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checks the configuration files for any problems. It can tell if you have used wild cards like ALL or LOCAL incorrectly, if there are nonexistent host names in the access rules, if there are rules for services controlled by tcpd in the /etc/inetd.conf file and much more. For example, the output from tcpdchk for the above Mostly Closed configuration on my machine yielded the following information:
# tcpdchk -v Using network configuration file: /etc/inetd.conf >>> Rule /etc/hosts.allow line 6: daemons: ALL clients: localhost access: granted >>> Rule /etc/hosts.allow line 7: daemons: in.telnetd clients: my.isp.net warning: /etc/hosts.allow, line 7: my.isp.net: \ host not found access: granted >>> Rule /etc/hosts.allow line 8: daemons: in.fingerd clients: ALL EXCEPT .cracker.org access: granted >>> Rule /etc/hosts.deny line 10: daemons: ALL clients: ALL access: denied
I used the -v switch for tcpdchk to generate more verbose output. Note that the program says my.isp.net was not found, which is perfectly true, since it is a host name made up for this example. Also, note that I did not get a similar message for the equally fictitious .cracker.org. That is because it is for an entire domain, and tcpdchk doesn't check if a domain is registered, but rather if a particular host name is in the DNS.
tcpdmatch tests your configuration against a virtual request for an Internet connection. You provide the name of the daemon and a host name, and it tells you whether that connection would be allowed or denied. For example, if I would like to know if the webmaster at www.linuxjournal.com can finger users on my system, I would enter the following:
# tcpdmatch in.fingerd firstname.lastname@example.org client: hostname www.ssc.com client: address 220.127.116.11 client: username webmaster server: process in.fingerd matched: /etc/hosts.allow line 8 access: granted
Note that tcpdmatch found the real host name of www.linuxjournal.com to be www.ssc.com and reports its Internet address. The last line tells me that finger is indeed allowed from this host.
In Practical UNIX and Internet Security, Second Edition by S. Garfinkel & G. Spafford, O'Reilly & Associates, 1996, the authors state:
Programs like tcpdchk and tcpdmatch are excellent complements to the security program tcpwrapper, because they help you head off security problems before they happen. Wietse Venema is to be complimented for thinking to write and include them in his tcpwrapper release; other programmers should follow his example.
I wholeheartedly agree.
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