|Home||Switchboard||Unix Administration||Red Hat||TCP/IP Networks||Neoliberalism||Toxic Managers|
|May the source be with you, but remember the KISS principle ;-)|
|News||batch command||Books||Recommended Links||jobs||atq command||Examples|
|Time Specification||Options||at.allow/at.deny||Unix at command||Grid engine||SGE Parallel Environment||Creating and modifying SGE Queues|
|date command||nohup command||Enterprise Job schedulers||Cron Tips||Sysadmin Horror Stories|
The command jobs is one of the three commands that consititute simple batch scheduler in Unix. The other two are batch command and atq command . There is also script atrun which allow to specify the load threshold below which batch jobs are allowed to run.
The internal jobs command displays all processes in background or in a suspended state. Jobs are processes you have started in foreground, background, or have suspended. There are three states of jobs:
|* foreground||A process whose I/O is attached to your terminal. If a process is executing in foreground, you have to wait until it completes to execute the next command.|
|* background||A process detached from your terminal. The process is executing while you continue to work at your terminal.|
|* suspended||A process that is not executing. It is waiting to be moved to foreground or background to continue execution.|
If you end a command line with an ampersand (&) the process is immediately placed in background for processing.
You will need to use the jobs command to list any processes you have suspended or placed in the background. When a background job completes, the shell notifies you between commands. If you try to log out while you have suspended jobs, the shell warns you and does not log you out.
If you start a command in foreground, you can suspend it by typing Ctrl-Z. You can place it in background with the bg command. The fg command allows you to reattach to the process in the foreground. A suspended job does not execute. It remains at the same instruction where you suspended it.
Following is the general format of the jobs command.
jobs [ -lnp ]
The following options may be used to control how jobs functions.
|-l||Lists the process IDs in addition to the normal output.|
|-n||Displays jobs that have stopped or exited since last notified.|
|-p||Displays only the process IDs. Not implemented on some systems.|
The output of the jobs command provides you with the information you need to control jobs. We'll use the following output to explain the information provided by jobs.
jobs -l + 5931 Stopped vi myfile - 5917 Running du -s / > /tmp/du.all  5898 Done(0) ls -R | lp
The first column contains the job number enclosed in square brackets. The plus (+) signifies the current job. The current job is the last job placed in background or stopped. The minus (-) signifies the previous job.
The second column contains the process ID (PID). Some systems display this as a default; others require the -l option.
The third column contains the current state of the job. The possible states are:
|Done(n)||The job has completed with return code n.|
|Running||The job is executing (processing) in background.|
|Stopped||The job has been suspended from execution.|
|Terminated||The job has been aborted via a signal.|
Column four contains the name of the command you entered.
Refer to the bg, fg, kill, stop and suspend commands described in modules 9, 51, 70, 125, and 129.
In this activity you use the jobs command to display all suspended and background jobs. Begin at the shell prompt.
cj> jobs - 1423 Running du -s / > /dev/null + 1428 Stopped vi x
Google matched content
Groupthink : Two Party System as Polyarchy : Corruption of Regulators : Bureaucracies : Understanding Micromanagers and Control Freaks : Toxic Managers : Harvard Mafia : Diplomatic Communication : Surviving a Bad Performance Review : Insufficient Retirement Funds as Immanent Problem of Neoliberal Regime : PseudoScience : Who Rules America : Neoliberalism : The Iron Law of Oligarchy : Libertarian Philosophy
War and Peace : Skeptical Finance : John Kenneth Galbraith :Talleyrand : Oscar Wilde : Otto Von Bismarck : Keynes : George Carlin : Skeptics : Propaganda : SE quotes : Language Design and Programming Quotes : Random IT-related quotes : Somerset Maugham : Marcus Aurelius : Kurt Vonnegut : Eric Hoffer : Winston Churchill : Napoleon Bonaparte : Ambrose Bierce : Bernard Shaw : Mark Twain Quotes
Vol 25, No.12 (December, 2013) Rational Fools vs. Efficient Crooks The efficient markets hypothesis : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2013 : Unemployment Bulletin, 2010 : Vol 23, No.10 (October, 2011) An observation about corporate security departments : Slightly Skeptical Euromaydan Chronicles, June 2014 : Greenspan legacy bulletin, 2008 : Vol 25, No.10 (October, 2013) Cryptolocker Trojan (Win32/Crilock.A) : Vol 25, No.08 (August, 2013) Cloud providers as intelligence collection hubs : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : Inequality Bulletin, 2009 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Copyleft Problems Bulletin, 2004 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Energy Bulletin, 2010 : Malware Protection Bulletin, 2010 : Vol 26, No.1 (January, 2013) Object-Oriented Cult : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2011 : Vol 23, No.11 (November, 2011) Softpanorama classification of sysadmin horror stories : Vol 25, No.05 (May, 2013) Corporate bullshit as a communication method : Vol 25, No.06 (June, 2013) A Note on the Relationship of Brooks Law and Conway Law
Fifty glorious years (1950-2000): the triumph of the US computer engineering : Donald Knuth : TAoCP and its Influence of Computer Science : Richard Stallman : Linus Torvalds : Larry Wall : John K. Ousterhout : CTSS : Multix OS Unix History : Unix shell history : VI editor : History of pipes concept : Solaris : MS DOS : Programming Languages History : PL/1 : Simula 67 : C : History of GCC development : Scripting Languages : Perl history : OS History : Mail : DNS : SSH : CPU Instruction Sets : SPARC systems 1987-2006 : Norton Commander : Norton Utilities : Norton Ghost : Frontpage history : Malware Defense History : GNU Screen : OSS early history
The Peter Principle : Parkinson Law : 1984 : The Mythical Man-Month : How to Solve It by George Polya : The Art of Computer Programming : The Elements of Programming Style : The Unix Haterís Handbook : The Jargon file : The True Believer : Programming Pearls : The Good Soldier Svejk : The Power Elite
Most popular humor pages:
Manifest of the Softpanorama IT Slacker Society : Ten Commandments of the IT Slackers Society : Computer Humor Collection : BSD Logo Story : The Cuckoo's Egg : IT Slang : C++ Humor : ARE YOU A BBS ADDICT? : The Perl Purity Test : Object oriented programmers of all nations : Financial Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : The Most Comprehensive Collection of Editor-related Humor : Programming Language Humor : Goldman Sachs related humor : Greenspan humor : C Humor : Scripting Humor : Real Programmers Humor : Web Humor : GPL-related Humor : OFM Humor : Politically Incorrect Humor : IDS Humor : "Linux Sucks" Humor : Russian Musical Humor : Best Russian Programmer Humor : Microsoft plans to buy Catholic Church : Richard Stallman Related Humor : Admin Humor : Perl-related Humor : Linus Torvalds Related humor : PseudoScience Related Humor : Networking Humor : Shell Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2012 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2013 : Java Humor : Software Engineering Humor : Sun Solaris Related Humor : Education Humor : IBM Humor : Assembler-related Humor : VIM Humor : Computer Viruses Humor : Bright tomorrow is rescheduled to a day after tomorrow : Classic Computer Humor
The Last but not Least
Copyright © 1996-2018 by Dr. Nikolai Bezroukov. www.softpanorama.org was initially created as a service to the (now defunct) UN Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP) in the author free time and without any remuneration. This document is an industrial compilation designed and created exclusively for educational use and is distributed under the Softpanorama Content License. Original materials copyright belong to respective owners. Quotes are made for educational purposes only in compliance with the fair use doctrine.
FAIR USE NOTICE This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available to advance understanding of computer science, IT technology, economic, scientific, and social issues. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided by section 107 of the US Copyright Law according to which such material can be distributed without profit exclusively for research and educational purposes.
This is a Spartan WHYFF (We Help You For Free) site written by people for whom English is not a native language. Grammar and spelling errors should be expected. The site contain some broken links as it develops like a living tree...
|You can use PayPal to make a contribution, supporting development of this site and speed up access. In case softpanorama.org is down you can use the at softpanorama.info|
The statements, views and opinions presented on this web page are those of the author (or referenced source) and are not endorsed by, nor do they necessarily reflect, the opinions of the author present and former employers, SDNP or any other organization the author may be associated with. We do not warrant the correctness of the information provided or its fitness for any purpose.
Last modified: November, 09, 2017