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Updating the DRAC 5 Firmware

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Use one of the following methods to update your DRAC 5 firmware.

Before You Begin

Before you update your DRAC 5 firmware using local RACADM or the Dell Update Packages, perform the following procedures. Otherwise, the firmware update operation may encounter a failure.

  1. Install and enable the appropriate IPMI and managed node drivers.
  2. If your system is running the Windows operating system, enable and start the Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) services.
  3. If your system is running SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (Version 10) for Intel EM64T, start the Raw service.
  4. Ensure that the RAC virtual flash is unmounted or not in use by the operating system or another application or user.
  5. Disconnect and unmount Virtual Media.
  6. Ensure that USB is enabled.

Downloading the DRAC 5 Firmware

To update your DRAC 5 firmware, download the latest firmware from the Dell Support website located at support.dell.com and save the file to your local system.

The following software components are included with your DRAC 5 firmware package:

Use the Firmware Update page to update the DRAC 5 firmware to the latest revision. When you run the firmware update, the update retains the current DRAC 5 settings.

Updating the DRAC 5 Firmware Using the Web-Based Interface

  1. Open the Web-based interface and login to the remote system.

See "Accessing the Web-Based Interface".

  1. In the System tree, click Remote Access and click the Update tab.
  2. In the Firmware Update page in the Firmware Image field, type the path to the firmware image that you downloaded from support.dell.com or click Browse to navigate to the image.
NOTE: If you are running Firefox, the text cursor does not appear in the Firmware Image field.

For example:

C:\Updates\V1.0\<image_name>.

The default firmware image name is firmimg.d5.

  1. Click Update.

The update may take several minutes to complete. When completed, a dialog box appears.

  1. Click OK to close the session and automatically log out.
  2. After the DRAC 5 resets, click Log In to log in to the DRAC 5.

Clearing the Browser Cache

After the firmware upgrade, clear the Web browser cache.

See your Web browser's online help for more information.


Accessing the DRAC 5 Through a Network

After you configure the DRAC 5, you can remotely access the managed system using one of the following interfaces:

Table 2-1 describes each DRAC 5 interface.

Table 2-1. DRAC 5 Interfaces

Interface Description
Web-based interface Provides remote access to the DRAC 5 using a graphical user interface. The Web-based interface is built into the DRAC 5 firmware and is accessed through the NIC interface from a supported Web browser on the management station.

For a list of supported Web browsers, see "Supported Web Browsers".

RACADM Provides remote access to the DRAC 5 using a command line interface. RACADM uses the managed system's IP address to execute RACADM commands (racadm remote capability option [-r]).

NOTE: The racadm remote capability is supported only on management stations. For more information, see "Supported Web Browsers".

NOTE: When using the racadm remote capability, you must have write permission on the folders where you are using the racadm subcommands involving file operations, for example:

racadm getconfig -f <file name>

or:

racadm sslcertupload -t 1 -f c:\cert\cert.txt subcommands

Telnet Console Provides access through the DRAC 5 to the server RAC port and hardware management interfaces through the DRAC 5 NIC and provides support for serial and RACADM commands including powerdown, powerup, powercycle, and hardreset commands.

NOTE: Telnet is an unsecure protocol that transmits all data-including passwords-in plain text. When transmitting sensitive information, use the SSH interface.

SSH Interface Provides the same capabilities as the telnet console using an encrypted transport layer for higher security.
IPMI Interface Provides access through the DRAC 5 to the remote system's basic management features. The interface includes IPMI over LAN, IPMI over Serial, and Serial over LAN. See the Dell OpenManage Baseboard Management Controller User's Guide for more information.
NOTE: The DRAC 5 default user name is root and the default password is calvin.

You can access the DRAC 5 Web-based interface through the DRAC 5 NIC by using a supported Web browser, or through Server Administrator or IT Assistant.

See "Supported Web Browsers" for a list of supported Web browsers.

To access the DRAC 5 using a supported Web browser, see "Accessing the Web-Based Interface".

To access the DRAC 5 remote access interface using Server Administrator, launch Server Administrator. From the system tree on the left pane of the Server Administrator home page, click SystemMain System ChassisRemote Access Controller. For more information, see your Server Administrator User's Guide.

For information about accessing the DRAC 5 using RACADM, see "Using the RACADM Command Line Interface".


Configuring IPMI

This section provides information about configuring and using the DRAC 5 IPMI interface. The interface includes the following:

The DRAC5 is fully IPMI 2.0 compliant. You can configure the DRAC IPMI using your browser; using an open source utility, such as ipmitool; using the Dell OpenManage IPMI shell, ipmish; or using RACADM.

For more information about using the IPMI Shell, ipmish, see the Dell OpenManage™ BMC User's Guide located on the Dell Support website at support.dell.com.

For more information about using RACADM, see "Using RACADM".

Configuring IPMI Using the Web-Based Interface

  1. Login to the remote system using a supported Web browser. See "Accessing the Web-Based Interface".
  2. Configure IPMI over LAN.

    1. In the System tree, click Remote Access.
    1. Click the Configuration tab and click Network.
    2. In the Network Configuration page under IPMI LAN Settings, select Enable IPMI Over LAN and click Apply Changes.
    3. Update the IPMI LAN channel privileges, if required.
NOTE: This setting determines the IPMI commands that can be executed from the IPMI over LAN interface. For more information, see the IPMI 2.0 specifications.

Under IPMI LAN Settings, click the Channel Privilege Level Limit drop-down menu, select Administrator, Operator, or User and click Apply Changes.

    1. Set the IPMI LAN channel encryption key, if required.
NOTE: The DRAC 5 IPMI supports the RMCP+ protocol.

Under IPMI LAN Settings in the Encryption Key field, type the encryption key and click Apply Changes.

NOTE: The encryption key must consist of an even number of hexadecimal characters with a maximum of 40 characters.
  1. Configure IPMI Serial over LAN (SOL).

    1. In the System tree, click Remote Access.
    1. In the Configuration tab, click Serial Over LAN.
    2. In the Serial Over LAN Configuration page, select Enable Serial Over LAN.
    3. Update the IPMI SOL baud rate.
NOTE: To redirect the serial console over LAN, ensure that the SOL baud rate is identical to your managed system's baud rate.
    1. Click the Baud Rate drop-down menu, select the appropriate baud rate, and click Apply Changes.
    2. Update the Minimum Required Privilege. This property defines the minimum user privilege that is required to use the Serial Over LAN feature.

Click the Channel Privilege Level Limit drop-down menu, select User, Operator, or Administrator.

    1. Click Apply Changes.
  1. Configure IPMI Serial.

    1. In the Configuration tab, click Serial.
    1. In the Serial Configuration menu, change the IPMI serial connection mode to the appropriate setting.

Under IPMI Serial, click the Connection Mode Setting drop-down menu, select the appropriate mode.

    1. Set the IPMI Serial baud rate.

Click the Baud Rate drop-down menu, select the appropriate baud rate, and click Apply Changes.

    1. Set the Channel Privilege Level Limit.

Click the Channel Privilege Level Limit drop-down menu, select Administrator, Operator, or User.

    1. Click Apply Changes.
    2. Ensure that the serial MUX is set correctly in the managed system's BIOS Setup program.

      • Restart your system.
      • During POST, press <F2> to enter the BIOS Setup program.
      • Navigate to Serial Communication.
      • In the Serial Connection menu, ensure that External Serial Connector is set to Remote Access Device.
      • Save and exit the BIOS Setup program.
      • Restart your system.

If IPMI serial is in terminal mode, you can configure the following additional settings:

For more information about these properties, see the IPMI 2.0 specification.

Configuring IPMI Using the RACADM CLI

  1. Login to the remote system using any of the RACADM interfaces. See "Using RACADM".
  2. Configure IPMI over LAN.

Open a command prompt, type the following command, and press <Enter>:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiLan -o cfgIpmiLanEnable 1

NOTE: This setting determines the IPMI commands that can be executed from the IPMI over LAN interface. For more information, see the IPMI 2.0 specifications.
    1. Update the IPMI channel privileges.

At the command prompt, type the following command and press <Enter>:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiLan -o cfgIpmiLanPrivilegeLimit <level>

where <level> is one of the following:

For example, to set the IPMI LAN channel privilege to 2 (User), type the following command:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiLan -o cfgIpmiLanPrivilegeLimit 2

    1. Set the IPMI LAN channel encryption key, if required.
NOTE: The DRAC 5 IPMI supports the RMCP+ protocol. See the IPMI 2.0 specifications for more information.

At the command prompt, type the following command and press <Enter>:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiLan -o cfgIpmiEncryptionKey <key>

where <key> is a 20-character encryption key in a valid hexadecimal format.

  1. Configure IPMI Serial over LAN (SOL).

At the command prompt, type the following command and press <Enter>:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiSol -o cfgIpmiSolEnable 1

    1. Update the IPMI SOL minimum privilege level.

      The IPMI SOL minimum privilege level determines the minimum privilege required to activate IPMI SOL. For more information, see the IPMI 2.0 specification.

At the command prompt, type the following command and press <Enter>:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiSol -o cfgIpmiSolMinPrivilege <level>

where <level> is one of the following:

For example, to configure the IPMI privileges to 2 (User), type the following command:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiSol -o cfgIpmiSolMinPrivilege 2

    1. Update the IPMI SOL baud rate.
NOTE: To redirect the serial console over LAN, ensure that the SOL baud rate is identical to your managed system's baud rate.

At the command prompt, type the following command and press <Enter>:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiSol -o cfgIpmiSolBaudRate <baud_rate>

where <baud_rate> is 9600, 19200, 57600, or 115200 bps.

For example:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiSol -o cfgIpmiSolBaudRate 57600

    1. Enable SOL.
NOTE: SOL can be enabled or disabled for each individual user.

At the command prompt, type the following command and press <Enter>:

racadm config -g cfgUserAdmin -o cfgUserAdminSolEnable -i <id> 2

where <id> is the user's unique ID.

  1. Configure IPMI Serial.

    1. Change the IPMI serial connection mode to the appropriate setting.

At the command prompt, type the following command and press <Enter>:

racadm config -g cfgSerial -o cfgSerialConsoleEnable 0

    1. Set the IPMI Serial baud rate.

Open a command prompt, type the following command, and press <Enter>:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiSerial -o cfgIpmiSerialBaudRate <baud_rate>

where <baud_rate> is 9600, 19200, 57600, or 115200 bps.

For example:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiSerial -o cfgIpmiSerialBaudRate 57600

    1. Enable the IPMI serial hardware flow control.

At the command prompt, type the following command and press <Enter>:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiSerial -o cfgIpmiSerialFlowControl 1

    1. Set the IPMI serial channel minimum privilege level.

At the command prompt, type the following command and press <Enter>:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiSerial -o cfgIpmiSerialChanPrivLimit <level>

where <level> is one of the following:

For example, to set the IPMI serial channel privileges to 2 (User), type the following command:

racadm config -g cfgIpmiSerial -o cfgIpmiSerialChanPrivLimit 2

    1. Ensure that the serial MUX is set correctly in the BIOS Setup program.

      • Restart your system.
      • During POST, press <F2> to enter the BIOS Setup program.
      • Navigate to Serial Communication.
      • In the Serial Connection menu, ensure that External Serial Connector is set to Remote Access Device.
      • Save and exit the BIOS Setup program.
      • Restart your system.

The IPMI configuration is complete.

If IPMI serial is in terminal mode, you can configure the following additional settings using racadm config cfgIpmiSerial commands:

For more information about these properties, see the IPMI 2.0 specification.


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