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Open console and type on command prompt:
and press Enter.
There are other ways to start mc. If you enter a directory, it will open in that directory
will open the current directory and ~/.mc
mc ~/.mc /usr/share/mc
will open ~/.mc and /usr/share/mc
The first directory will be in the panel you were in the last time you opened mc. e.g. if you left mc with the right panel selected, mc ~/.mc /usr/share/mc will open /usr/share/mc on the left and ~/.mc on the right.
??? Ctrl-Shift-Enter copies full path of selected file in the command line
This section lists keys which are useful to avoid excessive typing when entering shell commands.
- copy the currently selected file name to the command line.
- same a Alt-Enter. May not work on remote systems and some terminals.
- copy the full path name of the currently selected file to the command line. May not work on remote systems and some terminals.
- does the filename, command, variable, username and hostname completion for you.
- C-x t, C-x C-t
- copy the tagged files (or if there are no tagged files, the selected file) of the current panel (C-x t) or of the other panel (C-x C-t) to the command line.
- C-x p, C-x C-p
- the first key sequence copies the current path name to the command line, and the second one copies the unselected panel's path name to the command line.
the quote command can be used to insert characters that are otherwise interpreted by the Midnight Commander (like the '+' symbol)
- Alt-p, Alt-n
- use these keys to browse through the command history. Alt-p takes you to the last entry, Alt-n takes you to the next one.
displays the history for the current input line.
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Midnight Commander Cheat Sheet ============================== Ctrl-o Toggles to/from cl environment Ctrl-t Toggles a file onto/from the "tagged list" Ctrl-r Refresh both views Ctrl-l Reformats the screen (I often need to after opening external files such as PDFs, which cause MC to display strangely.) Ctrl-u Swap lhs and rhs panels Other panel views: Ctrl-x q Toggles other panel to/from "quick view". Views text. Ctrl-x i Toggles other panel to/from "info view". Views file info. F3 Toggles to full panel view of text file. Ctrl-x t Copies/pastes the currently selected filename(s) to the cl [Effective for using svn commands w/multiple files] Alt-enter Copies currently highlighted file to the cl Ctrl-+ Prompts for a reg-ex string and selects files based on it Ctrl-* Selects all files in cwd Ctrl-x p Copies the current directory to the command line Ctrl-x s Creates symlink of the file you're currently on (defaults to placing that symlink in the dir in the opposite panel). Alt-p Brings to the CL the previously issued command-line within MC Alt-n Brings to the CL the next issued command-line command within MC Alt-c Allows you to cd while preserving whatever is on the CL Ctrl-\ Gets you to hotlist Esc-tab Completion for command line (like Bash autocomplete) Alt-i CD's the other panel to the current panel's CWD Alt-o CD's the other panel to directory you are currently highlighting cd - On the command line, type "cd -" to return to the directory you were previously in. This is very handy if you accidently change directories (eg, sync other pane to same dir as current pane) Hit return when on an archive library (libMylib.a) and see what object files have gone into creating the library. In order to get a pane as an FTP directory, at the MC command line, type: cd /#ftp:mpeavy:PASSWORD@teghis.pair.com NOTE: PASSWORD is not encrytped cd /#ftp:firstname.lastname@example.org To be prompted for your password (still not encrytped) cd /#ftp:email@example.com/home/peavy NOTE: gets you to your home dir directly. **BETTER** - use scp / sftp instead: cd /#sh:firstname.lastname@example.org/home/peavy Secure. Also, starts in home The above ftp/sftp locations can be added to the hotlist. In configurations, can set to not show backup (~) files. -------------- Use the External Panelize functions to filter and perform external commands multiple times, eg, to view all header files. Ctrl-x ! - Enter the External Panelize input screen. Choose a command or type another command to be executed. Eg: find all header files with: find . -name *.h Save oft-used commands for re-use. Will save the output results in the panel you were in. To refresh the panel back to the orig. dir view, refresh: Ctrl-r -------------- Colors (Background, foreground, and transparency) http://plug-and-pray.blogspot.com/2009/09/editing-midnight-commanders-color.html http://my.opera.com/kurzon/blog/2009/08/08/midnight-commander-col
|Ctrl+o||toggle panes on/off|
|Ctrl+PgUp||goto parent dir|
|Ctrl+Enter||copy selected filename to command line|
|Ctrl+x+p||copy unselected panel's path to command line|
|Insert||toggle selection of highlighted file|
|'+'||add pattern to selection|
|'-'||remove pattern from selection|
|Open directory menu||CTRL + \||CTRL + D|
|Compare directories||CTRL-X + D||SHIFT + F2|
|Rescan (refresh panel contents)||CTRL + R||F2|
|Hide panels||CTRL + O||SHIFT + ESC|
|Reverse selection||M + *||NUM *|
|Find file||ALT + ?||ALT + F7|
|Quick view||CTRL-X + Q||CTRL+Q|
|Change file and directory rights - chmod||Ctrl-X + C||n. a.|
|Change file and directory owner - chown||Ctrl-X + O||n. a.|
|Make symlink||Ctrl-X + S||SHIFT+CTRL+F5|
CTRL-X + D sequence must be issued by pressing together CTRL and X, and then D button - like in Emacs editor. A shortcut which should be mentioned here is ESC+0,1,2 9 which replaces all function keys F1 to F10. It is indispensable in terminals which do not support F1-F10 buttons.
Section 1 Menu bar: Located at the top of the screen and has the following options. Press F9 (or) Esc 9 to access the menu bar.
- Left Options to control the display of the left directory panel
- File Options to manipulate files
- Command Options to edit various mc configuration files
- Options Options to change layout, setup VFS
- Right Options to control the display of the right directory panel
Section 2 Directory panels: Located in the middle and occupies large part of the screen. By default, it displays both left and right directory browsing panels, where you can view contents of two different directories at the same time.
Section 3 Function keys: Located at the bottom and has following options. Press Esc key followed by the corresponding menu number to access these functions.
- Help Display in-built mc help.
- Menu Displays user defined menu items. You can create custom menu item to execute some complex steps of operations on the selected file. for e.g. compress the selected file and copy to a remote server with a single click. To edit the menu item file, click F9 (invoke menu bar) -> Command -> Edit Menu File
- View View the selected file content using mcview, a viewer for midnight commander.
- Edit Edit the selected file using mcedit, an editor for midnight commander.
- Copy Copy the selected file. If both panels are displayed, it will copy the file to the other panel. mc will ask for confirmation before doing any changes such as, copy file, delete file, move file etc.,
- RenMov Move/Rename the selected file.
- Mkdir Create a new directory under the selected directory.
- Delete Delete the selected file.
- PullDn This will highlight the Menu Bar. This option is helpful when F9 doesn't work to invoke the menu bar.
- Quit To quite midnight commander, press Esc key followed by 0.
Section 4 Command Line prompt: Using midnight commander does not take away the command line from power user. You can start typing an Unix command anytime and press enter to execute it. Command line prompt is located towards the bottom of the screen.
3. Basic keyboard shortcuts
Most of the mc keyboard shortcuts fall in one of the following category:
- C-<chr>: Press Control key and a character key at the same time. For e.g. C-u to swap left and right panels.
- M-<chr>: Press Alt key and a character key at the same time. For Alt key commands, you can also press ESC key, release it and press the character key.
- S-<chr>: Press Shift key and a character key at the same time.
- C-<chr1> <chr2>: Press Control key and a character key at the same time, release it and press another character key again. For e.g. C-x d to compare directories.
Following are some basic keyboard operation
- Tab: To switch from one panel to another.
- M-t: Change the panel display options. i.e Switch from a dual panel display to a single panel display.
- C-s: Search for a file.
- Use up-arrow, down-arrow, page-up, page-down, home and end keys to browse the directory content.
4.Sample mc usage scenarios
- Copy multiple files together using 'Insert' and F5: Highlight a file and press 'Insert' key to tag the file for group selection. Repeat this process for multiple files that you wish to copy. Selected files will be displayed in a different color. Pressing F5 will display the following copy dialog screen, defaulting the destination directory location to the directory displayed in the other panel
Fig: Copy multiple files together using mc UI
- Display additional file information: To display additional file attributes in the directory panels, press F9 -> Left or Right -> Listing Mode, and select "Full File List"
- View the content of any compressed file using F3: Select the file and press F3 to view the content of the file. For e.g. Select a rpm file and press F3, to view the content of the rpm file.
- Toggle between command line and mc using C-o: Press C-o (Control key followed by o) to toggle between full command-line and mc user interface.
- Confirm file operations: To avoid mistakes, enable confirmation for copy, delete, overwrite and execute functions. Press F9 -> Options -> Confirmations, which will display the following screen.
Fig: Setup file operation confirmations
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