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Never ever assume that some prepackaged script
that you are running does anything right.
Admin Horror Stories
Hardening scripts are perfect way to destroy any server, far more effective then hackers ;-). They should be used with the extreme caution. Historically Unix was from the beginning and justifiably, criticized for being a difficult system that is hard to secure. Among typical problems one can list:
Although network scanning is more fashionable, internal scanning is much more powerful and reliable. It also more mature and has a rich history. Unfortunately internal scanning and auditing is an often overlooked portion of system administration. Most sites do not utilize the auditing functionality of their systems (for example very few system administrators know about existence of such tools as pwck, grpck, aset on Solaris), etc.
The purpose of internal audit is simple: to identify potential vulnerabilities in systems. It's often a checkout stage of hardening of the OS. It's much safer practice then automatic hardening using semi-baked scripts. See Solaris hardening page for more details.
Most early tools were distributed under liberal licenses that permit you modify and enhance them yourself before use. Titan and COPS are nice examples of the Unix shell programming culture. I am convinced that Titan, Cops and Tiger can be used for studying shell programming in universities.
Solaris[tm] Security Toolkit is Sun supported set of scripts for hardening Solaris. The current version of the Solaris Security Toolkit is 4.2 Supports Solaris 2.5.1-2.10 on both Intel and Solaris. The JASS development team includes Alex Noordergraaf (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Glenn Brunette (email@example.com). Undo was implemented by Dina Kurktchi (firstname.lastname@example.org). It looks like the toolkit is used internally in Sun. Release 4.0.1 provides some enchancements such as:
but generally scripts are badly written and have a weak architecture (essentially, no architecture at all). JASS does not represent any progress in comparison with Titan and ACET. For more information see my Slightly Skeptical JASS Notes.
The Solaris Security Toolkit 4.2 release is fully supported as part of Solaris Software Support Service Plans or the SunSpectrum(SM) Service Plan contract.
Google matched content
Sun/Solaris Security Toolkit
Solaris Security Toolkit (JASS)
Jass - Jumpstart Installation
Installing and Running Security Software for Sun Solaris Obtaining Support
OpenSolaris Forums: Solaris Security Toolkit (aka JASS) ...
Each CERT Security Improvement module addresses an important but narrowly defined problem in network security. It provides guidance to help organizations improve the security of their networked computer systems.
Each module page links to a series of practices and implementations. Practices describe the choices and issues that must be addressed to solve a network security problem. Implementations describe tasks that implement recommendations described in the practices. For more information, read the section about module structure.
- List of modules
- List of practices
- List of implementations
- Configuring NCSA httpd and Web-server content directories on a Sun Solaris 2.5.1 host
- Enabling process accounting on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing, configuring, and using tcp wrapper to log unauthorized connection attempts on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Configuring and using syslogd to collect logging messages on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Using newsyslog to rotate files containing logging messages on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing, configuring, and using logdaemon to log unauthorized login attempts on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing, configuring, and using logdaemon to log unauthorized connection attempts to rshd and rlogind on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Understanding system log files on a Solaris 2.x operating system
- Installing, configuring, and using swatch to analyze log messages on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing, configuring, and using logsurfer on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Configuring and installing lsof 4.50 on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Configuring and installing top 3.5 on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing, Configuring, and using npasswd to improve password quality on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing and configuring sps to examine processes on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing and securing Solaris 2.6 servers
- Installing, configuring, and operating the secure shell (SSH) on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Characterizing files and directories with native tools on Solaris 2.X
- Detecting changes in files and directories with native tools on Solaris 2.X
- Installing and operating lastcomm on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing, configuring, and using spar 1.3 on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing and operating tcpdump 3.5.x on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing, configuring, and using argus to monitor systems running Solaris 2.x
- Using newarguslog to rotate log files on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing libpcap to support network packet tools on systems sunning Solaris 2.x
- Writing rules and understanding alerts for Snort, a network intrusion detection system
- Disabling network services on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing noshell to support the detection of access to disabled accounts on systems running Solaris 2.x.
- Disabling user accounts on systems running Solaris 2.x
- Installing OpenSSL to ensure availability of cryptographic libraries on systems running Solaris 2.x.
- Installing and Operating ssldump 0.9 Beta 1 on systems running Solaris 2.x.
SolarisGuide.com The Unofficial Guide to the Solaris Operating Environment
Solaris Security Advisories -- this is a useful page; contains actions for each advisory
TITAN Home Page -- Titan home
Pine Security Digest
LBNL Minumum UNIX Security Configuration -- list of patches
|Solaris Security Toolkit 4.2 Documentation|
|819-1504-10||Solaris Security Toolkit 4.2 Release Notes||
|819-1402-10||Solaris Security Toolkit 4.2 Administration Guide||
|819-1503-10||Solaris Security Toolkit 4.2 Reference Manual||
|819-1505-10||Solaris Security Toolkit 4.2 Man Page Guide||pdf (799KB)|
|Solaris Security Toolkit 4.1 Documentation|
|819-0783-10||Solaris Security Toolkit 4.1 Release Notes||
|817-7424-10||Solaris Security Toolkit 4.1 Administration Guide||
|817-7750-10||Solaris Security Toolkit 4.1 Reference Manual||
|819-0111-10||Solaris Security Toolkit 4.1 Man Page Guide||pdf (421KB)|
The Sun BluePrints OnLine program includes four supporting documents for the Solaris Security Toolkit.
See the list of all Security blueprints atSun BluePrints Security Publications
Groupthink : Two Party System as Polyarchy : Corruption of Regulators : Bureaucracies : Understanding Micromanagers and Control Freaks : Toxic Managers : Harvard Mafia : Diplomatic Communication : Surviving a Bad Performance Review : Insufficient Retirement Funds as Immanent Problem of Neoliberal Regime : PseudoScience : Who Rules America : Neoliberalism : The Iron Law of Oligarchy : Libertarian Philosophy
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The Peter Principle : Parkinson Law : 1984 : The Mythical Man-Month : How to Solve It by George Polya : The Art of Computer Programming : The Elements of Programming Style : The Unix Hater’s Handbook : The Jargon file : The True Believer : Programming Pearls : The Good Soldier Svejk : The Power Elite
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