Science in June 2012 . Titled "Airborne Transmission of Influenza A/H5N1 Virus Between Ferrets," it summarized how Fouchier's research team made the pathogen more virulent:

Highly pathogenic avian influenza A/H5N1 virus can cause morbidity and mortality in humans but thus far has not acquired the ability to be transmitted by aerosol or respiratory droplet ("airborne transmission") between humans. To address the concern that the virus could acquire this ability under natural conditions, we genetically modified A/H5N1 virus by site-directed mutagenesis and subsequent serial passage in ferrets. The genetically modified A/H5N1 virus acquired mutations during passage in ferrets, ultimately becoming airborne transmissible in ferrets.

In other words, Fouchier's research took a flu virus that did not exhibit airborne transmission, then infected a number of ferrets until it mutated to the point that it was transmissible by air.

In that same year, 2012, a similar study by Yoshihiro Kawaoka of the University of Wisconsin was published in Nature :

Highly pathogenic avian H5N1 influenza A viruses occasionally infect humans, but currently do not transmit efficiently among humans. Here we assess the molecular changes that would allow a virus to be transmissible among mammals. We identified a virus with four mutations and the remaining seven gene segments from a 2009 pandemic H1N1 virus – that was capable of droplet transmission in a ferret model.

In 2014, Marc Lipsitch of Harvard and Alison P. Galvani of Yale wrote regarding Fouchier and Kawaoka's work :

Recent experiments that create novel, highly virulent and transmissible pathogens against which there is no human immunity are unethical they impose a risk of accidental and deliberate release that, if it led to extensive spread of the new agent, could cost many lives. While such a release is unlikely in a specific laboratory conducting research under strict biosafety procedures, even a low likelihood should be taken seriously, given the scale of destruction if such an unlikely event were to occur. Furthermore, the likelihood of risk is multiplied as the number of laboratories conducting such research increases around the globe.

Given this risk, ethical principles, such as those embodied in the Nuremberg Code , dictate that such experiments would be permissible only if they provide humanitarian benefits commensurate with the risk, and if these benefits cannot be achieved by less risky means.

We argue that the two main benefits claimed for these experiments – improved vaccine design and improved interpretation of surveillance – are unlikely to be achieved by the creation of potential pandemic pathogens (PPP), often termed "gain-of-function" (GOF) experiments.

There may be a widespread notion that there is scientific consensus that the pandemic did not come out of a lab. But in fact many of the most knowledgeable scientists in the field are notably silent. This includes Lipsitch at Harvard, Jonathan A. King at MIT and many others.

Just last year, Lynn Klotz of the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation wrote a paper in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists entitled "Human Error in High-biocontainment Labs: A Likely Pandemic Threat." Wrote Klotz:

Incidents causing potential exposures to pathogens occur frequently in the high security laboratories often known by their acronyms, BSL3 (Biosafety Level 3) and BSL4. Lab incidents that lead to undetected or unreported laboratory-acquired infections can lead to the release of a disease into the community outside the lab; lab workers with such infections will leave work carrying the pathogen with them. If the agent involved were a potential pandemic pathogen, such a community release could lead to a worldwide pandemic with many fatalities. Of greatest concern is a release of a lab-created, mammalian-airborne- transmissible, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, such as the airborne-transmissible H5N1 viruses created in the laboratories of Ron Fouchier in the Netherlands and Yoshihiro Kawaoka in Madison, Wisconsin.

"Crazy, dangerous"

Boyle, a professor of international law at the University of Illinois , has condemned Fouchier, Kawaoka and others – including at least one of the authors of the recent Nature Medicine article in the strongest terms, calling such work a "criminal enterprise." While Boyle has been embroiled in numerous controversies, he's been especially dismissed by many on this issue. The "fact-checking" website Snopes has described him as "a lawyer with no formal training in virology" – without noting that he wrote the relevant U.S. law.

As Boyle said in 2015 :

Since September 11, 2001, we have spent around $100 billion on biological warfare. Effectively we now have an Offensive Biological Warfare Industry in this country that violates the Biological Weapons Convention and my Biological Weapons Anti-Terrorism Act of 1989 .

The law Boyle drafted states: "Whoever knowingly develops, produces, stockpiles, transfers, acquires, retains, or possesses any biological agent, toxin, or delivery system for use as a weapon, or knowingly assists a foreign state or any organization to do so, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for life or any term of years, or both. There is extraterritorial Federal jurisdiction over an offense under this section committed by or against a national of the United States."

Boyle also warned:

Russia and China have undoubtedly reached the same conclusions I have derived from the same open and public sources, and have responded in kind. So what the world now witnesses is an all-out offensive biological warfare arms race among the major military powers of the world: United States, Russia, Britain, France, China, Israel, inter alia.

We have reconstructed the Offensive Biological Warfare Industry that we had deployed in this county before its prohibition by the Biological Weapons Convention of 1972, described by Seymour Hersh in his groundbreaking expose " Chemical and Biological Warfare: America's Hidden Arsenal ." (1968)

Boyle now states that he has been "blackballed" in the media on this issue, despite his having written the relevant statute. The group he worked with on the law, the Council for Responsible Genetics, went under several years ago, making Boyle's views against "biodefense" even more marginal as government money for dual use work poured into the field and critics within the scientific community have fallen silent. In turn, his denunciations have grown more sweeping.

In the 1990 book " Preventing a Biological Arms Race ," scholar Susan Wright argued that current laws regarding bioweapons were insufficient, as there were "projects in which offensive and defensive aspects can be distinguished only by claimed motive." Boyle notes, correctly, that current law he drafted does not make an exception for "defensive" work, but only for "prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes."

While Boyle is particularly vociferous in his condemnations, he is not alone. There has been irregular, but occasional media attention to this threat. The Guardian ran a piece in 2014, " Scientists condemn 'crazy, dangerous' creation of deadly airborne flu virus ," after Kawaoka created a life-threatening virus that "closely resembles the 1918 Spanish flu strain that killed an estimated 50m people":

"The work they are doing is absolutely crazy. The whole thing is exceedingly dangerous," said Lord May, the former president of the Royal Society and one time chief science adviser to the UK government. "Yes, there is a danger, but it's not arising from the viruses out there in the animals, it's arising from the labs of grossly ambitious people."

Boyle's charges beginning early this year that the coronavirus was bioengineered – allegations recently mirrored by French virologist and Nobel laureate Luc Montagnier – have not been corroborated by any publicly produced findings of any US scientist. Boyle even charges that scientists like Ebright, who is at Rutgers, are compromised because the university got a biosafety level 3 lab in 2017 – though Ebright is perhaps the most vocal eminent critic of this research, among US scientists. These and other controversies aside, Boyle's concerns about the dangers of biowarfare are legitimate; indeed, Ebright shares them.

Some of the most vocal voices to discuss the origins of the novel coronavirus have been eager to minimize the dangers of lab work, or have focused almost exclusively on "wet markets" or "exotic" animals as the likely cause.

The media celebrated Laurie Garrett, the Pulitzer Prize-winning author and former senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, when she declared on Twitter on March 3 (in a since-deleted tweet) that the origin of the pandemic was discovered: "It's pangolins. #COVID19 Researchers studied lung tissue from 12 of the scaled mammals that were illegally trafficked in Asia and found #SARSCoV2 in 3. The animals were found in Guangxi, China. Another virus+ smuggled sample found in Guangzhou."

She was swiftly corrected by Ebright: "Arrant nonsense. Did you even read the paper? Reported pangolin coronavirus is not SARS-CoV-2 and is not even particularly close to SARS-CoV-2. Bat coronavirus RaTG13 is much closer to SARS-CoV-2 (96.2% identical) than reported pangolin coronavirus (92.4% identical)." He added: "No reason to invoke pangolin as intermediate. When A is much closer than B to C, in the absence of additional data, there is no rational basis to favor pathway A>B>C over pathway A>C." When someone asked what Garrett was saying, Ebright responded : "She is saying she is scientifically illiterate."

The following day, Garrett corrected herself ( without acknowledging Ebright ): "I blew it on the #Pangolins paper, & then took a few hours break from Twitter. It did NOT prove the species = source of #SARSCoV2. There's a torrent of critique now, deservedly denouncing me & my posting. A lot of the critique is super-informative so leaving it all up 4 while."

At least one Chinese government official has responded to the allegation that the labs in Wuhan could be the source for the pandemic by alleging that perhaps the US is responsible instead. In American mainstream media, that has been reflexively treated as even more ridiculous than the original allegation that the virus could have come from a lab.

Obviously the Chinese government's allegations should not be taken at face value, but neither should US government claims – especially considering that US government labs were the apparent source for the anthrax attacks in 2001 . Those attacks sent panic through the US and shut down Congress, allowing the Bush administration to enact the PATRIOT Act and ramp up the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. Indeed, in October 2001, media darlings like Richard Butler and Andrew Sullivan propagandized for war with Iraq because of the anthrax attacks. (Neither Iraq nor al-Qaida was involved.)

The 2001 anthrax attacks also provided much of the pretext for the surge in biolab spending since then, even though they apparently originated in a US or U.S.-allied lab. Indeed, those attacks remain shrouded in mystery .

The US government has also come up with elaborate cover stories to distract from its bioweapons work. For instance, the US government infamously claimed the 1953 death of Frank Olson, a scientist at Fort Detrick, Maryland, was an LSD experiment gone wrong; it now appears to have been an execution to cover up for US biological warfare.

Regardless of the cause of the current pandemic, these biowarfare/biodefense labs need far more scrutiny. The call to shut them down by Boyle and others needs to be clearly heard – and light must be shone on precisely what research is being conducted.

The secrecy of these labs may prevent us ever knowing with certainty the origins of the current pandemic. What we do know is this kind of lab work comes with real dangers. One might make a comparison to climate change: We cannot attribute an individual hurricane to man-made climate disruption, yet science tells us that human activity makes stronger hurricanes more likely. That brings us back to the imperative to cease the kinds of activities that produce such dangers in the first place.

If that doesn't happen, the people of the planet will be at the mercy of the machinations and mistakes of state actors who are playing with fire for their geopolitical interests.

Sam Husseini is senior analyst at the Institute for Public Accuracy . He's also set up VotePact.org – which helps break out of the two party bind. His latest personal writings are at http://husseini.posthaven.com/ and tweets at http://twitter.com/samhusseini . Reprinted from Salon with permission.

[Apr 24, 2020] The virus might well escape from Fort Detrick

This is a pretty sophisticated 'conspiracy theory" ! Some brilliant chess moves presupposed :-)
Notable quotes:
"... The virus appears to be an HIV vaccine or prototype that escaped from Fort Detrick. The CDC tried to control and cover it up for months but it was too much. So they planted it in Wuhan just in time for the LNY travel season and scapegoated China. ..."
"... It is beyond plausibility that the novel pneumonia epidemic called EVALI emerged within months of the novel pneumonia epidemic called COVID19. When you further consider that the symptoms and mortality rate of these diseases are identical, the CDC says EVALI can't be tested for, and they could not provide any evidence for their assertion that it was "linked" to vaping ..."
Apr 24, 2020 | www.unz.com

gay troll , says: Show Comment April 23, 2020 at 6:56 pm GMT

@Anti-White

The virus appears to be an HIV vaccine or prototype that escaped from Fort Detrick. The CDC tried to control and cover it up for months but it was too much. So they planted it in Wuhan just in time for the LNY travel season and scapegoated China.

Alternately, someone released it from Fort Detrick on purpose.

It is beyond plausibility that the novel pneumonia epidemic called EVALI emerged within months of the novel pneumonia epidemic called COVID19. When you further consider that the symptoms and mortality rate of these diseases are identical, the CDC says EVALI can't be tested for, and they could not provide any evidence for their assertion that it was "linked" to vaping

or that Event 201 simulated a global pandemic of a more infectious SARS variant right as the Military World Games began in Wuhan, mere weeks before the first case of SARS-CoV-2 emerged in China.

Or that the CDC holds the patent to SARS, the sequence of which is 80% identical to SARS-CoV-2.

[Apr 24, 2020] China Denies US Request For Access To Wuhan Lab Which May Be Source Of Coronavirus Pandemic

If Fort Detrick's labs next ?
Apr 24, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com

Beijing has refuted claims that COVID-19 originated in a laboratory. Intelligence operatives have begun gathering information about the Wuhan lab and are piecing together a timeline of the events following the outbreak.

U.S. officials told Fox News they have ruled out the possibility of a man-made coronavirus to be used as a bioweapon. Instead, they believe it was part of China's attempt to demonstrate that its efforts to identify and combat viruses are equal to or greater than the capabilities of the United States,

Some officials believe China purposefully covered up the virus and that the World Health Organization (WHO) is complicit. President Trump took aim at the WHO over its role in the crisis and announced last week that the U.S. will halt all funding to the group, saying it had put "political correctness over lifesaving measures." - Fox News

[Apr 24, 2020] Five of the US contingent were hospitalised with "malaria".

Apr 24, 2020 | www.unz.com

acementhead , says: Show Comment Next New Comment April 24, 2020 at 1:59 am GMT

@A123

There are only two plausible possibilities for the source of WUHAN-19:

Utterly false. There is only one, highly likely, scource; Fort Detrick.

The US Military games contingent did not stay in the Military Games village where all the other teams stayed, but in a hotel twice as close to the 'wet markets' as it is to the major games venue. Why?

Five of the US contingent were hospitalised with "malaria". I don't think so. Much more likely Fort Detrick Flue. The bloods will tell the story. My conjecture is that the "Malaria" patients refused blood tests. And there is no need for Malaria to be treated in hospital, no, much more likely FDF.

[Apr 24, 2020] This has Saddam Hussein's fingerprints all over it

Apr 24, 2020 | www.unz.com

acementhead , says: Show Comment April 24, 2020 at 1:31 am GMT

@Robert White

Trump's signature is all over nCov-19 pre-pandemic.

Nice send-up of Cheney's "This has Saddam Hussein's fingerprints all over it" (It didn't, it had Fort Detrick's fingerprints all over it).

And this one also has Fort Detrick's fingerprints all over it.

Fort Detrick had "The Camel Club" and Dr Zack.

If the FBI was really investigating this case, they would have long since discovered Ft. Detrick's complete lack of adequate security at the time, with anthrax specimens – and other, far worse toxins – gone missing, as divulged in this chilling report in the Courant by Jack Dolan and Dave Altimari.

https://original.antiwar.com/justin/2004/02/25/the-anthrax-mystery/

It is surely not implausible to suggest that whoever sent the letter had foreknowledge of or some connection to the anthrax attacks, and was trying to set up Dr. Assad as the scapegoat.

The US government always lies about everything. They (GWHB and crew) suborned perjury from "Nariya". Babies were not thrown from incubators by the Iraqis. The US government has been lying ever since: and before. It lied about the shooting down of Iran Air 655, and not only lied verbally but issued a false document, a map, purporting to show that the USS Vincennes was in international waters when it shot down the Iranian airliner. This was a lie because the map omitted an Iran owned island and the Vincennes was well within Iran territorial waters.

[Apr 24, 2020] Our 'Greatest Generation' Men Weaponized Viruses, Too by Kelley Beaucar Vlahos

Apr 24, 2020 | www.theamericanconservative.com

How often the sword of righteousness was used to justify dark ops and human experimentation. 'Tales from the Darkside' intro screenshot (courtesy CBS Television)

12:01 am

Some of us might remember a cheesy Tales from the Crypt knock-off in the 1980's called Tales from the Darkside. Created by horror legend George Romero, it was more great camp than great horror, but it had one of the best opening credits of any show then and since. While the camera rolls over green forest and glen, a scene-chewing narrator begins: "Man lives in the sunlit world that he believes to be reality "

Suddenly the same landscape is rendered bleak and ominous by a jarring shift to inverted negative photography. The narration continues, dramatically pausing for effect: "But .there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit .a Darkside."

https://www.youtube.com/embed/wNwUBHAUags

The intro (some say it was the scariest part of the show) so perfectly encapsulates the Washington swamp that it's almost too obvious. But I thought it of again quite suddenly while editing Jeff Groom's excellent piece Wednesday about the history of germ warfare. Groom, a military man himself, reminds us that despite the "sunlit" narrative of America saving the world from tyranny after WWII only to be thrust into another existential struggle with the Red scourge of Communism, an entire underworld was operating simultaneously, secretly manufacturing biological weapons, breeding insects as vectors for disease, perhaps even deploying them in the battlefield (in other words, doing everything we were accusing the morally bankrupt enemy of doing).

the 406th Medical General Laboratory of the U.S. Army's Far East Medical Section was established, "in a warehouse near the Agsugi Air Base in Yokohama (Japan) in 1946," ostensibly to provide health services to U.S. military servicemen.

However, their mission soon expanded to include an R&D division comprised of 309 personnel. Researchers "initially concentrated on mosquito-borne diseases, but the military scientists eagerly expanded their work to include ticks, mites, lice, fleas, and flies, with particular attention to the breeding and biting behaviors of black flies and midges found in Japan and Korea."

As I wrote about here , journalist Stephen Kinzer published a book late last year that went into great detail about the covert U.S. bio and chemical weapons programs that flourished from the infusion of seemingly endless Cold War resources after WWII. While it is important to note that it was never proven that the U.S. actually unleashed diseased swarms of insects against the enemy in Korea as alleged, it is also worth reminding readers that the War on Communism was nonetheless used to justify an entire battery of inhumane and unconstitutional activities right under the surface of our perceived reality. Much of it was lost to memory with the destruction of files decades later, but plenty has been recovered by intrepid journalists, including Kinzer, over the years.

Just an example of what we do know according to Kinzer: after WWII, the Americans hunted down and arrested one General Shiro Ishii, who commanded the ghoulish hellscape known as Unit 731, located in Japanese-occupied Manchuria. Among other human experiments he conducted on Chinese prisoners, including children (like slow roasting people with electricity, or locking them in high-pressure chambers until their eyeballs popped), Ishii infected his victims with botulism, bubonic plague, syphilis, cholera, smallpox, tuberculosis, and myriad other deadly diseases long vanquished by vaccines, and watched them die.

Instead of bringing Ishii to justice, scientists at the secret Army bioweapons program at Camp Detrick, Maryland, "wanted to learn what he knew and were driven by a sense of urgency that overwhelmed whatever moral qualms they might have felt," wrote Kinzer in Poisoner in Chief. They convinced Gen. Douglas MacArthur to sign a secret decree granting amnesty to Ishii and all who worked with him. He turned over all of this research, which included an untold number of tissue samples taken from people while they were still alive, to the Americans. "Thus did the man responsible for directing the dissection of thousands of living prisoners during wartime, along with those who worked with him, escape punishment."

The "sunlit" reasoning was likely that the information would be valuable for mounting a defense against enemy germ attacks . But we know from Kinzer's book that the underworld was experimenting with all kinds of ways of weaponizing pathogens and dispersing them silently over populations, too. They even used unwitting Americans as guinea pigs.

In 1950, according to Kinzer's book, scientists from Camp Detrick used a Naval minesweeper off the coast of San Francisco to release harmless but traceable bacteria (it had a red tint) into the air over the city via large aerosol hoses. After six days of this they found that some 800,000 residents in the city, as well as people as far as Oakland were affected. Over the next several weeks, 11 people checked into local hospitals with urinary tract infections, and had drops of red in their urine. One man died. "Doctors were mystified." Of course they were -- because the experiment had not been authorized or known to any local authorities.

Camp Detrick deemed "Operation Sea Spray" a "success," knowing that yes, huge swaths of a city could be infected with a silent but deadly germ from a boat sitting off the coast of a major urban center. It would be the first of many such secret "simulations" in U.S. cities through 1969.

To believe that only rogue dictatorships like China might be responsible for weaponizing viruses -- like some contend the Chinese were doing in Wuhan , is naive, and frankly dangerous. For decades after the Second World War, Americans who we call "the Greatest Generation" used the sword of righteousness to expand and metastasize the military industrial complex until one hand no longer knew what the other was doing and why, and frankly did not want to. Led by powerful men like CIA Director Allen Dulles, they did diabolical things we believed only possible in science fiction, and more. That this was allowed to go on for so long shows how amazingly useful the power of narrative can be, and how most of us are willing to believe in it at the risk of missing "the Darkside" right behind the mirror.

Kelley Beaucar Vlahos is Executive Editor of TAC. Follow her on Twitter @vlahos_at_TAC


Arnold I. Reeves 19 hours ago

And let's not forget MK-ULTRA, the CIA's 1950s-1960s employment agency for psychiatrists who were 10 times crazier than even their most florid patients. Britain's William Sargant and the Canada-domiciled Donald Ewen Cameron were among the big names in that connection.

(Cameron went to Nuremberg to evaluate the mental condition of Rudolf Hess, which seems like the perfect instance of one lunatic diagnosing another lunatic. As for Sargant, just looking at his portrait - easy enough to do nowadays via Google Images - scares the hell out of me.)

Ishmael Lite Arnold I. Reeves an hour ago
Some years back on a PBS series called "Madness," you could watch Dr. Sargant squirm while trying explain the positive wonders of ECT.
HenionJD 16 hours ago
Shh...don't dirty our national mythology with historical facts.

[Apr 23, 2020] Wuhan laboratory scientists 'did absolutely crazy things' to alter coronavirus

So UK now collect opinions that follow the party like even from Russia
Apr 23, 2020 | dailymail.co.uk

A leading Russian microbiologist has claimed the coronavirus is the result of Wuhan scientists doing 'absolutely crazy things' in their laboratory.

World renowned expert Professor Petr Chumakov claimed their aim was to study the pathogenicity of the virus and not 'with malicious intent' to deliberately create a manmade killer.

Professor Chumakov, chief researcher at the Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology in Moscow, said: 'In China , scientists at the Wuhan Laboratory have been actively involved in the development of various coronavirus variants for over ten years.

'Moreover, they did this, supposedly not with the aim of creating pathogenic variants, but to study their pathogenicity.

World renowned expert Professor Petr Chumakov (pictured) claimed their aim was to study the pathogenicity of the virus and not 'with malicious intent' to deliberately create a manmade killer +3

World renowned expert Professor Petr Chumakov (pictured) claimed their aim was to study the pathogenicity of the virus and not 'with malicious intent' to deliberately create a manmade killer

'They did absolutely crazy things, in my opinion.

'For example, inserts in the genome, which gave the virus the ability to infect human cells.

'Now all this has been analysed.

'The picture of the possible creation of the current coronavirus is slowly emerging.'

He told Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper: 'There are several inserts, that is, substitutions of the natural sequence of the genome, which gave it special properties.

'It is interesting that the Chinese and Americans who worked with them published all their works in the open (scientific) press.

Vladimir Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov (left) warned this week against allegations that coronavirus was manmade +3

Vladimir Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov (left) warned this week against allegations that coronavirus was manmade

'I even wonder why this background comes to people very slowly.

'I think that an investigation will nevertheless be initiated, as a result of which new rules will be developed that regulate the work with the genomes of such dangerous viruses.

'It's too early to blame anyone.'

He said the Chinese scientists created 'variants of the virus without malicious intent' possibly aiming for an HIV vaccine.

RELATED ARTICLES Share this article Share

Professor Chumakov is also connected to Russia's Federal Research Centre for Research and Development of Immunobiological Preparations.

Vladimir Putin's spokesman warned this week against allegations that coronavirus was manmade.

'In the situation where there is not enough information that has been supported and checked by science ... we think it is unacceptable, impossible, to groundlessly accuse anyone,' said Dmitry Peskov.

[Apr 23, 2020] How the Horrific 1918 Flu Spread Across America

Apr 23, 2020 | www.smithsonianmag.com

Several Haskell men who had been exposed to influenza went to Camp Funston, in central Kansas. Days later, on March 4, the first soldier known to have influenza reported ill. The huge Army base was training men for combat in World War I, and within two weeks 1,100 soldiers were admitted to the hospital, with thousands more sick in barracks. Thirty-eight died. Then, infected soldiers likely carried influenza from Funston to other Army camps in the States -- 24 of 36 large camps had outbreaks -- sickening tens of thousands, before carrying the disease overseas. Meanwhile, the disease spread into U.S. civilian communities.

The influenza virus mutates rapidly, changing enough that the human immune system has difficulty recognizing and attacking it even from one season to the next. A pandemic occurs when an entirely new and virulent influenza virus, which the immune system has not previously seen, enters the population and spreads worldwide. Ordinary seasonal influenza viruses normally bind only to cells in the upper respiratory tract -- the nose and throat -- which is why they transmit easily. The 1918 pandemic virus infected cells in the upper respiratory tract, transmitting easily, but also deep in the lungs, damaging tissue and often leading to viral as well as bacterial pneumonias.

Although some researchers argue that the 1918 pandemic began elsewhere, in France in 1916 or China and Vietnam in 1917, many other studies indicate a U.S. origin. The Australian immunologist and Nobel laureate Macfarlane Burnet, who spent most of his career studying influenza, concluded the evidence was "strongly suggestive" that the disease started in the United States and spread to France with "the arrival of American troops." Camp Funston had long been considered as the site where the pandemic started until my historical research, published in 2004, pointed to an earlier outbreak in Haskell County.

Wherever it began, the pandemic lasted just 15 months but was the deadliest disease outbreak in human history, killing between 50 million and 100 million people worldwide, according to the most widely cited analysis. An exact global number is unlikely ever to be determined, given the lack of suitable records in much of the world at that time. But it's clear the pandemic killed more people in a year than AIDS has killed in 40 years, more than the bubonic plague killed in a century.


The impact of the pandemic on the United States is sobering to contemplate: Some 670,000 Americans died.

In 1918, medicine had barely become modern; some scientists still believed "miasma" accounted for influenza's spread. With medicine's advances since then, laypeople have become rather complacent about influenza. Today we worry about Ebola or Zika or MERS or other exotic pathogens, not a disease often confused with the common cold. This is a mistake.

We are arguably as vulnerable -- or more vulnerable -- to another pandemic as we were in 1918. Today top public health experts routinely rank influenza as potentially the most dangerous "emerging" health threat we face. Earlier this year, upon leaving his post as head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Tom Frieden was asked what scared him the most, what kept him up at night. "The biggest concern is always for an influenza pandemic...[It] really is the worst-case scenario." So the tragic events of 100 years ago have a surprising urgency -- especially since the most crucial lessons to be learned from the disaster have yet to be absorbed.

[Apr 22, 2020] China State TV Host COVID-19 Came From Lab Leak... In United States

Notable quotes:
"... Metro notes that the Fort Detrick - home to the Department of Defense's top biological defense research laboratory known as USAMRIID - was partially closed in July by the CDC due to problems with the disposal of dangerous materials, and was fully reopened in April. ..."
"... By uttering the term "conspiracy theory", the argument is shut down, libtards claim intellectual victory, and those who are skeptical of the official story are correlated with flat earthers, science deniers, and moon truthers. ..."
"... The NIH funds millions of dollars of research in the Wuhan BSL-4 lab ..."
"... Up to now the line on the COVID SARS-CoV-2 (SC2) virus being emerging as a "natural virus" was unanimous among Beijing, the US Joint Chiefs, the High Priests of US science (especially the guys who create GoF "franken" viruses) and the global MSM. Seemed that everyone was circling the wagons. ..."
"... The NIH was alarmed with GoF research and banned it in 2013 until the Drump Administration lifted the ban in 2017 ..."
"... The Chinese have imposed strong censorship of Chinese scientists regarding the origins of the COVID SC2virus; while the US High Priests seem to have imposed their own brand of self-censorship. Until one side 'fesses up it's hard to say with certainty how and where COVID-19 arose... though the Wuhan lab origins may be a bit stronger. ..."
"... What is also lost on many of the "Fort Detrick" hysterics is that the Dept of Agriculture runs the lab located on Plum Island, NY, off the east coast of Long Island. This facility has nothing to do with the DoD. It is there that most animal borne diseases are studied, not at Fort Detrick. Trolls gotta troll. ..."
"... 9/11 reaction was to attack a government/nation that was at most indirectly responsible (Afghanistan), then to make a pack of lies and invade a nation (Iraq) that had nothing to do with 9/11, then more nations Syria, Libya, Yemen etc., spending trillions of dollars to enrich the likes of Halliburton and Goldman Sachs, and enacting "Patriot" pseudo-safety legislation. ..."
Apr 22, 2020 | www.zerohedge.com

A TV presenter for Chinese state television claims that COVID-19 came from the United States - either escaping from a US lab, or having been brought into China during the Military World Games in Wuhan last October, reports the UK's Metro .

The anchor, who goes by "Ms V" on the CGTN show "China View," rattled off several theories which she said shows "it is clear that the virus in China was transmitted from abroad," (and not from the level 4 biolab in the same town which was screwing around with bat coronavirus, and where " patient zero " reportedly disappeared after falling ill).

Ms V told the camera: ' The outbreak may be earlier than expected. In September 2019, some Japanese were infected with the new coronavirus after returning from Hawaii , though they had not visited China before.

'This happened two months before the beginning of the outbreak in China. Shortly after, the CDC shut down the facilities – after claiming that the Fort Detrick Biological Weapons Laboratory had failed to fully prevent the loss of pathogens.

'Now, all the data related to this lab has disappeared on the internet . The virologist reported he had carefully researched the cases, as well as his Japanese colleague, and they got the same conclusion.

' It is expected that the new coronavirus has started outbreaks in the United States for a while, and its symptoms were like symptoms of other diseases, so it was easy to hide the truth.' - Metro

A video of the Arabic-speaking host spreading the rumors during an Arabic-language broadcast has received millions of views, and comes as Washington and Beijing have begun to lock horns over the origins of the virus. According to a Fox News report, the virus escaped from the Wuhan Institute of Virology - a theory we posited in January, which was called a 'conspiracy theory' by mainstream media.

Shortly before the Fox News report, the Washington Post reported that US State Department cables warned of safety issues at the Wuhan BSL-4 biolab.

https://www.youtube.com/embed/G-0bzUyzYFw

Metro notes that the Fort Detrick - home to the Department of Defense's top biological defense research laboratory known as USAMRIID - was partially closed in July by the CDC due to problems with the disposal of dangerous materials, and was fully reopened in April.

Ms V then cited a Japanese broadcast in which a presenter claimed that the pandemic may have originated after the US participated in the Military Olympic Games in Wuhan which was attended by 109 countries.

Chinese government spokesperson Zhao Lijian tweeted this story in March suggesting 'it might be the US army who brought the epidemic to Wuhan,' a claim that the Pentagon called 'false and absurd.'

107cicero 15 minutes ago

Remember the vape deaths/ first virus deaths -- the woman is right.

El_Puerco 11 minutes ago

autopsy of the vaping....an examination of the body after death usually with such dissection as will expose the vital organs for determining the cause of death or the character and extent of changes produced by disease -- called also necropsy, postmortem, postmortem examination

Where is?????

El_Puerco 16 minutes ago

According to Bloomberg News on Saturday, Trump is increasingly blaming China for COVID-19 outbreaks.

“(W)e’re doing investigations (sic),” he said. If Beijing was “knowingly responsible…there should be consequences.”

The die is cast, the Trump regime blame game taking shape. Congressional legislation is in the works to let COVID-19 businesses and ordinary Americans sue China for damages. 9 minutes ago

The state of Missouri has already filed suit against China.

Dis-obey, 16 minutes ago

The Dr Baric group origin theory makes more sense. CDC backed off that research in 2015 citing that the research was far to risky. CCP continued research at WIV up until the outbreak

El_Puerco 14 minutes ago

This video show how it was done..care to watch and learn..

If you want to learn..

LINK: https://bit.ly/3bTR2O1

George Webb is an investigative journalist in the Washington, DC area that discovered the DNC blackberries and hard drives used by DNC Chairwoman's IT assistant, Biden Awan.

Be safe..

Anthraxed, 12 minutes ago

Trump administration reopened that research in 2018.

Vic Odd, 26 minutes ago

ReturnOfDaMac, 24 minutes ago

I say #5: Dual, triple or quadruple nationalities anyone?

Vic Odd, 22 minutes ago

All 3 authors of the 911 commission report had dual citizenship in both Israel and US

Nacho Daddy, 30 minutes ago

Since the US government funded the Wuhan lab and multiple US entities had a presence there, whether the virus was engineered there or at Fort Detrick is of only marginal importance. It just means the difference between the US being involved or being solely responsible.

El_Puerco, 37 minutes ago

“Many Chinese netizens have responded strongly,” saying:

“They want compensation? If they want to get even with China, let us start from the damage China suffered since the first Opium War in 1840!”

Vic Odd, 59 minutes ago

If the 'truth' comes out, the details that outline what really happened will be described by the corporate media as a "right wing fringe lunatic conspiracy theory".

For example: A large segment of the population knows building 7 couldn't have collapsed from an office fire. But does that change the official narrative in any way? Is building 7 even mentioned in the 911 commission report?

The magic phrase "conspiracy theory" has replaced "abracadabra".

By uttering the term "conspiracy theory", the argument is shut down, libtards claim intellectual victory, and those who are skeptical of the official story are correlated with flat earthers, science deniers, and moon truthers.

What makes you think it will be different this time?

Posa, 1 hour ago (Edited)

1-US and Chinese scientists jointly have created COVID like viruses for years. Here is a key Gain of Function paper published in a prestige science journal with Wuhan scientists listed as co-authors https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/lab-made-coronavirus-triggers-debate-34502

The NIH funds millions of dollars of research in the Wuhan BSL-4 lab

2- Up to now the line on the COVID SARS-CoV-2 (SC2) virus being emerging as a "natural virus" was unanimous among Beijing, the US Joint Chiefs, the High Priests of US science (especially the guys who create GoF "franken" viruses) and the global MSM. Seemed that everyone was circling the wagons.

3- The NIH was alarmed with GoF research and banned it in 2013 until the Drump Administration lifted the ban in 2017.

4- The Chinese have imposed strong censorship of Chinese scientists regarding the origins of the COVID SC2virus; while the US High Priests seem to have imposed their own brand of self-censorship. Until one side 'fesses up it's hard to say with certainty how and where COVID-19 arose... though the Wuhan lab origins may be a bit stronger.

Crime Ideas Always, 1 hour ago

The deep/shadow state is working both sides and causing chaos, then blaming the nation states. Just like 9/11.

Merica101,1 hour ago

Here's what's really interesting - the Chinese KNEW about human to human transmission and lied to the WHO about that or WHO was covering for the CCP. Then they locked down Wuhan province and DID NOT ALLOW travel from Wuhan to Beijing, Shanghai or any other region in China. HOWEVER, they allowed people from Wuhan to fly ALL OVER THE WORLD. BUSTED.

Spicyfood, 1 hour ago

....she has a point. - US 800k cases, New York state 250k cases - next highest country Spain: 200k

How do you explain US has 4x more than any other country, and New York has more than any country, for a 19 million population ?

Because the epidemic started in New York, and they haven't tested for COVID in December nor January, they only started testing end of February. You can't prove it originated in Wuhan China, if no other country in the world has tested at the same time.

rwe2late, 1 hour ago

The USA, China and other countries should ALL come clean about their bio-warfare "research" and all of them end it. One mistake and it is the new MAD (mutual assured destruction)

The Monsanto-Bayer et al "private" corporate bio-engineering research and unsafe use of products should also be public and rigorously monitored, if and when permitted at all.

Distant_Star, 1 hour ago

The like to talk about Fort Detrick being "closed down" by the CDC. Fort Detrick is a normal military installation under the authority of the Department of Defense. It cannot be "closed down" by the CDC. One of the tenant activities at Fort Detrick, USAMRIID, runs the actual lab facility there, and the CDC inspected their operation and suspended operations until some dangerous containment procedural lapses were fixed.

The fact that they don't even know the difference between Fort Detrick and USAMRIID tells you that they really know nothing about the subject and are just parroting crap. What is also lost on many of the "Fort Detrick" hysterics is that the Dept of Agriculture runs the lab located on Plum Island, NY, off the east coast of Long Island. This facility has nothing to do with the DoD. It is there that most animal borne diseases are studied, not at Fort Detrick. Trolls gotta troll.

MiltonFriedmansNightmare. 2 hours ago

Has the fingerprints of the supranational banking elite cabal that perpetrated 911 all over it....SERCO, BBC newsinjects etc...

Freddie, 1 hour ago

Another hit like 9-11. I do not like ChiComs but how Bill Gates, Fauci, Dems have been behaving tells you so much.

rwe2late, 1 hour ago

the reaction to the presumed Al Qaeda-19 attack is looking similar to the presumed COVID-19 attack. From the "War on Terror" to the "War on Virus", both meant to be never-ending.

9/11 reaction was to attack a government/nation that was at most indirectly responsible (Afghanistan), then to make a pack of lies and invade a nation (Iraq) that had nothing to do with 9/11, then more nations Syria, Libya, Yemen etc., spending trillions of dollars to enrich the likes of Halliburton and Goldman Sachs, and enacting "Patriot" pseudo-safety legislation.

Seems we are on the same track. As is said, first as tragedy, next as farce.

gay_troll, 1 hour ago (Edited)

Wuhan is a city of 11 million. The virus was spiked there just in time for Lunar New Year travel. The velocity of the outbreak would be quite different.

Plus if 80% are asymptomatic, and any symptoms are identical to flu (or vaping disease), who would be the wiser?

Plus there are multiple strains and some are more morbid.

CondZero, 2 hours ago

Well we know this article will woke the anti-Chinese crowd out there who refuse to believe that their government and CIA have at least 25 bio-labs that can create this disease. But without pointing fingers, I am awaiting the U.S. response to China's question: "We solemnly wait for your response as to your Patient Zero."

Vic Odd, 2 hours ago

There are bad actors in America who are not loyal to America.

Just because someone is born in an area defined by geographical perimeters does not mean they are loyal to it's corresponding nation.

JaxPavan, 2 hours ago

This is how the bioweapon was made:

”Using the SARS-CoV reverse genetics system2, we generated and characterized a chimeric virus expressing the spike of bat coronavirus SHC014 in a mouse-adapted SARS-CoV backbone. The results indicate that group 2b viruses encoding the SHC014 spike in a wild-type backbone can efficiently use multiple orthologs of the SARS receptor human angiotensin converting enzyme II (ACE2), replicate efficiently in primary human airway cells and achieve in vitro titers equivalent to epidemic strains of SARS-CoV. Additionally, in vivo experiments demonstrate replication of the chimeric virus in mouse lung with notable pathogenesis. Evaluation of available SARS-based immune-therapeutic and prophylactic modalities revealed poor efficacy; both monoclonal antibody and vaccine approaches failed to neutralize and protect from infection with CoVs using the novel spike protein. On the basis of these findings, we synthetically re-derived an infectious full-length SHC014 recombinant virus and demonstrate robust viral replication both in vitro and in vivo.”

https://www.nature.com/articles/nm.3985

A SARS-like cluster of circulating bat coronaviruses shows potential for human emergence

Capt Tripps, 57 minutes ago

Zhengli-Li Shi

Hmm, now where have I heard that name?

mdroy, 2 hours ago

Shock Horror - just imagine if a US media said something like this!!!

Chinese government spokesperson Zhao Lijian tweeted this story in March suggesting 'it might be the US army who brought the epidemic to Wuhan, ' a claim that the Pentagon called 'false and absurd.'

That is pretty much the same as ZH wrote the story first time around - quite wrong as the links in that story proved. He said it could have come from anywhere, even from soldiers at the international war games in Wuhan in October.

This anti-foreigner stuff seems to have infected everyone, but ZH most of all.

[Apr 21, 2020] American Pravda Our Coronavirus Catastrophe as Biowarfare Blowback by Ron Unz

Apr 21, 2020 | www.unz.com

https://www.unz.com/runz/american-pravda-our-coronavirus-catastrophe-as-biowarfare-blowback/ The Unz Review - Mobile The Unz Review: An Alternative Media Selection A Collection of Interesting, Important, and Controversial Perspectives Largely Excluded from the American Mainstream Media User Settings: Version? Social Media? Read Aloud w/ Show Word Counts No Video Autoplay No Infinite Scrolling
Save Cancel

Home
About
Settings Foreign Policy
Race/Ethnicity
Culture/Society Ideology
Economics
Arts/Letters Science
History
Forum Summary
Bloggers All Bloggers Steve Sailer's iSteve Blog Anatoly Karlin's Russian Reaction Blog Paul Kersey's SBPDL Blog The Audacious Epigone's HBD Blog Selected Tweeters
Columnists All Columnists Ron Unz Gilad Atzmon Robert Bonomo Pat Buchanan Patrick Cockburn Stephen F. Cohen Jonathan Cook John Derbyshire Linh Dinh Guillaume Durocher Pepe Escobar Eamonn Fingleton Norman Finkelstein Philip Giraldi Paul Gottfried C.J. Hopkins Michael Hudson E. Michael Jones JayMan Trevor Lynch Michelle Malkin Eric Margolis Ilana Mercer Ron Paul James Petras Bonnie Faulkner Ted Rall Fred Reed Paul Craig Roberts The Saker Eric Striker Kevin Barrett Israel Shamir James Thompson Andre Vltchek Whitney Webb Mike Whitney Archived Columns Razib Khan Gustavo Arellano Alexander Cockburn Tom Engelhardt Sam Francis Peter Frost W. Patrick Lang Peter Lee Andrew Napolitano Robert Scheer Joseph Sobran Books
Videos
Podcasts PDF Archives
Banned Books
Announcements Articles
Authors
Comments More... Most Popular Current Digest College Data Summary
Categories
Bloggers Columnists
Articles
Authors Settings
About
More... Main Features Masthead Announcements Search Books Forum Podcasts Videos Periodicals Most Popular Current Digest Comment Archives College Data ← The Government Employee Who May Have Sa... Blogview Ron Unz Archive Blogview Ron Unz Archive American Pravda: Our Coronavirus Catastrophe as Biowarfare Blowback? Ron Unz April 21, 2020 7,400 Words 222 Comments Reply Email This Page to Someone
Remember My Information


=> List of Bookmarks ► ◄ ► ▲ Remove from Library B Show Comment Next New Comment Next New Reply Read More Reply Agree/Disagree/Etc. More... This Commenter This Thread Hide Thread Display All Comments
AgreeDisagreeThanksLOLTroll These buttons register your public Agreement, Disagreement, Thanks, LOL, or Troll with the selected comment. They are ONLY available to recent, frequent commenters who have saved their Name+Email using the 'Remember My Information' checkbox, and may also ONLY be used three times during any eight hour period. Email Comment Ignore Commenter Follow Commenter
Bookmark Toggle All ToC ▲ ▼ Add to Library Search Text Case Sensitive Exact Words Include Comments Search Clear Cancel

Nearly 30,000 Americans have died from the coronavirus during the last two weeks, and by some estimates this is a substantial under-count, while the death-toll continues to rapidly mount. Meanwhile, measures to control the spread of this deadly infection have already cost 22 million Americans their jobs, an unprecedented economic collapse that has pushed our unemployment rates to Great Depression levels. Our country is facing a crisis as grave as almost any in our national history.

For many weeks President Trump and his political allies had regularly dismissed or minimized this terrible health threat, and suddenly now faced with such a manifest disaster, they have naturally begun seeking other culprits to blame.

The obvious choice is China, where the global epidemic first began in late 2019. Over the last week or two our media has been increasingly filled with accusations that the dishonesty and incompetence of the Chinese government played a major role in producing our own health catastrophe.

Even more serious charges are also being raised, with senior government officials informing the media that they suspect that the Covid-19 virus was developed in a Chinese laboratory in Wuhan and then carelessly released upon a vulnerable world. Such "conspiracy theories" were once confined to the extreme political fringe of the Internet, but they are now found in the respectable pages of my morning New York Times and Wall Street Journal.

Whether plausible or not, such accusations carry the gravest international implications, and there are growing demands that China financially compensate our country for its trillions of dollars in economic losses. A new global Cold War along both political and economic lines may soon be at hand.

I have no personal expertise in biowarfare technology, nor access to the secret American intelligence reports that seem to have been taken seriously by our most elite national newspapers. But I do think that a careful exploration of previous Sino-American clashes over the last couple of decades may provide some useful insight into the relative credibility of those two governments as well as that of our own media.

During the late 1990s, America seemed to reach the peak of its global power and prosperity, basking in the aftermath of its historic victory in the long Cold War, while ordinary Americans greatly benefited from the record-long economic expansion of that decade. A huge Tech Boom was at its height, and Islamic terrorism seemed a vague and distant thing, almost entirely confined to Hollywood movies. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the possibility of large scale war seemed to have dissipated so political leaders boasted of the "peace dividend" that citizens were starting to enjoy as our huge military forces, built up over nearly a half-century, were downsized amid sweeping cuts in the bloated defense budget. America was finally returning to a regular peacetime economy, with the benefits apparent to everyone.

At the time, I was overwhelmingly focused on domestic political issues, so I only paid slight attention to our one small military operation of that period, the 1999 NATO air war against Serbia, intended to safeguard the Kosovo Albanians from ethnic cleansing and massacre, a Clinton Administration project that I fully endorsed.

Although our limited bombing campaign seemed quite successful and soon forced the Serbs to the bargaining table, the short war did include one very embarrassing mishap. The use of old maps had led to a targeting error that caused one of our smart bombs to accidentally strike the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade, killing three members of its delegation and wounding dozens more. The Chinese were outraged by this incident, and their propaganda organs began claiming that the attack had been deliberate, a reckless accusation that obviously made no logical sense.

In those days I watched the PBS Newshour every night, and was I shocked to see their U.S. Ambassador raise those absurd charges with host Jim Lehrer, whose disbelief matched my own. But when I considered that the Chinese government was still stubbornly denying the reality of its massacre of the protesting students in Tiananmen Square a decade earlier, I concluded that unreasonable behavior by PRC officials was only to be expected. Indeed, there was even some speculation that China was cynically milking the unfortunate accident for domestic reasons, hoping to stoke the sort of jingoist anti-Americanism among the Chinese people that would finally help bind the social wounds of that 1989 outrage.

Such at least were my thoughts on that matter more than two decades ago. But in the years that followed, my understanding of the world and of many pivotal events of modern history underwent the sweeping transformations that I have described in my American Pravda series . And some of my 1990s assumptions were among them.

Consider, for example, the Tiananmen Square Massacre, which every June 6th still evokes an annual wave of harsh condemnations in the news and opinion pages of our leading national newspapers. I had never originally doubted those facts, but a year or two ago I happened to come across a short article by journalist Jay Matthews entitled "The Myth of Tiananmen" that completely upended that apparent reality.

According to Matthews the infamous massacre had likely never happened, but was merely a media artifact produced by confused Western reporters and dishonest propaganda, a mistaken belief that had quickly become embedded in our standard media storyline, endlessly repeated by so many ignorant journalists that they all eventually believed it to be true. Instead, as near as could be determined, the protesting students had all left Tiananmen Square peacefully, just as the Chinese government had always maintained. Indeed, leading newspapers such as the New York Times and the Washington Post had occasionally acknowledged these facts over the years, but usually buried those scanty admissions so deep in their stories that few ever noticed. Meanwhile, the bulk of the mainstream media had fallen for an apparent hoax.

ORDER IT NOW

Matthews himself had been the Beijing Bureau Chief of the Washington Post , personally covering the protests at the time, and his article appeared in the Columbia Journalism Review , our most prestigious venue for media criticism. This authoritative analysis containing such explosive conclusions was first published in 1998, and I find it difficult to believe that many reporters or editors covering China have remained ignorant of this information, yet the impact has been absolutely nil. For over twenty years virtually every mainstream media account I have read has continued to promote the Tiananmen Square Massacre Hoax, usually implicitly but sometimes explicitly.

Even more remarkable were the discoveries I made regarding our supposedly accidental bombing of the Chinese Embassy in 1999. Not long after launching this website, I added former Asia Times contributor Peter Lee as a columnist, incorporating his China Matters blogsite archives that stretched back for a decade. He soon published a 7,000 word article on the Belgrade Embassy bombing, representing a compilation of material already contained in a half-dozen previous pieces he'd written on that subject from 2007 onward. To my considerable surprise, he provided a great deal of persuasive evidence that the American attack on the Chinese embassy had indeed been deliberate, just as China had always claimed.

According to Lee, Beijing had allowed its embassy to be used as a site for secure radio transmission facilities by the Serbian military, whose own communications network was a primary target of NATO airstrikes. Meanwhile, Serbian air defenses had shot down an advanced American F-117A fighter, whose top-secret stealth technology was a crucial U.S. military secret. Portions of that enormously valuable wreckage were carefully gathered by the grateful Serbs, who delivered it to the Chinese for temporary storage at their embassy prior to transport back home. This vital technological acquisition later allowed China to deploy its own J20 stealth fighter in early 2011, many years sooner than American military analysts had believed possible.

Based upon this analysis, Lee argued that the Chinese embassy was attacked in order to destroy the Serbian retransmission facilities located there, while punishing the Chinese for allowing such use. There were also widespread rumors in China that another motive had been an unsuccessful attempt to destroy the stealth debris stored within. Later Congressional testimony revealed that the among all the hundreds of NATO airstrikes, the attack on the Chinese embassy was the only one directly ordered by the CIA, a highly-suspicious detail.

I was only slightly familiar with Lee's work, and under normal circumstances I would have been very cautious in accepting his remarkable claims against the contrary position universally held by all our own elite media outlets. But the sources he cited completely shifted that balance.

Although the American media dominates the English-language world, many British publications also possess a strong global reputation, and since they are often much less in thrall to our own national security state, they have sometimes covered important stories that were ignored here. And in this case, the Sunday Observer published a remarkable expose in October 1999, citing several NATO military and intelligence sources who fully confirmed the deliberate nature of the American bombing of the Chinese embassy, with a US colonel even reportedly boasting that their smartbomb had hit the exact room intended.

This important story was immediately summarized in the Guardian , a sister publication, and also covered by the rival Times of London and many of the world's other most prestigious publications, but encountered an absolute wall of silence in our own country. Such a bizarre divergence on a story of global strategic importance -- a deliberate and deadly US attack against Chinese diplomatic territory -- drew the attention of FAIR, a leading American media watchdog group, which published an initial critique and a subsequent follow-up . These two pieces totaled some 3,000 words, and effectively summarized both the overwhelming evidence of the facts and also the heavy international coverage, while reporting the weak excuses made by top American editors to explain their continuing silence. Based upon these articles, I consider the matter settled.

Few Americans remember our 1999 attack upon the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, and if not for the annual waving of a bloody June 6th flag by our ignorant and disingenuous media, the "Tiananmen Square Massacre" would also have long since faded from memory. Neither of these events has much direct importance today, at least for our own citizens. But the broader media implications of these examples do seem quite significant.

These incidents represented two of the most serious flashpoints between the Chinese and American governments during the last thirty-odd years. In both cases the claims of the Chinese government were entirely correct, although they were denied by our own top political leaders and dismissed or ridiculed by virtually our entire mainstream media. Moreover, within a few months or a year the true facts became known to many journalists, even being reported in fully respectable venues. But that reality was still completely ignored and suppressed for decades, so that today almost no American whose information comes from our regular media would even be aware of it. Indeed, since many younger journalists draw their knowledge of the world from these same elite media sources, I suspect that many of them have never learned what their predecessors knew but dared not mention.

Most leading Chinese media outlets are owned or controlled by the Chinese government, and they tend to broadly follow the government line. Leading American media outlets have a corporate ownership structure and often boast of their fierce independence; but on many crucial matters, I think the actual reality is not so very different from that in China.

I tend to doubt that Chinese leaders have any overwhelming commitment to the truth, and the reasons for their greater veracity are probably practical ones. American news and entertainment completely dominate the global media landscape and they face no significant domestic rival. So China recognizes that it is vastly outmatched in any propaganda conflict, and as the far weaker party must necessarily try to stick closer to the truth, lest its lies be immediately exposed. Meanwhile, America's overwhelming control over global information may inspire considerable hubris, with the government sometimes promoting the most outrageous and ridiculous falsehoods in the confident belief that a supportive American media will cover for any mistakes.

These considerations should be kept in mind as we attempt to sift the accounts of our often unreliable and dishonest media in hopes of extracting the true circumstances of the current coronavirus epidemic. Unlike careful historical studies, we are working in real-time and our analysis is greatly hindered by the ongoing fog of war, so that any conclusions are necessarily very preliminary ones. But given the high stakes, such an attempt seems warranted.

When my morning newspapers first began mentioning the appearance of a mysterious new illness in China during mid-January, I paid little attention, absorbed as I was in the aftermath of our sudden assassination of Iran's top military leader and the dangerous possibility of a yet another Middle Eastern war. But the reports persisted and grew, with deaths occurring and evidence growing that the viral disease could be transmitted between humans. China's early conventional efforts seemed unsuccessful in halting the spread of the disease.

Then on Jan. 23rd and after only 17 deaths, the Chinese government took the astonishing step of locking down and quarantining the entire 11 million inhabitants of the city of Wuhan, a story that drew worldwide attention. They soon extended this policy to the 60 million Chinese of Hubei province, and not longer afterward shut down their entire national economy and confined 700 million Chinese to their homes, a public health measure probably a thousand times larger than anything previously undertaken in human history. So either the China's leadership had suddenly gone insane, or they regarded this new virus as an absolutely deadly national threat, one that needed to be controlled at any possible cost.

Given these dramatic Chinese actions and the international headlines that they generated, the current accusations by Trump Administration officials that China had attempted to minimize or conceal the serious nature of the disease outbreak is so ludicrous as to defy rationality. In any event, the record shows that on December 31st, the Chinese had already alerted the World Health Organization to the strange new illness, and Chinese scientists published the entire genome of the virus on Jan. 12th, allowing diagnostic tests to be produced worldwide.

Unlike other nations, China had received no advance warning of the nature or existence of the deadly new disease, and therefore faced unique obstacles. But their government implemented public health control measures unprecedented in the history of the world and managed to almost completely eradicate the disease with merely the loss of a few thousand lives. Meanwhile, many other Western countries such as the US, Italy, Spain, France, and Britain dawdled for months and ignored the potential threat, and have now suffered well over 100,000 dead as a consequence, with the toll still rapidly mounting. For any of these nations or their media organs to criticize China for its ineffectiveness or slow response represents an absolute inversion of reality.

Some governments took full advantage of the early warning and scientific information provided by China. Although nearby East Asian nations such as South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Singapore had been at greatest risk and were among the first infected, their competent and energetic responses allowed them to almost completely suppress any major outbreak, and they have suffered minimal fatalities. But America and several European countries avoiding adopting these same early measures such as widespread testing, quarantine, and contact-tracing, and have paid a terrible price for their insouciance.

A few weeks ago British Prime Minister Boris Johnson boldly declared that his own disease strategy for Britain was based upon rapidly achieving "herd immunity" -- essentially encouraging the bulk of his citizens to become infected -- then quickly backed away after his desperate advisors recognized that the result might entail a million or more British deaths.

By any reasonable measure, the response to this global health crisis by China and most East Asian countries has been absolutely exemplary, while that of many Western countries has been equally disastrous. Maintaining reasonable public health has been a basic function of governments since the days of the city-states of Sumeria, and the sheer and total incompetence of America and most of its European vassals has been breathtaking. If the Western media attempts to pretend otherwise, it will permanently forfeit whatever remaining international credibility it still possesses.

I do not think these particular facts are much disputed except among the most blinkered partisans, and the Trump Administration probably recognizes the hopelessness of arguing otherwise. This probably explains its recent shift towards a far more explosive and controversial narrative, namely claiming that Covid-19 may have been the product of Chinese research into deadly viruses at a Wuhan laboratory, which suggests that the blood of hundreds of thousands or millions of victims around the world will be on Chinese hands. Dramatic accusations backed by overwhelming international media power may deeply resonate across the globe.

News reports appearing in the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times have been reasonably consistent. Senior Trump Administration officials have pointed to the Wuhan Institute of Virology, a leading Chinese biolab, as the possible source of the infection, with the deadly virus having been accidentally released, subsequently spreading first throughout China and later worldwide. Trump himself has publicly voiced similar suspicions, as did Secretary of State and former CIA Director Mike Pompeo in a FoxNews interview. Private lawsuits against China in the multi-trillion-dollar range have already been filed by rightwing activists and Republican senators Tom Cotton and Lindsey Graham have raised similar governmental demands.

I obviously have no personal access to the classified intelligence reports that have been the basis of these charges by Trump, Pompeo, and other top administration officials. But in reading these recent news accounts, I noticed something rather odd.

ORDER IT NOW

Back in January, few Americans were paying much attention to the early reports of an unusual disease outbreak in the Chinese city of Wuhan, which was hardly a household name. Instead, overwhelming political attention was focused on the battle over Trump's impeachment and the aftermath of our dangerous military confrontation with Iran. But towards the end of that month, I discovered that the fringes of the Internet were awash with claims that the disease was caused by a Chinese bioweapon accidentally released from that same Wuhan laboratory, with former Trump advisor Steve Bannon and ZeroHedge , a popular right-wing conspiracy-website, playing leading roles in advancing the theory. Indeed, the stories became so widespread in those ideological circles that Sen. Tom Cotton, a leading Republican Neocon, began promoting them on Twitter and FoxNews, thereby provoking an article in the NYT on those "fringe conspiracy theories."

I suspect that it may be more than purely coincidental that the biowarfare theories which erupted in such concerted fashion on small political websites and Social Media accounts back in January so closely match those now publicly advocated by top Trump Administration officials and supposedly based upon our most secure intelligence sources. Perhaps a few intrepid citizen-activists managed to replicate the findings of our multi-billion-dollar intelligence apparatus, and did so in days while the latter required weeks or months. But a more likely scenario is that the wave of January speculation was driven by private leaks and "guidance" provided by exactly the same elements that today are very publicly leveling similar charges in the elite media. Initially promoting controversial theories in less mainstream outlets has long been a fairly standard intelligence practice.

Regardless of the origins of the idea, does it seem plausible that the coronavirus outbreak might have originated as an accidental leak from that Chinese laboratory? I am not privy to the security procedures of Chinese government facilities, but applying a little common sense may shed some light on that question.

Although the coronavirus is only moderately lethal, apparently having a fatality rate of 1% or less, it is extremely contagious, including during an extended pre-symptomatic period and also among asymptomatic carriers. Thus, portions of the US and Europe are now suffering heavy casualties, while the policies adopted to control the spread have devastated their national economies. Although the virus is unlikely to kill more than a small sliver of our population, we have seen to our dismay how a major outbreak can so easily wreck our entire economic life.

During January, the journalists reporting on China's mushrooming health crisis regularly emphasized that the mysterious new viral outbreak had occurred at the worst possible place and time, appearing in the major transport hub of Wuhan just prior to the Lunar New Year holiday, when hundreds of millions of Chinese would normally travel to their distant family homes for the celebration, thereby potentially spreading the disease to all parts of the country and producing a permanent, uncontrollable epidemic. The Chinese government avoided that grim fate by the unprecedented decision to shut down its entire national economy and confine 700 million Chinese to their own homes for many weeks. But the outcome seems to have been a very near thing, and if Wuhan had remained open for just a few days longer, China might easily have suffered long-term economic and social devastation.

The timing of an accidental laboratory release would obviously be entirely random. Yet the outbreak seems to have begun during the precise period of time most likely to damage China, the worst possible ten-day or perhaps thirty-day window. As I noted in January, I saw no solid evidence that the coronavirus was a bioweapon, but if it were, the timing of the release seemed very unlikely to have been accidental.

If the virus was released intentionally, the context and motive for such a biowarfare attack against China could not be more obvious. Although our disingenuous media continues to pretend otherwise, the size of China's economy surpassed that of our own several years ago, and has continued to grow much more rapidly. Chinese companies have also taken the lead in several crucial technologies, with Huawei becoming the world's leading telecommunications equipment manufacturer and dominating the important 5G market. China's sweeping Belt and Road Initiative has threatened to reorient global trade around an interconnected Eurasian landmass, greatly diminishing the leverage of America's own control over the seas. I have closely followed China for over forty years, and the trend-lines have never been more apparent. Back in 2012, I published an article bearing the provocative title "China's Rise, America's Fall?" and since then I have seen no reason to reassess my verdict.

China's Rise, America's Fall Which superpower is more threatened by its "extractive elites"? Ron UnzThe American Conservative, April 17, 2012 • 7,000 Words

For three generations following the end of World War II, America had stood as the world's supreme economic and technological power, while the collapse of the Soviet Union thirty years ago left us as the sole remaining superpower, facing no conceivable military rival. A growing sense that we were rapidly losing that unchallenged position had certainly inspired the anti-China rhetoric of many senior figures in the Trump Administration, who launched a major trade war soon after coming into office. The increasing misery and growing impoverishment of large sections of the American population naturally left these voters searching for a convenient scapegoat, and the prosperous, rising Chinese made a perfect target.

Despite America's growing economic conflict with China over the last couple of years, I had never considered the possibility that matters might take a military turn. The Chinese had long ago deployed advanced intermediate range missiles that many believed could easily sink our carriers in the region, and they had also generally improved their conventional military deterrent. Moreover, China was on quite good terms with Russia, which itself had been the target of intense American hostility for several years; and Russia's new suite of revolutionary hypersonic missiles had drastically reduced any American strategic advantage. Thus, a conventional war against China seemed an absolutely hopeless undertaking, while China's outstanding businessmen and engineers were steadily gaining ground against America's decaying and heavily-financialized economic system.

Under these difficult circumstances, an American biowarfare attack against China might have seemed the only remaining card to play in hopes of maintaining American supremacy. Plausible deniability would minimize the risk of any direct Chinese retaliation, and if successful, the terrible blow inflicted to China's economy would set it back for many years, perhaps even destabilizing its social and political system. Using alternative media to immediately promote theories that the coronavirus outbreak was the result of a leak from a Chinese biowarfare lab was a natural means of preempting any later Chinese accusations along similar lines, thereby allowing America to win the international propaganda war before China had even begun to play.

A decision by elements of our national security establishment to wage biological warfare in hopes of maintaining American world power would certainly have been an extremely reckless act, but extreme recklessness has become a regular aspect of American behavior since 2001, especially under the Trump Administration. Just a year earlier we had kidnapped the daughter of Huawei's founder and chairman, who also served as CFO and ranked as one of China's most top executives, while at the beginning of January we suddenly assassinated Iran's top military leader.

These were the thoughts that entered my mind during the last week of January once I discovered the widely circulating theories suggesting that China's massive disease epidemic had been the self-inflicted consequence of its own biowarfare research. I saw no solid evidence that the coronavirus was a bioweapon, but if it were, China was surely the innocent victim of the attack, presumably carried out by elements of the American national security establishment.

Soon afterward, someone brought to my attention a very long article by an American ex-pat living in China who called himself "Metallicman" and held a wide range of eccentric and implausible beliefs. I have long recognized that flawed individuals can often serve as the vessels of important information otherwise unavailable, and this case constituted a perfect example. His piece denounced the outbreak as a likely American biowarfare attack, and provided a great wealth of factual material I had not previously considered. Since he authorized republication elsewhere I did so, and his 15,000 word analysis , although somewhat raw and unpolished, began attracting an enormous amount of readership on our website, probably being one of the very first English-language pieces to suggest that the mysterious new disease was an American bioweapon. Many of his arguments appeared doubtful to me or have been obviated by later developments, but several seemed quite telling.

He pointed out that during the previous two years, the Chinese economy had already suffered serious blows from other mysterious new diseases, although these had targeted farm animals rather than people. During 2018 a new Avian Flu virus had swept the country, eliminating large portions of China's poultry industry, and during 2019 the Swine Flu viral epidemic had devastated China's pig farms, destroying 40% of the nation's primary domestic source of meat, with widespread claims that the latter disease was being spread by mysterious small drones. My morning newspapers had hardly ignored these important business stories, noting that the sudden collapse of much of China's domestic food production might prove a huge boon to American farm exports at the height of our trade conflict, but I had never considered the obvious implications. So for three years in a row, China had been severely impacted by strange new viral diseases, though only the most recent had been deadly to humans. This evidence was merely circumstantial, but the pattern seemed highly suspicious.

The writer also noted that shortly before the coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, that city had hosted 300 visiting American military officers, who came to participate in the 2019 Military World Games , an absolutely remarkable coincidence of timing. As I pointed out at the time, how would Americans react if 300 Chinese military officers had paid an extended visit to Chicago, and soon afterward a mysterious and deadly epidemic had suddenly broken out in that city? Once again, the evidence was merely circumstantial but certainly raised dark suspicions.

Scientific investigation of the coronavirus had already pointed to its origins in a bat virus, leading to widespread media speculation that bats sold as food in the Wuhan open markets had been the original disease vector. Meanwhile, the orchestrated waves of anti-China accusations had emphasized Chinese laboratory research on that same viral source. But we soon published a lengthy article by investigative journalist Whitney Webb providing copious evidence of America's own enormous biowarfare research efforts, which had similarly focused for years on bat viruses. Webb was then associated with MintPress News , but that publication had strangely declined to publish her important piece, perhaps skittish about the grave suspicions it directed towards the US government on so momentous an issue. So without the benefit of our platform, her major contribution to the public debate might have attracted relatively little readership.

Around the same time, I noted another extremely strange coincidence that failed to attract any interest from our somnolent national media. Although his name had meant nothing to me, in late January my morning newspapers carried major stories on the sudden arrest of Prof. Charles Lieber, one of Harvard University's top scientists and Chairman of its Chemistry Department, sometimes characterized as a potential future Nobel Laureate.

The circumstances of that case seemed utterly bizarre to me. Like numerous other prominent American academics, Lieber had had decades of close research ties with China, holding joint appointments and receiving substantial funding for his work. But now he was accused of financial reporting violations in the disclosure portions of his government grant applications -- the most obscure sort of offense -- and on the basis of those accusations, he was seized by the FBI in an early-morning raid on his suburban Lexington home and dragged off in shackles, potentially facing years of federal imprisonment.

Such government action against an academic seemed almost without precedent. During the height of the Cold War, numerous American scientists and technicians were rightfully accused of having stolen our nuclear weapons secrets for delivery to Stalin, yet I had never heard of any of them treated in so harsh a manner, let alone a scholar of Prof. Lieber's stature, who was merely charged with technical disclosure violations. Indeed, this incident recalled accounts of NKVD raids during the Soviet purges of the 1930s.

ORDER IT NOW

Although Lieber was described as a chemistry professor, a few seconds of Googling revealed that some of his most important work had been in virology, including technology for the detection of viruses. So a massive and deadly new viral epidemic had broken out in China and almost simultaneously, a top American scholar with close Chinese ties and expertise in viruses was suddenly arrested by the federal government, yet no one in the media expressed any curiosity at a possible connection between these two events.

I think we can safely assume that Lieber's arrest by the FBI had been prompted by the concurrent coronavirus epidemic, but anything more is mere speculation. Those now accusing China of having created the coronavirus might surely suggest that our intelligence agencies discovered that the Harvard professor had been personally involved with that deadly research. But I think a far more likely possibility is that Lieber began to wonder whether the epidemic in China might not be the result of an American biowarfare attack, and was perhaps a little too free in voicing his suspicions, thereby drawing the wrath of our national security establishment. Inflicting such extremely harsh treatment upon a top Harvard scientist would greatly intimidate all of his lesser colleagues elsewhere, who would surely now think twice before broaching certain controversial theories to any journalist.

By the end of January, our webzine had published a dozen articles and posts on the coronavirus outbreak, then added many more by the middle of February. These pieces totaled tens of thousands of words and attracted a half million words of comments, probably representing the primary English-language source for a particular perspective on the deadly epidemic, with this material eventually drawing many hundreds of thousands of pageviews. A few weeks later, the Chinese government began gingerly raising the possibility that the coronavirus may have been brought to Wuhan by the 300 American military officers visiting that city, and was fiercely attacked by the Trump Administration for spreading anti-American propaganda. But I strongly suspect that the Chinese had gotten that idea from our own publication.

As the coronavirus gradually began to spread beyond China's own borders, another development occurred that greatly multiplied my suspicions. Most of these early cases had occurred exactly where one might expect, among the East Asian countries bordering China. But by late February Iran had become the second epicenter of the global outbreak. Even more surprisingly, its political elites had been especially hard-hit, with a full 10% of the entire Iranian parliament soon infected and at least a dozen of its officials and politicians dying of the disease, including some who were quite senior . Indeed, Neocon activists on Twitter began gleefully noting that their hatred Iranian enemies were now dropping like flies.

Let us consider the implications of these facts. Across the entire world the only political elites that have yet suffered any significant human losses have been those of Iran, and they died at a very early stage, before significant outbreaks had even occurred almost anywhere else in the world outside China. Thus, we have America assassinating Iran's top military commander on Jan. 2nd and then just a few weeks later large portions of the Iranian ruling elites became infected by a mysterious and deadly new virus, with many of them soon dying as a consequence. Could any rational individual possibly regard this as a mere coincidence?

Biological warfare is a highly technical subject, and those possessing such expertise are unlikely to candidly report their classified research activities in the pages of our major newspapers, perhaps even less so after Prof. Lieber was dragged off to prison in chains. My own knowledge is nil. But in mid-March I came across several extremely long and detailed comments on the coronavirus outbreak that had been posted on a small website by an individual calling himself "OldMicrobiologist" and who claimed to be a retired forty-year veteran of American biodefense. The style and details of his material struck me as quite credible, and after a little further investigation I concluded that there was a high likelihood his background was exactly as he had described. I made arrangements to republish his comments in the form of a 3,400 word article , which soon attracted a great deal of traffic and 80