Wolfowitz - SourceWatch
Paul Dundes Wolfowitz (born 1943), is best known to be one of the "architects" of the
war against Iraq. He
is one of the original neocons
and signatory to the
Project for the New American Century, PNAC. He served briefly as president of the
World Bank in 2006, but
resigned in disgrace in May 2007 due to ethics violations. In July 2007 he joined the
Enterprise Institute to work on "entrepreneurship and development issues, Africa, and public-private
Wolfowitz Rejoins the Bush Administration
On December 3, 2007, Reuters reported that "Wolfowitz, forced to resign from the
World Bank because of
his role in obtaining a high-paying promotion for his companion, is slated to chair a U.S. State Department
advisory panel on arms control, a U.S. official said on Monday. The official, who spoke on condition
that he not be named because of the appointment has not yet been made public, said U.S. Secretary of
State Condoleezza Rice
planned to name the former deputy defense secretary and an architect of the Iraq war to chair the
International Security Advisory Board.
Wolfowitz's nomination to the World Bank
Wolfowitz was proposed to succeed
James David Wolfensohn,
whose second five-year term ends June 1, 2005. Wolfensohn was nominated by
Bill Clinton. Although
Wolfensohn privately let it be known that he desired to remain for another five years, the
had decided that it wanted "a new man to head the agency." It was originally believed that
the US trade negotiator, would be nominated.
Wolfowitz's nomination was widely opposed in Europe. It is anticipated that Bush's nomination of
Wolfowitz, "a key proponent of the 'neoconservative' political movement calling for a more aggressive
U.S. foreign policy, is likely to be met with strong opposition by European nations opposed to the U.S.-led
invasion and occupation
 Wolfowitz had no prior experience in development or the environment, neither in banking.
Wolfowitz, considered to be one of the most prominent and "hawkish" of the
is the principal author of the "Wolfowitz doctrine", also known as the
Bush doctrine. His
expertise is with the Middle East and Asia.
Wolfowitz has served under several presidents. He served as a military analyst under
Ronald Reagan, first
as Director of Policy Planning for the
Department of State
and later as Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs 1982-1986. In 1986, he
was appointed U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Indonesia. Under President
Walker Bush, Wolfowitz served as Undersecretary of Defense for Policy."
From 1977 to 1980, he was Director of Policy Planning for the
Jimmy Carter State Department,
Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense. From 1973-1977, Wolfowitz held a variety of positions in the
U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency including Special Assistant to the Director for the Strategic
Arms Limitation Talks.
As a long-time member of the Project for the New American Century
think tank, he signed
the January 26, 1998 PNAC letter sent to President
- "Intelligence about
terrorism is inherently murky, and the U.S. must be prepared to act on less-then perfect information."
--Orange County Register, July 28, 2003.
The Evolution of the Wolfowitz Doctrine
- "Jewish and from a family of teachers, Wolfowitz is for his part a brilliant product of East
Coast universities. He has studied with two of the most eminent professors of the 1960s:
Allan Bloom, the disciple
of the German-Jewish philosopher
Leo Strauss, and
professor of mathematics and a specialist in military strategy. These two names would end up counting.
The neoconservatives have placed themselves under the tutelary shadow of the strategist and the philosopher."
- Wolfowitz, following in the footsteps of his famous father, attained his first diploma in mathematics
and physics, earning a B.A. in 1965 from Cornell University, where his father was then professor.
Wolfowitz then changed universities as well as academic subject to the political sciences. In 1972,
he attained his doctoral degree from the
Chicago. "There he is cared for by professor Albert Wohlstetter, [who, later during] the Gulf
War [had] still another large role will play."
- Also attending at the University of Chicago at the same time was Attorney General-to-be
- Wolfowitz taught from 1970-1973 at the Yale University (the homeland of
Skull & Bones) and
in 1981 he taught at John Hopkins University. In 1993, Wolfowitz became the George F. Kennan Professor
for National Security Strategy at the National War College.
translated online from the
German by Yahoo!; editted for clarity.
- Albert Wohlstetter worked for the
until 1962 and settled down at the University of Chicago in 1964, where he met Paul Wolfowitz, who
was "drawn to Wohlstetter's intellect and temperament and began working under his supervision."
- Wolfowitz's thought process "picked up where Wohlstetter left off. Where Wohlstetter had warned
of preparing for a rearmed
Russia and a nuclear China,
Wolfowitz considered the third dimension along which nuclear strategy would evolve: proliferation.
- In his dissertation on nuclear proliferation in the Middle East, he argued that the United States
"needed to look beyond simply defending traditional allies against the communist bloc" and that areas
"with natural resources vital to the U.S. economy ought to be as much a part of a strategic defense
umbrella." Wolfowitz wrote that "anybody with the capability to threaten those areas must be regarded
with concern. In true Wohlstetter fashion, Wolfowitz argued that even the hint of
in the Middle East would be a matter of the gravest concern."
- "In 1969, in the thick of the ABM debate, Wohlstetter summoned Wolfowitz and
Richard Perle, another
protégé, to help him gather the information he needed to wage the
system campaign. Housed in the offices of Sen.
Henry Scoop Jackson,
a Washington State Democrat and military hawk, Wolfowitz and Perle conducted interviews and drafted
- "Wohlstetter's two young acolytes were quickly immersed in the world of Washington politics.
Wolfowitz entered government service as a junior officer in the Middle East section of the Defense
Department and quickly rose through the ranks to head the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency under
Presidents Gerald R.
Ford and Jimmy Carter."
- During the
Wolfowitz formulated a new foreign policy with regard to
Iraq and other "potential
aggressor states", dismissing "containment" in favor of "preemption"; strike first to eliminate threats.
Clinton, along with Bush Senior,
Colin L. Powell,
and other former Bush administration officials, dismissed calls for "preemption" in favor of continued
"containment." This was the policy of George Walker Bush as well for his first several months in
office. Many saw Wolfowitz'z plan as a "blueprint for US hegemony" and his "preemption" policy remained
contained until the terrorist
attacks of September
11, 2001 revived hawkish advocacy for defending by attacking."
Bush administration: Act II
- Following the 2004 presidential election, political pundits speculated on Wolfowitz's role during
Bush's second term. On November 4, 2004,
CBS News' David Paul Kuhn
- John R. Bolton’s
"boss", Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz, was considered as a "possible replacement" for
"An architect of the war
in Iraq, Wolfowitz has been under fire by Democrats for the lack of postwar planning. The national
security adviser does not need to be confirmed by the Senate, so Democratic disdain for Wolfowitz
would not be a factor. ...
- Bolton, Wolfowitz, and Secretary of Defense
"have come to define a Bush doctrine of bold diplomacy. And if, as is likely, neoconservatives return
to favor at the White House, they could stand to gain."
- "The PNAC and the Defense Industry, Or a Slight Case of Overbombing"--as of July 24, 2003.
- "Wolfowitz's largest source of income was as co-chairman, with former Senate Armed Services Committee
chairman Sam Nunn (D-Ga.),
of Hughes Electronics Nunn-Wolfowitz Task Force, for which he was paid $300,000. The task force analyzed
Hughes' compliance with U.S. export restrictions on high technology goods. He was also a dean and
professor at Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies, which earned him
an additional $247,000. He earned another $55,000 in speaking fees from several groups, including
the Heritage Foundation, Hudson Institute, and Syracuse University. Wolfowitz also managed to stay
busy doing consulting work for
BP Amoco, Northrop Grumman
Limited Service Corporation, as well as being on the board of directors for Hasbro and financial
services company Dreyfus, as well as several non-profit groups; his consulting and board fees totaled
nearly $130,000. Wolfowitz's largest single asset is Hasbro deferred compensation worth as much as
- "According to the
Center for Political Integrity, nine out of 30 past and present members of the influential Defense
Policy Board, had ties to defense firms with $76 billion in DOD contracts.
- "The list is a veritable 'who's who' in the Bush Administration: ...
- "Representing Northup Grumman is White House Chief of Staff,
I. Lewis Libby,
(consultant); Under Secretary of Defense
Douglas Feith (legal
client); Deputy Sec. Of Defense Paul Wolfowitz (consultant); Air Force Secretary
James G. Roche
(former president), and Air Force Assistant Secretary
Nelson Gibbs (comptroller)."
Failing Grade in Math 101. Not good news for a prospective banker.
- Maureen Dowd wrote September 28, 2003, in the New York Times Op-Ed
"Drunk on Rummy"
observations on the then-to-be-published book written by
Midge Decter about
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld:
- "As riveting as Midge finds Rummy, it is her description of Paul Wolfowitz as a 'former
mathematician' that riveted me. The whole attitude of Rummy and Wolfie at Congressional hearings
was 'Barbie hates math.' They couldn't come up with a concrete number for anything.
- "Skeptical, I checked and discovered that Wolfie's father was a mathematician from Cornell (Jacob
Wolfowitz) who specialized in probability and statistics; he hoped his son would follow in his
footsteps, considering political science on a par with astrology.
- "Instead, his son chose the field of obscuring probability and statistics, refusing to cooperate
with lawmakers to add up how much the war was going to cost in dollars and troops and years, or to
multiply the probable exponential problems of remaking the Middle East, or even to subtract the billions
that were never coming from snubbed allies.
- "I guess Wolfie never calculated the division in America his omissions would cause when we finally
got a load of the bill -- including $100 million to hide the families of 100 Iraqis in the witness
protection program, $19 million for post office Wi-Fi, $50 million for traffic cops and $9 million
for ZIP codes. At these prices, the Baghdad ZIP better be 90210."
Resources and articles
Related SourceWatch articles
up ↑ American Enterprise Institute, "Paul
Wolfowitz Joins AEI", Media Release, July 2, 2007.
Nominations, Appointments & Documents
of Paul Dundes Wolfowitz To Be United States Ambassador to Indonesia by President Ronald Reagan
[Reagan Library], January 24, 1986.
- Nomination of
Paul Dundes Wolfowitz To Be an Under Secretary of Defense by President George H.W. Bush [Bush
Library], April 14, 1989.
- War with Iraq: "Bush Doctrine,
Preemption Strategy," Dartmouth College Library, U.S. Government Documents.
Statement on World Bank and Paul Wolfowitz, White House, March 16, 2005.
Wolfowitz's Speeches & Commentaries
"What the Deputy Secretary has been Saying. Statements, Press Conferences, Interviews and Speeches,"
including archived speeches and transcripts dating from January 2001, DefenseLINK.
- "Iraq: What Does Disarmament
Look Like?," Council on Foreign Relations, January 23, 2003.
- Deputy Secretary Wolfowitz
on the reasons for Iraq War. Excerpts from the news transript of Sam Tannenbaus' Vanity Fair
interview with Paul Wolfowitz, U.S. Department of Defense: News Transcript, May 9, 2003.
Wolfowitz's News Photos
"The Wolfowitz Doctrine": Washington Post and New York Times Reportage from 1992
[to 2004], america.scientium.com.
of the Bush Doctrine," PBS
Frontline, undated: "A war with Iraq to oust
would be the first test case in the Bush administration's larger strategy for projecting U.S. power
and influence in the post-Cold War world. Here's an overview of the people, the events, the major
statements, and the policy battles behind what's become known as the Bush Doctrine."
- "The War Behind
Closed Doors," PBS Frontline, undated.
- John Basil Utley, "Answering
the 'Wolfowitz (Bush) Doctrine' on American Empire," AntiWar.com, August 24, 2001.
- Toby Dodge,
and the Bush doctrine," Guardian/UK, March 24, 2002.
- Fred Goldstein, "An Attempt
to Turn Back History: Bush Doctrine vs. Self-Determination,"
Action Center, October 29, 2002.
- Dave Barry,
Dangers. As Blueprint for Bush Doctrine," presentdanger.org, October 31, 2002.
- Gerard Baker,
"After Iraq, where will Bush go next?," Financial Times, April 13, 2003.
- Gordon Prather,
July 3, 2004.
- Norman Podhoretz,
"World War IV: How It Started,
What It Means, and Why We Have to Win," Commentary Magazine, September 2004.
- Murray Waas,
"Favoritism Shown Towards Wolfowitz Girlfriend," Huffington Post, April 4, 2007.
- Steven R. Weisman and David E. Sanger,
"Unusual Trip to Iraq in ’03 for Wolfowitz Companion," New York Times, April 17, 2007.
- Sharon Weinberger,
Attraction," WIRED, April 17, 2007.
- Christine Y. Chen, "Hungry
like the Wolfowitz," Foreign Policy Blog, April 17, 2007.
- Eoin Callan and Krishna Guha,
Bank urged to probe Riza contract," Financial Times, April 18, 2007.
Hiring of Wolfowitz friend ordered," Reuters (CNN), April 18, 2007.
- Patrick J.
Bank," The Conservative Voice, April 18, 2007.
- Robert Scheer,
"Heck of a Job, Wolfie," The Huffington Post, April 18, 2007.
- Al Kamen,
"The World Bank's Choice: Love Wolfowitz, or Hate Freedom," Washington Post, April 18,
- Dale McFeatters, "Bush administration
finally gets its own sex scandal," Scripps News, April 18, 2007.
- Josy Joseph, "The
emails that led to Wolfigate," DNA/Daily News & Analysis (India), April 19, 2007.
- Karen DeYoung,
"Wolfowitz Offers to Make Changes," Washington Post, April 19, 2007.
"World Bank chief Wolfowitz's turbulent career," Reuters (CNN), April 19, 2007.
- Lesley Wroughton,
"Top deputy tells Wolfowitz to step down: sources," Reuters (Washington Post), April 19,
- "White House
reaffirms support for Wolfowitz," Reuters AlertNet, April 19, 2007.
- "Finally, a sex scandal
for Bush," Capitol Hill Blue, April 19, 2007.
- Thom Shanker and Steven R. Weisman,
backed friend for Iraq contract in '03," International Herald Tribune, April 20, 2007.
- Krishna Guha, "World Bank steps
up pressure on Wolfowitz," Financial Times (MSNBC), April 20, 2007.
Bank Weighs Wolfowitz's Fate. Bank Committee Looking Into Whether He Should Remain As President,"
Associated Press (CBS News), April 20, 2007.
- Lesley Wroughton,
"Decision over Wolfowitz delayed until next week," Reuters, April 20, 2007.
- Steven R. Weisman,
Wolfowitz," International Herald Tribune, April 20, 2007.
- William McQuillen and Christopher Swann,
"World Bank to Probe Contracts of Wolfowitz Advisers (Update1)," Bloomberg News, April 20, 2007.
- Jeannine Aversa,
"Bank board expresses 'great concern' on Wolfowitz. Special panel to review charges," Associated
Press (Boston Globe), April 21, 2007.
- Bruce V. Bigelow,
found no fault with SAIC deal at heart of World Bank flap," San Diego Union Tribune, April
- "Fresh calls for Wolfowitz
to quit," BBC News, April 23, 2007.
"42 executives urge Wolfowitz to resign," Reuters (CNN), April 23, 2007.
- William McQuillen,
"Wolfowitz Hires Ex-Clinton Lawyer as Board Mulls Fate (Update2)," Bloomberg News, April 23,
- Rhys Blakely and agencies,
"Wolfowitz hints at resignation deal. Embattled World Bank president suggests he could go but only
if it is acknowledged there was no breach of ethics," Times Online (UK), May 1, 2007.
- "The Architects
of War: Where Are They Now?" Think Progress, July 2007.
- Zachary A. Goldfarb, "Wolfowitz
Joins Think Tank as Visiting Scholar", Washington Post, July 3, 2007; Page A13.[[[Category:United
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