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smtpd_recipient_restrictions

= permit_mynetworks,reject_unauth_destination

smtpd_recipient_restrictions (default: permit_mynetworks, reject_unauth_destination)
The access restrictions that the Postfix SMTP server applies in the context of the RCPT TO command. See SMTPD_ACCESS_README, section "Delayed evaluation of SMTP access restriction lists" for a discussion of evaluation context and time.

By default, the Postfix SMTP server accepts:

IMPORTANT: If you change this parameter setting, you must specify at least one of the following restrictions. Otherwise Postfix will refuse to receive mail:

reject, defer, defer_if_permit, reject_unauth_destination

Specify a list of restrictions, separated by commas and/or whitespace. Continue long lines by starting the next line with whitespace. Restrictions are applied in the order as specified; the first restriction that matches wins.

The following restrictions are specific to the recipient address that is received with the RCPT TO command.

check_recipient_access type:table
Search the specified access(5) database for the resolved RCPT TO address, domain, parent domains, or localpart@, and execute the corresponding action.
check_recipient_mx_access type:table
Search the specified access(5) database for the MX hosts for the RCPT TO domain, and execute the corresponding action. Note: a result of "OK" is not allowed for safety reasons. Instead, use DUNNO in order to exclude specific hosts from blacklists. This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.
check_recipient_ns_access type:table
Search the specified access(5) database for the DNS servers for the RCPT TO domain, and execute the corresponding action. Note: a result of "OK" is not allowed for safety reasons. Instead, use DUNNO in order to exclude specific hosts from blacklists. This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.
permit_auth_destination
Permit the request when one of the following is true:
permit_mx_backup
Permit the request when the local mail system is backup MX for the RCPT TO domain, or when the domain is an authorized destination (see permit_auth_destination for definition).
  • Safety: permit_mx_backup does not accept addresses that have sender-specified routing information (example: user@elsewhere@domain).
  • Safety: permit_mx_backup can be vulnerable to mis-use when access is not restricted with permit_mx_backup_networks.
  • Safety: as of Postfix version 2.3, permit_mx_backup no longer accepts the address when the local mail system is primary MX for the recipient domain. Exception: permit_mx_backup accepts the address when it specifies an authorized destination (see permit_auth_destination for definition).
  • Limitation: mail may be rejected in case of a temporary DNS lookup problem with Postfix prior to version 2.0.
reject_non_fqdn_recipient
Reject the request when the RCPT TO address is not in fully-qualified domain form, as required by the RFC.
The non_fqdn_reject_code parameter specifies the response code for rejected requests (default: 504).
reject_rhsbl_recipient rbl_domain=d.d.d.d
Reject the request when the RCPT TO domain is listed with the A record "d.d.d.d" under rbl_domain (Postfix version 2.1 and later only). If no "=d.d.d.d" is specified, reject the request when the RCPT TO domain is listed with any A record under rbl_domain.
The maps_rbl_reject_code parameter specifies the response code for rejected requests (default: 554); the default_rbl_reply parameter specifies the default server reply; and the rbl_reply_maps parameter specifies tables with server replies indexed by rbl_domain. This feature is available in Postfix version 2.0 and later.
reject_unauth_destination
Reject the request unless one of the following is true: The relay_domains_reject_code parameter specifies the response code for rejected requests (default: 554).
reject_unknown_recipient_domain
Reject the request when Postfix is not final destination for the recipient domain, and the RCPT TO domain has no DNS A or MX record, or when it has a malformed MX record such as a record with a zero-length MX hostname (Postfix version 2.3 and later).
The unknown_address_reject_code parameter specifies the numerical response code for rejected requests (default: 450). The response is always 450 in case of a temporary DNS error.
The unknown_address_tempfail_action parameter specifies the action after a temporary DNS error (default: defer_if_permit).
reject_unlisted_recipient (with Postfix version 2.0: check_recipient_maps)
Reject the request when the RCPT TO address is not listed in the list of valid recipients for its domain class. See the smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient parameter description for details. This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.
reject_unverified_recipient
Reject the request when mail to the RCPT TO address is known to bounce, or when the recipient address destination is not reachable. Address verification information is managed by the verify(8) server; see the ADDRESS_VERIFICATION_README file for details.
The unverified_recipient_reject_code parameter specifies the numerical response code when an address is known to bounce (default: 450, change into 550 when you are confident that it is safe to do so).
The unverified_recipient_defer_code parameter specifies the numerical response code when an address probe failed due to a temporary problem (default: 450).
The unverified_recipient_tempfail_action parameter specifies the action after addres probe failure due to a temporary problem (default: defer_if_permit).
This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.

Other restrictions that are valid in this context:

Example:

smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, reject_unauth_destination
smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient (default: yes)
Request that the Postfix SMTP server rejects mail for unknown recipient addresses, even when no explicit reject_unlisted_recipient access restriction is specified. This prevents the Postfix queue from filling up with undeliverable MAILER-DAEMON messages.

This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.

smtpd_reject_unlisted_sender (default: no)
Request that the Postfix SMTP server rejects mail from unknown sender addresses, even when no explicit reject_unlisted_sender access restriction is specified. This can slow down an explosion of forged mail from worms or viruses.

This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and later.

smtpd_restriction_classes (default: empty)
User-defined aliases for groups of access restrictions. The aliases can be specified in smtpd_recipient_restrictions etc., and on the right-hand side of a Postfix access(5) table.

One major application is for implementing per-recipient UCE control. See the RESTRICTION_CLASS_README document for other examples.

smtpd_sasl_application_name (default: smtpd)
The application name that the Postfix SMTP server uses for SASL server initialization. This controls the name of the SASL configuration file. The default value is smtpd, corresponding to a SASL configuration file named smtpd.conf.

This feature is available in Postfix 2.1 and 2.2. With Postfix 2.3 it was renamed to smtpd_sasl_path.



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