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Typical Operations With the TEC Rulebase

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Compilation of the database Creating a New Ruleset Testing TEC rules Sending events to TEC from scripts System Heartbeats with TEC TEC and Oracle  

TEC Documentation

WRB command options TEC Rules Programming Consistency checking Tips Humor Etc

You can perform the following rule base operations:

The wrb command enables you to manage rule bases: create, view information, manipulate, delete, compile, load, and activate rule bases. The command's first option specifies its primary function. For example, to determine the current TEC rule base one can use the command:  wrb -lscurrb

wrb command has the main option (first argument,   -lscurrb  in the example above ) and option suboptions. The latter are valid only within the context of the first argument.  Formally wrb command syntax can be defined as:

wrb [ option [ suboption ]]

  1. List all existing rule bases
    • Simply list the rule bases

      # wrb -lsrb

    • List all rulebases and their file locations.
      bash$ wrb -lsrb -path
      Rule Base Name Directory
      -------------- -------------------------------------
      Default         nickelback:C:/PROGRA~1/Tivoli/bin/w32-ix86/TME/TEC/default_rb
      rbtmtp53        nickelback:/rulebase/rbtmtp53
      rbtmtp52        nickelback:/rulebase/rbtmtp52
      rbtmtpfp        nickelback:/rulebase/rbtmtpfp
      rbtmtp53new     nickelback:/rulebase/rbtmtp53new
      barocpatch      nickelback:/rulebase/barocpatch
      larry           nickelback:/rulebase/larry
      rbtmtp61        nickelback:C:\temp\new\
      rbtmtprca       nickelback:C:/rulebase
      rbtmtp60        nickelback:/rulebase/rbtmtp60
      test            nickelback:/rulebase/test
  2. To list the current rulebase.

    The command wrb -lscurrb reports the name of the current working rule base name. Tivoli provides a default rule base called Default.  You should not use it as your working database.
     

  3. To create rulebase: You need first to copy the rule base and then register it using the command ( use can also import exisitng rule, for example default). If you do not copy rulebase a basic rule base contains a singe ruleset

    wrb -crtrb -path d:/tivoli/rbs/production production

    See also Help -

    1. Create a new rulebase with the following command:
       wrb -crtrb -path / full_rulebase_path/ rulebaseName  

      Where full_rulebase_path is the path to where you want the rulebase files to reside and rulebaseName is the name of the rulebase. For example, wrb -crtrb -path /rulebase/rbtmtp rbtmtp

  4. To import the BAROC files using the following commands:

    wrb -imprbclass name.baroc <rulebasename>

  5. To compile the rule base use the command:
    wrb -comprules rulebasename
  6. To load the rule base into TEC (Loading a rule base recursively copies the entire ( TEC_CLASSES, TEC_RULES, and TEC_TEMPLATE ) directory structure into $DBDIR/tec/rb_dir.)
    wrb -loadrb ruleBaseName
  7. Stop and start the TEC server using the following commands (if you changed only rules and did not changed any BAROC files  you can avoid reloading of TEC by using the command wrb -loadrb -use rulebase   on the previous step, so in this case this step is unnecessary)
    wstopesvr && wstartesvr

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Sample rulebase session

The following is a sample session using a rulebase named test. It shows the previously documented commands showing all the commands listed above along with the standard outputs. The sample session was performed on a Windows(R)-based Enterprise Console server.

Create the new rulebase.

bash$ wrb -crtrb -path /rulebase/test test 
Loading Classes 
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\root.baroc 
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tec.baroc 
Loading Rule Sets Loading Rule Packs 
Loading RB Targets 
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\EventServer

Import in the Default rules.

bash$ wrb -cprb -o -f Default test

Import the TransPerf.baroc file.

bash$ wrb -imprbclass c:/temp/TransPerf.baroc test
Loading Classes
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\root.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tec.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\Tmw2k.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\hb_events.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\ebusiness.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\itmwas_dm_events.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\WebSphere_MQ_Channel.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\WebSphere_MQ_QueueManager.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\WebSphere_MQ_Queue.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2_Event.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2Agents.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2HostThroughput.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2CpuUtilization.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2DatabaseStatus.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2InstanceStatus.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\netview.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\dependency.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecadnw4.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_logfile.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_nt.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecados2.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_snmp.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_ov.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_hpov.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\sem_events.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_nv6k.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\as400msg.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_snaevent.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_nv390msg.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\TransPerf.baroc

Compile the new rulebase.

bash$ wrb -comprules test
Compiling test
Loading Classes
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\root.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tec.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\Tmw2k.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\hb_events.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\ebusiness.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\itmwas_dm_events.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\WebSphere_MQ_Channel.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\WebSphere_MQ_QueueManager.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\WebSphere_MQ_Queue.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2_Event.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2Agents.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2HostThroughput.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2CpuUtilization.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2DatabaseStatus.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2InstanceStatus.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\netview.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\dependency.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecadnw4.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_logfile.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_nt.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecados2.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_snmp.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_ov.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_hpov.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\sem_events.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_nv6k.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\as400msg.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_snaevent.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_nv390msg.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\TransPerf.baroc
Loading Rule Sets
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\maintenance_mode.rls
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\netview.rls
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\dependency.rls
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\ebusiness.rls
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\heartbeat.rls
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\cleanup.rls
Loading Rule Packs
Loading RB Targets
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\EventServer
Translating Rules
Translating C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\maintenance_mode.rls.pro
Translating C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\netview.rls.pro
Translating C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\dependency.rls.pro
Translating C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\ebusiness.rls.pro
Translating C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\heartbeat.rls.pro
Translating C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\cleanup.rls.pro
Compiling Rules
Compiling C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\maintenance_mode.rls.pro
Compiling C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\netview.rls.pro
Compiling C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\dependency.rls.pro
Compiling C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\ebusiness.rls.pro
Compiling C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\heartbeat.rls.pro
Compiling C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\cleanup.rls.pro
Building RB target EventServer
Compiling C:\rulebase\test\.rbtargets\EventServer\TEC_RULES\.load_rules.pro
Compilation Complete.

Load the new rulebase.

bash$ wrb -loadrb -use test
Loading Classes
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\root.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tec.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\Tmw2k.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\hb_events.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\ebusiness.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\itmwas_dm_events.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\WebSphere_MQ_Channel.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\WebSphere_MQ_QueueManager.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\WebSphere_MQ_Queue.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2_Event.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2Agents.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2HostThroughput.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2CpuUtilization.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2DatabaseStatus.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\DB2InstanceStatus.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\netview.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\dependency.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecadnw4.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_logfile.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_nt.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecados2.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_snmp.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_ov.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_hpov.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\sem_events.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_nv6k.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\as400msg.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_snaevent.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\tecad_nv390msg.baroc
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_CLASSES\TransPerf.baroc
Loading Rule Sets
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\maintenance_mode.rls
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\netview.rls
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\dependency.rls
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\ebusiness.rls
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\heartbeat.rls
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\cleanup.rls
Loading Rule Packs
Loading RB Targets
Parsing C:\rulebase\test\TEC_RULES\EventServer

Stop and restart the Enterprise Console server.

bash$ wstopesvr && wstartesvr
The Tivoli Enterprise Console Server is initializing...
The Tivoli Enterprise Console Server is running.

List the current rulebase.

bash$ wrb -lscurrb
The currently used rule base was loaded from the rule base named 'rbtmtp60'.

List status of the Enterprise Console server.

bash$ wstatesvr
The Tivoli Enterprise Console Server is running

List all rulebases and their file locations.

bash$ wrb -lsrb -path
Rule Base Name Directory
-------------- -------------------------------------
Default         nickelback:C:/PROGRA~1/Tivoli/bin/w32-ix86/TME/TEC/default_rb
rbtmtp53        nickelback:/rulebase/rbtmtp53
rbtmtp52        nickelback:/rulebase/rbtmtp52
rbtmtpfp        nickelback:/rulebase/rbtmtpfp
rbtmtp53new     nickelback:/rulebase/rbtmtp53new
barocpatch      nickelback:/rulebase/barocpatch
larry           nickelback:/rulebase/larry
rbtmtp61        nickelback:C:\temp\new\
rbtmtprca       nickelback:C:/rulebase
rbtmtp60        nickelback:/rulebase/rbtmtp60
test            nickelback:/rulebase/test

Options of wrb command

-comprules [-profile] [-trace] rule_base Compile the rules in the rule base specified by the rule_base argument into Prolog object files that the rule engine can process.
-cprb [-classes] [-rulesets] [-targets] [-delete | overwrite] [-force] source destination Copies an existing rule base to another existing rule base.
-crtrb [-path path][-force] rule_base Creates a rule base on the event server in the current Tivoli Management Region (TMR).
-import rule_set... The name of one or more optional rule sets to import into the new rule pack.
-crttarget target[-import { rule_set}...] rule_base Creates a rule base target in the rule base.
-import {rule_set}... The name of one or more optional rule rule sets to import
-delrb rule_base... Delete one or more rule bases from the event server.
-delrbclass class_set [-force] rule_base Deletes a class set from a rule base.
-delrbrule rule_set [-force] rule_base Deletes a rule set from a rule base.
-delrbtarget target rule_base Deletes a rule base target from a rule base.
-imprbclass class_file [-before class_set | -after class_set][-force] Imports a file of event class specifications (a.baroc file) into a rule base, appending it to the end of the class specifications unless otherwise specified with arguments.
-imprbrule rule_file [-force] rule_base Imports a rule set file into the rule base.
-loadrb [-use] rule_base Loads a rule base onto the event server.
-lscurrb Lists the name of the currently loaded rule base.
-lsrb [-path] [rule_base...] Lists the rule bases that are currently defined on the event server.
-lsrbclass [class_name...] [-detailed] rule_base Lists the event classes in the specified rule base.
-lsrbrule [rule_file...] rule_base Lists the names of the rule set files which have been imported into the specified rule base.
-lsrbtarget [target...] [-detailed] rule_base Lists the names of the rule base targets in the specified rule base.
-setrb [-name name][-path path [-force]] rule_base Sets properties of an existing rule base

NEWS CONTENTS

Old News ;-)

SendingEvents

www.princeton.edu

Sending a Tivoli event from a Unix script involves the following steps:

- Define an event class

- Generate events

- Choose a method for closing events

Defining an event class

Every event must have an class name that identifies it to the Tivoli Enterprise Console (TEC). By convention, we will use unix_<program name> for the events sent by programs or scripts on the Unix systems, and nt_<program name> for Window NT/2000. The ESM staff will set up the event classes as requested. Put a request in the ESM-Incoming queue in TPM or send e-mail to tivoli@Princeton.EDU.

Generating events

Issue a wpostemsg command to send an event to the Tivoli Enterprise Console (TEC), which is the event correlation engine. The format of the command is as follows:

wpostemsg [-m message] [-r severity] [hostname=<host>] [value=<value>] [probe_arg=<probe-argument>] [response_level=reset] class source

The wpostemsg command requires that the proper environment be set up. The easiest way to do this is with the "tiv" script in /var/local/Tivoli/Princeton/bin. To issue a single command, just give the tiv command followed by the command. The tiv command with no arguments will start a shell with the environment set up.

Arguments:
  • message is a arbitrary text message explaining the meaning of the event.
  • severity is one of FATAL, CRITICAL, MINOR, HARMLESS, or WARNING
  • class is the class defined for this event.
  • source is "unix" or "windows_nt"
  • <host> is the unqualified name of the host for which the event is to be reported.
  • <value> is the value (if any) associated with this event.
  • <probe_argument> is any qualifier associated with the event, such as the disk, network interface, etc. to which the event applies. Use this to distinguish different events of the same class coming from the same host
  • <response_level> is an optional argument. If it is specified as "reset", then an open event with the same hostname, class and probe_arg values will be closed.

Examples:

/var/local/Tivoli/Princeton/bin/tiv wpostemsg -m 'Percent disk' -r WARNING hostname=isserver1 value=98 probe_arg='/tmp space' unix_dfwarn unix

/var/local/Tivoli/Princeton/bin/tiv wpostemsg -m 'Percent inodes' -r WARNING hostname=isserver1 value=98 probe_arg='/tmp inodes' unix_dfwarn unix

Recommended Links

Rule Bases and Rule Base Administration

  • Rule Base Directory
  • TEC_CLASSES Subdirectory
  • TEC_RULES Subdirectory
  • TEC_TEMPLATES Subdirectory
  • Rule Base Operations
  • Listing All Known Rule Bases
  • Listing the Current Rule Base
  • Listing All Rule Sets and Event Classes Contained in a Rule Base
  • Changing the Properties of a Rule Base
  • Creating a New Rule Base
  • Copying a Rule Base
  • Deleting a Rule Base
  • Adding a Rule Set to a Rule Base
  • Adding Class Definitions to a Rule Base
  • Compiling a Rule Base
  • Loading a Rule Base
  • Orb Data - Enterprise Console

    GulfBreeze Software Tivoli Training

    Related documentation

    Topic For More Information
    Sun Management Center Installation Sun Management Center User's Guide
    TEC adapters TME10 Event Integration Facility User's Guide
    Tivoli task libraries and tasks TME10 Framework User's Guide
    Tivoli BAROC file and rules TME10 Enterprise Console Rule Builder's Guide
    Tivoli Console and tasks TME10 Enterprise Console User's Guide

    Loading

    Only one rulebase can be active. The operation of making rulebase active is called loading of the rulebase:

    wrb -loadrb myrules

    Consistency checking

    Certain tasks performed with the wrb command require that the rule base be in a consistent state before the command completes. If the rule base is not consistent, the command displays an error message explaining the cause of the inconsistency. For a rule base to be consistent, the syntax of class sets and rule sets is verified, as well as references to those files in various rule base definition files. For a rule base to be in a consistent state, the following conditions must be true:

    Any command that checks rule base consistency will accept the -force argument to perform the task without checking rule base consistency first. When class set files (.baroc ) or rule set files (.rls ) are being imported into a rule base, the name of the file must be given. Once these objects have been imported into a rule base, you must use the logical name in any command options. When importing an object into a rule base (for example, rule sets, event classes, rule packs into rule base targets, and so forth), an object that already exists in the rule base must be deleted before you can replace it with a newer version of the object. Each command option below specifies whether you must specify the name of the file or the name of the object.



    Etc

    Society

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    History:

    Fifty glorious years (1950-2000): the triumph of the US computer engineering : Donald Knuth : TAoCP and its Influence of Computer Science : Richard Stallman : Linus Torvalds  : Larry Wall  : John K. Ousterhout : CTSS : Multix OS Unix History : Unix shell history : VI editor : History of pipes concept : Solaris : MS DOSProgramming Languages History : PL/1 : Simula 67 : C : History of GCC developmentScripting Languages : Perl history   : OS History : Mail : DNS : SSH : CPU Instruction Sets : SPARC systems 1987-2006 : Norton Commander : Norton Utilities : Norton Ghost : Frontpage history : Malware Defense History : GNU Screen : OSS early history

    Classic books:

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