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Starting and stopping Websphere express

Orb Data - TWS and WebSphere

TWS and TDWC eWAS Start, Stop and Status Commands

The twsuser is the user used to install (execute) TWS, probably maestro or twsuser.

$TWS_HOME is the installation directory for TWS, by default this is /opt/ibm/TWA/TWS. $TDWC_HOME is the installation directory for TDWC, by default this is $TWS_HOME/../TDWC

Start command (run as twsuser user)

StartUp script now starts eWAS by default, if -appsrv is specified it is ignored.

conman startappserver



or (run as root user)

$TWS_HOME/../eWAS/profiles/twaprofile/bin/ twaserver

Stop command (run as twsuser user)

conman stopappserver



or (run as root user)

$TWS_HOME/../eWAS/profiles/twaprofile/bin/ twaserver 
			-user twsuser -password twsuser

Using the conman commands to start and stop eWAS does not require specification of a user and password. To enable stopping of eWAS using the eWAS scripts without specifying user and password see later in the article.

Status command (run as twsuser user)

To check if the eWAS server is currently executing use the command below

$TWS_HOME/../eWAS/profiles/twaprofile/bin/ twaserver 
			-user twsuser -password twsuser

Configuring WAS instances to start and stop without specifying a user and password

The WebSphere instances need to have a user and password specified when certain actions are performed, usually when stopping or verifying the status of the application server. The IBM Redbook Getting Started with IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler V8.3 (SG24-7237-00) provides a solution for achieving this for the TWS 8.3 embedded application server.

Using this same technique, it is possible to configure the TDWC instance of WAS in the same way. The most important consideration when making these configuration changes is to ensure that you are editing the files for the correct instance of WebSphere. Use the information in the previous sections of this article to determine the WebSphere instance that you want to configure.

To supress the requirement for user and password on the WebSphere scripts for starting, stopping, etc. you need to edit the properties file for the specific WebSphere instance. Using the path as determined by the previous sections of this article, change to the WAS instance properties directory. The table below lists the default directories based upon the TWS version and WAS function.

Version WAS Path to properties directory
8.3 embedded $TWS_HOME/appserver/profiles/twsprofile/properties
  TDWC $TDWC_HOME/AppServer/profiles/tdwcserver/properties
8.4 embedded $TWS_HOME/appserver/profiles/twsprofile/properties
  TDWC $TDWC_HOME/AppServer/profiles/tdwcserver/properties
8.5 both $TWS_HOME/../eWAS/profiles/twaprofile/properties

Before starting this procedure, ensure that you have stopped the WebSphere instance using the appropriate command from the earlier sections.

From a shell command prompt, change into the WAS properties directory and make a backup of the files we are about to modify in case we encounter problems. Use the commands shown below to copy the files.

cp -p sas.client.props sas.client.props.original
cp -p soap.client.props soap.client.props.original

Edit the sas.client.props file using your favourite editor and locate the following lines in the file.

# RMI/IIOP user identity

Change the lines to the following, specifying the appropriate user (as identified in the earlier sections) and the password for that user. After completing the updates we will encrypt the password prior to it being used.

# RMI/IIOP user identity

Save the changes to the file. Now open the file soap.client.props in your favourite editor and locate the lines shown below.

Change the lines to the following, specifying the appropriate user (as identified in the earlier sections) and the password for that user. After completing the updates we will encrypt the password prior to it being used.

Save the changes to the file. For TWS 8.5 the changes to the soap.client.props file were already present (with the password already encrypted).

Encrypting the password in the properties files

The method to encrypt the password in the properties files varies depending upon the WAS instance and the version of TWS being used. TWS supplies a utility script ( to encrypt the password fields of the properties files for the embedded WAS application server, but not for the TDWC WebSphere instance. Consequently, for the TDWC 8.3 or 8.4 the individual property files will need to be encrpyted using the command line WebSphere utility If you are using the common embedded eWAS instance for TWS and TDWC in 8.5 the script will be sufficient. If you have installed TDWC 8.5 in a separate WAS instance you will need to use the script instead.

The script can be found in the $TWS_HOME/wastools directory. The script must be executed as root user and does not require any parameters. It can be executed as shown below.

Version Command
8.3/8.4 $TWS_HOME/wastools/
8.5 $TWS_HOME/../wastools/

You will receive output similar to that shown below.

[root@linkwood properties]# /opt/ibm/TWA/wastools/
NOTE: all specified passwords already encoded in target file == /opt/ibm/TWA/eWAS/profiles/twaprofile/properties/
NOTE: all specified passwords already encoded in target file == /opt/ibm/TWA/eWAS/profiles/twaprofile/properties/
[root@linkwood properties]#

Make sure that the files listed are NOT the files you have just edited!

The script can be found in the $TDWC_HOME/AppServer/bin directory. The script must be executed as root user once for each file containing a password to encrypt. It should be executed as shown below.

Version Command
8.3/8.4 $TDWC_HOME/AppServer/bin/ <path_to_properties_file>/soap.client.props
  $TDWC_HOME/AppServer/bin/ <path_to_properties_file>/sas.client.props -SAS
8.5 $TDWC_HOME/../eWAS/bin/ <path_to_properties_file>/soap.client.props
  $TDWC_HOME/../eWAS/bin/ <path_to_properties_file>/sas.client.props -SAS

You will not receive any output from the command unless there is an error. If you receive output similar to that shown below, the password is already encrypted in the properties file.

[root@linkwood properties]# /opt/ibm/TWA/eWAS/bin/ soap.client.props
NOTE: all specified passwords already encoded in target file == /opt/ibm/TWA/eWAS/profiles/twaprofile/properties/soap.client.props

All of the above information was taken during testing for this article using TWS/TDWC versions 8.3, 8.4 and 8.5 running on Linux x86 and x64.



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