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(slightly skeptical) Educational society promoting "Back to basics" movement against IT overcomplexity and  bastardization of classic Unix

tcpdchk

checks the configuration files for any problems. It can tell if you have used wild cards like ALL or LOCAL incorrectly, if there are nonexistent host names in the access rules, if there are rules for services controlled by tcpd in the /etc/inetd.conf file and much more. For example, the output from tcpdchk for the above Mostly Closed configuration on my machine yielded the following information:

# tcpdchk -v
Using network configuration file: /etc/inetd.conf
>>> Rule /etc/hosts.allow line 6:
daemons:  ALL
clients:  localhost
access:   granted
>>> Rule /etc/hosts.allow line 7:
daemons:  in.telnetd
clients:  my.isp.net
warning: /etc/hosts.allow, line 7: my.isp.net: \
        host not found
access:   granted
>>> Rule /etc/hosts.allow line 8:
daemons:  in.fingerd
clients:  ALL EXCEPT .cracker.org
access:   granted
>>> Rule /etc/hosts.deny line 10:
daemons:  ALL
clients:  ALL
access:   denied

I used the -v switch for tcpdchk to generate more verbose output. Note that the program says my.isp.net was not found, which is perfectly true, since it is a host name made up for this example. Also, note that I did not get a similar message for the equally fictitious .cracker.org. That is because it is for an entire domain, and tcpdchk doesn't check if a domain is registered, but rather if a particular host name is in the DNS.

tcpdmatch tests your configuration against a virtual request for an Internet connection. You provide the name of the daemon and a host name, and it tells you whether that connection would be allowed or denied. For example, if I would like to know if the webmaster at www.linuxjournal.com can finger users on my system, I would enter the following:

# tcpdmatch in.fingerd webmaster@www.linuxjournal.com
client:   hostname www.ssc.com
client:   address  199.184.169.67
client:   username webmaster
server:   process  in.fingerd
matched:  /etc/hosts.allow line 8
access:   granted

Note that tcpdmatch found the real host name of www.linuxjournal.com to be www.ssc.com and reports its Internet address. The last line tells me that finger is indeed allowed from this host.

In Practical UNIX and Internet Security, Second Edition by S. Garfinkel & G. Spafford, O'Reilly & Associates, 1996, the authors state:

Programs like tcpdchk and tcpdmatch are excellent complements to the security program tcpwrapper, because they help you head off security problems before they happen. Wietse Venema is to be complimented for thinking to write and include them in his tcpwrapper release; other programmers should follow his example.

I wholeheartedly agree.



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The Last but not Least Technology is dominated by two types of people: those who understand what they do not manage and those who manage what they do not understand ~Archibald Putt. Ph.D


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Last modified: March 12, 2019