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Teraterm connect command

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Connects.

connect <command line parameters>

Remarks

If MACRO is not linked to Tera Term, this command runs Tera Term with <command line parameters>, and links it to MACRO. For example:

msg = 'box106.firma.com:22 /ssh /auth=publickey /user=root /keyfile=RSA\id_rsa'
connect msg

If MACRO has already been linked to Tera Term and Tera Term is not connected to the host, this command causes Tera Term to connect to the host specified by <command line parameters>.

If MACRO has already been linked to Tera Term and Tera Term has already been connected to the host, this command is ignored.

As a result of this command, the system variable "result" is set to one of the following values depending on the link and connection status:

Value Status
0 Link to Tera Term has not been made.
1 Connection to the host has not been made, but link to Tera Term has been made.
2 Both connection and link have been made.

To test the current link and connect status before executing the "connect" command, use the "testlink" command.

Communication commands except "connect", "cygconnect" and "testlink" can not be executed before the link is established.

Connection method

There are 3 types of connection you can establish from Tera Term macro:

Telnet connections

connect 'myserver:23 /nossh'
connect 'myserver:23 /telnet'
connect 'myserver:23'

Using /nossh is strongly recommended. Without this parameter Tera Term will start connecting with the same method (telnet or SSH) that was used during last time when teraterm.ini file was saved. In case it was SSH than your macro will try to connect via SSH and will eventually fail.

SSH connections

connect 'myserver /ssh'

This way will start SSH connection without defining whether SSH1 or SSH2 has to be used.

connect 'myserver /ssh /1' # outdated, not recommended unless absolutely necessary
connect 'myserver /ssh /2'

Parameters /1 and /2 force to use SSH1 or SSH2 method.

connect 'myserver /ssh /auth=password /user=username /passwd=password'
connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=password /user=username /passwd=password'
connect 'myserver /ssh /auth=publickey /user=username /passwd=password /keyfile=private-key-file'
connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=publickey /user=username /passwd=password /keyfile=private-key-file'
connect 'myserver /ssh /auth=challenge /user=username /passwd=password'
connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=challenge /user=username /passwd=password'

Note: path to /keyfile should be relative to Teraterm directory. Absiolute path does not work.

Above 9 ways allow to skip popup dialog and pass username and password directly from macro. Please note that /auth=password or /auth=publickey or /auth=challenge is the parameter saying that authentication will be done by entering password or private-key-file thus you should not replace the word 'password' or the word 'publickey' in it with actual password.

connect 'myserver /ssh /auth=pageant /user=username'
connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=pageant /user=username'

Above 3 ways allow to skip popup dialog and pass username directly from macro.

connect 'myserve /ssh /auth=password /user=username /ask4passwd'
connect 'myserver /ssh /1 /auth=password /user=username /ask4passwd'
connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=password /user=username /ask4passwd'
connect 'myserver /ssh /auth=publickey /user=username /ask4passwd /keyfile=private-key-file'
connect 'myserver /ssh /1 /auth=publickey /user=username /ask4passwd /keyfile=private-key-file'
connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=publickey /user=username /ask4passwd /keyfile=private-key-file'
connect 'myserve /ssh /auth=challenge /user=username /ask4passwd'
connect 'myserver /ssh /1 /auth=challenge /user=username /ask4passwd'
connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=challenge /user=username /ask4passwd'

Above 9 ways pass username and authentication method directly from macro, and the popup asks for password.

General connection

connect 'myserver /timeout=<value>'

Note: This option value is connecting timeout value(per seconds). Connecting to myserver could be canceled after timeout has occurred with the specified value. Conversely, no action if the value is zero. The default value is zero. Also this value would be saved as `ConnectingTimeout' entry in teraterm.ini file.

Connections via COM port

connect '/C=x'

Here x represents COM port number. For example to connect via COM port 1 the command will look like: connect '/C=1'

Examples

; No command line parameter
connect ''

; Timeout will occur if connection does not succeed within five seconds.
connect 'myserver /timeout=5'

; Run Tera Term and open telnet session
connect 'myserver:23 /nossh'

; Run Tera Term and open SSH session
connect 'myserver /ssh'

; Run Tera Term and open SSH1 session
connect 'myserver /ssh /1'

; Run Tera Term and open SSH2 session
connect 'myserver /ssh /2'

; Run Tera Term,open SSH session and do not prompt for user name and password
connect 'myserver /ssh /auth=password /user=username /passwd=password'

; Run Tera Term, open SSH1 session and do not prompt for user name and password
connect 'myserver /ssh /1 /auth=password /user=username /passwd=password'

; Run Tera Term, open SSH2 session and do not prompt for user name and password
connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=password /user=username /passwd=password'

; Run Tera Term, open SSH session and, not prompt for user name and password and use private key file
connect 'myserver /ssh /auth=publickey/user=username /passwd=password /keyfile=private-key-file'

; Run Tera Term, open SSH1 session and, not prompt for user name and password and use private key file
connect 'myserver /ssh /1 /auth=publickey/user=username /passwd=password /keyfile=private-key-file'

; Run Tera Term, open SSH2 session and, not prompt for user name and password and use private key file
connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=publickey /user=username /passwd=password /keyfile=private-key-file'

; Tera Term automatically connects the remote host with the public key 
; authentication, and not prompt for user name and password and use private key file.
connect 'myserver /ssh /auth=pageant /user=username'

; RunTera Term and open serial port connection. Port number is x=1..256
connect '/C=x'

CommandLine = '111.111.11.11'
connect CommandLine
; Sample macro for Tera Term
;  Telnet login

; open Tera Term
;   command line = 'TERATERM myhost.mydomain' (telnet)
connect 'myhost.mydomain'

; set username
UsernamePrompt = 'Username:'
Username = 'MYNAME'
PasswordPrompt = 'Password:'
; get password from file
getpassword 'password.dat' 'mypassword' Password

; login
wait   UsernamePrompt
sendln Username

wait   PasswordPrompt
sendln Password

; OK, auto login complete.
; sample macro of Tera Term
; 
; File: ssh2login.ttl
; Description: auto login with SSH2 protocol
; Environment: generic

username = 'nike'
hostname = '192.168.1.3'

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

msg = 'Enter password for user '
strconcat msg username
passwordbox msg 'Get password'

msg = hostname
strconcat msg ':22 /ssh /auth=password /user='
strconcat msg username
strconcat msg ' /passwd='
strconcat msg inputstr

connect msg

Note

  1. In these examples parameters shown with Italic font have to be replaced with their actual values.
  2. The password can contain space character. To represent space inside the password replace it with '@' character. If '@' character itself is part of the password than it has to be replaced with 2 consecutive '@' characters '@@'.
  3. Please remember that entering actual username and password in Tera Term macro will cause them to be stored as an open text and it is your responsibility to keep such macro is secure location.
  4. When a user re-connect the remote host soon after disconnecting the server, a user could not connect the server. For more detail, refer to "here".

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Macro command 'connect' syntax description

Three types of connections
There are 3 types of connection you can establish from TeraTerm macro:

- Telnet connection (port 23)
- SSH1 or SSH2 connection (port 22)
- Connection via COM port

Telnet connections

Quote:

connect 'myserver:23 /nossh'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver:23 /telnet'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver:23'


Using /nossh is strongly recommended. Without this parameter TeraTerm will start connecting with the same method (telnet or SSH) that was used during last time when teraterm.ini file was saved. In case it was SSH than macro will try to connect via SSH and will eventually fail.

SSH connections

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh'


This way will start SSH connection without defining whether SSH1 or SSH2 has to be used.

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /1'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /2'


Parameters /1 and /2 force to use SSH1 or SSH2 method.

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /auth=password /user=username /passwd=password'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /1 /auth=password /user=username /passwd=password'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=password /user=username /passwd=password'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /auth=publickey /user=username /passwd=password /keyfile=private-key-file'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /1 /auth=publickey /user=username /passwd=password /keyfile=private-key-file'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=publickey /user=username /passwd=password /keyfile=private-key-file'


Above 6 ways allow to skip popup dialog and pass username and password directly from macro. Please note that /auth=password or /auth=publickey is the parameter saying that authentication will be done by entering password or private-key-file thus you should not replace the word 'password' or the word 'publickey' in it with actual values. Only the words shown above with italic font have to be substituted.

Important note: The password can contain space character. To represent space inside the password replace it with @ character. If @ character itself is part of the password than it has to be replaced with 2 consecutive @ characters @@.

Please remember that entering actual username and password in TeraTerm macro will cause them to be stored as an open text and it is your responsibility to keep such macros in secure place.

A little bit better practice is to use getpassword and passwordbox commands that store encrypted passwords in the file.

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /auth=password /user=username /ask4passwd'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /1 /auth=password /user=username /ask4passwd'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=password /user=username /ask4passwd'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /auth=publickey /user=username /ask4passwd /keyfile=private-key-file'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /1 /auth=publickey /user=username /ask4passwd /keyfile=private-key-file'

or

Quote:

connect 'myserver /ssh /2 /auth=publickey /user=username /ask4passwd /keyfile=private-key-file'


Above 6 ways pass username and authentication method directly from macro, and the popup asks for password.

Connections via COM port

Quote:

connect '/C=x'


Here x represents COM port number. For example to connect via COM port 1 the command will look like: connect '/C=1'

About setsync
It is highly recommended to use the macro command

Quote:

setsync 1


right after the command connect. This command switches TeraTerm into synchronous communication mode in which the buffer never overflows. See TeraTerm Macro help for more details.
_________________
Thanks.
Best regards,
// Boris

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