|Home||Switchboard||Unix Administration||Red Hat||TCP/IP Networks||Neoliberalism||Toxic Managers|
May the source be with you, but remember the KISS principle ;-)
Bigger doesn't imply better. Bigger often is a sign of obesity, of lost control, of overcomplexity, of cancerous cells
Copyright: Dr. Nikolai Bezroukov 1994-2013. Unpublished notes. Version 0.80.October, 2013
Contents : Foreword : Ch01 : Ch02 : Ch03 : Ch04 : Ch05 : Ch06 : Ch07 : Ch08 : Ch09 : Ch10 : Ch11 : Ch12 : Ch13
Chapter 11: Data Stealing Trojans
|Strategies of Defending Windows against Malware||Recommended Links||Data Stealing Trojans||Introduction to data stealing trojans||Zoo|
|Trojan-GameThief||PWS-Mmorpg Password Stealing Trojan||Win32 Alureon||
|Investigator from WinWhatWhere||
|Flame||Duqu Trojan||Spyware||Spyware fighting strategy||Humor||Etc|
Win32/Alureon is a multi-component family of Trojans that is involved in a broad range of subversive activities online that generate revenue from various sources for its controllers. Contain a rootkit to hide their activities.Win32/Alureon is mostly associated with moderating affected user activities online to the attacker's benefit. As such, the various components of this malware family have been used to:
Win32/Alureon has been actively developed, aggressively deployed, and professionally managed by its authors for many years. The pervasiveness of its components in the wild, which other malware families often use, and its use of stealth, makes this malware family a notable threat.
Alureon has used several methods to hide its processes and other system changes, including the following:
Encyclopedia entry Win32-Alureon - Learn more about malware - Microsoft Malware Protection Center
Updated: Apr 16, 2012 | Published: Mar 02, 2007
- TR/Dldr.DNSChanger (Avira)
- Win32/Alureon (CA)
- Trojan.DnsChange (Dr.Web)
- Trojan.Zlob (Ikarus)
- Trojan-Downloader.Win32.Zlob (Kaspersky)
- DNSChanger (McAfee)
- Troj/Zlob (Sophos)
- Trojan-Downloader.Win32.Femad (Sunbelt Software)
- Trojan.Zlob (Symantec)
- TROJ_DNSCHAN (Trend Micro)
Alert Level (?)
Antimalware protection details
Microsoft recommends that you download the latest definitions to get protected.
Win32/Alureon is a family of data-stealing trojans. These trojans allow an attacker to intercept incoming and outgoing Internet traffic in order to gather confidential information such as user names, passwords, and credit card data. It may also allow an attacker to transmit malicious data to the infected computer. The trojan may modify DNS settings on the host computer to enable the attacker to perform these tasks. As a result, it may be necessary to reconfigure DNS settings after disinfection.
Instances of the Win32/Alureon trojan may contain various malicious components. The following are three examples of these components:
One component of the Win32/Alureon family specifies the DNS servers to be used by the host computer. To do so, this component sets DNS server addresses for each network adapter on the host computer by modifying values in certain registry subkeys associated with the adapters. For example, the trojan component may:
- Modify registry value: "DhcpNameServer"
under subkey: HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters
- Modify registry values:
under certain subkeys of the subkey:
The same component may also set the fields "IpDnsAddress" and "IpDns2Address" to specific DNS servers in the Windows dial-up configuration file that is for the All Users profile. The trojan sets these fields if the configuration file already contains data. The dial-up configuration file location for the All Users Profile for Windows XP, Server 2003, and Vista is:
- %allusersprofile%\Application Data\Microsoft\Network\Connections\Pbk\rasphone.pbk
To allow these new DNS settings to take immediate effect, the Win32/Alureon trojan runs the following commands:ipconfig.exe /flushdns ipconfig.exe /registerdns ipconfig.exe /dnsflush ipconfig.exe /renew ipconfig.exe /renew_all
A second Win32/Alureon component may perform the following operations:
- Create a randomly named copy of itself under the Windows system folder.
Note - <system folder> refers to a variable location that is determined by the malware by querying the Operating System. The default installation location for the System folder for Windows 2000 and NT is C:\Winnt\System32; and for XP, Vista, and 7 is C:\Windows\System32.
- Inject threads into local processes to delete itself and perform other tasks.
- Create registry entries under the key HKCR.
- Create registry subkeys such as: HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ruins
A third Win32/Alureon component may perform the following operations:
Adds value: <name of trojan copy>
- Gather URLs from the user's Web-browsing history.
- Create a new registry value in subkey
and place random data in that value.
- Create a randomly named copy of itself under the Windows system folder
- Modify the registry to cause the trojan copy to run automatically each time Windows starts:
With data: <path to trojan copy>
In subkey: HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
- Delete the following registry entries under subkey HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run:
- The registry value whose name matches the name of the trojan file that is currently running.
- The registry subkey whose name matches the name of the trojan file that is currently running.
- Run Internet Explorer or the default Web browser and inject code into the corresponding new process. The injected code may take various actions, including changing DNS server settings on the host computer and downloading and running files from certain Web sites.
- Run a new instance of explorer.exe and inject code into the corresponding new process. The injected code may take various actions, including deleting the trojan file that is running.
Recent variants of Win32/Alureon may be capable of infecting the miniport driver associated with the hard disk of the operating system, causing the driver file to become corrupted and unusable. For the most common system configuration, that is, for computers using ATA hard disk drives, the ATA miniport driver "atapi.sys" is the target driver file. However, other files may also be targeted.
The top ten most commonly-targeted driver files are the following:
Some Win32/Alureon components may disable or clear the existing Internet Explorer proxy settings.
Groupthink : Two Party System as Polyarchy : Corruption of Regulators : Bureaucracies : Understanding Micromanagers and Control Freaks : Toxic Managers : Harvard Mafia : Diplomatic Communication : Surviving a Bad Performance Review : Insufficient Retirement Funds as Immanent Problem of Neoliberal Regime : PseudoScience : Who Rules America : Neoliberalism : The Iron Law of Oligarchy : Libertarian Philosophy
War and Peace : Skeptical Finance : John Kenneth Galbraith :Talleyrand : Oscar Wilde : Otto Von Bismarck : Keynes : George Carlin : Skeptics : Propaganda : SE quotes : Language Design and Programming Quotes : Random IT-related quotes : Somerset Maugham : Marcus Aurelius : Kurt Vonnegut : Eric Hoffer : Winston Churchill : Napoleon Bonaparte : Ambrose Bierce : Bernard Shaw : Mark Twain Quotes
Vol 25, No.12 (December, 2013) Rational Fools vs. Efficient Crooks The efficient markets hypothesis : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2013 : Unemployment Bulletin, 2010 : Vol 23, No.10 (October, 2011) An observation about corporate security departments : Slightly Skeptical Euromaydan Chronicles, June 2014 : Greenspan legacy bulletin, 2008 : Vol 25, No.10 (October, 2013) Cryptolocker Trojan (Win32/Crilock.A) : Vol 25, No.08 (August, 2013) Cloud providers as intelligence collection hubs : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : Inequality Bulletin, 2009 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Copyleft Problems Bulletin, 2004 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Energy Bulletin, 2010 : Malware Protection Bulletin, 2010 : Vol 26, No.1 (January, 2013) Object-Oriented Cult : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2011 : Vol 23, No.11 (November, 2011) Softpanorama classification of sysadmin horror stories : Vol 25, No.05 (May, 2013) Corporate bullshit as a communication method : Vol 25, No.06 (June, 2013) A Note on the Relationship of Brooks Law and Conway Law
Fifty glorious years (1950-2000): the triumph of the US computer engineering : Donald Knuth : TAoCP and its Influence of Computer Science : Richard Stallman : Linus Torvalds : Larry Wall : John K. Ousterhout : CTSS : Multix OS Unix History : Unix shell history : VI editor : History of pipes concept : Solaris : MS DOS : Programming Languages History : PL/1 : Simula 67 : C : History of GCC development : Scripting Languages : Perl history : OS History : Mail : DNS : SSH : CPU Instruction Sets : SPARC systems 1987-2006 : Norton Commander : Norton Utilities : Norton Ghost : Frontpage history : Malware Defense History : GNU Screen : OSS early history
The Peter Principle : Parkinson Law : 1984 : The Mythical Man-Month : How to Solve It by George Polya : The Art of Computer Programming : The Elements of Programming Style : The Unix Haterís Handbook : The Jargon file : The True Believer : Programming Pearls : The Good Soldier Svejk : The Power Elite
Most popular humor pages:
Manifest of the Softpanorama IT Slacker Society : Ten Commandments of the IT Slackers Society : Computer Humor Collection : BSD Logo Story : The Cuckoo's Egg : IT Slang : C++ Humor : ARE YOU A BBS ADDICT? : The Perl Purity Test : Object oriented programmers of all nations : Financial Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : The Most Comprehensive Collection of Editor-related Humor : Programming Language Humor : Goldman Sachs related humor : Greenspan humor : C Humor : Scripting Humor : Real Programmers Humor : Web Humor : GPL-related Humor : OFM Humor : Politically Incorrect Humor : IDS Humor : "Linux Sucks" Humor : Russian Musical Humor : Best Russian Programmer Humor : Microsoft plans to buy Catholic Church : Richard Stallman Related Humor : Admin Humor : Perl-related Humor : Linus Torvalds Related humor : PseudoScience Related Humor : Networking Humor : Shell Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2012 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2013 : Java Humor : Software Engineering Humor : Sun Solaris Related Humor : Education Humor : IBM Humor : Assembler-related Humor : VIM Humor : Computer Viruses Humor : Bright tomorrow is rescheduled to a day after tomorrow : Classic Computer Humor
The Last but not Least Technology is dominated by two types of people: those who understand what they do not manage and those who manage what they do not understand ~Archibald Putt. Ph.D
Copyright © 1996-2018 by Dr. Nikolai Bezroukov. www.softpanorama.org was initially created as a service to the (now defunct) UN Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP) in the author free time and without any remuneration. This document is an industrial compilation designed and created exclusively for educational use and is distributed under the Softpanorama Content License. Original materials copyright belong to respective owners. Quotes are made for educational purposes only in compliance with the fair use doctrine.
FAIR USE NOTICE This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available to advance understanding of computer science, IT technology, economic, scientific, and social issues. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided by section 107 of the US Copyright Law according to which such material can be distributed without profit exclusively for research and educational purposes.
This is a Spartan WHYFF (We Help You For Free) site written by people for whom English is not a native language. Grammar and spelling errors should be expected. The site contain some broken links as it develops like a living tree...
|You can use PayPal to make a contribution, supporting development of this site and speed up access. In case softpanorama.org is down you can use the at softpanorama.info|
The statements, views and opinions presented on this web page are those of the author (or referenced source) and are not endorsed by, nor do they necessarily reflect, the opinions of the author present and former employers, SDNP or any other organization the author may be associated with. We do not warrant the correctness of the information provided or its fitness for any purpose.
Last modified: September, 12, 2017