|May the source be with you, but remember the KISS principle ;-)|
|Contents||Bulletin||Scripting in shell and Perl||Network troubleshooting||History||Humor|
Dec 18, 2003 | gata.org
In order to explain the Why’s and How’s of the Gold Price Manipulation scheme (and why it is illegal and unfair), 6 aspects need to be discussed – namely motive, means, proof, opportunity, track record and impact.
• US Government: To artificially keep interest rates down by deceiving the bond markets about inflation, and thus the gold price. In short, lower gold price = lower inflation = higher stock market = higher reelection chances.
• US Government: To artificially strengthen the US dollar relative to other currencies. Clinton’s “Strong Dollar Policy” was suppression of gold price. In short, lower gold price = higher US dollar = higher stock market.
• Some Bullion Banks: To provide cheap source of capital to earn huge income, providing gold price is kept low.
Refer: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/gata/message/983 www.gata.org/congress.pdf (page 6)
Background: The gold price suppression scheme was actually put down on paper, in public, by Harvard Professor Lawrence Summers, before becoming Treasury Secretary under Clinton. He wrote of the inverse relationship between the gold price and interest rates, and concluded that government could keep interest rates low by suppressing the gold price. Refer: www.gata.org/gibson.pdf
Mechanisms: In 1999, the “Washington Agreement” was signed which severely reduced capacity of Central Banks to sell gold, so alternative methods had to be found to suppress the gold price. The 2 mechanisms are:
• "Leasing" of gold by Central Banks (CBs). Leasing takes 3 forms:
-Direct leasing: Where CBs lease gold to Bullion Banks (BBs) at ~1%pa, and the BBs then dump this gold on the market and then invest proceeds in bonds at ~5% – no problem unless CB’s want their gold back! This is far more secretive than CB selling gold directly, because any sale appears on their books, whereas IMF has told CBs to disguise leased gold among total gold reserves and report it still as an asset (for more refer section 3, Proof #11). This problem with this scam is that it requires constant supply of physical gold held by CBs (which is running out), to offset the bullish gold fundamentals, including annual deficit (currently demand minus supply = 1400+tonnes pa!). Gold leasing is bizarre in that it is like a landlord leasing a flat, and then the tenant sells the flat, and the landlord not registering the sale at his next tax return – bizarre but legal with gold.
[NB: When will the cartel run out of physical? As much as 3 years according to analyst Frank Veneroso, but in practice much sooner due to outstanding gold fundamentals… ie declining supply, record demand, weakening $US, negative real interest rates, covering short positions, bubbles in equities & real estate]
-Swaps: Similar to gold loans, except 2 CBs actually "swap" gold with each other (eg US and Germany), then lease out gold to BBs. This is a sneakier way to lease gold, because US Fed can say they don't lease any of their gold, which is true because they actually lease Germany's gold while Germany leases out the US gold!
-Hedging or (“Forward Sales”): where a producer pre-sells un-mined gold at a fixed price to lock in profits in advance. Since the buyer wants actually physical, an equal amount of gold is “leased” from a CB and sold into the spot market by the gold producer (or “hedger”), suppressing the gold price. The hedger earns cash, but often forward sells much more gold than what they have in reserves – ie trouble!
• Massive sales of gold derivatives by BBs (eg JPM, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, Deutsche) backed by government. In theory, buyers of futures contracts can demand delivery of physical gold. But in practice, physical is not required because the powerful USA doesn't want to self-destruct ie USA usually insists on cash settlement instead of delivery of dwindling physical. The more gold is demanded, the more $ they print (from their infamous printing presses that also support the Dow). Futures’ sales trick people into thinking gold price is falling. However, this will either end in “default” (www.gold-eagle.com/editorials_02/hommel052902.html), or merely slow down the speed that gold rises. Why? 1) Gold is in a major bull market; 2) leasing scam will soon run out of physical; 3) little physical is needed to push down price, but keeping it there requires far more gold.
NB: For years, the daily selling patterns of these BBs are not consistent with normal profit maximisation ie gold price usually rises in London’s physical market, then drops in New York’s paper market. The only explanation is to suppress the price, regardless of losses incurred. This is corporate suicide, unless backed by government.
For more on J P Morgan derivatives, refer: www.gold-eagle.com/editorials_02/chapmand061302.html
For more on secret scam with BBs & US Government, refer: www.fgmr.com/manipulate.htm (search “just”)
Coordinator: “Exchange Stabilization Fund” (ESF) is a secret branch of US Treasury, and is not accountable to US Congress or courts. ESF reports only to US President and Treasury Secretary. Refer Proof #1, #2, #3
• CBs eg England, Germany: Refer Proof #4, #5 & #11
• BBs eg J P Morgan: Refer Proof #6
• Word Gold Council: Refer Proof #7
• IMF: Refer Proof #11
NB: Certain Bullion Banks such as J P Morgan in effect trade for ESF and US Fed, and as such are privy to the confidential direction and intent of the US Fed. For more, refer: www.fgmr.com/manipulate.htm (search “proxy”)
#1. US Supreme Court “Under the Sherman Antitrust Act, a combination formed for the purpose and with the effect of raising, depressing, fixing, pegging, or stabilizing the price of a commodity in interstate or foreign commerce is illegal per se”. Put simply, while gold leasing and futures is legal, it is illegal to do so for manipulation purposes.
Refer www.gata.org/howe_complaint.html (Sections 1, 80). So ESF illegally manipulates gold price.
#2. The US Treasury at its website denies that the ESF has conducted a gold swap in the last 10 years. In addition, a court filing on behalf of Secretary O’Neill specifically denied that the ESF had conducted gold swaps after 1978: Refer www.zealllc.com/files/HvBD0013.pdf (page 3, footnote 2.)
This is contradicted during a confidential US Fed meeting, where there was admission of dealing in gold swaps.
Refer: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/gata/message/733 (p69 of meeting transcript, or p72 of pdf file)
For more on admission of existence of ESF, refer www.treas.gov/offices/international-affairs/esf/index.html
#3. Alan Greenspan, at a testimonial at a 1998 House Banking Committee hearing: “Nor can private counterparties restrict supplies of gold, another commodity whose derivatives are often traded over-the-counter, where central banks stand ready to lease gold in increasing quantities should the price rise.”
Refer: www.gata.org/howe_complaint.html (Section 38)
#4: In front of 3 witnesses, Bank of England Governor Eddie George spoke to Nicholas J. Morrell (CEO of Lonmin Plc) after the Washington Agreement gold price explosion in Sept/Oct 1999: George said "We looked into the abyss if the gold price rose further. A further rise would have taken down one or several trading houses, which might have taken down all the rest in their wake. Therefore at any price, at any cost, the central banks had to quell the gold price, manage it. It was very difficult to get the gold price under control but we have now succeeded. The US Fed was very active in getting the gold price down. So was the U.K." Refer: www.gata.org/bofi.html
#5. The infamous Bank of England gold sales, where the gold went to the LOWEST bidder, not the highest bidder: ".... Applicants whose bids are accepted will be allotted gold at the lowest accepted price.”
Refer www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/forex/goldinfmem.pdf (page 9, “4. Acceptance of Bids…”)
Extraordinary! But wait, there is more:
• advertising the sales, which noone ever does (unless they want less money for their gold)
• drawing the sales out over a period, rather than just one single auction
#6. After years of denials, Barrick Gold admit that they and their banker J P Morgan are involved in manipulation of the gold price, and/or they are agents of central banks. A US court judge has thrown out their dismissal appeals.
Barrick then announce cessation of hedging, after extolling its virtues 1 day earlier. Many say it’s due to Barrick going $16m more in debt for every $1 rise in gold price. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/gata/message/1768
#7: Why won’t World Gold Council (WGC) answer letters/emails worldwide regarding Manipulation? The 2 biggest contributing gold producers to WGC are Barrick Gold and AngloGold. These 2 companies are disliked in the gold industry, because they are the biggest hedgers, and therefore provide much gold to the gold price manipulation scam. For Barrick, refer Proof #6. For AngloGold, why is Frank Arisman on the board of AngloGold when he is also an officer of JP Morgan? There has been an explosive growth in gold derivatives on Morgan's books in recent years, which has driven the gold price down. Clearly there is a huge conflict of interest there.
#8: Royal Bank of Canada admits there is gold price manipulation, then oddly 2 days later said it was a secret:
#9. One heavy hedger Sons of Gwalia, Australia, has major financial problems. Refer:
#10: For more proof in somewhat more detail refer: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/gata/message/955
#11. IMF has directed CB’s not to disclose how gold is leased/swapped, only total reserves (proof below).
IMF have denied this, “This is not correct: the IMF in fact recommends that swapped gold be excluded from reserve assets.” Refer http://www.gata.org/bofi.html (search “correct”).
However, numerous member countries/entities have proven the IMF has lied ie
• Philippines: “Beginning January 2000, in compliance with the requirements of the IMF's reserves …, gold under the swap arrangement remains to be part of reserves and a liability is deemed incurred corresponding to the proceeds of the swap.” Refer www.bsp.gov.ph/statistics/sefi/fx-int.htm (search “swaps”)
• The Central Banks of Portugal, Finland & Italy confirmed in writing that swapped gold remains a reserve asset under pertinent IMF regulations. The staffs of the central banks of Canada, Ecuador, Finland, Holland, and Portugal have also confirmed this. Refer www.goldisfreedom.com/IMFgold.htm, (search “Finland”)
• European Central Bank: “Following the recommendations set out in the IMF operational guidelines of … developed in 1999, all reversible gold transactions, including gold swaps, are recorded as collateralised loans in balance of payments and international investment position statistics. This treatment implies that the gold account would remain unchanged on the balance sheet.” http://solutions.synearth.net/2003/02/21
The German Bundesbank (the secret “swapper” of gold with US) lists "Gold and Gold Receivables (loans)" as a one line item on its balance sheet. This approach is in direct conflict with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), and thus German banking law. So, from their published financial statements there is no way to determine how much gold Germany holds in its vaults. The refusal of the Bundesbank to provide a breakdown between physical gold and gold receivables belies any notion of market transparency.
Clearly deceptive accounting, countenanced by the IMF has allowed official sector gold to hit the market without a corresponding drawdown on the balance sheets of central banks. This has made it impossible for analysts to ascertain the exact size of official sector gold loans, swaps and deposits. The unwillingness of central banks to provide even a minimum level of transparency suggests that total gold receivables are substantially larger than the accepted industry figure of ~5,000 tonnes. Refer http://groups.yahoo.com/group/gata/message/903
Futures: Daily, ESF tries to drop gold price with as little metal as possible, ie during paper-dominated New York trading hours, after physical-dominated London trading hours. www.fgmr.com/manipulate.htm (search “London”)
Leasing: This is ESF’s Achilles’ Heel because physical gold is continually required and it is running out quickly. When it does run out, some analysts say it will also trigger the end of the Futures scam eg “The prices for the futures will wildly escalate in rapid fashion until bankruptcy (or bailout by government) of all who are short.”
5. TRACK RECORD:
The US government has a poor track record when it comes to honesty and transparency. More recently:
• Lies about Iraq’s “Weapons of Mass Destruction”: http://foi.missouri.edu/polinfoprop/wolfowitz2.html
• Private Jessica Lynch says Pentagon used her for propaganda http://timesargus.nybor.com/Story/74284.html
• The “Lewinsky Lies”
• Ex-Treasury Secretary Paul O’Neill: "It’s all about deluding the people… I didn’t adjust (in Washington) and I'm not going to start now." Refer www.post-gazette.com/nation/20030112oneilltwonat2p2.asp
• George W Bush used the better-looking $6.8 trillion of federal debt on US Fed books, than correct $44 trillion.
• Ashanti, Enron, Arthur Anderson, J P Morgan etc: eg www.securitiesfraudfyi.com/jp_morgan.html
• US mainstream financial media (eg CNBC) are perpetually bullish on equities and bearish on gold eg when equities are high they say “Buy! They are going to the moon”, but when low they say “Buy! They are cheap”.
• The US mainstream financial media also refuse to run any stories by GATA, despite vast evidence.
• The US economy “added” 126,000 jobs in October 2003, but that included 25,000 grocery workers in California returning to work from a labor action. One of many fudges by US government. Source: Jim Sinclair, 7/11/03
• For more examples, refer www.gold-eagle.com/gold_digest_03/taylor110103.html
• The devastation of the economies of the developing world, and particularly sub-Sarahan Africa.
• With the bond market deceived about inflation, the dollar, and the strength of the US economy, most economic decisions for the last decade have been based on horribly mistaken premises (eg Nasdaq boom/crash).
• The gold reserves of US (and other countries) now adorn the wrists and necks of Indian women. The US has to accept their gold is gone, or pay a lot more to get it back, or be bailed out in declining $US.
• Since some Bullion Banks are privy to confidential intent of US Fed, they have unfairly earned vast fortunes.
• Owners of gold and gold shares have lost a lot of money, at the expense of these Bullion Banks.
• English citizens should be outraged that their gold was blatantly sold for as low as price as possible.
By Sid Reynolds, email@example.com. Feel free to distribute this concise 3-page Word Document to anyone!
Disclaimer: I am not a gold guru. I rely entirely on statements by experts. I have merely pooled them together.
October 14, 1993 | New York Times
The Federal Reserve came under fierce attack at a Congressional hearing today, as House members called it undemocratic, unaccountable and an exclusive club made up mostly of white males.
But Alan Greenspan, the central bank's chairman, stoutly rejected numerous proposals that would give elected officials more power in choosing Federal Reserve policy makers, saying such steps would be a "major mistake" that could fuel inflation and hurt the economy.
At a hearing of the House Banking Committee, the crux of Mr. Greenspan's argument was that the Federal Reserve was operating well, so there was no need for Congress to tinker with it and perhaps create a flood of undesired consequences. Political Factor Is Cited
"If accountability is achieved by putting the conduct of monetary policy under the close influence of politicians subject to short-term election cycle pressures, the resulting policy would likely prove disappointing," Mr. Greenspan said.
The hearing was called by Representative Henry B. Gonzalez, Democrat of Texas and chairman of the banking committee, who is mounting Congress's biggest effort in three decades to revamp the laws governing the Federal Reserve. He is sponsoring a bill that would have the President appoint the presidents of the Federal Reserve's 12 regional banks, 5 of whom sit on the Fed's main policy-making committee.
In Mr. Gonzalez's view, the current system is undemocratic because the regional presidents are chosen by local boards dominated by commercial bankers.
Several lawmakers said the proposals to change the Fed had a modest chance of passing. The biggest obstacle is a letter that President Clinton sent Mr. Gonzalez, saying he was disinclined to support the Gonzalez bill because he saw no need to overhaul the Fed. Audits and Taping Proposed
To increase the Fed's accountability, Mr. Gonzalez's bill calls for conducting full audits of the Fed's operations and videotaping the meetings of its main policy-making committee. Mr. Greenspan said such steps would interfere with the central bank's independence.
In three hours of sparring, Mr. Gonzalez and Mr. Greenspan often used pointed language, but their tone was unfailingly polite. Nonetheless, Mr. Gonzalez made clear that he resented the way Fed officials have suggested that his proposal is a mortal danger for the economy.
"This is not radical reform, and there is no cause for the Federal Reserve to proceed as if barbarians are at the gate and it is the end of Western civilization," Mr. Gonzalez said. "We should not pretend the Federal Reserve, of all institutions in Government, is infallible."
Mr. Gonzalez lambasted the Federal Reserve for not hiring more women or members of minorities, noting that only one of the 12 regional bank presidents is a woman and not one is a member of a minority. "I want to take the 'bankers and their friends' sign off the door to this exclusive club and open it up to all competent Americans," he said.
While rejecting virtually all the criticisms leveled at the Fed, Mr. Greenspan granted that the central bank could do more to increase diversity. He said the Fed had made progress, noting that 22 percent of top-echelon Fed officials are women, up from 5 percent in 1977, while 9 percent of the bank's officials belong to minorities, up from 2 percent in 1977. A Republican View
Mr. Gonzalez's campaign won some support from James A. Leach of Iowa, the committee's ranking Republican, who said it was unseemly for private bankers to choose Fed officials who not only make important policy decisions but also regulate private banks. While opposed to the idea of having the President appoint the regional bank heads, Mr. Leach did propose that the 12 regional presidents be named by the Federal Reserve Board, whose seven members are appointed by the President.
Throughout his testimony, Mr. Greenspan kept returning to his central point, that tinkering with the Fed's independence would upset a finely tuned system that he said had worked well for decades.
"The temptation is to step on the monetary accelerator or at least avoid the monetary brake until after the next election," Mr. Greenspan said, noting that in such cases the Fed would ultimately have to slam on the brakes. "Giving in to such temptations is likely to impart an inflationary bias to the economy and could lead to instability, recession and economic stagnation."
Mr. Gonzalez sought to reassure Mr. Greenspan that he was not trying to influence monetary policy, saying: "I am not seeking to politicize the central bank nor take away its independence. I am not calling for policies that would cause inflation or deflation."
July 28 | Bloomberg
When it's sweltering, you seek a cool place. When it comes to hot residential real estate, it may be time to cool your ardor.
Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan and the real estate industry insist that there's no real estate bubble. Greenspan's conventional wisdom argument is that most people don't turn over relatively illiquid real estate the way they sell stocks and bonds.
That's true, yet there's evidence that housing prices may be slackening. A combination of high consumer debt, unemployment and the flow of hot money back into stocks will trigger a decline in the hottest residential markets. It's time to prepare for the inevitable bursting of the bubble.
John Talbott, author of ``The Coming Crash in the Housing Market,'' (McGraw-Hill, 2003) and a former vice president with Goldman Sachs, says the housing market is already experiencing a decline.
Applications for new home loans fell 5.4 percent in the week ending July 18, the lowest level in three months, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association of America, an industry group. Rates on 30-year mortgages rose 0.39 percentage point to 5.72 percent, the largest weekly increase since November 2001. Housing prices also are shifting into reverse.
``While 199 out of 200 cities saw housing price increases last year, approximately 60 percent of those markets showed a decline in the first quarter of 2003,'' Talbott says.
It's not easy to be a Cassandra when it comes to home prices, which have been rising at double-digit clips in markets from Manhattan to Manhattan Beach, California, for the last three years.
If the economy is doing so poorly, why are people still bidding up home prices? Talbott says that housing-price increases are being skewed to present a brighter picture.
Talbott takes issue with the widely cited U.S. national average of home prices that shows them rising at an annual rate of 7 percent. The survey comes from the National Association of Realtors, or NAR, the industry's main trade association, as of March 31.
If you look at only six months of price data prior to March 31, Talbott says the ``national growth rate for existing home prices is almost zero percent.''
Accepting the theory that real estate has been a monetary refuge from the stock market -- and stocks are entering a bull market -- then investors may be moving their money from Main Street back to Wall Street.
Price Declines Noted
Using the six-month figures, Talbott discovered price declines in several markets from October 1, 2002, through March 31. Here's a sampling from the NAR price survey, which can be found at http://www.realtor.org/research :
-- Monmouth, Ocean, Middlesex, Somerset and Hunterdon Counties, New Jersey, declined 3.3 percent.
-- The San Francisco Bay area lost an average 1.43 percent.
-- In the Southwest and Midwest, declines were noted in Amarillo, Texas, (negative 3.4 percent), Akron, Ohio, (off 5.5 percent), and Chicago, Illinois,(down 1.47 percent).
-- Even previously reported double-digit increases are chastened by the most recent six months' of data. The 15 percent annual increase in the New York metropolitan area becomes a 2.84 percent rise and the 20.5 percent swell in Orange County, California, drops to 3 percent ascent.
Although Talbott's numbers are higher when you annualize -- I have figured the straight percentages -- they could signal a slowdown.
``This is a far more pessimistic story than that presented by industry news releases,'' he says.
The Speculation Factor
``Why are prices high?'' asks Talbott. ``Buyers are not price sensitive because they are leveraged and playing with other people's money and banks don't care about prices paid because they don't hold the mortgages they create.''
Then there's the troubling economy. The jobless rate in June rose to 6.4 percent, the highest in more than nine years. The dour jobs situation exacerbates a housing decline. When homeowners lose jobs, they can't pay their mortgages if they are in heavy debt and have no liquid savings.
Oppressive debt has led to a record number of vehicle repossessions and personal bankruptcy filings. Personal bankruptcy filings alone continue to break new records. There were more than 1.6 million bankruptcies for the period ending March 31, according to the administrative Office of the U.S. Courts. That's up 7.1 percent from the previous year.
Personal debt, joblessness and easy credit account for the home foreclosure rate hitting an all-time record of 1.2 percent of all mortgages outstanding in the first quarter, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association.
The way these cycles work, it will be years before highly leveraged homeowners -- spurred on by mortgage rates hitting 45- year lows -- work through their debt woes. Meanwhile, millions of properties will be sold at distressed prices.
Do Talbott's observations mean an easing in prices? Or is it the popping of a bubble?
The National Association of Realtors counters that tight housing stocks and low mortgage rates will push the existing home price 6 percent higher this year.
``Lower than expected mortgage interest rates have brought more buyers into the housing market offsetting sluggish economic growth and weakness in the labor markets,'' said David Lereah, NAR's chief economist in a statement.
Tablott urges caution for most homeowners and investors. ``You have enough risk in real estate through your home,'' Talbott says. ``Get rid of mortgage company stocks and real estate investment trusts in your stock portfolio and sell your second home.''
Whether you believe Talbott is unimportant. Housing prices will settle down eventually. If you have more than 60 percent of your net worth invested in residential real estate, it's a good time to invest elsewhere for the sake of diversification. Sometimes you need financial shelter from the shelter you live in.
FAIR USE NOTICE This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit exclusivly for research and educational purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
ABUSE: IPs or network segments from which we detect a stream of probes might be blocked for no less then 90 days. Multiple types of probes increase this period.
Groupthink : Two Party System as Polyarchy : Corruption of Regulators : Bureaucracies : Understanding Micromanagers and Control Freaks : Toxic Managers : Harvard Mafia : Diplomatic Communication : Surviving a Bad Performance Review : Insufficient Retirement Funds as Immanent Problem of Neoliberal Regime : PseudoScience : Who Rules America : Neoliberalism : The Iron Law of Oligarchy : Libertarian Philosophy
War and Peace : Skeptical Finance : John Kenneth Galbraith :Talleyrand : Oscar Wilde : Otto Von Bismarck : Keynes : George Carlin : Skeptics : Propaganda : SE quotes : Language Design and Programming Quotes : Random IT-related quotes : Somerset Maugham : Marcus Aurelius : Kurt Vonnegut : Eric Hoffer : Winston Churchill : Napoleon Bonaparte : Ambrose Bierce : Bernard Shaw : Mark Twain Quotes
Vol 25, No.12 (December, 2013) Rational Fools vs. Efficient Crooks The efficient markets hypothesis : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2013 : Unemployment Bulletin, 2010 : Vol 23, No.10 (October, 2011) An observation about corporate security departments : Slightly Skeptical Euromaydan Chronicles, June 2014 : Greenspan legacy bulletin, 2008 : Vol 25, No.10 (October, 2013) Cryptolocker Trojan (Win32/Crilock.A) : Vol 25, No.08 (August, 2013) Cloud providers as intelligence collection hubs : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : Inequality Bulletin, 2009 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Copyleft Problems Bulletin, 2004 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Energy Bulletin, 2010 : Malware Protection Bulletin, 2010 : Vol 26, No.1 (January, 2013) Object-Oriented Cult : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2011 : Vol 23, No.11 (November, 2011) Softpanorama classification of sysadmin horror stories : Vol 25, No.05 (May, 2013) Corporate bullshit as a communication method : Vol 25, No.06 (June, 2013) A Note on the Relationship of Brooks Law and Conway Law
Fifty glorious years (1950-2000): the triumph of the US computer engineering : Donald Knuth : TAoCP and its Influence of Computer Science : Richard Stallman : Linus Torvalds : Larry Wall : John K. Ousterhout : CTSS : Multix OS Unix History : Unix shell history : VI editor : History of pipes concept : Solaris : MS DOS : Programming Languages History : PL/1 : Simula 67 : C : History of GCC development : Scripting Languages : Perl history : OS History : Mail : DNS : SSH : CPU Instruction Sets : SPARC systems 1987-2006 : Norton Commander : Norton Utilities : Norton Ghost : Frontpage history : Malware Defense History : GNU Screen : OSS early history
The Peter Principle : Parkinson Law : 1984 : The Mythical Man-Month : How to Solve It by George Polya : The Art of Computer Programming : The Elements of Programming Style : The Unix Hater’s Handbook : The Jargon file : The True Believer : Programming Pearls : The Good Soldier Svejk : The Power Elite
Most popular humor pages:
Manifest of the Softpanorama IT Slacker Society : Ten Commandments of the IT Slackers Society : Computer Humor Collection : BSD Logo Story : The Cuckoo's Egg : IT Slang : C++ Humor : ARE YOU A BBS ADDICT? : The Perl Purity Test : Object oriented programmers of all nations : Financial Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : The Most Comprehensive Collection of Editor-related Humor : Programming Language Humor : Goldman Sachs related humor : Greenspan humor : C Humor : Scripting Humor : Real Programmers Humor : Web Humor : GPL-related Humor : OFM Humor : Politically Incorrect Humor : IDS Humor : "Linux Sucks" Humor : Russian Musical Humor : Best Russian Programmer Humor : Microsoft plans to buy Catholic Church : Richard Stallman Related Humor : Admin Humor : Perl-related Humor : Linus Torvalds Related humor : PseudoScience Related Humor : Networking Humor : Shell Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2012 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2013 : Java Humor : Software Engineering Humor : Sun Solaris Related Humor : Education Humor : IBM Humor : Assembler-related Humor : VIM Humor : Computer Viruses Humor : Bright tomorrow is rescheduled to a day after tomorrow : Classic Computer Humor
The Last but not Least
Copyright © 1996-2016 by Dr. Nikolai Bezroukov. www.softpanorama.org was created as a service to the UN Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP) in the author free time. This document is an industrial compilation designed and created exclusively for educational use and is distributed under the Softpanorama Content License.
Original materials copyright belong to respective owners. Quotes are made for educational purposes only in compliance with the fair use doctrine.
FAIR USE NOTICE This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available to advance understanding of computer science, IT technology, economic, scientific, and social issues. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided by section 107 of the US Copyright Law according to which such material can be distributed without profit exclusively for research and educational purposes.
This is a Spartan WHYFF (We Help You For Free) site written by people for whom English is not a native language. Grammar and spelling errors should be expected. The site contain some broken links as it develops like a living tree...
|You can use PayPal to make a contribution, supporting development of this site and speed up access. In case softpanorama.org is down you can use the at softpanorama.info|
The statements, views and opinions presented on this web page are those of the author (or referenced source) and are not endorsed by, nor do they necessarily reflect, the opinions of the author present and former employers, SDNP or any other organization the author may be associated with. We do not warrant the correctness of the information provided or its fitness for any purpose.
Last modified: December 03, 2014