||Home||Switchboard||Unix Administration||Red Hat||TCP/IP Networks||Neoliberalism||Toxic Managers|
|(slightly skeptical) Educational society promoting "Back to basics" movement against IT overcomplexity and bastardization of classic Unix|
YaST offers a graphical tool for creating installation repositories. Actually repository is a too serious name as we are talking about simple two level directory structure. It supports HTTP, FTP, and NFS network installation servers. HTTP is the most convenient and fast installation source.
Define an name for the directory of the HTTP server on which the installation data should be found. For example Install. The repository will later be located under http://Server-IP/Install/repository_name/. The name of the repository, which defined in the following step.
HINT: Firewall Settings
Make sure that the firewall settings of your server system allow traffic
on the ports for HTTP, NFS, and FTP. If they currently do not, enable Open Port
in Firewall or check Firewall Details first.
Your installation server is now fully configured and ready for service.
To deactivate a repository, select the repository to remove then select Delete. The installation data are removed from the system. To deactivate the network service, use the respective YaST module.
If your installation server needs to provide the installation data for more than one product of the product version, start the YaST installation server module and select Add in the overview of existing repositories to configure the new repository
Creating an HTTP repository involves creating directory with the product name and inside it several directories for each volume of media (named CD1, CD2 , etc). After that you need to copy content of the media to the corresponding directories, for example the directory structure for SLES 11 SP2 can look like:
SLES11_SP2-x86_64 CD1 CD2
Configure the HTTP server to distribute the contents of your installation directory:
Installation,(↑ Administration Guide ).
ln -s /path_to_repository /srv/www/htdocs/repository
ln -s /depot/Install /srv/www/htdocs/install
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
If you have an existing openSUSE box setting up the installation server is pretty easy. Here are the steps involved in setting the server up and linking it to the official Novell yast repostories so your new installations get updated packages.
Software -> Software Management
Miscellaneous -> Installation Server
/sbin/service vsftpd startto make it work.
/srv/ftpwas set as the root of what anonymous can see on the disk, so the config was perfect by default.
/srv/ftp/sources/suse-10.2-64bit/. It is a good idea to give the source directory a specific name as that allows you to add alternate sources (like 32bit) to the same installation server in the future.
/srv/ftp/sources/suse-10.2-64bit/CD1and create a new file named
At this point, you can setup new openSUSE machines by installing against this
server. You would need to boot the machine with some sort of openSUSE installation
media (the DVD, CD1, a properly setup usb key, or the minimal install CD) to get
to the installation menu. From there hit F4, enter your FTP installation server
/sources/suse-10.2-64bit/CD1 directory, press enter, and then
continue with the installation. Having the installation server is really nice because
you can control and manage a single, consistent set of rpms.
Just having a central installation server is great but with autoyast you can almost completely automate installation of new openSUSE servers. This works by creating an autoyast control file at which you point new installations. The control file can include instructions for disk partitioning, installed software, services, custom config files, and directions to run extra scripts at various stages of the installation. The link at the top of this post provides a pretty good overview and the documentation here is very helpful as well. That documentation provides almost all of the information you need so where details are excluded from the following look there.
In my specific case (an autoyast file for JBoss servers) the process went like this:
/etc/profile.d/environment.shfile to the installation server under a different directory accessible through FTP.
yast2 autoyastfrom the command line.
Tools -> Create Reference Profile
Miscellaneous -> Complete Configuration Filesand then alt-E for configure.
/etc/ssh/sshd_configfor the new installs, and the loaded the contents of my existing sshd_config file for the contents.
File -> Save Asand generated my baseline autoyast file.
Though the number of steps I just listed seems long, these autoyast files are really very quick to make. You could create any number of them for different machine roles and make them all available for new installs.
Now that you have an installation server (FTP-based in this specific case) and all the autoyast files and other resources a new machine could need, you can setup a new machine from scratch by doing the following:
/sources/suse-10.2-64bit/CD1directory, press enter.
autoyast=ftp://[installserver]/[autoyast-file]. What you type appears in the command line options along the bottom of the screen.
Now, when I set this up, GRUB wouldnít boot the newly installed machine. It turned
out that the kernel version I was running on the reference server (and from which
I generated the initial autoyast file) was different from the kernel provided by
the installation server. This meant in my autoyast file the GRUB configuration portion
was trying to reference a file (
vmlinuz-126.96.36.199-34-default) that didnít
exist. So make sure your installation server is tied to the official repositories
and make sure your reference machine is fully up to date before creating the baseline
I used this same approach to create configurations for JBoss, e-mail, and basic openSUSE-based servers.
Groupthink : Two Party System as Polyarchy : Corruption of Regulators : Bureaucracies : Understanding Micromanagers and Control Freaks : Toxic Managers : Harvard Mafia : Diplomatic Communication : Surviving a Bad Performance Review : Insufficient Retirement Funds as Immanent Problem of Neoliberal Regime : PseudoScience : Who Rules America : Neoliberalism : The Iron Law of Oligarchy : Libertarian Philosophy
War and Peace : Skeptical Finance : John Kenneth Galbraith :Talleyrand : Oscar Wilde : Otto Von Bismarck : Keynes : George Carlin : Skeptics : Propaganda : SE quotes : Language Design and Programming Quotes : Random IT-related quotes : Somerset Maugham : Marcus Aurelius : Kurt Vonnegut : Eric Hoffer : Winston Churchill : Napoleon Bonaparte : Ambrose Bierce : Bernard Shaw : Mark Twain Quotes
Vol 25, No.12 (December, 2013) Rational Fools vs. Efficient Crooks The efficient markets hypothesis : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2013 : Unemployment Bulletin, 2010 : Vol 23, No.10 (October, 2011) An observation about corporate security departments : Slightly Skeptical Euromaydan Chronicles, June 2014 : Greenspan legacy bulletin, 2008 : Vol 25, No.10 (October, 2013) Cryptolocker Trojan (Win32/Crilock.A) : Vol 25, No.08 (August, 2013) Cloud providers as intelligence collection hubs : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : Inequality Bulletin, 2009 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Copyleft Problems Bulletin, 2004 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Energy Bulletin, 2010 : Malware Protection Bulletin, 2010 : Vol 26, No.1 (January, 2013) Object-Oriented Cult : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2011 : Vol 23, No.11 (November, 2011) Softpanorama classification of sysadmin horror stories : Vol 25, No.05 (May, 2013) Corporate bullshit as a communication method : Vol 25, No.06 (June, 2013) A Note on the Relationship of Brooks Law and Conway Law
Fifty glorious years (1950-2000): the triumph of the US computer engineering : Donald Knuth : TAoCP and its Influence of Computer Science : Richard Stallman : Linus Torvalds : Larry Wall : John K. Ousterhout : CTSS : Multix OS Unix History : Unix shell history : VI editor : History of pipes concept : Solaris : MS DOS : Programming Languages History : PL/1 : Simula 67 : C : History of GCC development : Scripting Languages : Perl history : OS History : Mail : DNS : SSH : CPU Instruction Sets : SPARC systems 1987-2006 : Norton Commander : Norton Utilities : Norton Ghost : Frontpage history : Malware Defense History : GNU Screen : OSS early history
The Peter Principle : Parkinson Law : 1984 : The Mythical Man-Month : How to Solve It by George Polya : The Art of Computer Programming : The Elements of Programming Style : The Unix Haterís Handbook : The Jargon file : The True Believer : Programming Pearls : The Good Soldier Svejk : The Power Elite
Most popular humor pages:
Manifest of the Softpanorama IT Slacker Society : Ten Commandments of the IT Slackers Society : Computer Humor Collection : BSD Logo Story : The Cuckoo's Egg : IT Slang : C++ Humor : ARE YOU A BBS ADDICT? : The Perl Purity Test : Object oriented programmers of all nations : Financial Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : The Most Comprehensive Collection of Editor-related Humor : Programming Language Humor : Goldman Sachs related humor : Greenspan humor : C Humor : Scripting Humor : Real Programmers Humor : Web Humor : GPL-related Humor : OFM Humor : Politically Incorrect Humor : IDS Humor : "Linux Sucks" Humor : Russian Musical Humor : Best Russian Programmer Humor : Microsoft plans to buy Catholic Church : Richard Stallman Related Humor : Admin Humor : Perl-related Humor : Linus Torvalds Related humor : PseudoScience Related Humor : Networking Humor : Shell Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2012 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2013 : Java Humor : Software Engineering Humor : Sun Solaris Related Humor : Education Humor : IBM Humor : Assembler-related Humor : VIM Humor : Computer Viruses Humor : Bright tomorrow is rescheduled to a day after tomorrow : Classic Computer Humor
The Last but not Least Technology is dominated by two types of people: those who understand what they do not manage and those who manage what they do not understand ~Archibald Putt. Ph.D
Copyright © 1996-2021 by Softpanorama Society. www.softpanorama.org was initially created as a service to the (now defunct) UN Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP) without any remuneration. This document is an industrial compilation designed and created exclusively for educational use and is distributed under the Softpanorama Content License. Original materials copyright belong to respective owners. Quotes are made for educational purposes only in compliance with the fair use doctrine.
FAIR USE NOTICE This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available to advance understanding of computer science, IT technology, economic, scientific, and social issues. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided by section 107 of the US Copyright Law according to which such material can be distributed without profit exclusively for research and educational purposes.
This is a Spartan WHYFF (We Help You For Free) site written by people for whom English is not a native language. Grammar and spelling errors should be expected. The site contain some broken links as it develops like a living tree...
|You can use PayPal to to buy a cup of coffee for authors of this site|
Last modified: March 12, 2019