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# Slightly Skeptical View on Microsoft Office Suit and Office Scripting

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Rob Pegoraro Washtech.com

If we can't afford the solution,
then it's not a solution
;-).
SAP marketing slogan

The main selling point for Windows and an important driving force of Windows development are applications. MS Office is a really impressive set of well integrated programs with  the common macro language ( VBA)

It also have very good, flexible GUI and ports of Apple applications on windows (ITunes) have shown that Microsoft managed to beat Apple in its own game. ITunes sucks so much that any talk about Apple software superiority is just a joke. Apple is a company with super-talented marketing, but average (and incase of iTunes below average) software quality and very restrictive Apple ecosystem enforcing software products. It is essentially a computer and software ecosystem for dummies, who are ready to trade flexibility for predictability.  When open source enthusiasts criticize Microsoft I always ask myself did they every worked in Apple software ecosystem.

Contrary to views of many naive open source advocates (Eric Raymond is a good example) MS Office is a tremendously capable suit of  professional software applications disguised as a consumer product. It is a professional suit of high-quality high-end applications with the real cost of at least $1K, which Microsoft is selling approximately for$300 (with home and student edition for around $100, which is a shareware price per application such as Word and Excel --$50 each). It's not only de-facto standard and that has capabilities perfectly suited for enterprise customers. It is more then that. Some components of Microsoft Office are good (MS Word) but some are masterpiece of software engineering (Excel) in a sense that few companies are able to debug such a complex product to such level. Yes there are other architectures that might be equal or better then used in Excel, more elegant and less complex. But Microsoft is really a king of software complexity. And level of debugging of those application and first of all Excel is a testament of IQ of Microsoft designers and tremendous talent and perseverance of Microsoft managers. It is a very rare case when such a large company can produce such a slick and reliable applications. Just look at software produced by IBM (which recently screwed Lotus Notes client beyond recognition with version 8.5, based on Eclipse). Look at  software product that Symantec, Adobe and SAP sells to unsuspecting public.  Comparison is in favor of Microsoft in many parameters. The same actually was true for FrontPage 2003 which was killed.  It was a tremendously powerful and cheap Web editor, professional tool sold for shareware price.

In a way, as long as Microsoft continued to enhance and further develop this powerful suit of applications it can  lock in most of the PC users. That might be one reason why attempts to unseat Windows domination as diverse as Linux. Apple and lately Goggle met only limited success.  Microsoft proved to be a tremendously competitive company, which despite its size still can wear down and at then defeat a serious competitor by its relentless upgrade cycle.  I think that a popular joke that any Microsoft product becomes good starting from version six sounds a pretty sinister forecast to many Microsoft competitors ;-)

Home users can generally benefit from simpler tools, but MS Word/Excel/Publisher trio costs so little in Home and Student Office editions (around $100) that to compete with Microsoft on the price is similar to competing with Linux on the price. MS Word was historically sold as a part of Microsoft Works, and was priced below$50 which made any competition meaningless. With such prices even with the availability of robust and simple tools it just does not make much sense to settle for less.  Just becuse of the size of Microsoft software ecosystem.

Situation with the alternative to other components of the Office is no better then with MS Word.  Excel is a real masterpiece of software engineering (again, disguised as a consumer product) and despite the fact that the full power of Excel can be appreciated only by professional user and/or (and may be) sophisticated investor, it does not make sense to settle for less as it is availble as a part of the Office with total pitrce slightly above $100. It is true that relatively small percentage of home users can benefi from full power of Excel, but it is indispensable in the enterprise environment and using the same tool at home as in office makes a lot of sense. I noticed that small business often use Excel as a simple database tool, instead of Access and (now discontinued) FoxPro. The same might be true for PowerPoint and FrontPage. FrontPage helped bring WYSIWYG publishing to the Web. I personally use FrontPage (this site is developed using FrontPage and set of custom script that compile webpages) for 15 years and now use it also as MS Word substitute but that's just an idiosyncrasy as I resent inability of word to present a 'raw' editable markup of the document and also I know HTML relatively well and do not have too much needs outside its capabilities. Actually FrontPage is another really amazing application from Microsoft (although it was initially bought by Microsoft, but it was fully developed while already a part of Microsoft application stack). Microsoft team led by dramatically enhanced with each version up to 2003 (the last version of FrontPage) and which provides professional user the ability to increase his/her productivity ten times or more in comparison with simpler tools. While using it on daily basis for 15 years I still find new tips and tricks that increase my productivity in FrontPage environment almost monthly So the short answer to the question what are alternatives to MS Office in the USA is: there is no alternatives. The real problem with Microsoft Office is that it is rather expensive outside the USA, and it is extremely expensive in Eastern Europe, if you compare the price with the average monthly salary. Like in SAP/R3 somewhat perverted ( judging from the cost of SAP software) slogan: "If we can't afford the solution, then it's not a solution" ;-). Therefore generally MS Office is an extremely good, irreplaceable solution for the US market, but much less so for Eastern European market, which needs to find the alternative. Currently the most plausible is Open Office which is free, but highly deficient substitute (see The Biggest Failure in Open Source) But there are other alternatives such as Microsoft Works 8.0 ), older versions of Office (such as Office 2007 and Office 2003) as well as some licensing tricks available for small businesses (Microsoft partner programs used to be an excellent opportunity for small business to get all Microsoft stack of operating systems and applications including Office for just$350 a year. If the firm contains exactly or less 10 employees that was the deal of the century, as $35 per year per employee is a price you simply can't beat :-). The key attractiveness of applications like components of MS Office is openness of the API and the underlying formats. They all are scriptable and it is more useful feature that openness of code per se (its just too much code to be useful for 99.99% of the users ;-). • The key advantage of the MS Office -- common macro language for all applications in a suit, is the advantage that is still unmatched by rivals. Also the level of support of MS Office (books, training materials, add-ons, etc) is far superior to the alternatives. That mean that MS Office including its crown jewels MS Word and Excel still makes sense in the open world. But if only if : • You can afford it (not true for many business in Eastern Europe, at least until recently Microsoft pricing was "out of reach" for them) • Know how to use outlining capabilities (this is a training issue). Paradoxically many users use MS Word like Word Perfect. In this case Word Perfect is a better alternative. • You can benefit from macro capabilities. Ms Word have very powerful macro capabilities and that makes it a class of its own. Just look at MS Word viruses ;-). But jokes aside this is one of the most programmable word processor around and you can make it to do amazing things with macros. See, for example, MS Word Macros. Again most users and even organizations do not have enough IQ to benefit from it. If this is case then (outside of the USA) an attractiveness of MS Office in general and MS Word in particular is more problematic and simpler alternatives might make some sense. Google tries to exploit this niche but so far its attempts were really "fist steps". The main problem with the Office is that until Office 2007 both MS Word and Excel documents formats were proprietary and generally undocumented. But for all earlier versions you still can export documents in Open formats including RTF and XHTML. The latter needs some post-processing (see, for example demoroniser), if you want to publish it; raw Ms Word xhtml contains too many Microsoft styles. The fact that you don't have access to "internal" representation of MS Word actually is a very serious deficiency. Absence of the internal representation accessibility severely limits what you can do in MS Word and greatly complicate debugging of complex documents. That's probably the most severe shortcoming of MS Word. and that why I personally often use FrontPage as an alternative to MS Word despite much weaker spellchecker, weaker and more convoluted macro capabilities and absence of many vital for word processing capabilities.  The absence of the internal representation view limits what you can do in MS Word and complicates debugging of complex documents Contrary to the opinion of typical Linux zealots, I am convinced that Microsoft Word was and still is a very good program that was innovative at the time of introduction and positively influenced the field previously dominated by somewhat backward WordPerfect (which, paradoxically, has an access to the view of the internal representation of the document). I would agree that from the point of view of supporting open formats like HTML and XML, MS Word still have room to grow, but I am surprised how Adobe managed to monopolize the field of document viewers despite the fact that MS Word viewers would be clearly adequate (and somewhat superior due to the quality of MS Word as a tool for creating them). Weaker products might become dominant if they meet the needs of the most users. In the past (in the MS DOS environment) MS Word was always underdog to WordPerfect, but despite the second place that most PC magazines assigned to in in 1987-1994 (or may be due to it :-) it was always more innovative word processor than WordPerfect: • I remember that the first DOS version of Word that I used (Word 4, 1987?) already had outlining capabilities. • Word5 for DOS(1989?) introduced the use of style sheets in a way very similar to CCS, so to a certain extent it was 10 year ahead of its time. People were able to produce pretty complex books using Ms Word as poor man publishing system. BTW it is funny that generally more conservative WordPerfect has "show the source" concept of showing raw source format similar to HTML editors of today and MS Word never had it. Because in other areas MS Word was definitely more innovative work processor. If you remember the days of character-based WordPerfect, you will remember the "reveal codes" feature, which shows an editable view of the current file with the internal formatting codes visible. This gave the user more control of the underlying text-processing than MS Word. That why lawyers always prefer WordPerfect and that's why many advanced users (including myself) for simple documents are now using FrontPage instead of MS Word (FrontPage is now part of Office Professional).  Inability of MS Word transparently show its internal format always was one of the biggest shortcomings of this very powerful program In addition to being rather expensive outside of North America, today's versions of Microsoft Office are huge and try to implement everything possible under the sun. The best original ideas are buried under the bloat of "me too" features. For example how many people use MS Word outlining capabilities, the really innovative feature of MS Word. My guestimate is that less then 1%. If you do not need all the capabilities you can probably use cheaper substitutes. What are the alternatives? • Microsoft Work Suit 2006 Paradoxically the best alternative for the MS Word are earlier versions of MS Word. ;-). For example Microsoft Works Suit 2006 is a cheap ($32 shrinkwrapped, $10 open box on Amazon as of April 2013) bungle of six pretty powerful programs including MS Word 2002. This collection of software is amazing for the price at which it is being offered. For$32 you should accept no substitutes :-).  The price on Amazon is really shareware price. Again the package contains full version of  MS Word 2002:

• Word 2002 Use the same premier word processor featured in Microsoft Office XP. Word 2002 features—such as smart tags and task panes, and improved technology for formatting—make it easy to create professional-looking documents. Enhanced reliability ensures that you spend your time working, not re-creating the work you've completed. Read more about Word 2002.

It also contains:

• Picture It! Photo Premium 9.0 Use photos from digital cameras, scanners, photo CDs, and e-mail attachments. Organize your photos, correct common photo problems, create great photo projects, and share your photos online. Read more about Picture It! Photo Premium 9.0.

• Encarta® Encyclopedia Standard  Access more than 38,000 up-to-date articles, plus photos, illustrations, hundreds of videos, animations, and audio files. Encarta is the ideal multimedia encyclopedia for everyday use. Read more about Encarta Encyclopedia Standard 2004.

• Money Standard Organize and manage your personal finances quickly and easily. If you're new to personal finance management software, Money Standard is a great way to get started. Read more about Money 2004 Standard.

• Streets & Trips  Find maps, points of interest, routes, and driving directions without waiting for an Internet connection. Create and download maps to your Pocket PC.

• Microsoft Works 9.0 Here is pretty telling review from Amazon

Faster than microsoft office word, June 2, 2008

 By sonnsett Radius "Sonn'" (chicago, IL) - See all my reviews

After struggling with Microsoft Word 2007, I immediately ordered Microsoft Works 9.0 simply because it is easy to handle and I love some of the updates that has been added. I love the way it saves your letters and documents. It has a lot of other great features as well. You can make your own personal stationary, all occasion cards, budgets, and personal business forms etc. I especially love the history tab which helps me to find all of my letter/documents or anything else that I might have saved. It is easy to change letter size, and style or to print letters in different color ink.

When I bought a new computer it came with microsoft office word 2007. It was too complicated when you just want a simply letter or want to add headers and footers to your letter. I will have to take a class or take some time to learn microsoft word 2007.

That is what I love about Microsoft Works 9.0 it is very easy to manuver without a lot of reading and studying. For me, it is self explanatory. Although, almost every company and most of my teachers wants me to use microsoft office word 2007, I generally get permission to use Microsoft Works 9.0 because Microsoft Word 2007 is too time consuming if you don't know how to use it or you don't have the time to learn it -- it becomes a waste of time.

Most people need MS Word which is a de facto standard in document processing, but an average user seldom needs Powerpoint or Excel. At home one can benefit from such useful programs as Money, Street Finder, and  Picture It. The last is Microsoft's publishing photo program and it alone usually costs around $60. This makes MS Works suit a real bargain and the best alternative for MS Office, especially for family use or student use. See also Amazon and Epinions.com reviews. • Google Docs. Currently it's less capable product that costs more ($50 per user per year for corporations which means $250 in five years). Retail price of Office 2010 Home and Business (which includes Word, Excel, PowerPoint, OneNote and Outlook) is$279.95, which is more functionality for approximately the same price (it will last 5-7 years for sure).
• Corel's WordPerfect Office.  It is the workhorse of legal departments all over the world. The recent version of WordPerfect Office X4 can work with PDF documents. It can import, edit, archive and export PDF documents with built-in PDF features—no Adobe® Acrobat® required!
• WordPerfect - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
WordPerfect is a proprietary word processing application, now owned by Corel. Bruce Bastian, a Brigham Young University (BYU) graduate student, and BYU computer science professor Dr. Alan Ashton joined forces to design a word processing system for the city of Orem's Data General Corp. minicomputer system in 1979. Bastian and Ashton kept the rights to the WordPerfect software they designed for Orem, deciding to market it through their own company. Ashton and Bastian started Satellite Systems International (SSI) to sell WordPerfect in 1980. WordPerfect 1.0 represented a significant departure from the previous Wang standard for word processing. At the height of its popularity in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was the de facto standard word processor, but has long since been eclipsed in sales by Microsoft Word. Although the MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows versions are best known[citation needed], its popularity was based in part on the fact that it was available for a wide variety of computers and operating systems, including Mac OS, Linux, the Apple IIe, a separate version for the Apple IIgs, most popular versions of Unix, VMS, Data General, System/370, AmigaOS, Atari ST, OS/2, and NeXTSTEP.

The common file name extension of WordPerfect document files is .wpd. Older versions of WordPerfect also used file extensions .wp, .wp7, .wp6, .wp5, .wp4, and originally, no extension at all.[1]

Since its acquisition by Corel, WordPerfect for Windows has officially been known as Corel WordPerfect.

• Quattro Pro - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Quattro Pro spreadsheet program developed by Borland and now sold by Corel, most often as part of Corel's WordPerfect Office.

Historically, Quattro Pro used keyboard command similar to Lotus 1-2-3. It is commonly said to have been the first program to use the "tabbed notebook" metaphor. However, this is not true, as Boeing Calc had already used tabbed pages[1][2]. It currently runs under the Windows operating system. Quattro Pro avoided the 65,536 row by 256 column spreadsheet limitations inherent to pre-2007 versions of Microsoft Excel by allowing a maximum worksheet size of one million rows by 18,276 columns. Since about 1996 Quattro Pro has run a distant second to Excel's market domination.

When version 1.0 was in development, it was codenamed "Buddha" since it was meant to "assume the Lotus position", #1 in the market. When the product was launched in 1988, its original name was Quattro (the Italian word for "four", a play on being one step ahead of "1-2-3"). Borland changed the name to Quattro Pro for its 1990 release.

The common file extension of Quattro Pro spreadsheet file is .qpw. Older versions of Quattro Pro used also following file extensions: wb3, wb2, wb1, wq2, wq1.[3]

• Lotus SmartSuite. IBM bought and then eventually killed this fine suit of applications which at one point were competitors for Microsoft. Its strongest feature is 1-2-3 spreadsheet, which  for a long time was the standard spreadsheet for financial people. But the last version (9.8) works on Windows XP and you can create kind of text processing appliances on an old computer with XP using it. You can buy Lotus Smart Suite Millenium Edition 9.8 SoftwareOutlet it for ~$20. It features the following applications: • 1-2-3, the spreadsheet that started it all; • Word Pro, former AmiPro, the aging and not very capable word processor with IBM ViaVoice as a useful add on. • Organizer Release 5.04, a nice simple personal information manager; • Freelance Graphics, the presentation graphics package • Approach, the relational database • Oracle Office/OpenOffice. A marginal player emerged in May 1999 -- StarOffice is now free for individual users on all platforms. It's written in Java and it does suffers from Java shortcomings as a system programming language. It is also underpowered although less so then Google Docs. Applications are rather primitive in comparison with MS Office and interface is raw. StarOffice is a set of office applications that includes: • WRITER -- a decent but far from perfect MS Word alternative. Can integrate images and charts in documents, create everything from business letters to complete books with professional layouts, as well as create and publish Web content. You can publish your work in Portable Document Format (.pdf). MS Word compatibility is also good, but sometimes I get documents from Sun that are not readable... WRITER has everything you would expect from a modern, fully equipped word processor or desktop publisher. It's simple enough for a quick memo, powerful enough to create complete books with contents, diagrams, indexes, etc. You're free to concentrate on your message - while WRITER makes it look great. The Wizards takes all the hassle out of producing standard documents such as letters, faxes, agendas, minutes, or carrying out more complex tasks such as mail merges. You are of course free to create your own templates, or download templates from our Extensions repository. Styles and Formatting puts the power of style sheets into the hands of every user. Trap typing mistakes on the fly with the AutoCorrect dictionary, which can check your spelling as you type. If you need to use different languages in your document - WRITER can handle that too. Reduce typing effort with AutoComplete, which suggests common words and phrases to complete what you are typing. Text frames and linking give you the power to tackle desktop publishing tasks for newsletters, flyers, etc. laid out exactly the way you want them to be. Increase the usefulness of your long, complex documents by generating a table of contents or indexing terms, bibliographical references, illustrations, tables, and other objects. WRITER can also display multiple pages while you edit - ideal for complex documents, or if you have a large monitor (or multiple monitors). The advanced notes feature displays notes on the side of the document. This makes notes a lot easier to read. In addition, notes from different users are displayed in different colours together with the editing date and time. Make your documents freely available with WRITER's HTML export to the web, or export in MediaWiki format for publishing to wikis. Publish in Portable Document Format (.pdf) to guarantee that what you write is what your reader sees. The PDF export feature in OpenOffice.org provides a huge set of formatting and security options; so that PDF files can be customized for many different scenarios, including ISO standard PDF/A files. Save your documents in OpenDocument format, the new international standard for office documents. This XML based format means you're not tied in to WRITER. You can access your documents from any OpenDocument compliant software. WRITER can of course read all your old Microsoft Word documents, or save your work in Microsoft Word format for sending to people who are still locked into Microsoft products. From version 3.0 WRITER can also open .docx files created with Microsoft Office 2007 or Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac OS X. • CALC -- a spreadsheet. contains some advanced spreadsheet functions and decision-making tools to perform sophisticated data analysis. Use built-in charting tools to generate impressive 2D and 3D charts. Still inferior to Excel. • IMPRESS -- multimedia presentations tool. Supports special effects, animation and has drawing tools. • DRAW will produce everything from simple diagrams to dynamic 3D illustrations and special effects. • The Database User Tools give you all the tools you need for day to day database work in a simple spreadsheet-like form. They support dBASE databases for simple applications, or any ODBC or JDBC compliant database for industrial strength database work. The main attraction of Open Office is that it is free. Oracle office is$50. Also support of open formats is better that in MS Office. Open Office is a just a renamed Star Office that Sun bought and re-licensed. Star Office was from the beginning designed as a cheap MS Office emulator. Before Sun acquired Star Division GmbH in 2000, the original vendor, StarOffice used to have 30% of the German market and it was even rated superior to Microsoft Office among users surveyed by Germany's largest computer magazine, ComputerBild. In October 2000, Sun change the license to dual with GPL as a second license, renamed the product to Open Office and organized a special site for the coordination of  development OpenOffice.org.

Due to financial problems, currently many municipal governments play with the idea of saving money moving to Open Office and it does make sense as a regular municipal worker usually does not need any macro capabilities.

There is somewhat better version from Sun called StarOffice 7 (for ~$80), but it is overpriced in comparison with the MS Works Suit which contains MS Word 2002 (street price of MS Works suit 2004 is ~$25). Therefore it mainly makes sense if you are limited to Solaris and Linux.

In late June 2001, the U.S. Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) chose to implement 25,000 units of Sun’s StarOffice software. This sounds like a significant gain until you discover that StarOffice was replacing Applix on Unix workstations as well as Windows based software. DISA’s requirement was for “an open office productivity suite to work on multiple platforms, including Linux, Solaris and Windows."

By May 2001 Sun was reporting that five million copies had been downloaded and that more than 20 million copies of the software were distributed worldwide with the major users in the education community, government, and small-to-medium-sized businesses. In 2002 Sun promised to release version 6, which will support XML. StarOffice has good compatibility with Microsoft Office formats. It already has language support for Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Italian, Polish, Russian, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish, but version 6 will add Chinese, Japanese and Korean to the mix.

Five million downloads does not prove any specific number of users and the only way of guessing it right is the impact of OpenOffice on MS Office revenues. the fact that MS Office is ridiculously expensive in poor countries (Eastern Europe, India, China, South America...) can also help.

• LyX and other TeX-based tools are very good (and free for commercial use). They're mainly attractive for  power users  and researchers who need a precise control of formatting (scientific articles and dissertation are two primary examples). You operate with the internal representation of the document using any suitable editor and them create the "preview" document via TeX.  The great advantage of TeX is its stability and simplicity. It's a tool written by a one of the greatest programmers of all times, Professor Donald Knuth.
• Frontpage and other HTML editors. For modest requirements FrontPage instead of MS Word. Frontpage solves the fundamental deficiency of MS Word -- absence of an editable view of the internal representation.  There is a free version of some derivative of FrontPage 2003 called Microsoft SharePoint Designer 2007.  This is the best free HTML editor available for Windows. It's somewhat buggy, even with SP3 applied but it is free and powerful. No other free editor even comes close. Here is some info from Wikipedia:

Microsoft SharePoint Designer (formerly known as Microsoft Office SharePoint Designer) is a specialized HTML editor and web design freeware for creating or modifying Microsoft SharePoint sites and web pages. It is a part of Microsoft SharePoint family of products.[2] It was formerly a part of Microsoft Office 2007 families of products, but was not included in any of the Microsoft Office suites.

SharePoint Designer and its sister product, Microsoft Expression Web are successors of Microsoft FrontPage. While Expression Web serves as the full-featured successor to FrontPage, SharePoint Designer features focuses on designing and customizing Microsoft SharePoint websites. For instance, it only includes SharePoint-specific site templates. It retains more FrontPage features than Expression Web, such as web components, database, marquee, hit counter, navigation bars, map insert, etc. Although SharePoint Designer 2007 (this first version of this product) could be used as a generic HTML editor, SharePoint Designer 2010 (the subsequent version) may no longer operate in absence of Microsoft SharePoint Server or Microsoft SharePoint Foundation.[3]

Theoretically XML-based tools looks more viable than TeX, and OpenOffice seems to be a leader in this category.   I just do not like XML and consider XHTML quite adequate for most purposes.

Dr. Nikolai Bezroukov

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## Old News ;-)

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#### [Jul 14, 2021] How to Install Asterisk on Ubuntu 20.04

###### Jul 04, 2021 | linuxhostsupport.com

Install Required Dependencies

Before starting, you will need to install some dependencies required to build the Asterisk server. You can install all of them using the following command:

apt-get install build-essential git autoconf wget subversion pkg-config libjansson-dev libxml2-dev uuid-dev libsqlite3-dev libtool -y


Once all the packages are installed, you will need to install DAHDI to communicate Asterisk with analog and digital telephones.

cd /opt
git clone -b next git://git.asterisk.org/dahdi/linux dahdi-linux


Next, change the directory to the downloaded directory and compile it using the following command:

cd dahdi-linux
make
make install


cd /opt
git clone -b next git://git.asterisk.org/dahdi/tools dahdi-tools


Once the download is completed, configure and install it with the following command:

cd dahdi-tools
autoreconf -i
./configure
make install
make install-config
dahdi_genconf modules


git clone https://gerrit.asterisk.org/libpri libpri
cd libpri


Next, install it using the following command:

make
make install


Once all the necessary tools are installed, you can proceed to install Asterisk.

Install Asterisk

By default, the Asterisk package is not included in the Ubuntu 20.04 default repository. So you will need to download and compile it from the source. You can download it from the Git Hub using the following command:

git clone -b 18 https://gerrit.asterisk.org/asterisk asterisk-18


cd asterisk-18/
contrib/scripts/get_mp3_source.sh
contrib/scripts/install_prereq install


Next, configure the Asterisk with the following command:

./configure


You should get the following output:

configure: Menuselect build configuration successfully completed

.$$=.. .77.. .7$$7:.
.$$:. ,7.7 .7. 7$$$$.$$77
..$$.$$$$.$$$7 ..7$   .?.   $.?. 7$$. .. .$$$7. 7 .7$$. .$$$. .777. .$$77$$$77$7. $$,$$$~      .7$7. .$$. .$$7 .7$$7: ?$$$.
$$?7$$I        .$$7$$$.7 :$$.$$$       $$7$$$$.$$$. $   7$$7 .$$$.$$.$$$$7 .$$$.
7$$7 7$$$$7$$$$                        $$7.$$  (TM)
$$. .7$$  $$7$$$$.$$
.

configure: Package configured for:
configure: OS type  : linux-gnu
configure: Host CPU : x86_64
configure: build-cpu:vendor:os: x86_64 : pc : linux-gnu :
configure: host-cpu:vendor:os: x86_64 : pc : linux-gnu :


Next, you will need to select the modules that you want to install with Asterisk. You can select it using the following command:

make menuselect


You can use the Arrow key to navigate and Enter key to select the modules.

Select and enables the Addons as shown below:

Next, enable the Core sound modules: Next, enable the additional MOH packages: Next, enable the Extra Sound Packages:

Now, click on the Save and Exit button.

Next, build the Asterisk using the following command:

make -j2


Next, Asterisk and its modules using the following command:

make install


You should get the following output:

 +---- Asterisk Installation Complete -------+
+                                           +
+    YOU MUST READ THE SECURITY DOCUMENT    +
+                                           +
+ Asterisk has successfully been installed. +
+ If you would like to install the sample   +
+ configuration files (overwriting any      +
+ existing config files), run:              +
+                                           +
+ For generic reference documentation:      +
+    make samples                           +
+                                           +
+ For a sample basic PBX:                   +
+    make basic-pbx                         +
+                                           +
+                                           +
+-----------------  or ---------------------+
+                                           +
+ You can go ahead and install the asterisk +
+ program documentation now or later run:   +
+                                           +
+               make progdocs               +
+                                           +
+ **Note** This requires that you have      +
+ doxygen installed on your local system    +
+-------------------------------------------+


You can also install the documentation and basic PBX config files with the following command:

make samples
make basic-pbx


Next, install the Asterisk init script with the following command:

make config


Next, update the shared libraries using the following command:

ldconfig

Create Asterisk User

It is always recommended to run Asterisk as a standalone user for security reasons.

First, create a new Asterisk user with the following command:

adduser --system --group --home /var/lib/asterisk --no-create-home --gecos "Asterisk PBX" asterisk


Next, edit the Asterisk default configuration file and configure it to run as a asterisk user:

nano /etc/default/asterisk


Uncomment the following lines:

AST_USER="asterisk"
AST_GROUP="asterisk"


Save and close the file then add the asterisk user to dialout and audio group:

usermod -a -G dialout,audio asterisk


Next, set proper ownership and permissions of all Asterisk files and directories with the following command:

chown -R asterisk: /var/{lib,log,run,spool}/asterisk /usr/lib/asterisk /etc/asterisk
chmod -R 750 /var/{lib,log,run,spool}/asterisk /usr/lib/asterisk /etc/asterisk

Start and Verify Asterisk

At this point, Asterisk is installed and configured. Now, you can start the Asterisk service using the following command:

systemctl start asterisk


You can also enable the Asterisk service to start at system reboot with the following command:

systemctl enable asterisk


To check the status of the Asterisk service, run the following command:

systemctl status asterisk


You should get the following output:

â --  asterisk.service - LSB: Asterisk PBX
Active: active (running) since Sun 2021-05-16 12:24:29 UTC; 13s ago
Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8)
Process: 60668 ExecStart=/etc/init.d/asterisk start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
Memory: 34.7M
CGroup: /system.slice/asterisk.service
â""â"€60685 /usr/sbin/asterisk -U asterisk -G asterisk

May 16 12:24:29 ubuntu2004 systemd[1]: Starting LSB: Asterisk PBX...
May 16 12:24:29 ubuntu2004 asterisk[60668]:  * Starting Asterisk PBX: asterisk
May 16 12:24:29 ubuntu2004 asterisk[60668]:    ...done.
May 16 12:24:29 ubuntu2004 systemd[1]: Started LSB: Asterisk PBX.


Now, connect to the Asterisk command line utility with the following command:

asterisk -vvvr


Once connected, you should get the following output:

Asterisk GIT-18-78d7862463, Copyright (C) 1999 - 2021, Sangoma Technologies Corporation and others.
Created by Mark Spencer
Asterisk comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; type 'core show warranty' for details.
This is free software, with components licensed under the GNU General Public
License version 2 and other licenses; you are welcome to redistribute it under
certain conditions. Type 'core show license' for details.
=========================================================================
Connected to Asterisk GIT-18-78d7862463 currently running on ubuntu2004 (pid = 60685)
ubuntu2004*CLI>


Congratulations! You have successfully installed and configured Asterisk server on Ubuntu 20.04 VPS.

Of course, you don't have to install and set up Asterisk if you use one of our Managed VPS Hosting services, in which case you can simply ask our expert Linux admins to install Asterisk on Ubuntu 20.04, for you. They are available 24Ã -- 7 and will take care of your request immediately. If you're looking to find something else, such as how to install Magento or Elasticsearch on Ubuntu 20.04, check out our blog.

If you liked this post on how to install Asterisk on Ubuntu 20.04, please share it with your friends on the social networks using the buttons on the left or simply leave a reply below. Thanks.

cat playlist.txt | while read line; do youtube-dl --extract-audio --audio-format mp3 -o "%(title)s.%(ext)s" ytsearch:"$line" ;done #### [May 28, 2021] Microsoft Launches personal version of Teams with free all-day video calling ##### Highly recommended! ###### May 16, 2021 | slashdot.org (theverge.com) 59 Posted by msmash on Monday May 17, 2021 @12:02PM from the how-about-that dept. Microsoft is launching the personal version of Microsoft Teams today. After previewing the service nearly a year ago, Microsoft Teams is now available for free personal use amongst friends and families . From a report: The service itself is almost identical to the Microsoft Teams that businesses use, and it will allow people to chat, video call, and share calendars, locations, and files easily. Microsoft is also continuing to offer everyone free 24-hour video calls that it introduced in the preview version in November. You'll be able to meet up with up to 300 people in video calls that can last for 24 hours. Microsoft will eventually enforce limits of 60 minutes for group calls of up to 100 people after the pandemic, but keep 24 hours for 1:1 calls. While the preview initially launched on iOS and Android, Microsoft Teams for personal use now works across the web, mobile, and desktop apps. Microsoft is also allowing Teams personal users to enable its Together mode -- a feature that uses AI to segment your face and shoulders and place you together with other people in a virtual space. Skype got this same feature back in December. #### [Mar 14, 2021] Augmented Reality Gets Pandemic Boost - WSJ by the pandemic found immediate uses for the distanced expertise AR technology can provide Mercedes-Benz USA trained more than 1,200 automotive technicians at all 383 dealerships last summer on how to use AR HoloLens 2 headsets for remote assistance. PHOTO: MERCEDES-BENZ USA By Sara Castellanos Jan. 28, 2021 3:46 pm ET SAVE PRINT TEXT The jump in demand for augmented-reality technology is forecast to continue over the next five years, buoyed in part by increased adoption by some industries during the pandemic. Augmented reality, which superimposes digital content onto a user's view of the real world, became more valuable for some companies such as Mercedes-Benz USA and The jump in demand for augmented-reality technology is forecast to continue over the next five years, buoyed in part by increased adoption by some industries during the pandemic. Augmented reality, which superimposes digital content onto a user's view of the real world, became more valuable for some companies such as Mercedes-Benz USA and Augmented reality, which superimposes digital content onto a user's view of the real world, became more valuable for some companies such as Mercedes-Benz USA and Augmented reality, which superimposes digital content onto a user's view of the real world, became more valuable for some companies such as Mercedes-Benz USA and L'Oréal SA last year amid social distancing requirements and lockdowns. The companies are using the technology to provide assistance for employees and consumers in real-time, without needing to be physically present. "We saw the appetite, it grew and it's our responsibility now to continue to innovate," said Lubomira Rochet, chief digital officer at L'Oréal, whose brands include Lancôme, Kiehl's and Maybelline New York. The French cosmetics company has launched several new augmented-reality projects in recent months, for both consumers and employees. One connects customers with beauty advisers using AR technology from ModiFace, a company L'Oréal bought in 2018. The beauty expert can meet for a tele-consultation via mobile app and "We saw the appetite, it grew and it's our responsibility now to continue to innovate," said Lubomira Rochet, chief digital officer at L'Oréal, whose brands include Lancôme, Kiehl's and Maybelline New York. The French cosmetics company has launched several new augmented-reality projects in recent months, for both consumers and employees. One connects customers with beauty advisers using AR technology from ModiFace, a company L'Oréal bought in 2018. The beauty expert can meet for a tele-consultation via mobile app and "We saw the appetite, it grew and it's our responsibility now to continue to innovate," said Lubomira Rochet, chief digital officer at L'Oréal, whose brands include Lancôme, Kiehl's and Maybelline New York. The French cosmetics company has launched several new augmented-reality projects in recent months, for both consumers and employees. One connects customers with beauty advisers using AR technology from ModiFace, a company L'Oréal bought in 2018. The beauty expert can meet for a tele-consultation via mobile app and The French cosmetics company has launched several new augmented-reality projects in recent months, for both consumers and employees. One connects customers with beauty advisers using AR technology from ModiFace, a company L'Oréal bought in 2018. The beauty expert can meet for a tele-consultation via mobile app and The French cosmetics company has launched several new augmented-reality projects in recent months, for both consumers and employees. One connects customers with beauty advisers using AR technology from ModiFace, a company L'Oréal bought in 2018. The beauty expert can meet for a tele-consultation via mobile app and apply makeup virtually to a customer's face in real-time. NEWSLETTER SIGN-UP ##### CIO Journal ###### Mar 14, 2021 | www.wsj.com The Morning Download delivers daily insights and news on business technology from the CIO Journal team. PREVIEW SUBSCRIBE Last summer, L'Oréal also began using Microsoft Corp.'s HoloLens 2 headset to help employees install and troubleshoot manufacturing equipment with assistance from experts in different parts of the world. While wearing the HoloLens 2 headset, users can see data, instructions and 3-D visual images in their real-world view. They can manipulate digital objects by using their fingers to grab the corners of the object and drag it over to one side, among other gestures. With remote-assistance software, a user wearing a headset can share their real-time view with others who are using a desktop or mobile device. The world-wide total market value for augmented reality is expected to grow to$140 billion by 2025, up from about $10 billion last year, according to a report this month from tech market advisory firm Allied Business Intelligence Inc. Those figures include hardware, software and content, AR advertising, platforms and licensing, connectivity and much more. The hardware includes headsets such as Microsoft's HoloLens, and Glass, made by Alphabet Inc.'s Google. For smart glasses alone, ABI said world-wide shipments last year totalled around 1.8 million units; it forecasts that will rise to 27 million in 2025. The expected growth is attributed partly to the lasting impacts of the pandemic over the next few years, said Eric Abbruzzese, a research director at ABI Research. https://tpc.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html MORE FROM CIO JOURNAL The jolt higher would also be due to new products and advances in the technology over the next few years, he said. Increased demand for augmented reality in some sectors is also part of a wider digital transformation in businesses, along with investments in cloud-computing and videoconferencing, triggered by the pandemic. "We don't see it slowing down," said Paul Travers, chief executive of Vuzix Corp., which makes augmented-reality glasses. In the fourth quarter of last year, Vuzix's sales doubled to over$4 million compared with the same period in 2019, he said.

Mr. Travers said customers will continue to use the products even after the pandemic. "This is the beginnings of an inflection point for this industry," he said. "There's no doubt about it."

Microsoft saw a 44-fold rise in remote-assistance usage of HoloLens 2 between January and December of last year, largely because of social-distancing and lockdown requirements amid the pandemic, the company said.

It's not going to be a uniform rocket to the moon, but in some areas we're seeing extremely fast growth.

-- Charlie Han, Microsoft HoloLens

Demand has increased in industries such as auto and semiconductor manufacturing, where it is being used for remote guidance on complex assembly tasks and new installations, said Charlie Han, principal program manager of Microsoft HoloLens.

"It's not going to be a uniform rocket to the moon, but in some areas we're seeing extremely fast growth," he said.

Mercedes-Benz USA, a subsidiary of Daimler AG, trained more than 1,200 automotive technicians at all 383 U.S. dealerships last summer on how to use HoloLens 2 headsets for remote assistance.

In the past, a technician might have to wait days for a field service engineer to travel to the dealership to help with a complex problem, such as fixing a car's transmission or software, said Christian Treiber, vice president of customer services at Mercedes-Benz USA.

Now, 60% of complex problems can be solved within 24 hours with the HoloLens 2 headset, Mr. Treiber said. A technician with a headset at any dealership can connect right away with one of several specialists around the country. Through remote-assist software, the specialist can see on a desktop or tablet what the technician is seeing using the headset.

"It's a guided repair, which helps the dealership technician be more efficient and effective," said Mr. Treiber.

The plan to distribute HoloLens 2 headsets to dealerships had been in effect since 2019, but the technology became more valuable during the pandemic, he said. Still, he said it would be around three years for AR headsets to become as widely used as other tools.

"The HoloLens is not yet accepted as a tool like maybe a wrench or screwdriver or diagnostic laptop," Mr. Treiber said. "We're not there yet."

Write to Sara Castellanos at sara.castellanos@wsj.com

#### [Mar 12, 2021] Microsoft Open Sources Low-Code Power Fx Language - Developer.com

###### Mar 12, 2021 | www.developer.com

Microsoft is looking to rally a community around a Power Fx low-code programming language that is now an open source project.

Announced at the Microsoft Ignite 2021 conference, the initiative is part of an effort to extend the reach of Power Fx that is already employed within Office 365 to other offerings such as Microsoft Dataverse, Microsoft Power Automate, and Microsoft Power Virtual Agents.

Power Fx traces its lineage back to a pair of Tangram and Siena projects that ultimately gave birth to a programming language that was first widely employed by users of Microsoft Excel spreadsheets.

#### [Feb 25, 2021] Microsoft to cut perpetual Office support by 50%, raise price by 10% - Computerworld

###### Feb 25, 2021 | www.computerworld.com

Microsoft to cut perpetual Office support by 50%, raise price by 10% The move is more evidence, as if it's needed, that Microsoft remains eager to push, pull, and prod commercial customers into service-like subscriptions.

###### Jan 09, 2021 | www.moonofalabama.org

Grieved , Jan 9 2021 19:44 utc | 25

By the way, if you want to download a Twitter video, you can use this online tool:

All it does is break out the video into its own tab in the browser, and you can right-click and save the video. Facebook video is the same, using this online tool:

YouTube is even better, with an interface to use:

And there are other tools of course, and there always will be. Information wants to be free, and it will be.

Storage is so cheap that it makes sense to download everything to watch at leisure and to keep for review.

~~

What made the social media platforms so successful is that people love to communicate and share. And the platforms behaved like jealous gods, grabbing images and videos into their own caches, not caring about copyright or royalties, not caring about destroying the quality of the original, just grabbing it all and then creating walled gardens - so that Pinterest, for example, can't save an image from Facebook - an image that was uploaded from a private individual - but to hell with ownership rights or credits, for these gods.

First they gave it all away free to get a lot of people using their platform, then they monetized it with ads or subscriptions. We're dealing with merchants here, greedheads - petty tyrants, not real tyrants. Fuck 'em. Let them kill themselves from their own gluttony.

We'll just move on. And yes, there are places to go. There is still more of this world and this human experience to explore and inhabit.

Leave these losers to their own hell. And that goes for the politicians, spooks, fixers, players, grifters, bankers and secret societies as well. They will all destroy themselves.

#### [Jul 27, 2020] Statistica in Python

###### Jul 27, 2020 | zetcode.com

Ebooks Openpyxl tutorial

In this tutorial we show how to work with Excel files in Python using openpyxl library.

The openpyxl is a Python library to read and write Excel 2010 xlsx/xlsm/xltx/xltm files.

In this tutorial we work with xlsx files. The xlsx is a file extension for an open XML spreadsheet file format used by Microsoft Excel. The xlsm files support macros. The xls format is a proprietary binary format while xlsx is based on Office Open XML format.

$sudo pip3 install openpyxl  We install openpyxl  with the pip3  tool. Openpyxl create new file In the first example, we create a new xlsx file with openpyxl . write_xlsx.py #!/usr/bin/env python from openpyxl import Workbook import time book = Workbook() sheet = book.active sheet['A1'] = 56 sheet['A2'] = 43 now = time.strftime("%x") sheet['A3'] = now book.save("sample.xlsx")  In the example, we create a new xlsx file. We write data into three cells. from openpyxl import Workbook  From the openpyxl  module, we import the Workbook  class. A workbook is the container for all other parts of the document. book = Workbook()  We create a new workbook. A workbook is always created with at least one worksheet. sheet = book.active  We get the reference to the active sheet. sheet['A1'] = 56 sheet['A2'] = 43  We write numerical data to cells A1 and A2. now = time.strftime("%x") sheet['A3'] = now  We write current date to the cell A3. book.save("sample.xlsx")  We write the contents to the sample.xlsx  file with the save  method. Openpyxl write to a cell There are two basic ways to write to a cell: using a key of a worksheet such as A1 or D3, or using a row and column notation with the cell  method. write2cell.py #!/usr/bin/env python from openpyxl import Workbook book = Workbook() sheet = book.active sheet['A1'] = 1 sheet.cell(row=2, column=2).value = 2 book.save('write2cell.xlsx')  In the example, we write two values to two cells. sheet['A1'] = 1  Here, we assing a numerical value to the A1 cell. sheet.cell(row=2, column=2).value = 2  In this line, we write to cell B2 with the row and column notation. Openpyxl append values With the append  method, we can append a group of values at the bottom of the current sheet. appending_values.py #!/usr/bin/env python from openpyxl import Workbook book = Workbook() sheet = book.active rows = ( (88, 46, 57), (89, 38, 12), (23, 59, 78), (56, 21, 98), (24, 18, 43), (34, 15, 67) ) for row in rows: sheet.append(row) book.save('appending.xlsx')  In the example, we append three columns of data into the current sheet. rows = ( (88, 46, 57), (89, 38, 12), (23, 59, 78), (56, 21, 98), (24, 18, 43), (34, 15, 67) )  The data is stored in a tuple of tuples. for row in rows: sheet.append(row)  We go through the container row by row and insert the data row with the append  method. Openpyxl read cell In the following example, we read the previously written data from the sample.xlsx  file. read_cells.py #!/usr/bin/env python import openpyxl book = openpyxl.load_workbook('sample.xlsx') sheet = book.active a1 = sheet['A1'] a2 = sheet['A2'] a3 = sheet.cell(row=3, column=1) print(a1.value) print(a2.value) print(a3.value)  The example loads an existing xlsx file and reads three cells. book = openpyxl.load_workbook('sample.xlsx')  The file is opened with the load_workbook  method. a1 = sheet['A1'] a2 = sheet['A2'] a3 = sheet.cell(row=3, column=1)  We read the contents of the A1, A2, and A3 cells. In the third line, we use the cell  method to get the value of A3 cell. $ ./read_cells.py
56
43
10/26/16


This is the output of the example.

We have the following data sheet:

We read the data using a range operator.

#!/usr/bin/env python

import openpyxl

sheet = book.active

cells = sheet['A1': 'B6']

for c1, c2 in cells:
print("{0:8} {1:8}".format(c1.value, c2.value))


In the example, we read data from two columns using a range operation.

cells = sheet['A1': 'B6']


In this line, we read data from cells A1 - B6.

for c1, c2 in cells:
print("{0:8} {1:8}".format(c1.value, c2.value))


The format()  function is used for neat output of data on the console.

$./read_cells2.py Items Quantity coins 23 chairs 3 pencils 5 bottles 8 books 30  This is the output of the program. Openpyxl iterate by rows The iter_rows  method return cells from the worksheet as rows. iterating_by_rows.py #!/usr/bin/env python from openpyxl import Workbook book = Workbook() sheet = book.active rows = ( (88, 46, 57), (89, 38, 12), (23, 59, 78), (56, 21, 98), (24, 18, 43), (34, 15, 67) ) for row in rows: sheet.append(row) for row in sheet.iter_rows(min_row=1, min_col=1, max_row=6, max_col=3): for cell in row: print(cell.value, end=" ") print() book.save('iterbyrows.xlsx')  The example iterates over data row by row. for row in sheet.iter_rows(min_row=1, min_col=1, max_row=6, max_col=3):  We provide the boundaries for the iteration. $ ./iterating_by_rows.py
88 46 57
89 38 12
23 59 78
56 21 98
24 18 43
34 15 67


This is the output of the example.

Openpyxl iterate by columns

The iter_cols  method return cells from the worksheet as columns.

iterating_by_columns.py
#!/usr/bin/env python

from openpyxl import Workbook

book = Workbook()
sheet = book.active

rows = (
(88, 46, 57),
(89, 38, 12),
(23, 59, 78),
(56, 21, 98),
(24, 18, 43),
(34, 15, 67)
)

for row in rows:
sheet.append(row)

for row in sheet.iter_cols(min_row=1, min_col=1, max_row=6, max_col=3):
for cell in row:
print(cell.value, end=" ")
print()

book.save('iterbycols.xlsx')


The example iterates over data column by column.

$./iterating_by_columns.py 88 89 23 56 24 34 46 38 59 21 18 15 57 12 78 98 43 67  This is the output of the example. Statistics For the next example, we need to create a xlsx file containing numbers. For instance, we have created 25 rows of numbers in 10 columns with the RANDBETWEEN()  function. mystats.py #!/usr/bin/env python import openpyxl import statistics as stats book = openpyxl.load_workbook('numbers.xlsx', data_only=True) sheet = book.active rows = sheet.rows values = [] for row in rows: for cell in row: values.append(cell.value) print("Number of values: {0}".format(len(values))) print("Sum of values: {0}".format(sum(values))) print("Minimum value: {0}".format(min(values))) print("Maximum value: {0}".format(max(values))) print("Mean: {0}".format(stats.mean(values))) print("Median: {0}".format(stats.median(values))) print("Standard deviation: {0}".format(stats.stdev(values))) print("Variance: {0}".format(stats.variance(values)))  In the example, we read all values from the sheet and compute some basic statistics. import statistics as stats  The statistics  module is imported to provide some statistical functions, such as median and variance. book = openpyxl.load_workbook('numbers.xlsx', data_only=True)  Using the data_only  option, we get the values from the cells, not the formula. rows = sheet.rows  We get all the rows of cells that are not empty. for row in rows: for cell in row: values.append(cell.value)  In two for loops, we form a list of integer values from the cells. print("Number of values: {0}".format(len(values))) print("Sum of values: {0}".format(sum(values))) print("Minimum value: {0}".format(min(values))) print("Maximum value: {0}".format(max(values))) print("Mean: {0}".format(stats.mean(values))) print("Median: {0}".format(stats.median(values))) print("Standard deviation: {0}".format(stats.stdev(values))) print("Variance: {0}".format(stats.variance(values)))  We compute and print mathematical statistics about the values. Some of the functions are built-in, others are imported with the statistics  module. $ ./mystats.py
Number of values: 312
Sum of values: 15877
Minimum value: 0
Maximum value: 100
Mean: 50.88782051282051
Median: 54.0
Standard deviation: 28.459203819700967
Variance: 809.9262820512821


This is a sample output.

Openpyxl filter & sort data

A sheet has an auto_filter  attribute, which allows to set filtering and sorting conditions.

Note that Openpyxl sets the conditions but we must apply them inside the Spreadsheet application.

filter_sort.py
#!/usr/bin/env python

from openpyxl import Workbook

wb = Workbook()
sheet = wb.active

data = [
['Item', 'Colour'],
['pen', 'brown'],
['book', 'black'],
['plate', 'white'],
['chair', 'brown'],
['coin', 'gold'],
['bed', 'brown'],
['notebook', 'white'],
]

for r in data:
sheet.append(r)

sheet.auto_filter.ref = 'A1:B8'

wb.save('filtered.xlsx')


In the example, we create a sheet with items and their colours. We set a filter and a sort condition.

Openpyxl dimensions

To get those cells that actually contain data, we can use dimensions.

dimensions.py
#!/usr/bin/env python

from openpyxl import Workbook

book = Workbook()
sheet = book.active

sheet['A3'] = 39
sheet['B3'] = 19

rows = [
(88, 46),
(89, 38),
(23, 59),
(56, 21),
(24, 18),
(34, 15)
]

for row in rows:
sheet.append(row)

print(sheet.dimensions)
print("Minimum row: {0}".format(sheet.min_row))
print("Maximum row: {0}".format(sheet.max_row))
print("Minimum column: {0}".format(sheet.min_column))
print("Maximum column: {0}".format(sheet.max_column))

for c1, c2 in sheet[sheet.dimensions]:
print(c1.value, c2.value)

book.save('dimensions.xlsx')


The example calculates the dimensions of two columns of data.

sheet['A3'] = 39
sheet['B3'] = 19

rows = [
(88, 46),
(89, 38),
(23, 59),
(56, 21),
(24, 18),
(34, 15)
]

for row in rows:
sheet.append(row)


We add data to the worksheet. Note that we start adding from the third row.

print(sheet.dimensions)


The dimensions  property returns the top-left and bottom-right cell of the area of non-empty cells.

print("Minimum row: {0}".format(sheet.min_row))
print("Maximum row: {0}".format(sheet.max_row))


Witht the min_row  and max_row  properties, we get the minimum and maximum row containing data.

print("Minimum column: {0}".format(sheet.min_column))
print("Maximum column: {0}".format(sheet.max_column))


With the min_column  and max_column  properties, we get the minimum and maximum column containing data.

for c1, c2 in sheet[sheet.dimensions]:
print(c1.value, c2.value)


We iterate through the data and print it to the console.

$./dimensions.py A3:B9 Minimum row: 3 Maximum row: 9 Minimum column: 1 Maximum column: 2 39 19 88 46 89 38 23 59 56 21 24 18 34 15  This is the output of the example. https://bf66057ac32c57f598df4bfd31d085c6.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html Sheets Each workbook can have multiple sheets. Let's have a workbook with these three sheets. sheets.py #!/usr/bin/env python import openpyxl book = openpyxl.load_workbook('sheets.xlsx') print(book.get_sheet_names()) active_sheet = book.active print(type(active_sheet)) sheet = book.get_sheet_by_name("March") print(sheet.title)  The program works with Excel sheets. print(book.get_sheet_names())  The get_sheet_names  method returns the names of available sheets in a workbook. active_sheet = book.active print(type(active_sheet))  We get the active sheet and print its type to the terminal. sheet = book.get_sheet_by_name("March")  We get a reference to a sheet with the get_sheet_by_name()  method. print(sheet.title)  The title of the retrieved sheet is printed to the terminal. $ ./sheets.py
['January', 'February', 'March']
<class 'openpyxl.worksheet.worksheet.Worksheet'>
March


This is the output of the program.

sheets2.py
#!/usr/bin/env python

import openpyxl

book.create_sheet("April")

print(book.sheetnames)

sheet1 = book.get_sheet_by_name("January")
book.remove_sheet(sheet1)

print(book.sheetnames)

book.create_sheet("January", 0)
print(book.sheetnames)

book.save('sheets2.xlsx')


In this example, we create a new sheet.

book.create_sheet("April")


A new sheet is created with the create_sheet  method.

print(book.sheetnames)


The sheet names can be shown with the sheetnames  attribute as well.

book.remove_sheet(sheet1)


A sheet can be removed with the remove_sheet  method.

book.create_sheet("January", 0)


A new sheet can be created at the specified position; in our case, we create a new sheet at position with index 0.

./sheets2.py ['January', 'February', 'March', 'April'] ['February', 'March', 'April'] ['January', 'February', 'March', 'April']  This is the output of the program. It is possible to change the background colour of a worksheet. sheets3.py #!/usr/bin/env python import openpyxl book = openpyxl.load_workbook('sheets.xlsx') sheet = book.get_sheet_by_name("March") sheet.sheet_properties.tabColor = "0072BA" book.save('sheets3.xlsx')  The example modifies the background colour of the sheet titled "March". sheet.sheet_properties.tabColor = "0072BA"  We change the tabColor  property to a new colour. The background colour of the third worksheet has been changed to some blue colour. Merging cells Cells can be merged with the merge_cells  method and unmerged with the unmerge_cells  method. When we merge cells, all cells but the top-left one are removed from the worksheet. merging_cells.py #!/usr/bin/env python from openpyxl import Workbook from openpyxl.styles import Alignment book = Workbook() sheet = book.active sheet.merge_cells('A1:B2') cell = sheet.cell(row=1, column=1) cell.value = 'Sunny day' cell.alignment = Alignment(horizontal='center', vertical='center') book.save('merging.xlsx')  In the example, we merge four cells: A1, B1, A2, and B2. The text in the final cell is centered. from openpyxl.styles import Alignment  In order to center a text in the final cell, we use the Alignment  class from the openpyxl.styles  module. sheet.merge_cells('A1:B2')  We merge four cells with the merge_cells  method. cell = sheet.cell(row=1, column=1)  We get the final cell. cell.value = 'Sunny day' cell.alignment = Alignment(horizontal='center', vertical='center')  We set text to the merged cell and update its alignment. Openpyxl freeze panes When we freeze panes, we keep an area of a worksheet visible while scrolling to another area of the worksheet. freezing.py #!/usr/bin/env python from openpyxl import Workbook from openpyxl.styles import Alignment book = Workbook() sheet = book.active sheet.freeze_panes = 'B2' book.save('freezing.xlsx')  The example freezes panes by the cell B2. sheet.freeze_panes = 'B2'  To freeze panes, we use the freeze_panes  property. Openpyxl formulas The next example shows how to use formulas. The openpyxl  does not do calculations; it writes formulas into cells. formulas.py #!/usr/bin/env python from openpyxl import Workbook book = Workbook() sheet = book.active rows = ( (34, 26), (88, 36), (24, 29), (15, 22), (56, 13), (76, 18) ) for row in rows: sheet.append(row) cell = sheet.cell(row=7, column=2) cell.value = "=SUM(A1:B6)" cell.font = cell.font.copy(bold=True) book.save('formulas.xlsx')  In the example, we calculate the sum of all values with the SUM()  function and style the output in bold font. rows = ( (34, 26), (88, 36), (24, 29), (15, 22), (56, 13), (76, 18) ) for row in rows: sheet.append(row)  We create two columns of data. cell = sheet.cell(row=7, column=2)  We get the cell where we show the result of the calculation. cell.value = "=SUM(A1:B6)"  We write a formula into the cell. cell.font = cell.font.copy(bold=True)  We change the font style. Openpyxl images In the following example, we show how to insert an image into a sheet. write_image.py #!/usr/bin/env python from openpyxl import Workbook from openpyxl.drawing.image import Image book = Workbook() sheet = book.active img = Image("icesid.png") sheet['A1'] = 'This is Sid' sheet.add_image(img, 'B2') book.save("sheet_image.xlsx")  In the example, we write an image into a sheet. from openpyxl.drawing.image import Image  We work with the Image  class from the openpyxl.drawing.image  module. img = Image("icesid.png")  A new Image  class is created. The icesid.png  image is located in the current working directory. sheet.add_image(img, 'B2')  We add a new image with the add_image  method. Openpyxl Charts The openpyxl  library supports creation of various charts, including bar charts, line charts, area charts, bubble charts, scatter charts, and pie charts. According to the documentation, openpyxl  supports chart creation within a worksheet only. Charts in existing workbooks will be lost. create_bar_chart.py #!/usr/bin/env python from openpyxl import Workbook from openpyxl.chart import ( Reference, Series, BarChart ) book = Workbook() sheet = book.active rows = [ ("USA", 46), ("China", 38), ("UK", 29), ("Russia", 22), ("South Korea", 13), ("Germany", 11) ] for row in rows: sheet.append(row) data = Reference(sheet, min_col=2, min_row=1, max_col=2, max_row=6) categs = Reference(sheet, min_col=1, min_row=1, max_row=6) chart = BarChart() chart.add_data(data=data) chart.set_categories(categs) chart.legend = None chart.y_axis.majorGridlines = None chart.varyColors = True chart.title = "Olympic Gold medals in London" sheet.add_chart(chart, "A8") book.save("bar_chart.xlsx")  In the example, we create a bar chart to show the number of Olympic gold medals per country in London 2012. from openpyxl.chart import ( Reference, Series, BarChart )  The openpyxl.chart  module has tools to work with charts. book = Workbook() sheet = book.active  A new workbook is created. rows = [ ("USA", 46), ("China", 38), ("UK", 29), ("Russia", 22), ("South Korea", 13), ("Germany", 11) ] for row in rows: sheet.append(row)  We create some data and add it to the cells of the active sheet. data = Reference(sheet, min_col=2, min_row=1, max_col=2, max_row=6)  With the Reference  class, we refer to the rows in the sheet that represent data. In our case, these are the numbers of olympic gold medals. categs = Reference(sheet, min_col=1, min_row=1, max_row=6)  We create a category axis. A category axis is an axis with the data treated as a sequence of non-numerical text labels. In our case, we have text labels representing names of countries. chart = BarChart() chart.add_data(data=data) chart.set_categories(categs)  We create a bar chart and set it data and categories. chart.legend = None chart.y_axis.majorGridlines = None  Using legend  and majorGridlines  attributes, we turn off the legends and major grid lines. chart.varyColors = True  Setting varyColors  to True , each bar has a different colour. chart.title = "Olympic Gold medals in London"  A title is set for the chart. sheet.add_chart(chart, "A8")  The created chart is added to the sheet with the add_chart  method. In this tutorial, we have worked with the openpyxl library. We have read data from an Excel file, written data to an Excel file. https://bf66057ac32c57f598df4bfd31d085c6.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html Visit Python tutorial or list all Python tutorials . https://bf66057ac32c57f598df4bfd31d085c6.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html © 2007 - 2020 Jan Bodnar admin(at)zetcode.com #### [Jul 21, 2020] Financial Modeling in Excel For Dummies ###### Jul 21, 2020 | www.amazon.com Understanding why you may want to use a named range You don't have to include named ranges in a financial model, and some of the best financial models don't use them at all. Those who haven't used them before sometimes struggle to see the benefits of including them in financial models. Most of the time, named ranges aren't really necessary, but there are a few reasons why you should consider using them in a financial model: • Named ranges can make your formulas easier to follow. A formula containing lots of cell references can be confusing to look at and difficult to edit. But if the cell references are replaced by a range name, it becomes much easier to understand. For example, the formula =SUM(B3:B24)-SUM(F3:F13) could be expressed as =SUM(Revenue)-SUM(Expenses) to calculate profit. • Named ranges don't need absolute referencing. By default, a named range is an absolute reference, so you don't need to add any in. • Using named ranges is ideal when you're linking to external files. When the cell reference in the source file changes (such as when someone inserts a row), the formula linking to it will automatically update, even if the file is closed when the update is made. • If you decide to use macros in your model, you should use named ranges when referring to cell references in the Visual Basic code. As with external links, this practice is more robust than using cell references. #### [Jul 19, 2020] VR System for Small Animals Based on Raspberry Pi ###### Jul 14, 2020 | scitechdaily.com The University of California, Santa Barbara's David Tadres and Matthieu Louis designed a virtual reality (VR) system for presenting environments to small, freely moving animals like flies and fish larvae during optogenetic experiments. The customizable Raspberry Pi VR system (PiVR) combines a behavioral environment, a camera, a Raspberry Pi microcomputer, a light-emitting diode (LED) controller, and a touchscreen display. The researchers employed the system to explore sensory navigation in response to gradients of chemicals and light in various animals. Said Tadres and Louis, " Our goal has been to make virtual reality paradigms accessible to everyone, from professional scientists to high-school students. PiVR should help democratize cutting-edge technology to study behavior and brain functions." 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Authors can sign up for our Free plan to create 100 books or courses for FREE! Authors can also get more features and unlimited previews and publishes by signing up for a Standard or Pro plan. #### [Jan 27, 2020] How to configure an Asterisk dialplan for intra-office calling Enable Sysadmin ###### Jan 27, 2020 | www.redhat.com How to configure an Asterisk dialplan for intra-office calling Learn how to configure Asterisk to let two softphones call each other. Posted January 21, 2020 | by Anthony Critelli In the previous article , you learned how to configure the PJSIP channel driver to connect a simple softphone client with your Asterisk installation. However, your phones still can't call each other, and you haven't given them numerical "extensions" yet. Connecting channels together in Asterisk is the work of the dialplan. In this article, you'll learn the basics of the dialplan: What it is, how it's configured, and how to use it to connect phones together. As a reminder, this is the setup we're configuring: Dialplan fundamentals The Asterisk dialplan is responsible for routing calls, so it is often referred to as the heart of an Asterisk system. The dialplan is written in a special scripting language, and it is extremely powerful. You might think of phone systems as simply accepting and connecting calls, but Asterisk is capable of much more. With the dialplan, you can design rich, voice-driven applications. For example, you could create the following call flow for a small business: 1. An external call comes into Asterisk from a standard telephone number. 2. An Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system might ask the user to enter basic information, such as their account number. 3. Asterisk accepts the user's input. The IVR looks up their account and presents them with information (e.g., information about outstanding invoices). 4. Optionally, the user can be routed to a queue of available customer service representatives. When the employee receives the customer's call, the system provides them with all of the customer's details and saves the caller some time. While there are other programming interfaces for interacting with Asterisk, the dialplan is the most basic, and understanding it is fundamental to understanding how Asterisk handles calls. According to Asterisk the Definitive Guide , there are four fundamental components to the Asterisk dialplan: • Contexts: A context is a logical section in the dialplan. Contexts contain one or more extensions . • Extensions: An extension is simply a grouping of steps used to handle a particular call. Unlike many traditional phone systems, extensions don't have to be numerical and they aren't tied to a single device. You could have an extension called "mainIVR" if you wanted. • Priorities: A priority is a step in an extension. Priorities handle ordering, and they can also have labels attached to them so that a call can jump between priorities as needed. • Applications: Applications are a lot like functions in traditional programming languages. They tell Asterisk what to do with a call. For example, you might have an internal extension of *86. When *86 is dialed, you might have Asterisk play a message of the day using the Playback application . If you're new to Asterisk, this breakdown probably sounds complicated. While Asterisk dialplans certainly can be complex, a simple phone system only requires a simple dialplan. Let's take a look at the dialplan needed to support your intra-office calling scenario. The dialplan is configured in  /etc/asterisk/extensions.conf : [office-phones] exten => 1001,1,Dial(PJSIP/alice-softphone) exten => 1002,1,Dial(PJSIP/bob-softphone)  The snippet above is all that is necessary to allow your two phones to call each other. Let's step through each part of this dialplan: • office-phones  is the context. This context contains two extensions. • 1001  and 1002  are the extensions. Notice how this setup decouples the numbers from the phones themselves. While these numbers are currently hardcoded to dial Alice's and Bob's phones, they could just as easily be used for more complex routing (e.g., automatically roll over to an overnight line during certain hours). • The 1  after the extension is the priority. Remember, a priority is just a step in extension handling. The first priority is always 1 . In this example, each extension only has a single priority. • Dial  is the application. The Dial application is used to ring a remote device. Dialing occurs via SIP or other signaling protocols (if you need a refresher on VoIP protocols, head over to our [first article]). [Note: Don't forget to add the link.] To recap: When a call comes into the office-phones  context, Asterisk tries matching that call to an extension. When extension 1001 is dialed, the first step (priority) tells Asterisk to dial the PJSIP endpoint for Alice's phone. When extension 1002 is dialed, the same thing happens for Bob's phone. This is great so far, but how exactly does a call make its way into the dialplan? The answer lies in the PJSIP endpoint configuration from the previous article: [alice-softphone] type=endpoint context=office-phones disallow=all allow=ulaw auth=alice-auth aors=alice-softphone  More Linux resources Notice that the context for each phone is set to office-phones . This setting tells Asterisk that any calls coming from the alice-softphone  or bob-softphone  endpoints should enter the dialplan in the office-phones  context. When Bob dials a number (say, 9000) from his softphone, Asterisk looks in the office-phones  context for the matching extension 9000. In the sample dialplan above, this call will fail because there is no matching extension. You don't have to configure all of your phones to enter the dialplan in the same context. In fact, you'll likely find good reasons to specifically put phones in other contexts. Consider a business that wants to only allow certain people to make international calls, while everyone else is restricted to local calls. You might have two extensions: One to allow unrestricted calling, and one that only allows calls to numbers that start with the local area code. Those with international calling privileges would be placed in the international  context, while everyone else would be placed in the local-only  context. That was a lot of theory. Let's get back to the command line and test out the changes that we made to the dialplan. First, you must non-disruptively reload  the dialplan to enact the changes you made in the config file: asterisk-1*CLI> dialplan reload Dialplan reloaded.  Next, you can inspect the dialplan directly from the Asterisk CLI to ensure that your changes are present: asterisk-1*CLI> dialplan show office-phones [ Context 'office-phones' created by 'pbx_config' ] '1001' => 1. Dial(PJSIP/alice-softphone) [extensions.conf:3] '1002' => 1. Dial(PJSIP/bob-softphone) [extensions.conf:5] -= 2 extensions (2 priorities) in 1 context. =-  Notice that Asterisk includes the exact file name and line number where an extension and its priority can be found. This information is useful when troubleshooting behavior in your phone system. With the dialplan reloaded and your changes clearly in place, you should be able to place a test call from Linphone (or whatever SIP endpoint you're using). First, launch the Asterisk CLI with extra verbosity using asterisk -rvvv : [root@asterisk-1 asterisk]# asterisk -rvvv Asterisk 16.6.1, Copyright (C) 1999 - 2018, Digium, Inc. and others. Created by Mark Spencer <markster@digium.com> Asterisk comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; type 'core show warranty' for details. This is free software, with components licensed under the GNU General Public License version 2 and other licenses; you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions. Type 'core show license' for details. ========================================================================= Connected to Asterisk 16.6.1 currently running on asterisk-1 (pid = 4138)  Next, place a call from Alice's phone to extension 1002. Assuming that you registered an additional softphone (or physical phone) for Bob, the extension should show as ringing : Image The Asterisk CLI also prints informational messages about the call's progression since it was set to verbose mode. You can see the inbound call being handled by the dialplan and handed off to the PJSIP channel driver to dial Bob's softphone. Eventually, once Bob answers, Asterisk bridges the audio for the call together so that both parties can hear each other:  == Setting global variable 'SIPDOMAIN' to 'asterisk-1.acritelli.com' -- Executing [1002@office-phones:1] Dial("PJSIP/alice-softphone-00000008", "PJSIP/bob-softphone") in new stack -- Called PJSIP/bob-softphone -- PJSIP/bob-softphone-00000009 is ringing -- PJSIP/bob-softphone-00000009 is ringing -- PJSIP/bob-softphone-00000009 answered PJSIP/alice-softphone-00000008 -- Channel PJSIP/bob-softphone-00000009 joined 'simple_bridge' basic-bridge <edd9402c-6df0-4fff-a81e-57826dadc652> -- Channel PJSIP/alice-softphone-00000008 joined 'simple_bridge' basic-bridge <edd9402c-6df0-4fff-a81e-57826dadc652> -- Channel PJSIP/bob-softphone-00000009 left 'native_rtp' basic-bridge <edd9402c-6df0-4fff-a81e-57826dadc652> -- Channel PJSIP/alice-softphone-00000008 left 'native_rtp' basic-bridge <edd9402c-6df0-4fff-a81e-57826dadc652> == Spawn extension (office-phones, 1002, 1) exited non-zero on 'PJSIP/alice-softphone-00000008' asterisk-1*CLI>  You have now created enough Asterisk configuration to allow both of your phones to call each other. Congratulations! Adding another extension You've now seen basic dialplan configuration that allows two phones to call each other. I also mentioned a few times that Asterisk decouples the concept of a physical phone from an extension because an extension is simply a set of instructions in the dialplan. Let's add another simple extension to the dialplan to see exactly what I mean: [office-phones] exten => 1001,1,Dial(PJSIP/alice-softphone) exten => 1002,1,Dial(PJSIP/bob-softphone) exten => 9000,1,Answer() same => n,Playback(hello-world) same => n,Hangup()  The above configuration adds an additional extension (9000) to the dialplan. When this extension is dialed, Asterisk: 1. Answers the call. 2. Plays a hello-world  file. This is a sound file included with Asterisk. By default, Asterisk searches for sounds in /usr/lib/asterisk/sounds/ . 3. Hangs up the call. Notice the use of the same => n  syntax. This is a common and helpful bit of syntactic sugar in the dialplan. Remember that each extension has one or more priorities , or steps, associated with it. The same => n  syntax saves you some typing and tells Asterisk that this step is just the next priority for the same extension. The above configuration could also be written as: exten => 9000,1,Answer() exten => 9000,2,Playback(hello-world) exten => 9000,3,Hangup()  With your new configuration in place, reload the dialplan and try dialing extension 9000 to see what happens. Again, the key concept to understand is that you have created an extension that has no physical device associated with it. Asterisk fully decouples the concept of devices and extensions. Wrapping up In this article, you learned about the Asterisk dialplan and wrote enough dialplan configuration to enable two phones to call each other. The Asterisk dialplan is extremely powerful, allowing you to build rich communications applications. I strongly recommend that you check out the official Asterisk dialplan documentation and the fifth edition of Asterisk: The Definitive Guide to help you better understand everything that the dialplan has to offer. In the [next article], you'll work on connecting your phone system to an external provider to enable inbound and outbound calling. [Note: Don't forget to add the link.] Topics: Networking VOIP Anthony Critelli Anthony Critelli is a Linux systems engineer with interests in automation, containerization, tracing, and performance. He started his professional career as a network engineer and eventually made the switch to the Linux systems side of IT. He holds a B.S. and an M.S. More about me #### [Jan 26, 2020] Can I connect my landline to the PC and receive calls and make phone calls through this (through the PC) - Quora ###### Jan 26, 2020 | www.quora.com a p d v EoA b QCFY y YNDC U P dtacP a aDju e UuZ s mhNd s IC l w e cAOm r x ss A rfap G NkAPl Which tools are used for monitoring the network traffic and issue in an enterprise network? You can use any number of tools to monitor your company's network. Some of these tools specialize in just one thing. Wireshark, for example, records and analyzes data traffic. Co... (Continue Reading) You dismissed this ad. The feedback you provide will help us show you more relevant content in the future. Undo Answer Wiki 6 Answers Terry Lambert , Did kernel and Bluetooth stack work on the iPhone, cell modems on Chromebooks Answered Mar 28, 2019 · Author has 11.7k answers and 33.3m answer views Yes. A landline is an analog telephony line, and is usually called a POTS ( Plain Old Telephone Service ) line. You can put an analog telephony card into a PC that has slots for cards. This is pretty much how you build your own PBX using Asterisk . You can also use digital telephony cards to provide connectivity for VOIP handsets within your office. Typically these handsets are what are known as "IP Phones". If you want to do this with a laptop, you can do it with a USB dongle. You can still find USB interfaces "voice modems", such as the US Robotics USR5637 56K USB Controller Dial-Up External Fax Mo... Continue Reading Loading Yes. A landline is an analog telephony line, and is usually called a POTS ( Plain Old Telephone Service ) line. You can put an analog telephony card into a PC that has slots for cards. This is pretty much how you build your own PBX using Asterisk . You can also use digital telephony cards to provide connectivity for VOIP handsets within your office. Typically these handsets are what are known as "IP Phones". If you want to do this with a laptop, you can do it with a USB dongle. You can still find USB interfaces "voice modems", such as the US Robotics USR5637 56K USB Controller Dial-Up External Fax Modem with Voice available for sale at various locations. There are also cheaper versions, but they are a crap shoot as to whether they're going to work very well or not. The Conexant ones, which are used in the Imported520 products are about 1/6th the price of the US Robotics, and tend to have good reviews. I've never personally use one. 4.9k views · View 4 Upvoters · View Sharers · Answer requested by Alberto Bucciante Related Questions More Answers Below Dean Rubine Former Faculty at Carnegie Mellon School Of Computer Science 1991-1994 Studied at Carnegie Mellon University Graduated 1991 Lives in New Hampshire 4.5m content views 224.9k this month Top Writer 2018 Active in 4 Spaces Dean Rubine Former Faculty at Carnegie Mellon School Of Computer Science 1991-1994 Studied at Carnegie Mellon University Graduated 1991 Lives in New Hampshire 4.5m content views 224.9k this month Top Writer 2018 Active in 4 Spaces Dean Rubine , former Faculty at Carnegie Mellon School Of Computer Science (1991-1994) Answered Mar 27, 2019 · Author has 4k answers and 4.5m answer views You certainly used to be able to back in the nineties. Back then computers usually came with RJ11 jacks to plug them into the phone network so you could access dialup services, even dialup internet. Some of the modems evolved into general phone devices, supporting two way voice audio as well as data. I actually won a computer in 1993; it was an ASUS with Windows 3.11 if I recall, which was subtitled "Windows for Multimedia" or some such. It had a telephone app (we called them programs back then) that let you use the computer as a speakerphone and answering machine. I think it used the then n... Continue Reading Loading You certainly used to be able to back in the nineties. Back then computers usually came with RJ11 jacks to plug them into the phone network so you could access dialup services, even dialup internet. Some of the modems evolved into general phone devices, supporting two way voice audio as well as data. I actually won a computer in 1993; it was an ASUS with Windows 3.11 if I recall, which was subtitled "Windows for Multimedia" or some such. It had a telephone app (we called them programs back then) that let you use the computer as a speakerphone and answering machine. I think it used the then new TAPI API to control it. The prize computer has this very goofy feature where it would actually boot up when the phone rang, presumably to fire up the answering machine and take a message. But it took a good fraction of a minute to boot; any caller had long hung up. These days if you want to use your computer as a phone it's generally a VOIP thing like Skype, going out over the internet to some server which can access the regular phone network. But some offices have VOIP with a local PBX connected to shared local POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service) lines right in the office. You need to find the right device to let you do it these days. You can probably find a TAPI modem with USB on one end and RJ11 on the other and some software to make it work. I haven't tried it for 25 years so I won't try to be more specific. 2.6k views s AUY p REfs o qFqqi n giDS s VkeB o Fg r Zhug e wKr d qgAM bpyN b smpJ y bQe WPRi T vvBy e CRiYl l cY l kg o F LDhH M Gg o Ucl b fLS i F l ims e mr Switch to Tello for unbeatable prices. Build your own plan with minutes, text & data and pay only for what you use. No contract, no catch. Start Now You dismissed this ad. The feedback you provide will help us show you more relevant content in the future. Undo John Nakulski , I worked for Australia's largest phone company. Answered Mar 30, 2019 · Author has 1.1k answers and 1.5m answer views You've described what a Reverse ATA is and does, approximately. I've seen this question here on Quora before. Such devices used to exist. You could put together a solution that does this today, at a little cost and some effort. You're better off ditching your landline and using Skype or a VoIP service. If it's for an elderly person or someone with hearing loss ot a disability, get a seniors phone or a seniors video phone. 1.2k views · Answer requested by Alberto Bucciante Chris Summers , Worked in cellphone sales and service for 5 years, computer also for 15 years. Answered May 24, 2019 · Author has 7.9k answers and 5m answer views PCs use to come with a 56k modem that did just that. You could still do that either by getting a card for a tower or by a USB adapter. There are several programs out there that will also work with this set to use the line as your telephone and you could use a headset with a mic to use the computer as your telephone too. You would need to look on a site like Newegg or tigerdirect for the cards or adapters. 1.3k views · Answer requested by Alberto Bucciante Studied at Universidad De León Lives in Bristol, UK Alberto Bucciante Related Questions More Answers Below Charles Verrier , Worked in IT for 30 years Answered Mar 27, 2019 · Author has 1.6k answers and 413.2k answer views Yes -but not easily. It used to be called CTI (Computer Telephony Integration) and you could do things like get your PC to dial numbers from a database, or automatically recognise incoming calls and display the contact record for the caller. There was a software standard called TAPI (Telephony Application Programmers Interface) that standardised the software/hardware interaction, although it suffered from quite bad fragmentation in different manufacturers. This kind of technology has largely been replaced or superseded by VOIP, so it may be tricky to find hardware or software that still talks ... Continue Reading Loading Yes -but not easily. It used to be called CTI (Computer Telephony Integration) and you could do things like get your PC to dial numbers from a database, or automatically recognise incoming calls and display the contact record for the caller. There was a software standard called TAPI (Telephony Application Programmers Interface) that standardised the software/hardware interaction, although it suffered from quite bad fragmentation in different manufacturers. This kind of technology has largely been replaced or superseded by VOIP, so it may be tricky to find hardware or software that still talks to good old fashioned landlines now. There are devices like this #### [Jan 26, 2020] How to connect my telephone line to PC and answer phone calls using headsets ###### Jan 26, 2020 | www.quora.com a RrJ d sP AsNXT b WyA y xIO pek T YH e gQDS l zTzWC l Fy o lBsG osRgW M Pb o mr b F i qmM l t e Ugyn Switch to Tello for unbeatable prices. Build your own plan with minutes, text & data and pay only for what you use. No contract, no catch. Start Now You dismissed this ad. The feedback you provide will help us show you more relevant content in the future. Undo Answer Wiki 3 Answers Altuğ Gür , Avid Bluetooth user for about two decades Answered Dec 13 2016 · Author has 841 answers and 1.9m answer views This was a rather interesting thing around the end of 90s but quickly lost traction. There are still solutions but mostly outdated and compatibility/support is questionable so YMMV. Avanquest classic phone tools promises to deliver this functionality so you may give it a go. So does CallSoft. Price range for both products are aboutUS30.

However, if you're open to suggestions, I'd recommend small landline extension devices that connect directly to phone. They come with a simple but functional headset with mic. You just need to connect t...

This was a rather interesting thing around the end of 90s but quickly lost traction.

There are still solutions but mostly outdated and compatibility/support is questionable so YMMV.

Avanquest classic phone tools promises to deliver this functionality so you may give it a go.

So does CallSoft.

Price range for both products are about $US30. However, if you're open to suggestions, I'd recommend small landline extension devices that connect directly to phone. They come with a simple but functional headset with mic. You just need to connect the small dialpad unit to the handset slot of your phone, plug the headset into the dialpad unit and you're done. This setup is not prone to software crashes, incompatibilities or performance issues yet they allow you to make and answer phone calls easily while leaving your hands free. Been more than 20 years since I've used one so I'm not sure about the availability. Hope this helps! Edit: Managed to find one! #### [Jan 26, 2020] Connect an Asterisk system to the public switched telephone network ###### Jan 26, 2020 | www.redhat.com Learn how to set up Asterisk so your softphones can receive incoming calls from outside and make outgoing calls outside your organization as well. Posted January 23, 2020 | by Anthony Critelli In two previous articles, you learned how to configure two SIP phones and the Asterisk dialplan to enable the phones to call each other. Having two phones that can call each other is great, but most organizations want to connect their phone system to the public switched telephone network (PSTN) to allow for inbound and outbound calling to others outside of the organization. In this article, you will learn some background about how to connect to the PSTN and you will see the Asterisk configuration needed for this connectivity. Note: I've mentioned it several times throughout this series, but it is especially important for this article to understand how to secure your phone system. Connecting to a telephony provider can open you up to all sorts of issues, such as toll fraud, if you aren't careful about controlling who can connect to your phone system (e.g., via firewall rules). Be sure to read the README-SERIOUSLY.bestpractices.md  documentation that comes with the Asterisk source code and understand every piece of configuration that you add to Asterisk. Connecting to the PSTN Obtaining a telephone number and connecting your phone system to the PSTN might sound like a difficult task, but it's actually pretty easy. Larger organizations may choose to use a local telecommunications provider or their local Internet company, but there are also a variety of online providers available (e.g., Twilio and VoIP.ms , among many others). I will be using VoIP.ms for the phone numbers in this article. More Linux resources No matter who you choose, the process is fairly straightforward. You will buy a phone number (often called a direct inward dial, or DID), and you'll configure your phone system to connect with the provider's phone system via SIP. This setup is often referred to as a SIP trunk . The process of configuring your phone system to work with your chosen provider can vary, so it's always best to consult the provider's documentation or work with their voice engineers if you run into trouble. Let's take a look at the general best practices for configuring your phone service. These are not comprehensive, but they should provide a base of sound advice when working with your provider: • Obtain the provider's endpoint IP (or IPs) and heavily restrict SIP and RTP communication to only those IP addresses. Some providers also support only allowing your account to connect from a specified list of IPs. • Ensure that your SIP connection minimally uses a username and password for security. If your provider supports mutual TLS authentication, investigate that option as well. • Don't sign up for features that you do not need. If you won't be placing international calls, then don't sign up for international calling. Doing this lessens your attack surface if your phone system is ever breached. Toll fraud can be costly. You can avoid the risk of expensive international calls by opting out of international calling. • Investigate the fraud detection and prevention options that your provider has available. Some providers can immediately alert you if they detect any suspicious phone calls being placed from your account. PJSIP configuration The first step in configuring PSTN connectivity is to define the SIP configuration necessary for Asterisk to communicate with the IP telephony provider. This information will vary a bit by provider, but many of them provide information about the parameters that you need (VoIP.ms actually provides Asterisk-specific instructions ): Image In my case, the configuration in /etc/asterisk/pjsip.conf  looks like this: [voipms] type=endpoint transport=transport-udp context=inbound-calls disallow=all allow=ulaw auth=voipms outbound_auth=voipms aors=voipms [voipms] type=registration transport=transport-udp outbound_auth=voipms client_uri=sip:redacted VoIP.ms username@newyork1.voip.ms:5060 server_uri=sip:newyork1.voip.ms:5060 [voipms] type=auth auth_type=userpass username=redacted VoIP.ms username password=redacted VoIP.ms password [voipms] type=aor contact=sip:redacted VoIP.ms username@newyork1.voip.ms [voipms] type=identify endpoint=voipms match=newyork1.voip.ms  Most of this configuration probably looks familiar , but this configuration does introduce two new PJSIP section types: a registration and an identify . The registration  section tells Asterisk to explicitly register with the upstream voice provider's server. The identify  section tells Asterisk that SIP traffic coming from newyork1.voip.ms  should match the voipms  endpoint. After reloading PJSIP, I can see that my local Asterisk server successfully registered with the provider's SIP infrastructure. Note that issues during this stage of the process are fairly common, and you may need to work with your provider to understand what "they see" so that you can effectively troubleshoot: asterisk-1*CLI> pjsip show registrations <Registration/ServerURI..............................> <Auth..........> <Status.......> ========================================================================================== voipms/sip:newyork1.voip.ms:5060 voipms Registered Objects found: 1  Inbound dialplan configuration Next, Asterisk has to be told what to do with incoming and outgoing calls. Incoming and outgoing calls in Asterisk aren't fancy, they are just extensions in the dialplan like any other extension. I will discuss incoming calls first. Like any programming language, it's important to understand what your goals are before you start writing code. In my case, I wanted a dialplan that would: 1. Answer an inbound call from the DID that I purchased from my provider. 2. Allow the user to enter an extension (one for Alice, two for Bob). 3. Call the appropriate user once the extension was dialed. Notice that in the above PJSIP configuration, I am using the inbound-calls  context for calls from my SIP provider. Here's what that context looks like in /etc/asterisk/extensions.conf : [inbound-calls] exten => 1234567890,1,Answer() same => n,Playback(hello) same => n,WaitExten(30) same => n,Hangup() exten => 1,1,Answer() same => n,Dial(PJSIP/alice-softphone) exten => 2,1,Answer() same => n,Dial(PJSIP/bob-softphone)  Notice that I replaced my real DID with the fake 1234567890 for privacy reasons. You will want to use your real DID if you are following along. Also, notice that my phone number follows a United States numbering convention (a three-digit area code followed by a seven-digit number). Let's step through this contents of this configuration together: 1. When my DID is called, Asterisk matches the 1234567890 extension. It answers the call. 2. Asterisk then plays a built-in "hello" message. In a real environment, you might want to record your own prompts for Asterisk to use. 3. Asterisk then calls the WaitExten application with a value of 30. This value tells Asterisk to wait up to 30 seconds for the user to enter an extension. 4. Assuming the user enters an extension of "1" or "2", the dialplan will jump to that extension. Notice that the "1" extension will call Alice's softphone, and the "2" extension will call Bob's softphone. Once the above configuration is in place, you can reload the dialplan and place a test call to your PSTN phone number. You should hear Asterisk say "hello," and you should be able to dial one of the extensions and have the phone on the other end ring. Outbound dialplan configuration Being able to place inbound calls is great, but most businesses expect outbound calling functionality as well. Luckily, this is fairly easy to configure. First, recall from the previous article about intra-office calling that outbound calls for Alice and Bob's phones enter the dialplan in the office-phones  context. Therefore, we need a way to match all outbound calls in this context and send them to the upstream provider. Until now, you've seen extensions configured as exact matches. Extension 1001 matches and dials Alice, extension 1002 matches and dials Bob, and the extension for your inbound DID matches and allows the caller to input a selection. It would obviously be impractical to match every single possible outbound number that a user might dial. Thankfully, Asterisk provides a way to perform pattern matching. To provide outbound calling for American numbers -- e.g., (123) 456-7890 -- my office-phones  context looks like this: [office-phones] exten => 1001,1,Dial(PJSIP/alice-softphone) exten => 1002,1,Dial(PJSIP/bob-softphone) exten => 9000,1,Answer() same => n,Playback(hello-world) same => n,Hangup() exten => _XXXXXXXXXX,1,Set(CALLERID(all)="Anthony Critelli <1234567890>") same => n,Dial(PJSIP/${EXTEN}@voipms)


If you already took a look at the Asterisk wiki's linked pattern matching documentation, this syntax will look familiar. The outbound extension matches _XXXXXXXXXX , which is a fancy way of saying: "Match a sequence of 10 digits." The underscore indicates that this character is the beginning of a pattern match, similar to the use of the forward-slash (/) in many programming languages to indicate the use of a regular expression. Therefore, this extension will match any 10-digit extension that I send to it, such as standard 10-digit US phone numbers. A more complete example would also account for country codes, local calling, and other considerations. That is an exercise left up to the reader.

The first priority in this extension sets the CALLERID  to a string of my choosing. You should replace the name and number with your own name and DID. This practice also introduces another concept in the Asterisk dialplan: The use of variables. In the configuration above, both CALLERID  and EXTEN  are variables that you have available to manipulate.

The second, and final, priority in the extension simply sends the call to the upstream provider via the PJSIP channel driver. This syntax is pretty straightforward, and it looks a lot like the dialplan that you already wrote to allow two phones to call each other.

With this configuration in place, you can reload your dialplan and try placing a test outbound call from Alice or Bob's phone. Assuming that everything went well, your call should succeed.

Wrapping up

If you've stuck with me from the beginning , then you have successfully implemented a basic phone system using the open source Asterisk PBX. You've come a long way. From understanding VoIP and Asterisk basics to installing and configuring Asterisk from scratch, you should now have an idea of how to configure a simple phone system. Minimally, I hope this series has sparked your interest in learning more about telephony and Asterisk.

If you want to continue your VoIP and Asterisk journey, then I recommend that you check out these resources:

• The official Asterisk documentation is invaluable when learning about, configuring, and troubleshooting Asterisk.
• Asterisk: The Definitive Guide is an excellent and comprehensive introduction to all of the features of Asterisk.
• Videos from AstriCon , the Asterisk Users Conference, may help to spark some ideas about telephony projects.
• The Wireshark packet analysis tool has a trove of utilities for analyzing phone calls. These include call ladders, traffic analysis, and even media playback.
• Finally, if you are interested in understanding the fundamental protocols that support VoIP networks, you should review the IETF RFCs for a technical deep-dive. There are tons of VoIP-related RFCs, but the SIP, SDP, and RTP/RTCP RFCs are good starting points.

Want more on networking and connectivity topics? Check out the Linux networking cheat sheet .

#### [Oct 23, 2019] Google's New Voice Recorder App Transcribes in Real Time, Even When Offline

###### Oct 23, 2019 | tech.slashdot.org

Posted by msmash on Tuesday October 15, 2019 @06:10PM from the pushing-the-limits dept.

At Google's hardware event this morning , the company introduced a new voice recorder app for Android devices , which will tap into advances in real-time speech processing, speech recognition and AI to automatically transcribe recordings in real time as the person is speaking. From a report:

The improvements will allow users to take better advantage of the phone's voice recording functionality, as it will be able to turn the recordings into text even when there's no internet connectivity. This presents a new competitor to others in voice transcriptions that are leveraging similar AI advances, like Otter.ai, Reason8, Trint and others, for example.

As Google explained, all the recorder functionality happens directly on the device -- meaning you can use the phone while in airplane mode and still have accurate recordings.

"This means you can transcribe meetings, lectures, interviews, or anything you want to save," said Sabrina Ellis, VP of Product Management at Google.

The Recorder app was demonstrated onstage during the event, live, and was offering -- from what was shown -- an error-free transcription.

#### [Sep 08, 2019] 5 of the Best Linux Writing Tools

###### Sep 08, 2019 | linuxblog.darkduck.com

Writing is not an easy task, and therefore any assistance provided by a useful app can be very much appreciated, and even totally relied upon. The apps included here needed to satisfy only three criteria to make it to this list: they had to be compatible for Linux , they had to be a writing tool but not a word processing app , and they had to be great.

Plume Creator Coming from the repositories of Ubuntu 16.04 , and easily installable, Plume Creator is a novel writing app which envisions your piece of work as a tree within which there are scenes and chapters containing text and interactions between characters in certain locations. Its target audience is creative writers who want to keep easy track of all of the elements of their novel through the delivery of organizational tools.

One aspect of Plume Creator which is particularly appreciated is the fullscreen mode which allows you to maintain a simple view of what you are writing without all of the other elements that it allows you to keep track of being shown around the edges - these can become a little busy and at times distract from the task at hand, so this fullscreen mode is definitely a handy option to have. Aside from these elements, a synopsis can be easily added at any time, and you can attach notes wherever required to again help you maintain consistency and link as required.
bibisco bibisco is an immensely popular novel writing app and it's first big plus point is that it is easy to install - simply download it from the website and follow the simple instructions. Then there are just a couple of quick settings questions, and you're away.

bibisco helps you to craft a novel or screenplay by producing scenes - it provides a scene editor which is complemented by a dual view with information regarding your structure, other scenes (comprising your larger chapters) and then all your character and location details for easy reference.

One of the unique features of bibisco is that is assigns a status to scenes which are categorized as 'to-do', 'not yet complete' an 'completed'. That means in one easy view you are able to ascertain how much still needs to be completed, so novel timeframes can become a lot closer. Quite simply this is a really easy-to-use and well-structured too for novel writing.
Writer's Café Writer's Café proves popular for the simple reason that it is the most reminiscent of the hugely successful PC and Mac compatible app Scrivener. The layout is similar in that the essential storylines tool, where in essence your storyline is plotted, looks akin to the Scrivener corkboard – you enter text on cards which can then be arranged into their most logical places within the main storyline.

It's all here in one place - everything you need to put together your story. The downside is that it costs as it not open source. It also takes a little bit of fiddling to get the app up and running too, which may put some off. When you are set up, however, it's a great tool.
oStorybook oStorybook is not dissimilar to Plume Creator in many ways, although it's hard to believe that the interface can actually become even more hectic that the extremely busy Plume version. Having said that, as you would imagine with so much going on, it allows you to organize perhaps better than any other app, but it does take a while to get the hang of it. When you do, you won't be disappointed.

Tomboy This great-named app allows you the ability to note take to your heart's desire. It's a pretty simple but hugely effective app which can really ramp up your efficiency when it comes to putting together your novel, screenplay, school or college assignment, or whatever it may be that you are (electronically) penning. The tools provided allow formatting, making lists and even creating links to other notes that you have previously saved in order to jump quickly between what you have put together. Form an organizational perspective you can then distribute into different notebooks, and there is also the possibly to make to-do lists for further convenience.

Tech blogger Aimee Laurence can be found at Narrative essay writing service and Marketing essay writers . As well as tech, she writes about communication methods and applications.
 About DarkDuck DarkDuck is a person with whole life spent in IT area. It does not mean only Linux , but also SAP systems . Learn more about him here .

###### Feb 03, 2019 | turcopolier.typepad.com
Do pink slippers go with pink hats? I heard a rumor that Huffington Post laid off all its opinion writers. Looks like its true:
https://www.huffingtonpost....

""These giant platforms, they broke our industry. This is an existential challenge for every single publisher." HuffPost Editor-in-Chief Lydia Polgreen on platforms such as Google and Facebook""

I wonder what took her so long in figuring out the obvious.

#### [Jan 03, 2019] Using Lua for working with excel - Stack Overflow

###### Jan 03, 2019 | stackoverflow.com

Animesh ,Oct 14, 2009 at 12:04

I am planning to learn Lua for my desktop scripting needs. I want to know if there is any documentation available and also if there are all the things needed in the Standard Lib.

uroc ,Oct 14, 2009 at 12:09

You should check out Lua for Windows -- a 'batteries included environment' for the Lua scripting language on Windows

http://luaforwindows.luaforge.net/

It includes the LuaCOM library, from which you can access the Excel COM object.

Try looking at the LuaCOM documentation, there are some Excel examples in that:

http://www.tecgraf.puc-rio.br/~rcerq/luacom/pub/1.3/luacom-htmldoc/

I've only ever used this for very simplistic things. Here is a sample to get you started:

-- test.lua
require('luacom')
excel = luacom.CreateObject("Excel.Application")
excel.Visible = true
ws = wb.Worksheets(1)

for i=1, 20 do
ws.Cells(i,1).Value2 = i
end


Animesh ,Oct 14, 2009 at 12:26

Thanks uroc for your quick response. If possible, please let me know of any beginner tutorial or atleast some sample code for using COM programming via Lua. :) – Animesh Oct 14 '09 at 12:26

sagasw ,Oct 16, 2009 at 1:02

More complex code example for lua working with excel:
require "luacom"

excel = luacom.CreateObject("Excel.Application")

local sheet = book.Worksheets(1)

excel.Visible = true

for row=1, 30 do
for col=1, 30 do
sheet.Cells(row, col).Value2 = math.floor(math.random() * 100)
end
end

local range = sheet:Range("A1")

for row=1, 30 do
for col=1, 30 do
local v = sheet.Cells(row, col).Value2

if v > 50 then
local cell = range:Offset(row-1, col-1)

cell:Select()
excel.Selection.Interior.Color = 65535
end
end
end

excel:Quit()
excel = nil


Another example, could add a graph chart.

require "luacom"

excel = luacom.CreateObject("Excel.Application")

local sheet = book.Worksheets(1)

excel.Visible = true

for row=1, 30 do
sheet.Cells(row, 1).Value2 = math.floor(math.random() * 100)
end

chart.ChartType = 4  --  xlLine

local range = sheet:Range("A1:A30")
chart:SetSourceData(range)


Incredulous Monk ,Oct 19, 2009 at 4:17

A quick suggestion: fragments of code will look better if you format them as code (use the little "101 010" button). – Incredulous Monk Oct 19 '09 at 4:17

#### [Oct 21, 2018] Camtasia Studio 8

##### "... GifCam is a simple to use tool, too: blog.bahraniapps.com/gifcam ..."
###### Oct 21, 2018 | stackoverflow.com

218 down vote

Adam ,Feb 7, 2014 at 22:20

Doesn't get any simpler than this! From normal mode:

yy


then move to the line you want to paste at and

p


Zoltán ,Jul 2, 2014 at 7:42

What did you use to make the gif? Zoltán Jul 2 '14 at 7:42

Adam ,Sep 19, 2014 at 20:15

That was done with Camtasia Studio 8. Very easy actually. Adam Sep 19 '14 at 20:15

onmyway133 ,Feb 23, 2016 at 15:29

@Zoltán you can use LiceCap, which is small size – onmyway133 Feb 23 '16 at 15:29

Jared ,Jun 2, 2016 at 13:44

GifCam is a simple to use tool, too: blog.bahraniapps.com/gifcamJared Jun 2 '16 at 13:44

#### [Oct 15, 2018] Convert Screenshots of Equations into LaTeX Instantly With This Nifty Tool It's FOSS

###### Oct 15, 2018 | itsfoss.com

­ Convert Screenshots of Equations into LaTeX Instantly With This Nifty Tool | It's FOSS LaTeX editors are excellent when it comes to writing academic and scientific documentation.

There is a steep learning curved involved of course. And this learning curve becomes steeper if you have to write complex mathematical equations.

Mathpix is a nifty little tool that helps you in this regard.

Suppose you are reading a document that has mathematical equations. If you want to use those equations in your LaTeX document , you need to use your ninja LaTeX skills and plenty of time.

But Mathpix solves this problem for you. With Mathpix, you take the screenshot of the mathematical equations, and it will instantly give you the LaTeX code. You can then use this code in your favorite LaTeX editor .

See Mathpix in action in the video below:

#### [Oct 02, 2018] Turn your book into a website and an ePub using Pandoc by Kiko Fernandez-ReyesFeed

##### "... GRASP Principles for the Object-Oriented Mind ..."
###### Oct 01, 2018 | opensource.com
Pandoc is a command-line tool for converting files from one markup language to another. In my introduction to Pandoc , I explained how to convert text written in Markdown into a website, a slideshow, and a PDF.

In this follow-up article, I'll dive deeper into Pandoc , showing how to produce a website and an ePub book from the same Markdown source file. I'll use my upcoming e-book, GRASP Principles for the Object-Oriented Mind , which I created using this process, as an example.

First I will explain the file structure used for the book, then how to use Pandoc to generate a website and deploy it in GitHub. Finally, I demonstrate how to generate its companion ePub book.

You can find the code in my Programming Fight Club GitHub repository.

Setting up the writing structure

I do all of my writing in Markdown syntax. You can also use HTML, but the more HTML you introduce the highest risk that problems arise when Pandoc converts Markdown to an ePub document. My books follow the one-chapter-per-file pattern. Declare chapters using the Markdown heading H1 ( # ). You can put more than one chapter in each file, but putting them in separate files makes it easier to find content and do updates later.

My about file might begin like:

## Who should read this book {-}

Before creating a complex software system one needs to create a solid foundation.
General Responsibility Assignment Software Principles (GRASP) are guidelines to assign
responsibilities to software classes in object-oriented programming.

Once the chapters are finished, the next step is to add meta-information to setup the format for the website and the ePub.

Generating the website Create the HTML meta-information file

The meta-information file (web-metadata.yaml) for my website is a simple YAML file that contains information about the author, title, rights, content for the <head> tag, and content for the beginning and end of the HTML file.

I recommend (at minimum) including the following fields in the web-metadata.yaml file:

---
title: <a href="/grasp-principles/toc/">GRASP principles for the Object-oriented mind</a>
author: Kiko Fernandez-Reyes
rights: 2017 Kiko Fernandez-Reyes, CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 International
- |
{=html}

include-before:
- |
{=html}
<p>If you like this book, please consider
</a>
</p>

include-after:
- |
{=html}
<div class="footnotes">
<hr>
<div class="container">
<nav class="pagination" role="pagination">
<ul>
<p>
<span class="page-number">Designed with</span> ❤️ <span class="page-number"> from Uppsala, Sweden</span>
</p>
<p>
</p>
</ul>
</nav>
</div>
</div>

---

Some variables to note:

• The header-includes variable contains HTML that will be embedded inside the <head> tag.
• The line after calling a variable must be - | . The next line must begin with triple backquotes that are aligned with the | or Pandoc will reject it. {=html} tells Pandoc that this is raw text and should not be processed as Markdown. (For this to work, you need to check that the raw_attribute extension in Pandoc is enabled. To check, type pandoc --list-extensions | grep raw and make sure the returned list contains an item named +raw_html ; the plus sign indicates it is enabled.)
• The include-after variable appends raw HTML at the end of the website and shows my book's license.

These are only some of the fields available; take a look at the template variables in HTML (my article introduction to Pandoc covered this for LaTeX but the process is the same for HTML) to learn about others.

Split the website into chapters

The website can be generated as a whole, resulting in a long page with all the content, or split into chapters, which I think is easier to read. I'll explain how to divide the website into chapters so the reader doesn't get intimidated by a long website.

To make the website easy to deploy on GitHub Pages, we need to create a root folder called docs (which is the root folder that GitHub Pages uses by default to render a website). Then we need to create folders for each chapter under docs , place the HTML chapters in their own folders, and the file content in a file named index.html.

For example, the about.md file is converted to a file named index.html that is placed in a folder named about (about/index.html). This way, when users type http://<your-website.com>/about/ , the index.html file from the folder about will be displayed in their browser.

The following Makefile does all of this:

# Placement of your HTML files
DOCS=docs

all: web

web: setup $(DEPENDENCIES) @cp$(DOCS)/toc/index.html $(DOCS) # Creation and copy of stylesheet and images into # the assets folder. This is important to deploy the # website to Github Pages. setup: @mkdir -p$(DOCS)
@cp -r assets $(DOCS) # Creation of folder and index.html file on a # per-chapter basis$(DEPENDENCIES):
@mkdir -p $(DOCS)/$@
@pandoc -s --toc web-metadata.yaml parts/$@.md \ -c /assets/pandoc.css -o$(DOCS)/$@/index.html clean: @rm -rf$(DOCS)

.PHONY: all clean web setup

The option -c /assets/pandoc.css declares which CSS stylesheet to use; it will be fetched from /assets/pandoc.css . In other words, inside the <head> HTML tag, Pandoc adds the following line:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="/assets/pandoc.css">


To generate the website, type:

make


The root folder should contain now the following structure and files:

.---parts
| |--- toc.md
| |--- preface.md
|
|---docs
|--- assets/
|--- index.html
|--- toc
| |--- index.html
|
|--- preface
| |--- index.html
|
|--- index.html
Deploy the website

To deploy the website on GitHub, follow these steps:

1. Create a new repository
2. Push your content to the repository
3. Go to the GitHub Pages section in the repository's Settings and select the option for GitHub to use the content from the Master branch

You can get more details on the GitHub Pages site.

Check out my book's website , generated using this process, to see the result.

Generating the ePub book Create the ePub meta-information file

The ePub meta-information file, epub-meta.yaml, is similar to the HTML meta-information file. The main difference is that ePub offers other template variables, such as publisher and cover-image . Your ePub book's stylesheet will probably differ from your website's; mine uses one named epub.css.

---
title : 'GRASP principles for the Object-oriented Mind'
publisher : 'Programming Language Fight Club'
author : Kiko Fernandez-Reyes
rights : 2017 Kiko Fernandez-Reyes, CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 International
cover-image : assets/cover.png
stylesheet : assets/epub.css
... Update the Makefile and deploy the ePub

Add the following content to the previous Makefile:

epub:
@pandoc -s --toc epub-meta.yaml \
$(addprefix parts/,$(DEPENDENCIES:=.md)) -o $(DOCS)/assets/book.epub The command for the ePub target takes all the dependencies from the HTML version (your chapter names), appends to them the Markdown extension, and prepends them with the path to the folder chapters' so Pandoc knows how to process them. For example, if$(DEPENDENCIES) was only preface about , then the Makefile would call:

@pandoc -s --toc epub-meta.yaml \
parts/preface.md parts/about.md -o $(DOCS)/assets/book.epub Pandoc would take these two chapters, combine them, generate an ePub, and place the book under the Assets folder. Here's an example of an ePub created using this process. Summarizing the process The process to create a website and an ePub from a Markdown file isn't difficult, but there are a lot of details. The following outline may make it easier for you to follow. • HTML book: • Write chapters in Markdown • Add metadata • Create a Makefile to glue pieces together • Set up GitHub Pages • Deploy • ePub book: • Reuse chapters from previous work • Add new metadata file • Create a Makefile to glue pieces together • Set up GitHub Pages • Deploy #### [Sep 23, 2018] English Tenses ###### Sep 23, 2018 | www.ego4u.com tense Affirmative/Negative/Question Use Signal Words Simple Present A: He speaks. N: He does not speak. Q: Does he speak? • action in the present taking place regularly, never or several times • facts • actions taking place one after another • action set by a timetable or schedule always, every , never, normally, often, seldom, sometimes, usually if sentences type I ( If I talk , ) Present Progressive A: He is speaking. N: He is not speaking. Q: Is he speaking? • action taking place in the moment of speaking • action taking place only for a limited period of time • action arranged for the future at the moment, just, just now, Listen!, Look!, now, right now Simple Past A: He spoke. N: He did not speak. Q: Did he speak? • action in the past taking place once, never or several times • actions taking place one after another • action taking place in the middle of another action yesterday, 2 minutes ago, in 1990, the other day, last Friday if sentence type II ( If I talked , ) Past Progressive A: He was speaking. N: He was not speaking. Q: Was he speaking? • action going on at a certain time in the past • actions taking place at the same time • action in the past that is interrupted by another action while, as long as Present Perfect Simple A: He has spoken. N: He has not spoken. Q: Has he spoken? • putting emphasis on the result • action that is still going on • action that stopped recently • finished action that has an influence on the present • action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now Present Perfect Progressive A: He has been speaking. N: He has not been speaking. Q: Has he been speaking? • putting emphasis on the course or duration (not the result) • action that recently stopped or is still going on • finished action that influenced the present all day, for 4 years, since 1993, how long?, the whole week Past Perfect Simple A: He had spoken. N: He had not spoken. Q: Had he spoken? • action taking place before a certain time in the past • sometimes interchangeable with past perfect progressive • putting emphasis only on the fact (not the duration) already, just, never, not yet, once, until that day if sentence type III ( If I had talked , ) Past Perfect Progressive A: He had been speaking. N: He had not been speaking. Q: Had he been speaking? • action taking place before a certain time in the past • sometimes interchangeable with past perfect simple • putting emphasis on the duration or course of an action for, since, the whole day, all day Future I Simple A: He will speak. N: He will not speak. Q: Will he speak? • action in the future that cannot be influenced • spontaneous decision • assumption with regard to the future in a year, next , tomorrow If-Satz Typ I ( If you ask her, she will help you. ) assumption : I think, probably, perhaps Future I Simple (going to) A: He is going to speak. N: He is not going to speak. Q: Is he going to speak? • decision made for the future • conclusion with regard to the future in one year, next week, tomorrow Future I Progressive A: He will be speaking. N: He will not be speaking. Q: Will he be speaking? • action that is going on at a certain time in the future • action that is sure to happen in the near future in one year, next week, tomorrow Future II Simple A: He will have spoken. N: He will not have spoken. Q: Will he have spoken? • action that will be finished at a certain time in the future by Monday, in a week Future II Progressive A: He will have been speaking. N: He will not have been speaking. Q: Will he have been speaking? • action taking place before a certain time in the future • putting emphasis on the course of an action for , the last couple of hours, all day long Conditional I Simple A: He would speak. N: He would not speak. Q: Would he speak? • action that might take place if sentences type II ( If I were you, I would go home .) Conditional I Progressive A: He would be speaking. N: He would not be speaking. Q: Would he be speaking? • action that might take place • putting emphasis on the course / duration of the action Conditional II Simple A: He would have spoken. N: He would not have spoken. Q: Would he have spoken? • action that might have taken place in the past if sentences type III ( If I had seen that, I would have helped .) Conditional II Progressive A: He would have been speaking. N: He would not have been speaking. Q: Would he have been speaking? • action that might have taken place in the past • puts emphasis on the course / duration of the action #### [Sep 23, 2018] Irregular Verbs ENGLISH PAGE ###### Sep 23, 2018 | www.englishpage.com Englishpage.com has conducted an extensive text analysis of over 2,000 novels and resources and we have found 680 irregular verbs so far including prefixed verbs ( misunderstand , reread ) as well as rare and antiquated forms ( colorbreed , bethink ). According to Englishpage.com's text analysis of over 2,000 novels and resources, the most common irregular verbs in English are: be , have , say , do , know , get , see , think , go and take . #### [Sep 19, 2018] Convert files at the command line with Pandoc by Kiko Fernandez-Reyes ##### Notable quotes: ##### "... Wine Management System ..." ##### "... This does not work ..." ##### "... not a good solution ..." ###### Sep 14, 2018 | opensource.com In plain English, Pandoc allows you to convert a bunch of files from one markup language into another one. Typical examples include converting a Markdown file into a presentation, LaTeX, PDF, or even ePub. This article will explain how to produce documentation in multiple formats from a single markup language (in this case Markdown) using Pandoc. It will guide you through Pandoc installation, show how to create several types of documents, and offer tips on how to write documentation that is easy to port to other formats. It will also explain the value of using meta-information files to create a separation between the content and the meta-information (e.g., author name, template used, bibliographic style, etc.) of your documentation. Installation and requirements Pandoc is installed by default in most Linux distributions. This tutorial uses pandoc-2.2.3.2 and pandoc-citeproc-0.14.3. If you don't intend to generate PDFs, those two packages are enough. However, I recommend installing texlive as well, so you have the option to generate PDFs. To install these programs on Linux, type the following on the command line: sudo apt-get install pandoc pandoc-citeproc texlive  You can find installation instructions for other platforms on Pandoc's website. I highly recommend installing pandoc-crossref , a "filter for numbering figures, equations, tables, and cross-references to them." The easiest option is to download a prebuilt executable , but you can install it from Haskell's package manager, cabal, by typing: cabal update cabal install pandoc-crossref Consult pandoc-crossref's GitHub repository if you need additional Haskell installation information . Some examples I'll demonstrate how Pandoc works by explaining how to produce three types of documents: • A website from a LaTeX file containing math formulas • A Reveal.js slideshow from a Markdown file • A contract agreement document that mixes Markdown and LaTeX Create a website with math formulas One of the ways Pandoc excels is displaying math formulas in different output file formats. For instance, let's generate a website from a LaTeX document (named math.tex) containing some math symbols (written in LaTeX). The math.tex document looks like: % Pandoc math demos$a^2 + b^2 = c^2v(t) = v_0 + \frac{1}{2}at^2\gamma = \frac{1}{\sqrt{1 - v^2/c^2}}\exists x \forall y (Rxy \equiv Ryx)p \wedge q \models p\Box\diamond p\equiv\diamond p\int_{0}^{1} x dx = \left[ \frac{1}{2}x^2 \right]_{0}^{1} = \frac{1}{2}e^x = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!} = \lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} (1+x/n)^nConvert the LaTeX document into a website named mathMathML.html by entering the following command: pandoc math.tex -s --mathml -o mathMathML.html  The flag -s tells Pandoc to generate a standalone website (instead of a fragment, so it will include the head and body HTML tags), and the –mathml flag forces Pandoc to convert the math in LaTeX to MathML, which can be rendered by modern browsers. pandoc_math-formulas.png Take a look at the website result and the code ; the code repository contains a Makefile to make things even simpler. Make a Reveal.js slideshow It's easy to generate simple presentations from a Markdown file using Pandoc. The slides contain top-level slides and nested slides underneath. The presentation can be controlled from the keyboard, and you can jump from one top-level slide to the next top-level slide or show the nested slides on a per-top-level basis. This structure is typical in HTML-based presentation frameworks. Let's create a slide document named SLIDES (see the code repository ). First, add the slides' meta-information (e.g., title, author, and date) prepended by the % symbol: % Case Study % Kiko Fernandez Reyes % Sept 27, 2017 More Great Content This meta-information also creates the first slide. To add more slides, declare top-level slides using Markdown heading H1 (line 5 in the example below, heading 1 in Markdown , designated by # ). For example, if we want to create a presentation with the title Case Study that starts with a top-level slide titled Wine Management System , write: % Case Study % Kiko Fernandez Reyes % Sept 27, 2017 # Wine Management System To put content (such as slides that explain a new management system and its implementation) inside this top-level section, use a Markdown header H2. Let's add two more slides (lines 7 and 14 below, heading 2 in Markdown , designated by ## ): • The first second-level slide has the title Idea and shows an image of the Swiss flag • The second second-level slide has the title Implementation % Case Study % Kiko Fernandez Reyes % Sept 27, 2017 # Wine Management System ## <img src="img/SwissFlag.png" style="vertical-align:middle"/> Idea ## Implementation We now have a top-level slide ( # Wine Management System ) that contains two slides ( ## Idea and ## Implementation ). Let's put some content in these two slides using incremental bulleted lists by creating a Markdown list prepended by the symbol > . Continuing from above, add two items in the first slide (lines 9–10 below) and five items in the second slide (lines 16–20): % Case Study % Kiko Fernandez Reyes % Sept 27, 2017 # Wine Management System ## <img src="img/SwissFlag.png" style="vertical-align:middle"/> Idea >- Swiss love their **wine** and cheese >- Create a *simple* wine tracker system ![](img/matterhorn.jpg) ## Implementation >- Bottles have a RFID tag >- RFID reader (emits and read signal) >- **Raspberry Pi** >- **Server (online shop)** >- Mobile app We added an image of the Matterhorn mountain. Your slides can be improved by using plain Markdown or adding plain HTML. To generate the slides, Pandoc needs to point to the Reveal.js library, so it must be in the same folder as the SLIDES file. The command to generate the slides is: pandoc -t revealjs -s --self-contained SLIDES \ -V theme =white -V slideNumber = true -o index.html pandoc_matterhorn-slide.png The above Pandoc command uses the following flags: • -t revealjs specifies we are going to output a revealjs presentation • -s tells Pandoc to generate a standalone document • --self-contained produces HTML with no external dependencies • -V sets the following variables: – theme=white sets the theme of the slideshow to white – slideNumber=true shows the slide number • -o index.html generates the slides in the file named index.html To make things simpler and avoid typing this long command, create the following Makefile: all: generate generate: pandoc -t revealjs -s --self-contained SLIDES \ -V theme=white -V slideNumber=true -o index.html clean: index.html rm index.html .PHONY: all clean generate You can find all the code in this repository . Make a multi-format contract Let's say you are preparing a document and (as things are nowadays) some people want it in Microsoft Word format, others use free software and would like an ODT, and others need a PDF. You do not have to use OpenOffice nor LibreOffice to generate the DOCX or PDF file. You can create your document in Markdown (with some bits of LaTeX if you need advanced formatting) and generate any of these file types. As before, begin by declaring the document's meta-information (title, author, and date): % Contract Agreement for Software X % Kiko Fernandez-Reyes % August 28th, 2018 Then write the document in Markdown (and add LaTeX if you require advanced formatting). For example, create a table that needs fixed separation space (declared in LaTeX with \hspace{3cm} ) and a line where a client and a contractor should sign (declared in LaTeX with \hrulefill ). After that, add a table written in Markdown. Here's what the document will look like: pandoc_agreement.png The code to create this document is: % Contract Agreement for Software X % Kiko Fernandez-Reyes % August 28th, 2018 ... ### Work Order \begin{table}[h] \begin{tabular}{ccc} The Contractor & \hspace{3cm} & The Customer \\ & & \\ & & \\ \hrulefill & \hspace{3cm} & \hrulefill \\ % Name & \hspace{3cm} & Name \\ & & \\ & & \\ \hrulefill & \hspace{3cm} & \hrulefill \\ ... \end{tabular} \end{table} \vspace{1cm} +--------------------------------------------+----------+-------------+ | Type of Service | Cost | Total | +:===========================================+=========:+:===========:+ | Game Engine | 70.0 | 70.0 | | | | | +--------------------------------------------+----------+-------------+ | | | | +--------------------------------------------+----------+-------------+ | Extra: Comply with defined API functions | 10.0 | 10.0 | | and expected returned format | | | +--------------------------------------------+----------+-------------+ | | | | +--------------------------------------------+----------+-------------+ | **Total Cost** | | **80.0** | +--------------------------------------------+----------+-------------+ To generate the three different output formats needed for this document, write a Makefile: DOCS=contract-agreement.md all:(DOCS)
pandoc -s $(DOCS) -o$(DOCS:md=pdf)
pandoc -s $(DOCS) -o$(DOCS:md=docx)
pandoc -s $(DOCS) -o$(DOCS:md=odt)

clean:
rm *.pdf *.docx *.odt

.PHONY: all clean

Lines 4–7 contain the commands to generate the different outputs.

If you have several Markdown files and want to merge them into one document, issue a command with the files in the order you want them to appear. For example, when writing this article, I created three documents: an introduction document, three examples, and some advanced uses. The following tells Pandoc to merge these files together in the specified order and produce a PDF named document.pdf.

pandoc -s introduction.md examples.md advanced-uses.md -o document.pdf

Templates and meta-information

Writing a complex document is no easy task. You need to stick to a set of rules that are independent from your content, such as using a specific template, writing an abstract, embedding specific fonts, and maybe even declaring keywords. All of this has nothing to do with your content: simply put, it is meta-information.

Pandoc uses templates to generate different output formats. There is a template for LaTeX, another for ePub, etc. These templates have unfulfilled variables that are set with the meta-information given to Pandoc. To find out what meta-information is available in a Pandoc template, type:

pandoc -D FORMAT


For example, the template for LaTeX would be:

pandoc -D latex


Which outputs something along these lines:

$if(title)$
\title{$title$$if(thanks)\thanks{thanks}endif} endif if(subtitle) \providecommand{\subtitle}[1]{} \subtitle{subtitle} endif if(author) \author{for(author)$$author$$sep \and endfor} endif if(institute) \providecommand{\institute}[1]{} \institute{for(institute)$$institute$$sep$ \and $endfor$}
$endif$
\date{$date$}
$if(beamer)$
$if(titlegraphic)$
\titlegraphic{\includegraphics{$titlegraphic$}}
$endif$
$if(logo)$
\logo{\includegraphics{$logo$}}
$endif$
$endif$

\begin{document}

As you can see, there are title , thanks , author , subtitle , and institute template variables (and many others are available). These are easily set using YAML metablocks. In lines 1–5 of the example below, we declare a YAML metablock and set some of those variables (using the contract agreement example above):

---
title: Contract Agreement for Software X
author: Kiko Fernandez-Reyes
date: August 28th, 2018
---

(continue writing document as in the previous example)

This works like a charm and is equivalent to the previous code:

% Contract Agreement for Software X
% Kiko Fernandez-Reyes
% August 28th, 2018

However, this ties the meta-information to the content; i.e., Pandoc will always use this information to output files in the new format. If you know you need to produce multiple file formats, you better be careful. For example, what if you need to produce the contract in ePub and in HTML, and the ePub and HTML need specific and different styling rules?

Let's consider the cases:

• If you simply try to embed the YAML variable css: style-epub.css , you would be excluding the one from the HTML version. This does not work .
• Duplicating the document is obviously not a good solution either, as changes in one version would not be in sync with the other copy.
• You can add variables to the Pandoc command line as follows:
pandoc -s -V css =style-epub.css document.md document.epub
pandoc -s -V css =style-html.css document.md document.html

My opinion is that it is easy to overlook these variables from the command line, especially when you need to set tens of these (which can happen in complex documents). Now, if you put them all together under the same roof (a meta.yaml file), you only need to update or create a new meta-information file to produce the desired output. You would then write:

pandoc -s meta-pub.yaml document.md document.epub
pandoc -s meta-html.yaml document.md document.html

This is a much cleaner version, and you can update all the meta-information from a single file without ever having to update the content of your document.

Wrapping up

With these basic examples, I have shown how Pandoc can do a really good job at converting Markdown documents into other formats.

#### [Aug 26, 2018] Can I run MS Front Page 2003 on Windows 10

##### "... Although FrontPage was not evaluated, Andre Da Costa found that core programs of Office such as Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access and Publisher back through Office 2000 work just fine on Windows 10. ..."
###### Aug 26, 2018 | answers.microsoft.com
They changed the title of my original post so I thought I'd try it again: I Know that my web sites will work on windows 10 but:

I run a website I started in 1996, 385 pages and built with old school html and (when it came out) MS Front Page. I've modified many pages of these old pages to be w3c compliant using good old html. It is super hot in the search engines and works excellent in all browsers and on all mobile devices. Front Page 2003 is like putting on a comfortable pair of shoes. Yes, I've tried Dream Weaver and all the other "options" but it doesn't do a very good job with the original code, in fact some of the modifications and programs I have tried have been a disaster. SO I'm currently running windows 7 with the xp package to support Microsoft Front Page Version 2003. My server guys have no issues with the MS Front Page Extensions and it is very fast and stable. What do you think the chances are of running MS Front Page 2003 on Windows 10? Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Original Title: FrontPage 2003

DavidF2

Though MS does indeed say that FP is not compatible (MS says that versions of Office older that Office 2007 are incompatible with Win10.) , that does not mean that it will not install and run. You might be happily surprised. In my experience MS tends to discourage the use of older programs even if they will run.

Although FrontPage was not evaluated, Andre Da Costa found that core programs of Office such as Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access and Publisher back through Office 2000 work just fine on Windows 10.

Reference: A look at running older versions of Microsoft Office on Windows 10: http://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/wiki/windows_10-win_upgrade/a-look-at-running-older-versions-of-microsoft/6faf72ea-254a-4c8e-9982-2c36cdb1936c

With that said if you are dependent upon FPSE then you might start looking for an alternative to FP. MS quit support of the server extensions many years ago and the number of web hosts that offer them are becoming few and far between.

Eventually you should plan on them not being available and should start looking to migrate your sites to another program. Better now before it is too late.

DavidF

#### [Aug 26, 2018] How to Set Compatibility Mode for Apps in Windows 10 by Melanie Pinola

##### Running Frontpage2003 on windows 10 requires using compatibility mode. Some features like "Most recent files" do not work even with this mode.
###### Aug 24, 2015 | www.laptopmag.com

Most software created for previous versions of Windows run well in Windows 10, but you might have some older apps that don't work well or even at all with the new operating system. You can try to fix any issues you have running these older desktop programs in Windows 10 by changing their compatibility mode settings.

Windows has a built-in tool called Program Compatibility Troubleshooter that could automatically fix any compatibility problems for you. If the troubleshooter can't fix the problem, you can manually make an app run in compatibility mode, which will run the app using the settings from an earlier version of Windows. You can have the troubleshooter automatically search for apps that could have issues in Windows 10 or manually run the troubleshooter on a specific app. Here's how to do both.

How to Use Windows' Program Compatibility Troubleshooter

1. In the taskbar search box, enter "run programs", then click "Run programs made for previous versions of Windows."

2. Click Next and the troubleshooter will try to detect potential issues with your apps.

3. Select the app that's having issues in the next window and click Next.

4. Select a troubleshooting option: use the recommended compatibility setting or choose compatibility settings yourself.

If you choose to use the recommended settings, the troubleshooter will test the app using a previous version of Windows so you can see if that resolves the issue.

If you choose the choose to troubleshoot the app, the troubleshooter will ask you which problems you're experiencing. Depending on your selection, the troubleshooter will offer tests and suggestions to resolve the problem, such as testing the display settings for the app.

5. Click the Test the program button and then click Next.

You can then either choose to save the settings for the app, try different settings, or report the problem to Microsoft and view help articles online.

You'll have to run the troubleshooter for each app you're having compatibility problems with.

How to Run an App in Compatibility Mode

Alternatively, you can go into a app's properties to change its compatibility mode settings. With compatibility mode, you can force an app to use settings from an earlier version of Windows -- helpful if you know the app ran well in, say, Windows 7 or Vista. You can also change the display and color settings for the app.

1. Right-click on an app and select Properties. You can do this from the app's shortcut or by navigating in File Browser to the EXE file.

2. Select the Compatibility tab, then check the box next to "Run this program in compatibility mode for:"

3. S elect the version of Windows to use for your app's settings in the dropdown box.

4. Hit Apply , then run your app and see if this fixed your issues.

""

#### [Aug 26, 2018] FrontPage to Windows 10

##### "... I have MS Expressions Web 4 which is now free as MS is discontinuing it, and it's running on a Windows 10 PC. I used FP, but this upgrade is now free. ..."
###### Jul 29, 2015 | msdn.microsoft.com

Question

I have been a happy user of FrontPage. Bought 2007 Expression Web and it worked fine with my Windows XP Professional.
I have not used it all since 2008 and want your recommendations what to do as I want to start using Expression Web again making changes to my different Web Pages.
I want to use my new laptop today with windows 8.1, that I will upgrade to Windows 10 in the near future.

I read about all the problems Windows 8,1 has occurred and I want to be free from that that's why I would be very pleased to get your professional recommendations what to do.

• Will the free Expression Web (4) work on windows 10?
• Can I then work with my webpages from 2008?
• If not, what program can be used to work with my web pages?
• Or, do I have to start up my old XP machine again?

Hans Trim Wednesday

• 0 Sign in to vote Yes. Yes. You won't need one. No. Wednesday, July 29, 2015 8:06 PM
• 0 Sign in to vote Assuming you were able to install MS-FrontPage 2003 onto your Windows 10 machine, properly, you may notice that right clicking a .htm or .html file, then clicking "Open with," shows one or two "Microsoft Frontpage Server Administrator" associated programs. Neither of these worked for me, claiming that two DLL files are missing (I installed them, but that didn't help). Fortunately, there are two ways to access FrontPage for an HTML file:

1) Open FrontPage. Open the desired file from there.

2) Right-click the desired HTML file. Then click "Edit". On my machine, it automatically loads FrontPage with that HTML file.

I did nothing special for either method to get them to work as stated.

Good luck! Saturday, December 17, 2016 7:36 PM Reply | Quote

• 0 Sign in to vote I have MS Expressions Web 4 which is now free as MS is discontinuing it, and it's running on a Windows 10 PC. I used FP, but this upgrade is now free. I use Site Publisher that goes for dirt cheap to upload the HD files to my web server, as most sites are not allowing FP extensions. This FTP program also has an Exclusion function to not send the hidden vit_cnf and \vti_cnf files on the hard drive that FP and Expressions uses to locate files when searching and moving files/folders then fixing the links.

So you can keep FP, but I would suggest the free Expressions Web 4. Just install and point it to your HD's web folder. Using this specific FTP program also has a Cache ability. Once you upload your site, you can turn on the Cache and it will remember the web site files and folders. After the initial upload and after making changes, it checks the WS then the HD, then only copies those files that have changed on your HD. I have a 53K file site and Expressions Web 4 and this program has been working for many, many years without any problem. Sunday, April 01, 2018 6:10 PM Reply | Quote

EW has built-in FTP publishing. It won't publish files that you don't tell it to publish, and it does not publish _vti files. There is no need to recommend a different FTP program. There is also no need to answer old threads that already have an answer, as this one does.

#### [Jul 29, 2018] FreeOffice Suite Is Almost Blue Ribbon-Worthy Reviews LinuxInsider

##### "... The File tab ribbon provides commands to open, close, save/save as/save all, epub export, PDF export, print options and access properties for the file. The Options and Customize buttons display settings panels. ..."
###### Jul 29, 2018 | www.linuxinsider.com

SoftMaker's FreeOffice 2018 Linux office suite is a high-end product that provides performance and compatibility with Microsoft Office and other office suites.

FreeOffice 2018, released this spring, is a free version that is nearly identical to the features and user interface of Softmaker's commercial flagship office suite, SoftMaker Office 2018. I recently reviewed the beta commercial version . The FreeOffice line is distributed under the Mozilla Public License.

The Germany-based software developer offers an impressive and very usable line of open source and commercial products. The FreeOffice 2018/SoftMaker Office 2018 products are Windows/Linux cross-platform applications with integrated modules for word processing (TextMaker), spreadsheets (PlanMaker) and presentations (Presentations).

If you are thinking, "Gee, why not keep the Maker moniker consistent by calling it 'SlideMaker'?" I totally agree.

Office suite compatibility is one of the major selling/rejecting points when consumers and enterprises consider migrating to the Linux OS. The Linux OS has its share of free lightweight word processors and a few worthy standalone spreadsheet apps. Generally, Linux office suites lack a really solid slide presentation creation tool, however.

Many of the Linux word processing packages are little more than glorified text editors. Graphics compatibility in page design are often their fail point. That trend has been changing for the better with applications such as SoftMaker's FreeOffice, The Document Foundation's LibreOffice and Ascensio System SIA's recently released free office suite upgrade OnlyOffice Desktop Editors, which I recently reviewed .

The FreeOffice 2018 suite has much to offer. It is a capable alternative to its commercial upgrade. It poses little trouble reading and writing to other document formats such as .docx, pptx, xlsx and provides very accurate page rendering when importing/exporting file formats. Except for the ability to save as earlier MS Office document formats, all that is missing from the SoftMaker commercial edition are a few dictionary-based and related tools.

The File tab ribbon provides commands to open, close, save/save as/save all, epub export, PDF export, print options and access properties for the file. The Options and Customize buttons display settings panels.

#### [May 20, 2018] How to Convert ePub to Kindle

###### May 20, 2018 | www.techwalla.com

By Shea Laverty

EPUB e-book files can be converted to a Kindle-compatible format using a desktop converter app or online conversion site. Since the Kindle doesn't natively support EPUB files, conversion is the only way to enjoy your EPUB books on your Kindle without a separate purchase from the Kindle store.

.... ... ...

Calibre Converter

Calibre Converter is an open-source e-book management program that works not only as a converter, but also as a reader. Calibre is free and can handle many file formats, including EPUB and Kindle formats.

#### [Apr 22, 2018] Understanding the Libraries Feature in Windows 7

##### You can create as many libraries as you wish. It's not nessesary to merge multiple folders in one library.
###### Apr 22, 2018 | www.howtogeek.com

The libraries feature in Windows 7 provides a central place to manage files that are located in multiple locations throughout your computer. Instead of clicking through a bunch of directories to find the files you need, including them in a library makes for quicker access.

#### [Mar 27, 2018] Top Linux tools for writers by Adam Worth

###### Mar 23, 2018 | opensource.com
These easy-to-use open source apps can help you sharpen your writing skills, research more efficiently, and stay organized. If you've read my article about how I switched to Linux , then you know that I'm a superuser. I also stated that I'm not an "expert" on anything. That's still fair to say. But I have learned many helpful things over the last several years, and I'd like to pass these tips along to other new Linux users.

Today, I'm going to discuss the tools I use when I write. I based my choices on three criteria:

1. My main writing tool must be compatible for any publisher when I submit stories or articles.
2. The software must be quick and simple to use.
3. Free is good.

There are some wonderful all-in-one free solutions, such as:

However, I tend to get lost and lose my train of thought when I'm trying to find information, so I opted to go with multiple applications that suit my needs. Also, I don't want to be reliant on the internet in case service goes down. I set these programs up on my monitor so I can see them all at once.

Consider the following tools suggestions -- everyone works differently, and you might find some other app that better fits the way you work. These tools are current to this writing:

Word processor

LibreOffice 6.0.1 . Until recently, I used WPS , but font-rendering problems (Times New Roman was always in bold format) nixed it. The newest version of LibreOffice adapts to Microsoft Office very nicely, and the fact that it's open source ticks the box for me.

Thesaurus More Linux resources Artha gives you synonyms, antonyms, derivatives, and more. It's clean-looking and fast. Type the word "fast," for example, and you'll get the dictionary definition as well as the other options listed above. Artha is a huge gift to the open source community, and more people should try it as it seems to be one of those obscure little programs. If you're using Linux, install this application now. You won't regret it. Note-taking

Zim touts itself as a desktop wiki, but it's also the easiest multi-level note-taking app you'll find anywhere. There are other, prettier note-taking programs available, but Zim is exactly what I need to manage my characters, locations, plots, and sub-plots.

Submission tracking

I once used a proprietary piece of software called FileMaker Pro , and it spoiled me. There are plenty of database applications out there, but in my opinion the easiest one to use is Glom . It suits my needs graphically, letting me enter information in a form rather than a table. In Glom, you create the form you need so you can see relevant information instantly (for me, digging through a spreadsheet table to find information is like dragging my eyeballs over shards of glass). Although Glom no longer appears to be in development, it remains relevant.

Research

I've begun using StartPage.com as my default search engine. Sure, Google can be one of your best friends when you're writing. But I don't like how Google tracks me every time I want to learn about a specific person/place/thing. So I use StartPage.com instead; it's fast and does not track your searches. I also use DuckDuckGo.com as an alternative to Google.

Other tools

Chromium Browser is an open source version of Google Chrome , with privacy plugins.

Though Thunderbird , from Mozilla , is a great program, I find Geary a much quicker and lighter email app. For more on open source email apps, read Jason Baker 's excellent article, Top 6 open source desktop email clients .

As you might have noticed, my taste in apps tends to merge the best of Windows, MacOS, and the open source Linux alternatives mentioned here. I hope these suggestions help you discover helpful new ways to compose (thank you, Artha!) and track your written works.

Happy writing!

#### [Dec 23, 2016] http://www.vidtomp3.com/index.php

###### Dec 23, 2016 | www.vidtomp3.com

The video sites that are currently supported are: YouTube , MegaVideo , Dailymotion , Metacafe , Veoh , Myspace , Break , iFilm , Bolt , ClipJunkie , ClipShack , CollegeHumor , FunnyJunk , Glumbert , GoFish , Grouper , Hallpass , MilkandCookies , Putfile , SantaBanta , Sevenload , Sharkle , Shoutfile , Vimeo , vSocial , Yikers , ZippyVideos ... and loads more coming soon!

#### [Sep 16, 2016] gGrammar checkers with context based checking

##### "... Context-based grammar checkers appear in Microsoft Office 2010 , Microsoft Office 2007 , [4] Google Wave , [5] Ghotit Dyslexia Software, [6] Grammarly , [7] [8] [9] SpellCheckPlus.com , GrammarCheck.net, Ginger Software , VirtualWritingTutor.com, and WhiteSmoke ..."
###### en.wikipedia.org
errors based on the context of the surrounding words.

Context-based grammar checkers appear in Microsoft Office 2010 , Microsoft Office 2007 , [4] Google Wave , [5] Ghotit Dyslexia Software, [6] Grammarly , [7] [8] [9] SpellCheckPlus.com , GrammarCheck.net, Ginger Software , VirtualWritingTutor.com, and WhiteSmoke .

#### [Jul 15, 2016] Why everyone is crazy for Prisma, the app that turns photos into works of art

###### www.theguardian.com

People across the world are turning amateur photos into elaborate works of art with a new viral app that relies on AI technology to let users instantly transform mundane images into Picasso paintings.

Prisma, an app that has attracted 1 million daily users as of Thursday, is reinventing the concept of filtering photos with technology. While the concept of adding filters to photos has been around for years, the Prisma iOS app is unique in the way that it relies on a "combination of neural networks and artificial intelligence" to remake the image.

What that means is the Prisma tools aren't the kind of art filters that Instagram uses where the filters overlay the original photo. Instead, Prisma goes through different layers and recreates the photo from scratch, according to the app makers, who are based in Moscow.

"We do the image fresh," Prisma co-founder Alexey Moiseenkov said in an interview Thursday. "It's not similar to the Instagram filter where you just layer over … We draw something like a real artist would."

Moiseenkov, 25, is part of a team of four founders who built the app. It was first released in June, but has skyrocketed in popularity over the last week, with Prisma-altered photos spreading on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

The app is easy to use and functions similarly to Instagram, the Facebook-owned photo-sharing app that has more than 400 million users.

Users can take photos through the app or pick one from their camera roll. After cropping your image, you then choose one of 33 filters, such as impression, mosaic and gothic, along with filters modeled after specific iconic paintings, like the Great Wave or The Scream. Prisma will continue to add new filters in the coming weeks, Moiseenkov added.

An artistic take on the now famous photo of a demonstrator protesting the shooting death of Alton Sterling in Baton Rouge. Photograph: Reuters

After the app adds the filter, you can adjust the intensity and then post to Instagram or Facebook.

Since Prisma has spread, some have complained that the app could devalue the work of real artists and take away work from painters who make art by hand – not within seconds on a smartphone.

But for now, the app remains hugely popular, and Moiseenkov said he expects its user base to continue its rapid growth.

Moiseenkov's background is computer science and he's not an artist himself. But he said he grew up loving painting and that his favorite artist is Camille Pissarro, the Danish-French impressionist.

"People want to create something, and we allow them to experiment," he said.

A still from Kanye West and Kim Kardashian in West's music video for Famous. Photograph: Tidal

The developers are also working on expanding its filter technology to video, with an innovation that hasn't been done before in any sophisticated manner.

Moiseenkov published a 360-degree image on Facebook, which offers a glimpse of how Prisma video filters may work in the future.

While there have long been apps that allow users to add filters to footage, such as basic color changes through iMovie, the Prisma technology could dramatically expand this concept through videos that create an entire world that appears intricately painted in every shot.

"Video is … an easier way to express yourself," Moiseenkov said. "It's dynamic. It's not just a photo or static picture … It's really cool that you can create something in motion."

The co-founder said he wasn't ready yet to offer details on when the video feature would be released or how exactly it would function, but he said he expects it to be very popular. Moiseenkov said he also hoped to eventually expand the technology to virtual reality.

Donald Trump and Indiana governor Mike Pence addressing the crowd during a campaign stop in Indiana. Photograph: Reuters

#### [Aug 14, 2014] The invisible elephant in the room >> dave_bryant:

The dirty little secret I haven't seen anyone else raise-in fairness, possibly because it isn't well-known outside publishing circles-is that a good part of a physical book's cost is not in the printing and binding. Most people, I suspect, would be greatly and unpleasantly surprised by how much of a book's cost (not its price, I should add) is fixed, regardless of final format.

Why? Because it's the labor, not the ink and paper, that makes up that fixed cost. The writer, editor, proofreader, and typesetter-at least-put in the same number of hours on a book, regardless of whether it's a hardback, a paperback, or an e-book. They still need to get paid, and they sure as hell are not going to accept less money just because people don't value a digital product as much as they do a physical one. I certainly won't put up with it.

There are differences, of course. The incremental cost of a digital copy is, practically speaking, near zero once a publisher's electronic distribution is set up, and that is the basis of the argument that e-books should be cheaper. Moreover, the labor costs of the print house are gone along with the physical costs.

All well and good, but just because a book is easier to get doesn't mean it will sell better. A publisher (even a self-publisher) still has to estimate how many copies he or she thinks people will buy, and base the cover price on that estimate.

Amazon's "lower the ebook price from $14.99 to$9.99, you sell 74% more ebooks" argument conveniently overlooks that if those extra ebook buyers are drawn from would-be $14.99 paperback buyers, the total revenue falls by 30%, even while ebook revenue rises by 16%. #### [Apr 18, 2013] Windows It's over ###### 15 April, 2013 | ZDNet Actually, I will admit: I do regret Microsoft's decision to kill off Microsoft Works. I actually used to prefer that over Office. Richard Estes You miss Works? Are we talking about the same Microsoft Works that was considered an oxymoron by most people in the industry? Personally, I'll take Office any day. The later versions of office are user-friendly but very powerful and have the ability to create a PDF without going to a third party program. (Yes, I know that the OpenOffice-based programs do that too. And the comfort of menu buttons, for some people, will always beat the Ribbon. However, this was a comparison between Office and Works.) I also appreciate the current versions Office in a business environment. The addition of Lync to applications like Outlook and the integration of communication and collaboration technology makes for a very powerful program. Admittedly, that might be a bit much for a home user that only uses the suite occasionally (and doesn't have a Lync server to work with). Still, business needs require more powerful solutions and, say what you will about Office, the developers for the programs have not sat on their hands in finding ways to make it more advanced. (One can argue if their changes are better but at least they attempt to meet the needs of the business landscape.) Works deserved its death. It tried to be an Office-Lite but didn't deliver. When there are free programs almost as powerful as Office, why should Microsoft spend the money developing an inferior version of their flagship suite? #### [Apr 17, 2013] Microsoft Is Not Dead (Yet) Najarian By Jeff Macke | Breakout Yahoo Breakout blog Bill XP was the last good OS that Microshaft released. Of course, it was the first good OS that they released. Windows 7 was just eye candy. Windows 8 is junk. Why buy MS Office when Libre Office for free does 90% of what MS Office does, and 99% of what people really do? Likbez I agree that XP was better debugged and better designed then Windows 7 and 8. But it is more then decade old and it shows. The problem with running XP on old hardware is malware protection. Windows 7 and 8 are improvement in this area. Also there are some genuine interface improvements in Windows 7. For example ability to move an application screen from one monitor to another in two display configuration is really slick. I am not sure that Libre Office (former Sun Star Office) does 90% of what Microsoft Office does. IMHO more like 60% and Libre Office is less well debugged. It is good to have a choice and put some pressure on Microsoft, but facts on the ground are such that it is a strong competitors only in Eastern Europe and some other regions, where price of MS Office are really outrageous. In the USA at$100 for student and home edition the question is mute, and people are better off using MS Office, unless they want Libre Office out of love for open source software or other ideological reasons. But you can always install Linux and free yourself from "Microsoft dependence" if you are so inclined. Why bother to install Libre Office on Windows? .

Bill

I do have linux on both my desktop and laptop. I run XP using VitrualBox under linux, and only because there are no good linux compatible finance programs. I am retired now, but used windows in my profession as a programmer. My feelings about it and linux, the more I used linux, the less I noticed it. The more I used windows (XP) the more I hated it. As for Libre Office, both professionally and personally, I have never wanted to do anything with MS office I couldn't also do with Libre Office.

In addition, Libre Office includes a data base addition that you don't get with MS Office and have to buy Access. . .

#### [Nov 16, 2012] German City Says OpenOffice Shortcomings Are Forcing It Back To Microsoft

The city of Freiburg, Germany adopted OpenOffice back in 2007, mostly replacing the Microsoft Office software it had been using previously. Now, an anonymous reader tips news that the city council is preparing to abandon OpenOffice and switch back. "'In the specific case of the use of OpenOffice, the hopes and expectations of the year 2007 are not fulfilled,' the council wrote, adding that continuing use OpenOffice will lead to performance impairments and aggravation and frustration on the part of employees and external parties. 'Therefore, a new Microsoft Office license is essential for effective operations,' they wrote. ... 'The divergence of the development community (LibreOffice on one hand Apache Office on the other) is crippling for the development for OpenOffice,' the council wrote, adding that the development of Microsoft Office is far more stable. Looking at the options, a one-product strategy with Microsoft Office 2010 is the only viable one, according to the council." The council was also disappointed that more municipalities haven't adopted OpenOffice in the meantime. Open source groups and developers criticized the move and encouraged the council to consider at least moving to a more up-to-date version of the office software suite.

#### [Nov 29, 2010] US Supreme Court agrees to hear Microsoft appeal in Word patent case

##### A decision is expected by the end of June 2011.

tAs The Wall Street Journal reports, the US Supreme Court has today agreed to hear Mircosoft's appeal in the case that dealt it $290 million in damages and prevented it from selling versions of Word that contained the allegedly infringing technology. That could not only have some pretty big ramifications for Microsoft in this particular case, but for patent law in general, as it gets to the very heart of the legal standard for determining the validity of a patent. username500: what this article fails to mention: "The case, which will examine the proper legal standard for determining the validity of a patent, could have significant implications for all companies involved in patent litigation. Lower courts said Microsoft was required to prove by clear and convincing evidence that i4i's patent was invalid - a standard the software giant couldn't meet. The legal standard is high because it presumes the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office makes the correct decision when it decides to issue a patent. Microsoft's supporters include Apple Inc., Google Inc., Intel Corp., Verizon Communications Inc., General Motors, Toyota Motor Corp., Wal-Mart Stores Inc., the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association and the Generic Pharmaceutical Association." Zelannii : The "very different manner" amounts to nothing more than utilizing a subsection within XML, defined as part of the XML Spec, to store an entire other document or data set (which is it's own XML file). It's simply putting one entire XML set inside an XML record. It was defined as part of the XML format (though optional), and Microsoft used it. i4i's patent refered to doing this in SGML, which had no such construct prior. It;s not using XML in a "different way" its simply an embed statement. Microsoft didn't even invent this idea, or use any "custom XML," they just used somethnig that was already there that no one lese had a use for. The details Microsoft had worked with i4i over, and later abandoned, related to methods for storing XML tag information inside a custom construct inside the document. They were working on methods to allow 2 customer XML code sets to co-exist, and be cross referenced by a single table. This implementation is simply one document inside of another, pretty obvious to do that... The USPTO would not reject i4is patent on review as it DOES actually describe some pretty specific constructs. Microsoft didn't use those, but their method ended up "with the same results" and was ruled equivalent by a judge in Texas (no surprise, patent troll haven...). Please explain again how 2 completely different methods can be covered by a method patent? johnnycanuck44: But the issue is that prior to i4i's SGML/XML based application, Microsoft had it's own tool "SGML Author for Word" and Ottawa based Microstar's "Near and Far Author for Word" or Wordperfect's support for SGML in version 8. As a former employee at i4i, I am stunned that this patent has held water for so long and that things have gone this far. I think that the USPTO missed much of the prior art (that wasn't referenced in the patent) and does not fully understand what an XML or SGML parser is. Also what people fail to remember is that XML is in fact an "application" of SGML, and as such any prior patents pertaining to SGML and Word should take precedence over this particular patent. ecdy: The Supreme Court isn't going to decide whether the patent is infringed--two courts have already said it is. Nor is it going to directly decide whether the patent is valid - two courts have already said it is, under the traditional standard of validity. The SC is actually going to consider whether the traditional standard for validity of a patent that was used by the lower courts is applicable in this case. A patent granted by a patent examiner after the examiner considered prior art is considered valid, unless it can be shown invalid by "clear and convincing evidence." The examiner decided that the i4i patent wasn't pre-empted by the prior art he saw, and the courts agreed that there was no clear and convincing evidence otherwise. But should the same standard apply if, after the patent is granted, somebody digs up some prior art that the examiner didn't see? There are four standards of evidence, from least to most rigorous: Substantial ; Preponderance; Clear and Convincing. and Beyond a Reasonable Doubt. Although their meanings and boundaries may be a little vague, these are the phrases juries work with. The Supreme Court in this case will decide which standard to apply in this case and in later cases of this type. #### [Nov 29, 2010] Microsoft and New York in Software Deal By ASHLEE VANCE ###### October 20, 2010 | NYTimes.com ...The agreement required some concessions on Microsoft's part. Usually the company focuses on selling licenses to bundles of business software products. But with New York City Microsoft agreed, in some cases, to charge people on a sliding scale based on which specific applications they use the most. The move from Microsoft comes as it faces increased pressure from rivals like Google, I.B.M. and a host of start-ups in the office software market. "We took advantage of the competitive moment," said Stephen Goldsmith, deputy mayor for operations. Google, in particular, has been aggressive in its march on Microsoft Office's turf. It sells online versions of similar software, and charges simply$50 per person, per year. Los Angeles has been distributing Google's software to about 30,000 of its city workers over the last year.

But Microsoft's agreement with New York covers a broader set of applications beyond office software that Google has yet to match.

"So many of the customers I am talking to play the Google card even if they have no intention of going to Google," said Mary-Jo Foley, the editor of the All About Microsoft blog. "Microsoft knows people are doing it, but what can they do."

Microsoft tends to sell licenses to bundles of products like its Office suite, which includes Word, PowerPoint, Outlook and Excel. Many city workers, however, only use Word to create documents and Outlook for e-mail.

Under the new arrangement, New York will put workers into three different categories based on how many different applications they use. Thanks to new online versions of its software products, Microsoft can craft more pay-per-use models for customers.

The city plans to store some information for about 30,000 workers at Microsoft's data centers. This embrace of cloud computing means the city will need to buy less computing hardware and that people can work together online on projects.

"We need to dramatically extend technology tools throughout our work force," Mr. Goldsmith said. "There are a large number of individuals that don't even have e-mail access."

#### Introducing Microsoft Office 2010 Technical Preview

Introduction to Office 2010

Office 2010 Applications

#### [Dec 3, 2007] OpenOffice.org 2.3 Impresses

##### I am not a fan of Wiki format and think that HTML is OK for this purpose and Wiki format outlived its usefulness but still this is an interesting feature.
Next I tested the most significant addition to OpenOffice's Writer application, the ability to export newly created files to the MediaWiki format, a feature-rich collaborative editing software that runs Wikipedia.

I first loaded the file up with a bunch of character formatting, such as italicized, bolded and underlined chunks of text. I also included a hyperlink. From the file dialog, I chose Export and selected MediaWiki.txt from the File Format drop-down menu. I then cut and pasted the entire document into a blank Wiki page and discovered that the italicized text made it through the conversion, as did the hyperlink. The underlined text and bold text, however, did not pass the test. Apostrophes also fared poorly, not maintaining their "smart quotes" status.

Still, introducing this format as an option to users is recognizing the growing importance and undeniable usability of the Web-based collaborative workspace that the smart and savvy should be incorporating into their software ASAP (or be left in the dust).

#### [Sep 14, 2006] Dr. Dobb's Microsoft Ready To Update Office 2007 Beta 2 September 13, 2006

Pegged as a "Technical Refresh," the update will be available only to users of Office 2007 Beta 2, and will be offered as a download from the Microsoft Web site.

Microsoft touted improved performance, better integration, improved collaboration tools, and "general fit and finish changes" in the Technical Refresh (TR) "This Technical Refresh is the final external product milestone leading to RTM [Release To Manufacturing]," a company spokesperson wrote in an e-mail to TechWeb Wednesday.

#### [Feb 17, 2006] Office 12 Christened Office 2007 Will be available at the end of 2006. Office 2007 will enable people to publish documents in the Adobe PDF. Probably .Net languages will be supported instead of VBA.

The 2007 Microsoft Office release, available by the end of 2006, is an integrated system of programs, servers, and services that will help you meet your business and personal needs. Work more efficiently, stay organized, and more easily collaborate and share information using the security-enhanced 2007 Microsoft Office system.

Register to get the latest news about the 2007 Microsoft Office release, formerly code-named Office "12", including notification when Beta 2 is available.

#### [Feb 14, 2006] MS Word is notorious for containing private information in file headers, but not any longer.

Microsoft has quietly released a tool to scrub leaky metadata from documents edited with its software. The Remove Hidden Data Add-In will permanently remove hidden and collaboration data, such as change tracking and comments, from MS Word, MS Excel, and MS PowerPoint files. For Office XP/Office 2003 only, we should add.

#### [Nov 9, 2005] The 46 Best-ever Freeware Utilities A very interesting selection; definitely gifted author !

There are a lot of great freeware products out there. Many are as good or even better than their commercial alternatives. This list features my personal pick of the "best of the best."

All these utilities in this list have been featured in past issues of of my free monthly newsletter "Support Alert" More freebies are featured in every new issue. If you are interested in great utilities and freeware you really should consider subscribing. It's free.

You'll get the most from this list by browsing through it at leisure. The pathologically impatient can consult the index.

10 Best Free Software Suite
http://theopencd.org

25 Best Free Hotkey Utility
Hotkeycontrol XP is a free utility that allows you to define your own hotkeys so that a single key press can launch an application, insert commonly used text, change your volume, or just about anything else. Hotkeycontrol works with all versions of Windows from 98 onwards, though some features will only work with Win2K or XP. Some folks with slower PCs have reported that Hotkeycontrol can be a little slow to react. If you experience this, you might like to try PS Hot Launch VVL as an alternative. It works on all versions of Windows and is an excellent performer even on slow PCs. A third alternative is not really a hotkey utility at all but achieves the same result by using "magic words." It places a tiny text box on your screen and when you type specially assigned words into the box, they will launch a program, go to a web site or whatever. For example if you type "mail" it can launch your mail reader. Type in "46" and it can take you to the web page of the "46 Best-ever Freeware Utilities." Of course, it's up to you to define these magic words and you can have as many as you want. It all works very neatly with some really nice touches like auto-complete for your magic words which means you only have to type in two or three letters and SlickRun will complete the rest. Nice too, is an eyedropper tool that allows you to identify a program you want to "hotkey" just by clicking in its application window. There's also a built-in note jotter and a calendar date display. It requires Win 98 or later.
http://www.digital-miner.com/hkcontrol.html (0.91KB)
http://www.pssoftlab.com/pshl_info.phtml (743KB)
http://www.bayden.com/SlickRun/
(168KB)

45 Best Free Outliner
I'm not a great fan of outliners - my brain doesn't work that way. Some folks however, swear by them and if that includes you, then you should check out Keynote, an Open Source freeware program that has a dedicated band of followers. Its major design attribute is its ease of use. Words like "natural" and "seamless" come close to the mark but really don't capture the essence of what is really a great design. What do you do with it? Well to quote the web site "KeyNote is used by screenwriters to draft screenplays, by medical doctors to keep patient databases, by developers to store source code snippets - and to everyone it serves as a place to put all the random pieces of information that have no particular structure of relationship to other data, and do not fit easily in task-specific applications such as word-processors, databases or spreadsheets." (1.7MB)
http://www.tranglos.com/free/index.html

#### Slashdot OpenOffice Bloated

ZDNet's George Ou has been writing a series of posts about Open Office bloat. Includes some interesting system usage comparisons" From the article: "Even when dealing with what is essentially the same data, OpenOffice Calc uses up 211 MBs of private unsharable memory while Excel uses up 34 MBs of private unsharable memory. The fact that OpenOffice.org Calc takes about 100 times the CPU time explains the kind of drastic results we were getting where Excel could open a file in 2 seconds while Calc would take almost 3 minutes. Most of that massive speed difference is due to XML being very processor intensive, but Microsoft still handles its own XML files about 7 times faster than OpenOffice.org handles OpenDocument ODS format and uses far less memory than OpenOffice.org."

#### OpenOffice.org 2.0 Has Edge over Its StarOffice 8 Cousin

OpenOffice.org 2.0 and StarOffice 8 share the same code base and are nearly identical. The primary differences are in packaging and certain non-free software components that come bundled with Sun's suite.

The purchase price of StarOffice 8 also includes support from Sun, where OpenOffice.org 2.0 support comes at an additional cost.

OpenOffice.org 2.0 and StarOffice 8 use the same native file format, OpenDocument, and the same macro language.

Organizations that mix the two suites, therefore, can expect complete compatibility. (The OpenOffice.org Project recently made available an update to its earlier OpenOffice.org version, 1.1.5, that includes the capability to open, but not to create, OpenDocument-formatted files.)

We tested OpenOffice.org 2.0 on Ubuntu Linux 5.10, SuSE Linux 10 and Windows XP, and the suite performed similarly on all three systems. One difference we noted while testing OpenOffice on SuSE 10 was the way that the suite took on the appearance and functional qualities of the GNOME and KDE desktop environments, depending on which we were using.

Unlike StarOffice 8, OpenOffice.org adopted environment-specific dialogs for opening and saving documents, a nice integration touch.

Another benefit that OpenOffice 2.0 offers on Linux systems is better integration with the various packaging systems with which different Linux distributions ship. Sun ships StarOffice 8 as a set of RPM packages.

#### NewsForge Basic button-pushing with OpenOffice.org macros

There are two ways to create a macro in OOo. One is to use OpenOffice.org Basic to write the macro. The other is to use the macro recorder. That will be the approach we focus on.

The macro recorder is great, because it lets you create a macro without any programming, and when you're done you can look at the code it built and add your own enhancements.

We'll sort a grocery list to illustrate how to build macros. I update my OpenOffice.org Calc-created grocery list spreadsheet weekly before trudging off to the store. I don't know how some of you shoppers do it with your handwritten random lists.

Before I run my macro, I delete the quantity of each item from the previous week. I sort the list alphabetically by grocery item (column A), then enter the desired number of each grocery item (column B). Once I've done that data entry, I want to sort the list from lowest to highest according to aisle (column C), filter the list so only non-zero-quantity items show up, then print the filtered list.

I created a macro to sort by item name using the macro recorder:

• Select the Tools menu item, then Macros.
• Click Record Macro to begin to record your keystrokes.
• Left-click on the first item in column A.
• Drag the mouse down to the bottom of the list, then across to include columns B and C.
• Click the Data menu item, then Sort.
• Select Column A and Ascending.
• Click OK to do the sort.
• Click the Stop Recording button that popped up when you clicked Record Macro. The recording box will close and open a menu for specifying the macro name. Click My Macros, then Standard, and finally Modules1. Move the cursor up to the upper left input box and give the new macro a reasonable name. Since I was sorting on the A column, I called the macro "sorta."
• Finish up by clicking OK.
Why macros?
Why would you want to use macros? If you do repetitive jobs, like moving data around in a spreadsheet or regularly deleting old data from a column, some simple macros can save you lots of time and reduce your error rate. Automating tasks in OpenOffice.org might just turn you into the departmental macro guru, and managers and business owners like people who can make using spreadsheets faster and easier.

Running the macro is even easier than creating it. Step through the Tools menu, Macro, and Run Macro. Pick the macro out of the list and push the Run button at top right. In my case it was My Macros, Standard, Module1, and "sorta." The spreadsheet flashed briefly and then it was sorted alphabetically by column A.

Creating a macro to sort by aisle was the same process, except I sorted on Column C instead of Column A and named it "sortc."

I also created a "finddeli" macro that looks for all instances of the word "deli" in my list. You can record just about any sequence of actions or key clicks and turn them into a macro.

Attaching macros to buttons

Clicking through the Tools, Macro, Run Macro sequence is almost as much effort as just sorting manually. A worthwhile upgrade I made was to attach the sorta macro to a button that could be placed right on the spreadsheet:

• Turn the control toolbar on with View, Toolbars, and Controls. The floating toolbar will appear.
• Click the Design Mode On/Off button (the ruler with the little draftsman's triangle) on the Controls toolbar to light up the various controls. Click the pushbutton and then move down to the spreadsheet and use the mouse to drag out a rectangle.
• Right-click on the new button, then select the Controls menu item to bring up the button properties menu.
• On the General tab fill in an appropriate Label for the button. In my case it was "sort a."
• On the Events tab move down to the Mouse Pressed item and click the triple dot button on the right.
• On the Assign Menu, click the Assign button to bring up the Macro Selector menu, where you can choose the macro to be actuated by the button. In my case I chose My Macros, Standard, Module1, and the sorta macro.
• Click OK to complete the assignment.
• Again click the Design Mode On/Off button to allow the button to be pushed in the spreadsheet.

You can now run the sorting macro by clicking on the button.

Creating buttons and macros for simple repetitive jobs like this can save you loads of time. You might look at your spreadsheets and make a list of the tasks that you do over and over, then record a macro and run it to see if it saves you some time. Any situation where you flip back and forth between some spreadsheet state is a candidate for some pushbutton automation.

If you want to get more sophisticated with your spreadsheets, you can also use text boxes, radio buttons, and list boxes. Controls like buttons and list boxes on forms are another way to interface with macros.

For a thorough education on OpenOffice.org macros be sure to get "OpenOffice.org Macros Explained" by Andrew Pitonyak. Don't let the book's massive 476 pages intimidate you. It has vast sections of basic programming practice that explain things in minute detail. It could be a knowledgeable silent companion for anybody who wants to be a departmental OpenOffice.org macro guru.

... ... ...

1. "OpenOffice.org" - http://www.openoffice.org/
2. "OpenOffice.org Basic" - http://api.openoffice.org/docs/DevelopersGuide/BasicAndDialogs/BasicAndDialogs.htm
3. ""OpenOffice.org Macros Explained"" - http://service.bfast.com/bfast/click?bfmid=2181&sourceid=39391960&isbn=1930919514

### Top articles

[May 28, 2021] Microsoft Launches personal version of Teams with free all-day video calling Published on May 16, 2021 | slashdot.org

[Oct 02, 2018] Turn your book into a website and an ePub using Pandoc by Kiko Fernandez-Reyes Feed Published on Oct 01, 2018 | opensource.com

### Sites

• ****+ Document/Word Processing on Linux -- Christopher Browne's (who is also the author of anti-raymondist paper Linux and Decentralized Development) has a very good discussion and list. I disagree with some of his opinions, but the page is well worth reading. This web page enumerates the available word processors better that this one and should be used as a primary reference. It also provides opinions on why there isn't a "free" clone of Microsoft Word for Linux...

This document discusses the document processing software that is available under Linux. Word processing software has been a matter of great interest for those that wish to see Linux more widely adopted for use in business.

There is a fairly sizable assortment of free software packages for this purpose. Unfortunately, they are not generally considered to be terribly credible'' particularly they do not generally read or write the data formats used by Microsoft Word, which is widely considered the industry standard.'' Furthermore, many projects to build free word processors'' tend to get started, but, unfortunately, few ever reach any degree of completion.

There are, in contrast, a number of commercial software packages that do a reasonable job of understanding'' various proprietary word processor formats.

This document also includes an opinionated discussion about word processing. I feel that the actual thing that people wish to do (doing stuff with documents) is not generally well understood and that peoples' expectations and use of word processing software is hence impeded.

MozillaQuest Magazine - AbiWord - A Free, Decent, MS Word Clone for Linux, MS Windows, & Other Platforms

AbiWord has its own file format, .abw. However, it can import plain text, HTML, RTF, Word 97 (.doc), XHTML, and other formatted document files too. Export-wise, you can save your AbiWord documents as plain text, ABW, HTML, LaTeX, RTF, and other file types.

AbiWord does not have the rich set of language tools that MS Word has. However, it does have a decent spell-checker and also a word-count tool.

MS Word has lots more tool bars and is much more-fully featured than is AbiWord. On the other hand AbiWord is leaner than MS Word and mean enough for many word processing tasks. The AbiWord download binaries run about 3.5-MB (MS Windows) to about 5-MB (Linux tar.gz).

Installed, AbiWord sucked up less than 6-MB of hard drive space in Windows 98 SE. MS Word eats up 22.9-MB of Windows Memory compared to 5.37-MB of Windows memory for AbiWord.

The Windows version of AbiWord installs easily and in a snap. AbiWord seems to behave nicely when running in MS Windows.

 (Note: in Linux, it's generally not a good idea to change libs or other system files or packages merely to accommodate an application -- unless you are a very experienced Linux user. Even if you are an experienced Linux user, you should proceed with caution before changing system critical files. Those changes could negatively affect other applications that are working nicely on your Linux system, or your Linux system itself. So, if you find that you do need to change libs or other system files or packages merely to accommodate an application, forget the application.)

On the other hand, we encountered (mostly lib) problems when trying to install, to upgrade, or to run the Linux version of AbiWord on Caldera OpenLinux eDesktop 2.4 and Red Hat Linux 7. Those are the only Linux distributions on which we tried AbiWord.

For more information about the status of features already implemented in AbiWord, please check the AbiWord Feature Matrix and the AbiWord User Interface Matrix. If you want to sneak a look at what features are planned for AbiWord but not yet included, check the AbiWord Roadmap. (Links in the Resources section below.)

You can customize AbiWord to your keyboard-picking heart's content. It's open source. That means you can change the widgets, modify features, or even add your own features. If you are into creating themes and skins for programs, you can use the AbiWord customizability to make your own AbiWord theme.

## Conclusion

AbiWord is off to a darn good start. Even though it is still in the pre-release, beta stages, AbiWord is worth downloading, installing, and using. However, it's a preview release not a final shipping version. So expect to find that all AbiWord's features are not fully implemented -- or in some instances not implemented at all, yet.

It is not nearly as heavy duty as its commercial counterparts such as Microsoft's Word, Sun's StarOffice, or VistaSource's Anywhere Desktop (formerly Applixware). However, AbiWord's lighter features-package also makes it lighter-weight resources-wise. It takes less hard-drive space and less RAM.

Although AbiWord is a darn good MS Word clone, it is not MS Word. It is doubtful that MS Word users are going to part with their MS Word and flock to AbiWord. However, where resources or budgets are tight, AbiWord can be a nice supplement or alternative to MS Word on MS Windows PCs.

On platforms such as Linux and the other *NIXs where MS Word is not available, AbiWord has the makings of a very nice substitute for MS Word. As development continues and more features are added to AbiWord it might well become as good as the heavy-duty word processors -- perhaps better.

Of course the heavier word processors are getting better all the time too. Moreover they are becoming available for more platforms also. The bottom line here is that all this means even more choices for software consumers and users.

### Ted -- RTF editor for Linux

Ted is a text editor running under X Windows on Unix/Linux systems. Use RTF as native format. Can be used as as an RTF viewer in Netscape. Developed by Mark de Does. Home page is http://www.nllgg.nl/Ted/ Distributed under GPL license.

Ted was developed as an operating system accessory like Wordpad on MS-Windows. In our opinion, the possibility to type a letter or a note on a Unix/Linux machine is clearly missing. Only too often, you have to turn to a Windows machine to write a letter or an e-mail message. Teds function is to be able to edit RTF documents on Unix/Linux in a wysiwyg way.

Compatibility with popular MS-Windows applications played an important role in the design of Ted. Every document produced by Ted should be accepted as a legal .rtf file by Word without any loss of formatting or information. Compatibility in the other direction is more difficult to achieve. Ted supports most basic text formatting, as supported by the Microsoft applications. Other formatting instructions and meta information are ignored. By ignoring unsupported formatting Ted tries to get the complete text of a document on screen. Ted can be used to read formatted e-mail sent from a Windows machine to Unix, or as an RTF viewer in Netscape.

Features

• Wysiwyg rich text editing. You can use all fonts for which you have a .afm file and that are available as an X11 font. Ted is delivered with .afm files for the Adobe fonts that are available on Motif systems and in all postscript printers: Times, Helvetica, Courier and Symbol. Other fonts can be added with the normal X11 procedure. Font properties like bold and italic are supported; so is underlining. Ted uses Microsoft RTF as its native file format. Microsoft Word and Wordpad can read files produced by Ted. Usually Ted can read .rtf files from Microsoft Word and Wordpad. As Ted does not support all features of Word,some formatting information might be lost.
• In line bitmap pictures.

• Postscript printing.

• Spelling checking in several Latin languages. (English, Dutch, German, Portuguese, French and Spanish.)
• Directly mailing documents from Ted.
• Cut/Copy/Paste, also with other applications.
• Find/Replace.
• Ruler: Paragraph indentation, Indentation of first line, Tabs. Copy/Paste Ruler.
• Page breaks.
• Tables: Insert Table, Row, Column. Changing the column width of tables with their ruler.
• Symbols and accented characters are fully supported.
• Saving a document in HTML format.

## Humor

Annoyances.org - Hidden Settings in MS Office 2000

## Random Findings

p-nand-q.com Python MS Office

Here are some hints on using the Win32COM extensions for Python to write scripts, that use Microsoft Office Components. Thanks to Mark Hammonds excellent work, you don't need to bother with VB any longer and can automate Office from THE BEST PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE IN THE WORLD.

## Etc

Society

Groupthink : Two Party System as Polyarchy : Corruption of Regulators : Bureaucracies : Understanding Micromanagers and Control Freaks : Toxic Managers :   Harvard Mafia : Diplomatic Communication : Surviving a Bad Performance Review : Insufficient Retirement Funds as Immanent Problem of Neoliberal Regime : PseudoScience : Who Rules America : Neoliberalism  : The Iron Law of Oligarchy : Libertarian Philosophy

Quotes

War and Peace : Skeptical Finance : John Kenneth Galbraith :Talleyrand : Oscar Wilde : Otto Von Bismarck : Keynes : George Carlin : Skeptics : Propaganda  : SE quotes : Language Design and Programming Quotes : Random IT-related quotesSomerset Maugham : Marcus Aurelius : Kurt Vonnegut : Eric Hoffer : Winston Churchill : Napoleon Bonaparte : Ambrose BierceBernard Shaw : Mark Twain Quotes

Bulletin:

Vol 25, No.12 (December, 2013) Rational Fools vs. Efficient Crooks The efficient markets hypothesis : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2013 : Unemployment Bulletin, 2010 :  Vol 23, No.10 (October, 2011) An observation about corporate security departments : Slightly Skeptical Euromaydan Chronicles, June 2014 : Greenspan legacy bulletin, 2008 : Vol 25, No.10 (October, 2013) Cryptolocker Trojan (Win32/Crilock.A) : Vol 25, No.08 (August, 2013) Cloud providers as intelligence collection hubs : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : Inequality Bulletin, 2009 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Copyleft Problems Bulletin, 2004 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Energy Bulletin, 2010 : Malware Protection Bulletin, 2010 : Vol 26, No.1 (January, 2013) Object-Oriented Cult : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2011 : Vol 23, No.11 (November, 2011) Softpanorama classification of sysadmin horror stories : Vol 25, No.05 (May, 2013) Corporate bullshit as a communication method  : Vol 25, No.06 (June, 2013) A Note on the Relationship of Brooks Law and Conway Law

History:

Fifty glorious years (1950-2000): the triumph of the US computer engineering : Donald Knuth : TAoCP and its Influence of Computer Science : Richard Stallman : Linus Torvalds  : Larry Wall  : John K. Ousterhout : CTSS : Multix OS Unix History : Unix shell history : VI editor : History of pipes concept : Solaris : MS DOSProgramming Languages History : PL/1 : Simula 67 : C : History of GCC developmentScripting Languages : Perl history   : OS History : Mail : DNS : SSH : CPU Instruction Sets : SPARC systems 1987-2006 : Norton Commander : Norton Utilities : Norton Ghost : Frontpage history : Malware Defense History : GNU Screen : OSS early history

Classic books:

The Peter Principle : Parkinson Law : 1984 : The Mythical Man-MonthHow to Solve It by George Polya : The Art of Computer Programming : The Elements of Programming Style : The Unix Hater’s Handbook : The Jargon file : The True Believer : Programming Pearls : The Good Soldier Svejk : The Power Elite

Most popular humor pages:

Manifest of the Softpanorama IT Slacker Society : Ten Commandments of the IT Slackers Society : Computer Humor Collection : BSD Logo Story : The Cuckoo's Egg : IT Slang : C++ Humor : ARE YOU A BBS ADDICT? : The Perl Purity Test : Object oriented programmers of all nations : Financial Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : The Most Comprehensive Collection of Editor-related Humor : Programming Language Humor : Goldman Sachs related humor : Greenspan humor : C Humor : Scripting Humor : Real Programmers Humor : Web Humor : GPL-related Humor : OFM Humor : Politically Incorrect Humor : IDS Humor : "Linux Sucks" Humor : Russian Musical Humor : Best Russian Programmer Humor : Microsoft plans to buy Catholic Church : Richard Stallman Related Humor : Admin Humor : Perl-related Humor : Linus Torvalds Related humor : PseudoScience Related Humor : Networking Humor : Shell Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2012 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2013 : Java Humor : Software Engineering Humor : Sun Solaris Related Humor : Education Humor : IBM Humor : Assembler-related Humor : VIM Humor : Computer Viruses Humor : Bright tomorrow is rescheduled to a day after tomorrow : Classic Computer Humor

The Last but not Least Technology is dominated by two types of people: those who understand what they do not manage and those who manage what they do not understand ~Archibald Putt. Ph.D

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