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Authors of Programming Perl wrote about rarely used capabilities of Perl interpreter to produce cross-reference listing of the program:

The B::Xref module generates cross-reference listings of the declaration and use of all variables (both global and lexically scoped), subroutines, and formats in a program, broken down by file and subroutine. Call the module this way:

% perl -MO=Xref myprog > myprof.pxref
For instance, here's a partial report:
Subroutine parse_argv
  Package (lexical)
    $on               i113, 114
    $opt              i113, 114
    %getopt_cfg       i107, 113
    @cfg_args         i112, 114, 116, 116
  Package Getopt::Long
    $ignorecase       101
    &GetOptions       &124
  Package main
    $Options          123, 124, 141, 150, 165, 169
    %$Options         141, 150, 165, 169
    &check_read       &167
    @ARGV             121, 157, 157, 162, 166, 166
This shows that the parse_argv subroutine had four lexical variables of its own; it also accessed global identifiers from both the main package and from Getopt::Long. The numbers are the lines where that item was used: a leading i indicates that the item was first introduced at the following line number, and a leading & means a subroutine was called there. Dereferences are listed separately, which is why both $Options and %$Options are shown.

The most useful option the cross referencer has is to save the report to a separate file.  For instance, to save the report on myperlprogram  to the file report:

perl -MO=Xref,-oreport myperlprogram

The cross referencing back end (B::Xref) produces a report on your program, breaking down declarations and uses of subroutines and  variables (and formats) by file and subroutine.  For instance, here's   part of the report from the pod2man program that comes with Perl:

         Subroutine clear_noremap
           Package (lexical)
             $ready_to_print   i1069, 1079
           Package main
             $&                1086
             $.                1086
             $0                1086
             $1                1087
             $2                1085, 1085
             $3                1085, 1085
             $ARGV             1086
             %HTML_Escapes     1085, 1085

       This shows the variables used in the subroutine "clear_noremap".  The
       variable $ready_to_print is a my() (lexical) variable, introduced
       (first declared with my()) on line 1069, and used on line 1079.  The
       variable $& from the main package is used on 1086, and so on.

       A line number may be prefixed by a single letter:

       i   Lexical variable introduced (declared with my()) for the first
           time.

       &   Subroutine or method call.

       s   Subroutine defined.

       r   Format defined.
 


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BXref - Generates cross reference reports for Perl programs

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Perl Cross-Reference Tool

 



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